References to the Astley Hindleys

The Goose Tithe 1624

At this same court another boundary query came up for decision. The division or meare between the manors of Astley and Bedford was very obscure and the exact line of partition had been made more difficult to follow by the changes which had taken place. One of the deponents sworn before the court was Thomas Gillibrand of the Peel, who said that thirty years ago (1594?) he and Sir Gilbert Gerard’s officer had fixed rails to define the extent of the two manors. Tenants from Astley and Bedford came to Adam Hindley's house to set them in position. But the line of division ran through the Hindley home and this was made more complicated by a new building, which had been added on to the old. Gillibrand collected the goose tithes in Astley and Mr. Urmston enjoyed the same profit in Bedford. George Hindley's goose had hatched out and both these parties claimed a gosling. The bird went to Mr. Urmston, because all the room the mother goose could sit on was on the higher end of a bench in the new house, just over the division of Bedford. Elsewhere there had been no room for her. Gillibrand claimed that this was not right, as all the new part was in Astley. Then came one Isabella to the court. She was widow of Adam and had heard her husband say in his lifetime that one crook of his barn was in Bedford, the rest in Astley. Moreover she said her husband once cut down a thorn tree standing outside the hedge of the Yam Croft, five yards from the south side of the house. Old Adam repented and said to her, that he ought not to have fallen that tree, as he thought it was a mark to fix the division between the two townships. And from this vaguest of evidence the jury was left to fixate the dividing line between the disputants of the tithes. John Lunn, 1968.

A fee for burial 1635

On 3 August 1635 vicar Gatley buried a Pennington widow, Margaret Hindley. His fee for the ministration was 3s. 4d.. plus church dues of 1s. 7d. The bells were rung at the committal, which service earned the ringers 2s. 6d. J L Pennington.

Patience Hindley 1651

Adam Hindley was a co-executor on the death of Patience, the widow of Hugh Hindley of the mainstream Hindley family, who died in 1651. AH.

Rebellious Ratepayers 1660

There were many poor persons in Astley at this time, who by misfortune had to subsist on the harsh poor law. The rates had been been levied by the churchwardens and overseers, but six of the stout inhabitants refused to pay their annual and accustomed tax  tax proportionally levied on their several estates. The names of the unwilling were reported as being Richard Whitehead, William Lithgoe, John Ralphson, Adam Hindley, John Simester and Henry Houghton. At Michaelmas 1660, William Woodburn and Thomas Guest, elected officers of the township presented their petition to the justices against the rebellious six and secured a warrant for four sufficient men of the township to asses the poor rate equally. JL.

Ralph Lane 1663

On Landside was a lane, Ralph lane, the main occupation road for many farms situate there. Before this year Randle Glover began to interfere with the rights of the interior tenants to cart hay, corn and coal to and from the king's highway. These petitioners, James Walmesley, John Holcroft, William Boydell, John Rotewell, George Smith, Richard Collier, Richard Smith, Matthew Smith, John Houghton, George Smith, John Risley, George Darrow, Robert Hindley, Richard Starkey, Peter Royle, George Starkey, Robert Wright, Thomas Sweetlove, Robert Cooke, John Green and Roger Kearsley, raised complaint against Glover for pretending to have the power to interfere with their rights. This document was the oldest in the old Pennington Town's chest, but it was not dated. It must be prior to 1663, when Matthew Smith, a tenant of Peniston Whalley, who took his lease 24 March 1648, died. JL Pennington.

Richard Shuttleworth's field 1663

 Richard the papist had a small field in Astley near to where the Hindleys had built up their smithy. It was two acres large and he sold it to blacksmith Adam Hindley for £36 1s. 8d., but reserved the right to buy it back. The transaction was very like a mortgage. Both Richard and Adam died and the option passed to the heir. The blacksmith said that if the heir bought back, he was to be paid 20s. In the meantime the profits were to bring up Lydia, the youngest daughter of Hindley. JL.

Alexander Radcliff's house 1673

There was a vast amount of wealth in Radcliff's Pennington house in November 1672, when John Sorrowcold of Lowton made his will. Radcliff was his brother-in-law and Sorrowcold kept at his house part of the great hoard. In the bedchamber was a big chest with two ends to it, the east and the west and a second chest in the fire- house. Both contained silver and gold rings; the fire-house chest had the debt books. Radcliff was to inherit these, except two debts of £338 and £260 and the silver in the west end of the bedroom chest. Roger Lowe knew John Sorrowcold well, he called him the old cannibal. Yet he was a benefactor of three schools, Leigh, Ashton and Huyton, to which he gave £20 each.
These stocks of rings indicate a money lending business; they were forfeits. JL.

Adam Hindley of Bedford, blacksmith 1677

DDX 312/43 18 Feb. 1677 Contents -

(1) Thomas Worsley of Hovingham, Yorks, esq, William Speakeman, Thomas Leigh, George Naylor, Edward Speakeman, Richard Leech, Christopher Smith, George Sanderson, John Sanderson all of Bedford, yeomen, Ellen Flitcroft of Bedford, widow, Raph Chadock of Bedford, yeoman, Elizabeth Hurst of Bedford, widow, John Thropp, Thomas Southerne both of Bedford, yeomen, Alice Hurst of Bedford, widow, Adam Hindley of Bedford, blacksmith and Thomas Morte of Astley, yeoman
(2) John Kellett and Edmund Kenion both of Preston, gents.
Lease from (1) to (2) for one year of lands in Bedford, Leigh
Consideration: 5s from (2) to (1)

Cleworth Hall 1682

The Starkies, by the marriage of 1578, became possessed of Cleworth and during the next century it was one of their principal homes. Katherine, daughter of Lambert Tyldesley, who died in 1613, married Nicholas Starkie; he headed the oath list for Tyldesley in 1641. But towards the end of this century the Starkies left Tyldesley to reside more and more continuously at Huntroyde. For in 1682 Thomas Parkinson of Cleworth took his son Ralph for baptism at Leigh. Like Garratt and Shakerley Hall, Cleworth lost its prestige and became a farmhouse. Mrs Higham was tenant in 1825 and Thomas Lowe in 1838. The Lowe family, still here in 1887, were followed by Richard Austin.

Hindley's Smithy 1683

The famous smithy stood near the Astley boundary. Adam Hindley was buried 7 August 1663. He was able to write his name, but his signature is that of an old man. The house was on a three lives lease from Thomas Worsley of Hovingham. His son Adam, who followed on as blacksmith, died in 1683, possessed of only £25 19s. 8d. He had a pair of looms and smithy tools were priced at £2 3s. The name Hindleys Smithy dominated this locality for very long; it was well known in 1847. JL.

Orphan of Adam Hindley 1684

QSP/586 Lancashire County Quarter Sessions Petitions - Ormskirk, Midsummer, 1684 -

1684 - Bedford and Culcheth - maintenance by Katherine Radcliffe of her grandchild Eve, orphan of Adam Hindley.

George Hindley of Bedford, blacksmith 1678-80

DDX 312/44  1678-1680 Contents -

(1) Robert Mort of Warton Hall, gent.
(2) George Hindley of Bedford, Leigh, blacksmith
Quitclaim from (1) to (2) of 3 rent charges on Whyte Croft in Bedford, 24 May 1688; reciting deeds of 13 Aug 1678 and 8 Mar 1680.
Consideration - £101 7s 6d paid to (1) by Ralph Cleworth of Astley, husbandman on behalf of (2) and £13 0s 0d paid by (2) to (1)

The Humble Petition of the Inhabitants of Astley - Quarter Session 1689

To the honourable and the other worshipful their matyes Justices of the Peace and Quorum at their general quater sessions of the peace holden at Wigan this 21st day of January AD 1689. The Humble Petition of the Inhabitants of Astley. Humbly sheweth -

That there was an indictment found the last quarter sessions against the Inhabitants of Astley for not repairing and amending Astley Green (although unknown to any of the inhabitants). These are to give the honourable bench to understand that Astley Green is not the King's highway but only a private or byway amongst neighbours there dwelling and leads from the King's highway to Chatmoss. And that the King's highway in Astley are divided that every man that has any considerable estate or tenements knows the highways are sufficiently repaired and amended, and the private or byways are not divided and so Astley Green is not divided, and the humbly request of the inhabitants is that your worships would please to grant your order that we may have time till the 24th day of June next to amend the green for and in respect that we have no stone within our township but must fetch it near 2 miles, a very rough way and your petitioners in duty bound will for your worships health and good happiness pray as witness our hands.

John Goolden, Peter Hall, Jonathan Meaneley, Lawence Twisse, Joseph Guest, William Speakman, William Smith, George Hey, John Hawet, John Starkie, Jeremiah Birch, Richard Collier, William Guest, George Hindley, John Guest, William Brimelow, James Tongue, An Stoktonvid, John Southern, Thomas Woodburne, Richard Street, Thomas Parkison, Robert Partington, Oliver Hope, Oliver Darbyshire, John Rogerson, John Hindley, Thomas Greene, Ralph Cleworth, Richard Guest, Arnold Mort, Joseph Langley - allowed.

Breaston bridge, 1692

Breaston gave a deal of trouble to whom happened to be road surveyor. John Ratcliff and George Hindley said that if the bridge, for it was greatly decayed in the middle pillar, were not speedily repaired, it would cost £100 instead of the estimate submitted of £24. Two masons, Edward Heys and John Unsworth had evidently given their skilled opinion. And several signatures of Bedford men appear on the face of the warning. In 1692 the bridge was known as Bradeing Bridge. Again in 1704 the same structure standing in Bedford over the river 'Glassbrook' was in need of reparation. Jonathan Blackburn and Thomas Naylor reported that £4 would meet the costs.

John Bradshaw's Accounts 1699

Among the great number of Bradshaw papers are many bills of John Bradshaw. They begin in July 1698 and run through the next year; most of them were paid by the hand of Richard Bradshaw, which might indicate that John Bradshaw was absent from Leigh. There is a long account settled by Thomas Guest, a saddler, for bridles, spurs, brushes, combs, dog collars, whips and horse cloths; another from Mathias Hindley, a blacksmith and an early one of John Urmston for a campane wig at £3 with a new bob tail wig at 12s. John Bradshaw borrowed frequently by bond, from neighbours who had money to lend. On 2 October 1699 Samuel Monks signed a receipt for £4 15s. for oats, beans and lent money. Bradshaw's sister, Mary married Thomas Gillibrand of Peel Hall in Astley. The agreed dowry was £412, of which £20 was paid by Richard Bradshaw on 9 October 1699. Among those who loaned money to the lord of Pennington was Henry Bolton: he was a creditor for £40. JL Pennington.

Widow Frances Eaton 1703

Frances had great trouble with the affairs of her husband, William. It look four years before she was able to settle them all and obtain her quieta est from Chester. First she tried to sell all the stock in the shop to Joseph Chaddock; he declined and finally the whole was sold to Peter Holcroft for £181 11s. 6d. It cost £14 4s. 3d. to bury her husband on 2 January 1700, while on 18 May 1700 John Hilton, collector of the burial duty took another 4s. Frances was illiterate which did not help and there was difficulty with the recovery of the debts. Mr. Eaton, evidently Richard Eaton, Mr. Holcroft and John Urmston entered a caveat against her in the court at Chester, while John Hindley of Astley helped her by going journeys—twice to Chester, three each to Warrington and Manchester. Most of William Eaton's creditors were Manchester men. One, William Bird lived in Coventry and the debt payable to him, because of the great intervening distance was described as payable “by his order.” Widow Frances owed 7s. 6d. shop rent to Mr. Radcliff and possibly Eaton had taken over Radcliff's shop. It was evidently a lockup, because £1 4s. 1d. rent for house was declared due to Elinor Pendlebury about the same time. J LPennington.

Edmund Farnworth 1719

This family of near moss-siders was long prominent in Astley history. Edmund lived opposite the Woodburns, on the very edge of the moss. The farmhouse where he died was in 1719 dignified by a large room called the hall besides the usual parlour. His wife was Ellen and to her he gave by special mention a bedstead with all the bedding on it. In his low level pasture fields at this date could be counted 25 cattle, 4 horses and a weaning colt. He made cheese for which this area of Leigh was once famed and on that far distant October day of 1719 there was in his buttery £12 of cheeses ready for the market. His son Thomas, who had £25 made payable to him on May 1st 1720. Ann his sister and wife of blacksmith William Hindley had £22 on the same day, but son-in-law Jeremiah Horsefield only 1 shilling. Farnworth's total estate was £125.

Hindley's Smithy 1744

The smithy on the main Kings highway was well known and had from time whereof the memory of man ran not to the contrary been the home of the Hindleys, who were industriously occupied there. Charles Hindley, blacksmith, advanced in years had been tenant for a long time, when he died in 1747. His wife was Mary and his issue, Charles, Mary, Henry, Arm, Elizabeth and James. Longevity had consumed much of his substance and he left only £24 8s. He had a liking for maps, and had five of them. He used six teapots of Delft ware with two plates and a basin of the same status manufacture. Should the wife live longer than his lease, some of his goods were to be sold to help her maintenance. She died in 1751 and her son James, who had gone before her left many debts unpaid, which she said should be discharged out of his share, before his children could have anything. Mary Hindley was proud of her clothes; she had treasured and tended them. To her daughter-in-law Anne she gave a black and white gown, a side cloak, one that was brown, another quilted, a laced cap, a silk hood with 'Love' on it and a 'lambletie'. And her silver buckles she gave to daughter Elizabeth. Charles her son died in early manhood in 1757, leaving five young children, William, Adam, Eve, Ellen and George. He was disturbed about their uncertain future and before he died he thought of ways and means to leave them something. He said a man should work the smithy and over and above his wage the rest should go for the children. His other properties besides the smithy held under Thomas Sutton were Whitecroft in Bedford and the Barn in Astley. JL.

(The extract above states that a Charles Hindley who died in early manhood had five children William, Adam, Eve, Ellen and George. This is incorrect these five children were all the children of a George Hindley. Using the Leigh registers including the Astley registers the Charles referred to had nine children, Andrew (1737), Jane (1738), Margaret (1741), Martha (1743), Ellen(1745), Ann (1746), Mary (1748) and Jane (1752). This would fit with the statement that Charles left five young children. The above Mary b22/2/1748 at Astley is my 4 X great grandmother. She married a Joseph Parr at Leigh on 19th Nov 1769. A witness was a Andrew Hindley presumably her elder brother. Mary died at Astley on 15/2/1815 at Astley aged 67 years. Colin Farrell.)

Removal Order 1745

County Palatine of Lancaster, to wit,
To the Churchwardens and overseers of the poor of the Township of Farnworth in the said county to remove and convey and to the to the like officers of the Township of Bedford in the said county to receive and provide for/
Whereas complaint had been made unto Us, Two of his Majesty's JPs and quorum in and for the said county of Lancaster, by the Churchwardens and Overseers of the Poor of Farnworth aforesaid that George Hindley, Margaret his wife, James, Sarah and George their children poor persons, came lately to dwell, and do now reside in Farnworth endeavouring to gain a Settlement there, having not anyways qualified themselves so to do according to Law, and they being poor and likely to become chargeable to the Inhabitants of Farnworth aforesaid and that their last legal settlement is in the Township of Bedford aforesaid. 
We therefore, his Majesty's said Justices, upon examination thereof upon oath do judge said complaint to be true and that the said George Hindley, Margaret his wife, James, Sarah and George their children are poor and likely to become chargeable to the inhabitants of Farnworth aforesaid. 

And that their last legal settlement is in Bedford aforesaid, and do hereby in his Majesty's name, require and order you, the said Churchwardens and Overseers of the Poor of Farnworth aforesaid, to remove and convey, or cause the said George Hindley, Margaret his wife, James, Sarah and George their children, to be removed and conveyed out of Farnworth aforesaid to Bedford aforesaid and thence deliver to the Churchwardens and Overseers of the Poor thereof, or one of them, together with this order, or a true copy thereof, who are hereby required and commanded to receive and provide for them according to Law. Herein fail not at your perils.
Given under our hands and seals this twenty second day of October one thousand seven hundred and forty five.
QSP/1566/5 c1745/6. JH.

Apprenticeship July 1755

 James Hindley, alias Morris, son of Peter Morris of Westleigh. App to George Penkethman of Westleigh as a Cordwainer for 7 years. Tr/Pe/C/6/1/207 Recorded in Apprentices of Great Britain 1710-74.

These records are abstracts from tax records kept by the Inland Revenue. They are of exceptional value to the family history researcher, containing the name of the apprentice, the name of the apprentice's parent, the place the apprentice came from, his father's trade, the name of the master to whom he was indentured, the master's trade, the place where the master lived and the value of the premium paid to the master for taking on the apprentice. About 350,000 indentures were included from all over Great Britain.

In 1743 Mr Penkethman, a shoe maker was at The Nags Head.

The location of this old inn has been somewhat of a mystery. It is mentioned in the Pennington Overseers' list of expenses in 1752. Thomas Wood is stated as being the overseer for the Nag's Head, and in 1766 Robert Neild was constable for the Nag's Head. From the deeds referred to in connection with the Old King's Arms, it is found that the inn was a building on the west side of Market-street, between Sugar-street and the old Market Place corner. The whole area is now an open space in front of the Town Hall. There appears to have been ten tenements in that length of the street, and the Nag's Head was the eighth, counting from the Market Place southwards, and would therefore be the third from Sugar-street in the other direction. It was in 1743 in the occupation of George Penkethman, who was also a shoemaker. A Diary of Old Leigh - T Boydell

Marsley Green 1764

The roadway plan of Marsley Green from the highway to Leigh, which leads over the canal to Morley, which was annexed to the Enclosure award gives three tenements on the west side, those of George Hindley, John Guest senior and John Guest. Marsley Green was a continuous strip of land along this road as far as Morley Fold. Hereabouts in now vanished homes Hindleys and Guests had lived undisturbed generation upon generation. JL.

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