The Martins of Astbury
caution !! this is an initial draft ... these notes are on my server for safe keeping !!
Astbury was one of the eight ancient parishes of the Macclesfield Hundred supported by two chapelries at Congleton & Buglawton. Congleton was an ancient borough and became a municipal borough in 1835. Following the Poor Law Amendment Act in 1886 the townships and chapelries became civil parishes in their own right. There were nine other townships - Davenport, Eaton, Hulme Walfield, Moreton cum Alcumlow, Newbold Astbury, Odd Rode, Radnor, Smallwood, Somerford.
Astbury was just 7½ miles from Sandbach where the Birchalls mingled with the Steeles but in the Astbury parish it was Congleton which dominated the area settlements and was central to our story of the Birchalls who mingled with the Martins.
From 1752 a Silk Mill was established in Congleton which became a magnet for rural labour as folk left the land for the more rewarding jobs in the mills. Not only silk mills but also cotton spinning; the earliest cotton mill on the Dane was started up in 1784 ... Shaw Mill, aka Martin's Mill, at Buglawton which was owned by Richard Martin of the Dane-in-Shaw Estate ...
'Mill Walks & Industrial Yarns' by Lyndon Murgatroyd - tells more fascinating yarn about the coming of cotton to Congleton and the two central protagonists -
'Richard Martin (1760-95) introduced cotton spinning to Congleton in 1784
when he built Dane-in-Shaw Mill. He had previously studied cotton
manufacture in Manchester. Another major cotton spinning business was
established when George & William Reade, originally from Leek, built
Stonehouse Green Mill around 1785'.
'George Reade (1760-1838), a congleton general merchant and thrice mayor, set up a cotton spinning mill at Stonehouse Green possibly as early as 1785, turning also to silk throwing about 1821. Reade lived at Moody Hall, and his whole family engaged in textile manufacture'.
These two books were brilliant documents exploring Congleton's social industrial history - cottage ribbon weaving 1750 - famous Congleton points - silk throwing @ The Old Mill 1755 - cotton spinning Dane-in-Shaw 1784 - Mob Wakes 1840 - Cobden Chevalier 1860 - cotton famine 1861 - fustian cutting @ Eatons Bank 1867 - modern textiles 1920-70 ...
Dane-in-Shaw Mill aka Martins Mill as it was known locally in 1784, by 1788 the mill traded as Thomas Whitfield & Co (cotton spinning). Richard Martin died in 1795 and Thomas Whitfield in 1800 and by 1815 Philip Hall & John Johnson were throwing silk. In 1832 a new company Philip Hall & Son were silk throwing ... 1845 Richard Ginger was involved ... 1864 A Myott ... 1886 William Tagell ... 1906 William Ward, who left hi name on the road to the mill, was probably the last of the silk throwsters ...
Interesting ... Richard Martin and families Whitfields, Halls, Johnsons, Ginders, Myotts, Tagells were all associated with Dane-in-Shaw Mill ... and they all seemed to interbreed?
Stonehouse Green Mill aka Sollys Mill as it was know locally in 1850s, brothers George Reade & William Smith Reade started the ball rolling in 1785 when the mill was built for cotton spinning with water power from Howty Brook & Park Pool. The mill site became a Safeway Supermarket car park! The adjacent Brook Mills were soon added for silk throwing. William Smith retired early and George died in 1838, his sons continued in the business with ... 1838 Richard Clogg ... early 1850s Arthur Isaac Solly & Edward Solly ... in 1928 the business failed and the mills sold.
Interesting ... George Reade and families Fielders, Cloggs, Sollys ... (and eventually 'Viyella') ... were all associated with the Brook Mills complex ... and they all seemed to interbreed?
A young lady from Somerset, Frances Fielder tied together these two august families of Martins & Reades in matrimony ... although not at the same time ... Somerset?
So when Hannah Martin was born in Congleton in 1780 happenings were buzzing as industry came to town. Previously trade and manufacture were organised as little more than cottage industries, only privileged 'free men' were allowed to trade in town as the remnants of the feudal system and the ancient guilds stubbornly persisted. Nevertheless trade in leather glove and woolen cloth was thriving and reputations were established. Shoemaking and spinning and weaving textiles were homespun activities although the putting out system was based on capital funding from the new capitalists and the emerging middle class artisans who acquired skills in their craft. All that was about to change as industry came to Congleton in 1752 following the growth of Stockport silk throwing ! Congleton famous for its trade in silk ribbons was now building mills. Cotton followed silk a little later in 1784 as Richard Martin hit his stride.
'These developments are of exceptional importance in the history of industrialisation. A recent definitive survey of the textile mills of east Cheshire states that ‘these entrepreneurs were among the first exponents of the factory system and the initiators of the first factory and industrial-based economy in the world’, and suggests that the implications have not hitherto been fully understood. The Cheshire silk mills predate Sir Richard Arkwright’s cotton mills—usually considered to have been the origin of the factory system—by a whole generation, and are therefore the true precursors of the industrial and economic system which has dominated the western world for the ensuing 250 years. It was Cheshire silk, not Lancashire and Derbyshire cotton, which began it all—for better or for worse'.
In 1820 Samuel Yates talked of the profuse luxury which followed from the investments in silk & cotton mills which folk like the Martins enthusiastically embraced. Of course risk was involved for the Martins in the urban trek from the farms to the mills 'cos -
'good and evil will spring up together from the natural imperfections of man. Yet as we see such numbers of our youth brought up in habits of honest industry and morality, we may confidently aver, that opulence contributes to the general good of the community.'
We used different words ... 'as soon as there were stocks there were parasite & predators' but the dice were loaded as folk like the Martins chased the 'synergies of specialisation & scale' and were in production ... they were pious folk who left thieving to the reprobates.
The Martins prospered in this explosion of trade & enterprise ... Richard Martin (1689-1769) the elder was a grocer and alderman & mayor of Congleton in 1758-59, his son Richard the younger (1760-95) led cotton into Congleton.
No doubt some branches of the Martin family fell into poverty and obscurity just as there were others upon whom fortune had been more kind ... we wondered where our Hannah Martin fitted in to this electic mix?
What did we know of the Martin family and the young 22 year old Hannah, the bride of 1802 who married a Birchall?
Did our Martins go back to Rev Thomas Martin of Rochdale & wife Isabella Gartside ?
For sure cotton spinner Richard Martin (1760-95) had an interesting pedigree ... and a good place to start our search for Hannah's roots turned out to be St Peters Congleton ... although before 1686 inhabitants of Congleton buried their dead at Astbury. We learned a lot about the Martins of Congleton from The Reades of Blackwood Hill 1906 ... Aleyn Lyell Reade explained the rather confusing relationships between the Martins and the Reades ... good effort !
Richard Martin of Congleton, alderman (said to have been son of the Rev
Thomas Martin of Rochdale and Isabella Gartside his wife), was Mayor of the
borough in 1736-7, in 1742-3, in 1750-1, and in 1758-9, and was the pioneer
cotton-spinner of Congleton. He was buried 25 March 1769, aged 72, at St
Peter’s, Congleton. In his will, dated 20 Aug 1768 and proved 20 April 1769
at Chester, he mentions his son Richard (a minor), and other children
(unnamed); and his tenement in Congleton occupied by Bridget Bowyer, widow.
He nominates as executors, his wife (unnamed), the Rev Thomas Malbon of
Congleton, clerk, and Philip Antrobus of Congleton, alderman. He asks his
trustees (Thomas Malbon and Philip Antrobus) to consult Thomas Furnivall of
The above Richard Martin married, firstly, Bridget ??, who died 25 Nov 1743, aged 49, and was buried at St Peter’s, Congleton, having had issue a son Richard who died April 1729. He married, secondly, Mary Malbon, who died 5 Jan 1755, aged 44, and was buried at St Peter’s. He married, thirdly, Sarah, one of the eleven children of James Ellis of Bolton-le-Moors and of Anne Lister his wife.
Rev Thomas Martin (1674-) son of Robert
baptised 22 Nov
1674 Penwortham ... was this our man? ... Penwortham to Rochdale 28 miles
... or Thomas Martin (1679-) son of Thomas
baptised 18 May
1679 Leyland ... was this our man? ...
Isabella (1676-) daughter of Gabriel baptised 19 April 1676 Rochdale ... the Gartsides were known in Rochdale, James Gartside left a will 17 Sept 1683.
In 1769 Curate Thomas Martin was quite a card and his shenanigans reverberated round the church but gave us no clues about his family ... and in 1796 this was not the father of Richard Martin (1697-1769) !?
Richard Martin (1697-1769) son of Thomas &
Isabella? baptised ... a Grocer ...
first married Bridget ?? (1694-1743) ... died 25 Nov 1743 aged 49 Congleton.
Richard Martin (1728-29) son of Richard & Bridget baptised 10 March 1728 Congleton ... (1647851) ... original ... died in infancy 6 April 1729
MI Congleton -
Richard Martin (1728-29) (infant), son of Richard Martin, died 6 April 1729
Bridget (1694-1743) wife of Richard Martin, died 25 November 1743 aged 49
Isabel (1757-1823) daughter of Richard Martin son of above (this was Richard Martin (1760-95) and Sarah Ellis' daughter) ... died 28 June 1823 aged 66
Jane (1761-1844) [looks like 'Waller'] died 3 January 1844 aged 82 ... Jane Martin the daughter of Richard & Sarah?
married Mary Malbon (1710-1755)
14 Feb 1744 'Alderman' just a year after Bridget died ... Mary daughter of Ralf Malbon
underwhelming Head of Congleton
School, baptised 17
Dec 1710 Astbury ...
died 5 Jan
1755 aged 44 St Peter’s, Congleton ... (1655596)
MI Congleton - Mary the wife of Richard Martin died 5 Jan 1755 aged 44 - Richard
Martin her husband buried 25 Mar 1769 aged 72 - also the body of Richard
Martin his son died 23 Oct 1795 aged 35 years - and of Richard Martin Hall
twin son of John Hall & Anne his wife and Grandson of the above Richard
Martin who died 9 March 1842 aged 19 years - John Hall died 27 Nov 1861 aged
76 Anne relict of the above John Hall youngest daughter of Richard Martin
died 8 Dec 1861 aged 68.
Richard Martin Hall was John Fielder Hall's twin brother.
The Malbons - a long local family ...
Thomas Malbon (1629-1711) was a feltmaker of Congleton who married Mary
Spencer (-) in 1653 and they had eight childrenm- Thomas, John, Joseph,
Mary, Elizabeth, Martha, Sarah, and Ralph ... Rev
Thomas Malbon (1702-77) was an executor of Richard's will in 1769. Ralph
Malbon was Headmaster of the Grammar School 1698-1721, he was appointed in a
hotly disputed election and in opposition to the wishes of the incumbent,
the rector of Astbury. His opponents objected on the grounds that he was not
of sufficient status, being the son of a local feltmaker, he was not
properly qualified having not finished his degree at Cambridge, and that he
was too young at 27. He had been made Deacon and Curate on 8 Sept 1698 and
immediately appointed to Congleton chapel. He was later appointed
schoolmaster, combining the two roles for 9 years. He was made an honorary
freeman of the borough in 1702. The grammar school made progress and in 1719
he wrote a book describing the curriculum and method of teaching which he
had devised for the school. Inventory taken after his death showed that he
lived in a good sized old fashioned hall house of two floors, and he had a
collection of books worth £50 in his study. He loaned money, being owed £377
when he died. Together with his £60 in ready money and clothes his wealth
was over £560.
His will, dated 10 Sept 1721, when he was 50 made his wife, Margaret, his executrix and sole heir. He died two months later on the 11 Nov 1721 leaving his wife and six children.
MI - Ralph Malbon Clerk minister of Congleton died 9 Nov 1721 aged 50
Margaret his widow died 30 Dec 1765 aged 84
also Ralph their son died 18 Dec 17*4 aged 21
Elizabeth their daughter died 15 Oct 1743 aged 25
John their son apothecary died 12 July 1756 aged 47
William their son apothecary died 19 Aug 1763 aged 44
third married Sarah Ellis (-)
26 April 1756 Bolton-by-Bowland just a year after Mary died ... or
April 1856 York? ... Sarah was one of 11, daughter of James Ellis & his wife
Anne Lister of Bolton-le-Moors
Richard died 25 March 1769 St Peter’s, Congleton ... (1655596) ... aged 72
Richard Martin (1697-1769) was Alderman & Mayor of Congleton 1736-7, 1742-3, 1750-1 and 1758-9.
Will dated 20 Aug 1768 proved 20 April 1769 Chester, identified his son Richard (a minor) and other children (unnamed), tenement in Congleton occupied by Bridget Bowyer, widow (Thomas Bowyer was Mayor of Congleton, 1730-31?). Executors his wife (unnamed), the Rev Thomas Malbon of Congleton, clerk, and Philip Antrobus of Congleton, alderman. Trustees to consult Thomas Furnivall of Congleton, attorney.
Richard Martin & Sarah Ellis children -
Martin (1761-1844) daughter of Richard & Sarah
baptised 20 June 1861
Congleton ... original
daughter of Alderman Richard Martin. Jane
didn't marry and was
buried 12 January 1844
Congleton aged 82 a spinster... the MI - Jane [looks like 'Waller'] ... looks like
'Martin'! Jane left a
will confirming the connection to George Reade & Arthur Reade
1841 census - at Ivert? Street, Astbury 75 year old Jane Martin of independent means was living with a 30 year old servant?
Congleton, Mayor in
1788-9; died 23 Oct 1795 aged 35, buried at St Peter’s.
married Frances Fielder (-) daughter & heir of John Fielder, 11 Sept 1788 Bath ... witnesses John & Thomas Fielder.
died 28 Oct 1795 Congleton (1647852) ... and (1655359) ... on the 6 Nov 1795 Chester Chronicle reported after a lingering illness the death of Richard Martin Esq of Congleton ... Chester Courant announced the sale of 7 lots of the late Richard Martin's estate (mentioned, Pack Horse, Chapel Street, James Carter - Dog Lane Blacksmiths Worrall, Thomas Beech - High Street, Richard Shrigley - Shaw Fields, Thomas Chaddock - Bramley Lane, Samuel Boys - Leahs, Northcart Side of Mosley Moss, William Foden - Reades Lane, DaneinShaw Lane, Lomas, Northside William Foden, William Ball - Mr Smith Atorney, Congleton) ...
(NB after Richard died Frances remarried to George Reade of Congleton a year later in 1796)
Richard & Frances had two auspicious daughters & coheirs married two famous Hall brothers -
Frances Martin (-) married the Rev Francis Russell Hall (1788-1866) Fellow of St John’s College, Cambridge, in 1810
Martin (1793-1861) youngest daughter of Richard Martin
married John Hall (1785-1861) 31 Aug 1815 Astbury (1655359) ... John Hall respected surgeon settled in Congleton, his eldest Charles Radcliffe Hall (1819-79) MD settled in Torquay
Alderman Richard Martin and Thomas Lowe were appointed by the Corporation to manage the rebuilding of the chapel, begun in 1741, after five gentlemen among the twenty six petitioners in 1740 wrote to the Bishop of Chester asking for permission to pull down the town chapel because it was too small, old and decayed. The bishop approved their application and by 1742 they had built as much of the new chapel as money allowed. In the new chapel Thomas Lowe had a vault dug where he and his family were buried.
Enter the Halls ... but where was the connection to our Hannah?
Two auspicious daughters & coheirs married two famous Hall brothers -
Hall (1785-1861) born 9 Oct 1785,
Martin (1793-1861) 31 Aug 1815 Astbury (1655359)
John was a JP and alderman of Congleton elder brother of Francis Russell Hall, both sons of Rev Samuel Hall (1748-1813) minister St Peter's Manchester. A respected surgeon who settled in Congleton, who guided Samuel Yeates with his 'History of Congleton' in 1820. John Hall's eldest Charles Radcliffe Hall (1819-79) MD settled in Torquay ... see below.
Monthly Magazine, 1815, 'Mr Hall to Miss Anne Martin, both of Congleton'.
John Hall (1785-1861) died 27 Nov 1861, buried 8 Dec 1861 aged 68 St Peter’s, Congleton.
John Hall & Anne Martin's children -
1 Charles Radclyffe Hall (1819-79)
President of the British Medical Association in 1853 and 1860 born 1819,
died 21 March 1879 at Derwent House, Torquay; buried at Torquay Cemetery
married Esther Westhead née Wood (-), widow of John Westhead (-) ... probate 1879 ...
step kids Esther Westhead (1839-) James Westhead (1841-) Mary Westhead (1843-) Charles Westhead (1844-) and Radcliffe Hall (1859-)
2a Richard Martin Hall (1822-42) born 24 Dec 1822, died 9 March 1842 at St Peter’s aged 19 (twin with John Fielder Hall) ... the passing of Richard was announced in the Manchester courier, confirming Richard Martin Hall was the 2nd son of John Hall, Surgeon of Congleton and late of the Commercial Bank of Chester only 20 years old ...
2b John Fielder Hall (1822-83) JP of Congleton (twin with Richard Martin Hall), married Ellen Chorley (-) his cousin, daughter of Charles William Reade of Liverpool.
John & Ellen children -
-- George William Hall
(1824-1900) born 11 Sept 1824 Congleton, died 13 Jan 1900 buried at Salford
married Mary Cantrill (-), daughter of Henry Cantrill of Derby
George & Mary children -
---- Frances Russell Hall (1817-) born 5 Aug
1817, died 2 Nov 1891 buried at Market Drayton Cemetery
married John Myatt (1817-98) of Congleton and Market Drayton, Sept 1848 Astbury, son of William Myatt of Whitmore, Staffs. John Myatt was born 23 March 1817 at Acton, near Newcastle-under-Lyme, and died 31 May 1898 buried at Market Drayton Cemetery.
Frances & John had one surviving child -
Mary Jane Myatt (-) of The Burgage, Market Drayton.
MI - Beneath interred the body of John Fielder Hall (1822-83) of Congleton
son of John & Ann Hall died 13 April 1883 aged 60
Ellen Chorley (1833-1902) wife & daughter of Charles William Reade died 17 June 1902 aged 69
Elizabeth Frances (1865-68) daughter of George William & Mary Hall 2 May 1865 - 3 March 1868
Eleanor Margaret (1867-68) daughter of John Fielder & Ellen Chorley Hall 11 February 1867 - 29 July 1868
MI - In remembrance of Eleanor Margaret daughter of John Fielder & Ellen
Chorley Hall born 11 Feb 1867 died 29
Upright Cross on base - In loving memory of Alexander Chorley Hall CMS Medical Missionary in Egypt & the Soudan died 9 Oct
1903 aged 37. These two spaces were purchased by Charles Russell Hall and converted into a double vault, above buried 13 Oct 1903
Upright cross & kerbs - purchased by Miss F E R Hall to be her own Grave handed to parish by Miss Iris Hall for use at their discretion, Miss F E R Hall having died overseas.
Front - In loving memory of Lawrence George Waterhouse (1892-1966) also his dear wife Alexandra (1902–99) buried 2 Jan 2000
Left - John Lawrence Waterhouse his son died 27 Dec 1984 aged 55
(F E R Hall was Ellen's daughter and sister to C R Hall, she died in Kingston, Jamaica. Iris E E Hall was C R Hall's only child and Ellen`s only grandchild. Frances E R Hall was the surviving daughter of John & Ellen)
Upright - purchased by C R HALL to inter Mrs Ann Wells St Peters 1895 graveyard – In memory of Anne Radclyffe Wells widow of John Wells of Aylsham Norfolk died 28 Sept 1896 aged 70.
(John Hall senior was a local magistrate, secretary to the Congleton Savings Bank, as well as a surgeon. His son John Fielder Hall was described as a silk spinner and actuary with the savings Bank)
Rev Francis Russell
(1788-1866) born 17 May 1788 Manchester, Metropolitan Borough of Manchester,
died 18 Nov 1866 aged 78 Fulbourn, Cambridge buried St Vigor & All Saints Churchyard
Fulbourn, South Cambridgeshire District, Cambridgeshire
married Frances Martin (1792-1851) 14 Nov 1826 Astbury ... it made the newspapers ...
Rev Francis, Fellow of St John’s College, Cambridge ... Norfolk Chronicle announced the splice in 1826 ... Rev Francis Russell published prolifically ... Frances Hall née Martin died 31 Oct 1851 Fulbourn Cambridge aged 59 and only 5 days after her daughter Maria Jane
Rev Francis Russell Hall - MI 182068706 - Francis was the son of Rev Samuel
Hall, minister of St Peters of Manchester and Elizabeth. He is also the
brother of Samuel and William Wright Hall.
He was a theological writer and was educated at the Manchester grammar school and at St John's College, Cambridge, where he was elected a fellow. He graduated BA in 1810, MA in 1813, BD in 1820, and DD in 1839.
He was ordained deacon at Salisbury in 1813, priest at Chester in 1815, Chaplain of Horningsea, Cambs from 1824-6 and Curate of Wendy with Shingay in 1824.
He held the rectory of Fulbourn, near Cambridge, from 1826 until his death on 18 Nov 1866 at the Fulbourn rectory.
He wrote 'Reasons for not contributing to circulate the Apocrypha,' in 1825, 'Regeneration and Baptism considered' in 1832,'A Letter ... on the present Corrupt State of the University of Cambridge, in 1834 and 'Hints to Young Clergymen,' in 1843. He also wrote occasional poetical pieces, and compiled a hymn-book.
In January 1853, After the death of his first wife Frances, he married Mary Annie West, the daughter of G F West of Rosoman House at Islington and left behind three sons and a daughter when he passed away.
Francis & Frances children -
William Birch Hall (1833-1904)
married Alice Mary Clarke (-) 29 Sept 1881 Lambeth, Surrey ... William Widower, Alice Spinster ... father Francis Russell Hall, Clergyman and Richard Starn Clarke, Gentleman
Maria Jane Hall (1835-1851) ... died 26 Oct 1851 Fulbourn Cambridge aged only 17
second married Mary Annie West (-) 4 Jan 1853 Clerkenwell, Islington ... Francis Widower aged 64 Mary Spinster aged 30 ...
The Halls appear to have been a yeoman family of some standing, who had been
settled at Moss de Lee for many generations. The following wills at Chester
clearly refer to the family, and there are a good many more wills of Halls
who were only described as of Ashton-Under-Lyne.
1669 Ralph Hall of Moss of Lee, Ashton-Under-Lyne, gent.
1675 Ralph Hall of Moss of Leigh.
1690 Anne Hall of Mosley, Ashton-Under-Lyne, widow.
1766 John Hall of Mossdeleigh, Ashton-Under-Lyne, yeoman.
This last John Hall was probably the father o f the Rev Samuel Hall, who is said to have been the youngest son of his father by a second wife.
The Rev Samuel Hall (1754-1813) was born at Moss de Lee, in the parish o f
Ashton-Under-Lyne, educated at Catharine Hall, Cambridge. Curate of St
Anne’s, Manchester 1771. 4 Oct 1794 appointed first Minister of St Peter’s,
the first stone of which he had laid in 1787.
died Sept 1813, aged 59
married Elizabeth Radclyffe Russell (-) in 1776 daughter of the Rev Radclyffe Russell (Vicar of Easingwold in Yorks) and Elizabeth his wife, daughter of the Rev Jacob Scholes & Elizabeth Ward his wife.
His daughter, Mrs Samuel Hall died about 28 Nov 1815 Cheadle, Cheshire.
The Rev Samuel Hall’s sons were educated at the Manchester Grammar School.
The families - Malbon, Antrobus, Furnivall, Ellis, Fielder, Flail, Hall, Chorley, Myatt, Reade were all pouring genetic material into the Martins of Congleton and ... surely ... somehow or other some of them ended up in Hannah Martin in 1780 and then after 1802 into the Birchalls ... ? ... where was the link?
The Martin - Hall mix was prolific but perhaps more so was the Martin - Reade recombinant genetic melée ...
Enter the Reades of Blackwood Hill, Horton, Leek, Staffs - superb research on the Reades from 1906 ... but where was the connection to our Hannah?
Frances Martin née Fielder (1770-1833)
daughter of John & Elizabeth,
baptised 2 July
1770 Walcot St Swithins, Bath, heiress.
first married Richard Martin (1760-95) 11 Sept 1788 Walcot St Swithins, Bath ... witnesses John Fielder & Charles Fielder
second married George Reade (1760-1838) 21 Sept 1796 Walcot, St Swithins, Bath ... witnesses were Ann Whitfield and Chas Fielder again ...
(Tom Whitfield was Richard Martin's business partner at Dane-in-Shaw Mill in 1788)
died 19 Feb 1833 Congleton (1655361) ... the Martin & Reade families were intertwined big time.
George Reade Family -
Rev George Reade Minister (1715-1796) son of Thomas of Blackwood Hill,
Horton, Leek, Staffs. Born 14 April 1715 Horton. Cambridge matriculation 1733 BA
1736/7 MA 1740. Deacon Lincoln 1737. Vicar Over Peover 50 years 1740-90. Rector Baddiley 37 years
1759-96 ... died 4 Jan
1796 aged 81 ...
married Sarah Smith (1725-77) second daughter of William & Mary, baptised Leek 1725?
died 4 Jan 1796
children of George & Sarah -
Sarah Reade (1758-83) only daughter
William Smith Reade (1764-1836) youngest son of George & Sarah Reade baptised ????
married Sarah Martin (1763-1820) 5 April 1796 Astbury ... (1655359) ... 1796 Derby Mercury reported at Astbury George Reade (-) Cotton Merchant of Congleton married Sara Martin (-) of same place ...
See Sarah Martin and the Barthomley Martins below.
William & Sarah had 5 children -
George Reade (1797-1865)
Isabelle Reade (1803-40)
Mary Reade (1799-1803)
Sarah Reade (1801-64)
Arthur Reade (1806-62)
George Reade (1760-1838) eldest son of George,
Feb 1760 Over Peover, Cheshire ... (1751485)
... identified as George (senior) who moved to Congleton and built
Stonehouse Green Mill in 1784 (the same year Richard Martin built
Dane-in-Shaw Mill, and same time as Samuel Gregg's Quarry Bank Mill, Style)
married Frances Martin née Fielder
George Reade (1760-1838) was a local lad born in Over Peover and started his business in Leek before his auspicious move to Moody Hall, Congleton on 1785.
In 1785-8 George Reade (1760-1838) & brother William Smith Reade (1764-1836) built Stonehouse Green for cotton spinning and then Brook Mill for silk throwing. Flexibility in volatile markets.
And later Alice Martin (1834-65) married George William Reade (1828-83) son of George & Elizabeth Reade in ???? !
Perhaps this intermingling of the genes was unsurprising Dane-in-Shaw Mill at the end of Wards Lane was just off Reades Lane ... all local lads and lasses in a Congleton love rave ...
George & Frances children -
eldest son John Fielder Reade (1799-1843)
married Mary Clogg (-) 12 July 1826 Astbury. Mary a minor of Manchester daughter of Richard ... witnesses Richard Clogg, George Reade, Jane Reade and William Reade ... Gores Liverpool Advertiser recorded the happening ...
-- Georgiana Reade (-) married Arthur Isaac Solly (-) died 1907 Mill Owner
second son Charles William Reade (1801-74) ...
fourth son James Reade (-)
Jane Reade (-) married Rev Charles Bishope Hadges
fifth son William Smith Reade (-)
Will - George Reade of Congleton, Cheshire, Silk Manufacturer - dated 23 Dec
After my debts are paid the whole of my estate to be converted into money by my eldest son John Fielder Reade,
my third son Thomas Reade, and my nephew George Reade, the younger, of Congleton, and equally divided among all my children, the said John Fielder Reade, Charles William Reade, Thomas Reade, James Reade, Jane (wife of the Reverend Charles Bishope Hodges), and William Smith Reade, and their issue. I appoint my sons John Fielder Reade and Thomas Reade trustees. I appoint John Fielder Reade, Thomas Reade and George Reade, the younger, executors. Witnesses Arthur Reade, James Shufflebotham, Elisabeth Venables. Proved at Chester 9 May 1839 by John Fielder Reade and Thomas Reade, two of the executors, power reserved to George Reade, the younger, the other executor. Testator died 9 May 1838. Effects sworn under £ 18,000.
George Reade (Senior) came to Congleton after failing to establish a textile business in Leek. In Congleton he built Stonehouse Green mill in 1784, a very early cotton spinning mill. This was contemporary with Samuel Greg`s Quarry Bank mill at Styal, and Richard Martin`s mill at Dane-in-Shaw. He married Frances, widow of Richard Martin (junior) whose father established the cotton spinning mill at Dane-in-Shaw. Frances brought him wealth as the heiress of John Fielder of Bath. He continued to expand the mills on his site at Brookside and Stonehouse Green for a period of forty years. ????
MI - St Peter's Congleton - Beneath interred the Body of Sarah Wife of William Reade of Congleton and youngest daughter of Richard and Sarah Martin of the same place, she died 7 Dec 1820 Aged 57 years Also Mary daughter of the aforesaid William and Sarah Reade, who died 28 Feb 1803 Aged 4 Years And of Isabella, daughter of the said William and Sarah Reade, who died 23 April 1840 Aged 37 Years Also Edmund, son of George Reade their son and Elizabeth his Wife who died 1 April 1833 Aged 6 Months Also of Arthur Reade, son of the said William and Sarah Reade who died 18 December 1862 Aged 56 Years And of Sarah Reade daughter of the said William and Sarah Reade who died 18th Sept 1864 Aged 63 Years.
Beneath interred the
bodies of George Reade (1796-1865) of Congleton son of William and Sarah Reade died
28 March 1865 aged 69 Years
Elizabeth (1804-65) his wife died 7 of the same month aged 61
Alice Martin (1834-65) wife of George William Reade son of the said George & Elizabeth Reade died 17 Jan 1865 aged 31
Emily Jean (-) wife of George William Reade died 2 Dec 1868 aged 35
Emily Jean (1868-68) their daughter died 8 Dec 1868, 9 days
George William (1867-67) infant son of Arthur Lloyd Reade son of George & Elizabeth Reade and Jessie his wife died 8 Sept 1867 aged 10 weeks
Also Anne wife of the said George
William Reade died 31 Dec 1874 aged 37
And their Children
Alice Mary died 31 Oct 1875 1 Year & 9 Months
Annie Rosamond died 18 Nov 1875 3 Years
And he said George William Reade (-) died 22 Jan 1883 aged 54 Years
And Isabella Maria Reade (-) daughter of said George Reade & Elizabeth his Wife died 17 July 1889 aged 51 Years
And Elizabeth Anne Reade )(-) eldest daughter of said George Reade & Elizabeth his Wife died on the 12 of May 1896 aged 66.
MI - George Percy
Reade (1870-90) eldest son of Henry Lister Reade [a son of George and Elizabeth
Reade] and of Anna Ellen his wife died 29 June 1890 aged 20
Henry Lister Reade (1836-1906) died 9 July 1906 aged 70
Anna Ellen Reade (1844-1910) died 18 Feb 1910 aged 66
William Parsons Reade (1875-1940) youngest son of Henry Lister Reade & Anna Ellen his wife died 28 Feb 1940 aged 65
Anne (1837-1874) wife of George William Reade died 31 Dec 1874 aged 37
Alice Mary (1872-75) died 31 Oct 1875 aged 3yrs 6 months
George William Reade (1829-83) died 22 Jan 1883 aged 54
Isabella Maria Reade (1838-89) daughter of George Reade & Elizabeth his wife died 17 July 1889 aged 51
Elizabeth Anne Reade (1830-96) eldest daughter of George Reade and Elizabeth his wife died 12 May 1896 aged 66
The Reade family had extensive connections with St Peter's, Congleton throughout the
nineteenth century. George (senior) the 'silk manufacturer' has a memorial
in the north west corner, his second son, Charles William has a memorial in
the south west corner, in similar style. His other four sons all owned or
occupied pews in the church in 1840, together with their cousins George
(junior) Reade and Arthur Lloyd Reade, sons of George's brother, William,
George's cousin, Sir Thomas Reade with his son, Richard, and his
step-brother, George are all recorded on memorials in the south east area of
the church. Between them they owned five pews, three in the galleries and
two in the side aisles. However, they and their servants occupied eight pews
which amounted to fifty seats, twenty one of which were rented from William
Starkey and John Jackson. Although George Reade owned pews he also helped to
found St James' Church in West Street. As a member of the committee
responsible for building St James’ Church, his name was on a scroll which
was placed under the chief stone in the north-east corner of the building.
George Reade (Senior) came to Congleton after failing to establish a textile business in Leek. In Congleton he built Stonehouse Green mill in 1784, a very early cotton spinning mill. This was contemporary with Samuel Greg's Quarry Bank Mill at Styal, and Richard Martin's mill at Dane-in-Shaw. He married Frances, widow of Richard Martin (junior) whose father established the cotton spinning mill at Dane-in-Shaw. Frances brought him wealth as the heiress of John Fielder of Bath. He continued to expand the mills on his site at Brookside and Stonehouse Green for a period of forty years.
That Reade had a great reputation in the town is shown by the fact he was a
Justice of the Peace, an Alderman, and Mayor three times, in 1791 aged 31,
1802 and 1822. Throughout the early part of the Napoleonic era George Reade
was one of the men leading the town council's cause in a long running
dispute with the other great mill owning family in the town, the Pattisons.
A contest made more interesting because their businesses were only 400 yards
apart and during the period Nathanial Maxey Pattison also had turns as mayor
He was also a Magistrate and would have other duties of public service as an Alderman. He was a member of the committees set up by the council to revise the town bye-laws; build the Sunday School in Chapel Street, and to report to the bishop of Chester the 'irregular conduct' of the Reverend Samuel Williamson. During his second mayoralty he took the opportunity to exchange church lands with Edmund Antrobus in the town's West Field.
George was also a member of Congleton Masonic Lodge. For more than twenty years he lived in Moody Hall, now known as Chapel Brook House.
1861 census - at 160 West Street, Congleton, George Reade (1796-1865) aged 64 born Congleton, Attorney & Solicitor, Deputy Clerk of Assizes, Elizabeth Reade (1804-65) aged 57 born Chester, George William Reade (1828-) aged 33 born Knutsford, Attorney & Solicitor, Elizabeth Ann Reade (-) aged 31 born Knutsford, Henry Lister Reade (-) aged 25 born Congleton, Attorney & Solicitor, Isabella Maria Reade (-) aged 23 born Congleton, Albert Comberbach Reade (-) aged 21 born Congleton, Medical Pupil, Alice Reade (-) aged 19 ... plus 4 servants
-- George William Reade (1828-83) son of George & Elizabeth,
14 March 1828 Knutsford born 17 Feb 1828
married Alice Martin (-) ?
... who was this Alice Martin (1834-) daughter of William & Martha, baptised 11 Jan 1835 born 20 Dec 1834 Cheshire?
died 22 Jan 1883 ... probate ...
Arthur Lloyd Reade (-)
Henry Lister Reade (-) of Congleton Gentleman
Horton, Leek - MI - Here was
interred the Body of Sarah Reade (1725-77) second daughter of William & Mary Smith
of Leek and Wife of George Reade, Clerk, Minister of Over Peover, who after
long severe and incurable infliction was happily delivered from the miseries
of mortality 10 Aug 1777 aged 52
Sarah Reade (1758-83) the only daughter of George & Sarah Reade to the inexpressible grief of her Father & Friends died 10 April 1783 aged 25
Also the above Rev George Reade Minister (1715-1796) of Over Peover 50 years & Rector of Baddiley 37 years died 4 Jan 1796 aged 81
Also the Body of William Smith Reade (1764-1836) Congleton youngest son of the above George & Sarah Reade who departed this life 17 Jan 1836 aged 72
MI - In affectionate remembrance of George Reade (1760-1838) magistrate and thrice mayor of this borough died 9 May 1838 aged 78 and Frances (1770-1833) his wife who died 13 Feb 1833 aged 63 'They rest in peace'
MI - George Reade (1796-1865) of Congleton,
son of William & Sarah Reade died 28 March 1865 aged 69
Elizabeth (1804-65) his wife died 7 March 1865 aged 61
Alice Martin (1834-65) wife of George William Reade son of said George & Elizabeth Reade died 17 January 1865 aged 31
Emily Jean (1833-68) wife of George William Reade died 2 December 1868 aged 35
Emily Jean (1868-68) their daughter died 8 December 1868 aged 9 days
George William (1857-67) infant son of Arthur Lloyd Reade son of George & Elizabeth Reade and Jessie his wife died 8 Sept 1867 aged 10 weeks
MI - Maria
(1805-23) daughter of George & Frances Reade died 12 April 1823 aged 18
Also Sarah (-) their daughter who died in infancy
Also Frances (1770-1833) Wife of George Reade died 13 Feb 1833 aged 63
Also the said George Reade (1760-1838) died 9 May 1838 aged 78
Also their sons John Fielder Reade (1799-1843) died 11 Oct 1843 aged 44
Thomas Reade (1803-44) died 13 March 1844 aged 41
Margaret Reade (1827-31) daughter of the said John Fielder Reade died 14 August 1831 aged 4
Agnes Reade (-1834) his daughter died 1 Aug 1834 infant
Richard Reade (-1840) his son died 29 Feb 1840 infant
Maria Ann Reade (-1840) died 11 Oct 1840 infant
Also Frances Fielder Reade (1840-44) daughter of William & Maria Reade died 22 Oct 1844, aged 4
No sign of any link from Richard 'cotton' Martin (1760-95) to our young Hannah (1780-1844) so was there anything of note from a start with Hannah's family ?
Hannah Martin & John Birchall were married in St Mary's Astbury and we celebrated the occasion in 2004 when we purchased the 11th copy of a 500 limited print run of C P Mayer's Spring Astbury Village ... superb effort.
Here we go from this auspicious splice -
Hannah Martin (1780-1844)
daughter of Thomas & Mary,
Oct 1780 Congleton ... (1655596)
married John Birchall (1780-1857) 25 April 1802 Astbury (1647852) ... by Banns, two 22 year olds, of this parish ... also (1655359) ...
Note the Burchall spelling confusion ... and note also that young James our g-g-g-granddad seemed to have almost anticipated the fun? ... he was baptised 21 Nov 1802 Congleton, Astbury Parish ... (1655359) ... 7 months after the wedding.
The FHF No 1647852 (Astbury) and 1655359 (Congleton) maybe useful in tracking these Martins?
Was Thomas Martin (1683-1747) Hannah's great grandfather?
Thomas Martin (1683-1747) baptised 24 July 1683 Cheshire?
married Hannah (1690?-1724) baptised ??
Hannah died 14 March 1724 Congleton ... original ...
Thomas died 17 March 1747 Astbury ... (1647851) ... original ... 'a button mold thrower'?
Sarah Martin (-1710) daughter of Thomas & Hannah baptised ??
5 July 1710 St Peter's Congleton
... was this Hannah's great great aunt, the sister of Hannah's great granddad Thomas Martin (1683-1747) or the mother of Thomas Martin (1710-69) ?
Was Thomas Martin (1710-69) Hannah's grandfather?
Thomas Martin (1710-69) son of Thomas & Hannah, baptised 21 July 1710 Astbury ... and, a big clue ... Thomas's mum was a Hannah? ... a Hannah Martin alive and kicking in Congleton around 1690-1724 ... was this our Hannah's great grandma who gave her name to our Hannah Martin (1780-1844)? Was this the end of the trail? There was no sense in delving further into the rapidly thickening mists of ancient detail ... although we would love to find a link to Richard Martin (1760-95) of Dane-in-Shaw Mill?
We knew for certain that all our ancestors were embroiled in an urban trek from rural settlements and agricultural surpluses to industrial production & associated services.
Thomas Martin (1710-69)
son of Thomas & Hannah,
baptised 21 July
1710 Astbury ... (1647851)
original survived ...
married Anne Newton (1715-83) 3 Dec 1741 Astbury ... (1647851) ... original ...
Anne Newton daughter of Jo & Mary, baptised 27 Nov 1715 Congleton ... (1647851) ... original ... dad John was a Shoemaker ... Anne was 5 years younger than Thomas ... married 2 years before Hannah's dad was born ...
Thomas Martin (1710-69) son of Thomas, died 28 May 1769 Congleton ... (1655596) ... aged 59 ... original ... an Ale Seller!
Anne Martin (1715-83) died 27 April 1783 St Peter's Congleton, a widow ... (1655596) ...
Thomas left a will in 1769 ... page 1 ... page 2 ... page 3 ... identified Thomas Martin Victualler of Congleton, daughter Mary, a warming pan, a corner cupboard with 6 silver spoons and china. 4 children share his Congleton Chapel pew. Messuages, burbage, appurtenances & dwelling house at Buglawton Street, Congleton handled by Randle Oaks, Yeoman of Rushton, Staffs for my Dear Wife until remarriage or decease. Executors my Dear Wife and son John Martin. Witnesses S Kirkby. Thomas Brooks, John Sydsbotham. 1773 to John Martin and Ann Martin.
... all seems OK ...
Thomas & Anne had 4 surviving children -
Alice Martin (1741-43) died in infancy
1 Mary Martin (1742-) baptised 30 July 1742 St Peter's Congleton
2 Thomas Martin (1743-1827) was Hanna's farther see below
3 John Martin (1746-1816) son of Thomas & Anne
Feb 1746 Astbury ... (1647851) ...
original ... father Thomas was a 'husbandman' ...
the younger son
married Mary Foden (-) 31 March 1785 Astbury ... (1647852) ... John aged 39 ... a bit old??
died 12 May 1816 St Peter's Congleton ... a publican ... probate 5 Sept 1816
John & Mary had a daughter, Hannah's young cousin -
William Martin (1752-1827)
son of Thomas & Ann
baptised 2 Feb
1752 St Peter's Congleton ... (1655359)
... original ...
married Sarah Siddall (-) 26 Nov 1778 Astbury ... (1647852) ...
Was Thomas Martin (1743-1827) Hannah's father?
Thomas Martin (1743-1827) son of Thomas, labourer, & Anne,
baptised 11 Dec 1743 St Peter's Congleton
... original ...
married Mary Clowes (1751-) 6 July 1773 Astbury (1647852) ... original ... both of this parish adds nothing more.
Hannah's mum - Mary Clowes (1751-) daughter of James & Lucy, baptised 29 March 1751 St Lawrence, Rushton Spencer, Staffs. Rushton Spencer to Buglawton 5.5 miles ... down the Dane as the crow flies ...
Hannah's Aunt Sarah Clowes (1753-) daughter of James & Lucy baptised 20 May 1753 Astbury
Hannah's Uncle Samuel Clowes (1755-) daughter of James & Lucy baptised 8 Feb 1755 Astbury
((Mary Clowes (1742-) daughter of John,
carrier of London &
Sarah of Eaton, Congleton,
baptised 17 August
1742 Astbury ... (1647851) ... Eaton
a better bet?
John Clowes (-) and Sarah Wilkinson (-) married 5 August 1740 Prestbury (1751914). Prestbury to Wildboarclough 10 miles. Wildboarclough to Congleton 11 miles to Eaton 9 miles miles ... or Mary Clowes (1742-) daughter of George & Elizabeth, baptised 5 Dec 1742 Acton, Nantwich ... doesn't fit? ... or BUT MI Winkle indicated a different Mary Clowes - 'Here interred the mortal remains of Mary wife of Mithias Mason, daughter of John & Sarah Clowes of Wildboarclough who departed this life 24 March 1776 aged 32. Also of John son of the above said who departed this life 27 Sept 1780 aged 32'? ))
In 1824 there was a Thomas Martin in Congleton paying his land tax to 'proprietor Biddulph'?
Father Thomas Martin & Mum Mary Clowes may have had 10 children ... good effort? -
Thomas Martin (1774-1846) son of Thomas & Mary,
baptised 5 Aug
1774 Congleton ... (1655596) ... Hannah's elder brother
... father Thomas was a shoemaker
first married Jane Cooke (-) 12 Sept 1799 Astbury ... original ... both of this parish ... when Thomas was 26 ... Hannah's Sister-in-Law?
Jane had a son Thomas in 1795 -
(Thomas Cooke (1835-) son of Harry & Mary, Silk Steward,
baptised 21 June
1835 Congleton ... this one looks wrong ... ?
Thomas Cooke (1835-) married Lucilla Jackson née Smith (1836-) 23 Dec 1858 Congleton Widow ... dad Harry Cooke (-) was a Silk Manufacturer of Rood Hill, dad William Smith (-) was a Silk Trowster of Mill Street ... witnesses James Booth & William Smith)
Thomas & Jane had a son -
Jane Martin née Cooke (-1805) died 14 August 1805 Congleton? ...
Thomas then married Martha Burgess ... 15 months after Jane died?
MI St Peter's Congleton - Martha (1783-1822) wife of Thomas Martin died 30 September 1822 aged 69
(NB transcription error, should be 39)
Peter (1824-25) son died 22 Jan 1824 aged 1 yr 11 months
Henry (1810-31) son died 22 March 1831 aged 21
Thomas Martin (1774-1846) above died 7 Dec 1846 aged 72
John (1807-49) son died 21 March 1849 aged 41
Thomas Martin (1774-1846) son of Thomas & Mary
baptised 5 Aug 1774
Congleton ... (1655596)
... original ...
second married Martha Burgess (1783-1822) 13 Nov 1806 Astbury ... again ... (1647807) ...
Martha Martin (1783-1822) died 2 Oct 1822 Congleton aged 39 ... looks like the MI age above was wrong ... Martha was 9 years younger than Thomas not 21 years older Thomas !?
Thomas & Martha children -
John Martin (1807-49) son of Thomas & Martha,
baptised 8 Nov 1807
Congleton ... (1647807)
married Elizabeth Wood (1806-66) 23 June 1829 Sandbach ... witnesses Joseph Woods and Ann Latham ... (1751912) ... John aged 22, Elizabeth 23 ...
John died 21 March 1849 aged 41
Elizabeth died 11 Feb 1866 Congleton aged 60
Another Thomas Martin married Ellen Clough in 1800 in Wybunbury ... but Jane didn't die until 1805 ... so this was not our Thomas ... so who the hell was he?
The Wybunbury Martins & the Wybunbury Cloughs were worth some attention because in 1808 Edward Clough (1808-36) son of Joseph & Mary of Hatherton baptised 4 Sept 1808 Wybunbury married Ann Birchall (1806-72) 17 Aug 1828 Astbury ... and Ann was the daughter of Hannah Martin (1780-1844) and John Birchall (1780-1857) !
Enter the Wybunbury Martins & the Wybunbury Cloughs
It seemed confusion was emerging ... how many Thomas, son of Thomas, were born around around Cheshire around 1774?
Thomas Martin (1774-1846) son of Thomas & Mary,
baptised 5 Aug
1774 Congleton ... (1655596) ... Hannah's elder brother
... died 13 Dec 1846
Congleton aged 72 ...
... Shoemaker who died in Horton but was buried in Astbury ...
married Martha Burgess
Thomas Martin (177?-1849) son of Thomas
baptised 28 June
1778 Wybunbury ...
married Ellen Clough
Thomas Martin (1743-1802) died 7 Jan 1802 Congleton
Thomas Martin (-1802) died 7 Jan 1802 Congleton
Thomas Martin (-1848) died April May June 1848 Congleton
Thomas Martin (-) married Ann Oaks (-) 29 Dec 1788 Astbury ?
Thomas Martin (-1815) son of William & Elizabeth died 10 Jan 1815 Nantwich??
Thomas Martin (-) married Hannah Jenkinson (-) 8 Sept 1764 Great Budworth ... widower and widow ...
There were Martins and Cloughs in Wybunbury ...
Elizabeth Martin (1774-) daughter of Thomas
baptised 23 May
Sarah Martin (1775-) daughter of Thomas baptised 26 Nov 1775 Wybunbury
Elizabeth Martin (1782-) daughter of Thomas baptised 16 June 1782 Wybunbury
Martha Martin (1783-) daughter of Thomas baptised 28 Dec 1783 Wybunbury
Thomas Martin (1801-) son of Thomas & Mary baptised 11 April 1804 Wybunbury ... born 29 Dec 1801 Wybunbury
Roson Martin (1801-) son of Thomas baptised 1 Feb 1801 Wybunbury
Thomas Martin (1803-) son of Thomas & Ann baptised 20 Jan 1803 Wybunbury
Thomas Martin married Katherine Hazles 29 April 1773 Wybunbury
(or Thomas Martin (1779-) son of Thomas baptised 1 Sept 1779 Wybunbury?)
Thomas Martin (1778-1849) son of Thomas
baptised 28 June
1778 Wybunbury ... ?
married Ellen Clough (1776-1826) 29 Sept 1800 Wybunbury both of this Parish by Banns ... Thomas aged 26 aged Ellen aged 24 ... (1850127) ... original ... witnesses Mary Wharton and William Garner ... Mary Wharton married William Sutton in 29 March 1807 Wybunbury ... (1850127) ... a local girl baptised in 1764? William Garner a local lad baptised 1770 or 1773 both (1850127)? ... cousins?
Thomas died 22 April 1849 Shavington, Wybunbury aged 74 ... ? ... Shavington to Wybunbury 1.5 miles
Old man Clough (~1750-) baptised ??
... where Wybunbury? or Potteries ??
Ellen's mum = Ellen Clough née ?? (1741-1816) died 26 February 1816 Wybunbury widow aged 75 ... (1850127) ... same FH No as Ellen's marriage in 1800?
2. Ellen Clough (1776-1826) daughter of ?? baptised ?? 1776 ... where Wybunbury? or Potteries ??
married Thomas Martin (177?-) 29 Sept 1800 Wybunbury ... (1850127) ...
Children of Thomas Martin (177?-) & Ellen Clough (1776-1826) were -
James Martin (1802-) son of Thomas & Ellen
baptised 21 Nov 1802
married Elizabeth (1810-)
children - John (1831-), Frederick (1833-), James (1835-), Harry (1838-) and Felicia (1840-) ... Felicia married John J Clark (1871-)
In the 1841 census the Martin gang were Farming at Grindstone, Church Lawton. James (1802-) aged 38, Elizabeth (1810-) aged 30, John (1831-) aged 9, Frederick (1833-) aged 7, James (1835-) aged 5, Harry (1838-) aged 3 and Felicia (1840-) aged 1 with old man dad Thomas (1774-1846) -) aged 70 ... mum Ellen died 4 Jan 1826 Church Lawton aged 50.
We have a 5th-8th cousin DNA match with John Smith and potential Common Ancestor Ellen Martin (1810-) ... ?
We have a 5th-8th cousin DNA match with John Smith and a potential Common Ancestor Ellen Martin (1810-) ... ?
Ellen's elder brother was -
1. Joseph Clough (1772-1852) son of ???? baptised ???? Sandbach
married Mary Shakerley (-) 14 April 1800 Sandbach (not 1799) ... (1751911) ... original ... the witnesses were James Shakerley (-) and Thomas Martin (1774-1827) who was about to become Joseph's brother-in-Law married to sister Ellen Clough (1776-1826) in September ... only a few months later !
Joseph and Mary's children were confirmed in the three baptisms in 1829 for publican Joseph with three children living in Sandbach baptised together in Haslington, Barthomley -
1861 census - at Bradwall Road, Sandbach John aged 59, Mary aged 57, Joseph aged 22, Mary aged 19, Robert aged 18 ....
John & Mary had a son -
Edward Clough (1826-1901) son of John & Mary
baptised 2 April
married Ann Smallwood (1830-1911) 7 Dec 1851 Warmington ... Edward a Carpenter, dad John was a Joiner
Edward died 4 Dec 1901 aged 75 buried at Sandbach.
MI - St Mary Churchyard, Sandbach (Memorial No 170947928 - Peter Cox) -
'In loving memory of Edward Clough of Sandbach who died 4 Dec 1901 aged 75 years he resteth from his labours. Also of Ann widow of the above born 6 June 1830 died 10 Feb 1911 and being weary she fell asleep. Also of George Edward son of the above born 19 June 1857 died 11 Feb 1917 at rest. Also of Emma Ann Sherratt daughter of the above Edward & Ann Clough born 10 Oct 1852 died 6 Jan 1924'
---- Emma Ann Clough (1852-1924) married Samuel Sherratt (1842-) 52 year old widower 4 July 1894 Sandbach Heath.
---- George Edward Clough (1857-1917) son of Edward & Ann baptised 2 May 1858 Warmington.
George Edward died in 1917, probate beneficiary was sister Emma Ann Sherrat.
1841 census - in
Union Street, Sandbach the John Clough tribe -
John Clough (1802-) aged 35 Joiner, Mary (1803-) aged 35 with children born in Sandbach - Edward (1826-) aged 15, Ann (1827-) aged 13, George (1828-) aged 12 John (1830-) aged 10, Henry (1832-) aged 8, James (1835-) aged 5, Joseph (1838-) 2, Mary (1840-) aged 0 ...
((where were -- Frederick Clough (1824-) son of John & Mary Sandbach and -- Frank Clough (1833-) son of John & Mary Sandbach))
1851 census - at 82 Bradwall Road, Sandbach, John Clough (1802-) aged 48, Mary (1803-) aged 47, Edward (1825-) aged 25, George (1828-) aged 22, Henry (1831-) aged 19, James (1836-) aged 14, Joseph (1838-) aged 12, Mary (1841-) aged 9, Robert (1843-) aged 7 ...
1851 census - at Bradwall Road, Sandbach, John Clough (1802-) Carpenter aged 48 & Mary (1803-) aged 47h with Edward (1826-) aged 25
1871 census Edward Clough (1826-1901) Joiner & Grocer aged 45 with wife Ann Smallwood (1830-1911) aged 40 from Warmington with Emma Ann (1852-1924) aged 19 born in Elton and George Edward (1857-1917) aged 13 born in Sandbach.
2 Mary Clough (1804-) daughter of Joseph & Mary born 25 March 1804
1851 census - recorded Joseph Clough (1774-) Father in Law aged 77 born Sandbach with his son-in-law Samuel Slack and his wife, Joseph's daughter Hannah (1809-) aged 45 and the rest of the Slack farming family at Leese, Congleton.
This auspicious marriage of Cloughs & Birchalls was important as the witnesses were Mary Clough, Edward's mum or elder sister? and Charles Martin Ann's uncle thus confirming the Birchall/Martin link ... Ann Birchall (1806-72) was John and Hannah's daughter!
Edward Clough (1808-36) died in Sandbach in 1836 aged only 28.
Edward & Ann's children were -
Edward & Ann children -
John Clough (1830-) son of Edward & Ann
May 1830 Sandbach ... (1751912)
... father Edward was a
married Elizabeth Rhodes (-) daughter of Aaron 22 July 1850 Hanley, Staffs in the 'Potteries' ... (1470996) ... clearly records father Edward Clough (1808-36)
Good work by Gillian Clough identified the 'Potteries' Clough Clan as descended from Edward Clough and Ann Birchall, through John Clough and Elizabeth Rhodes, and then Aaron Rhodes Clough and Jane (Mary Jane in 1901) Woolley.
DNA analysis will prove these Birchall and Clough trees back to John Birchall (1780-1857)?
1841 census - at The Crewe Arms Sandbach Joseph Clough (1781-) aged 60 Innkeeper and Mary Clough née Shakerly (1780-) aged 53 with grandson John Clough (1830-) ... and a few doors down at Scotch Commons were more Cloughs ...
1841 census - at Scotch Commons, Sandbach, John's siblings Hannah (1832-) & Harriet (1834-) were with widowed mother Ann Clough née Birchall (1806-72) aged 35 working as a 'Stay Stitcher' with daughters Hannah (1832-) aged 8 and Harriet (1834-) aged 6
1851 census - windowed Ann was with Hannah & Harriet at Common Road, Sandbach
5 Joseph Clough (1810-) son of Joseph & Mary baptised 18 Feb/March 1810 Wybunbury
6 James Clough (1812-) son of Joseph & Mary baptised 6 Sept 1812 Wybunbury
Father Thomas Martin & Mum Mary Clowes may have had 10 children ... good effort?
1 Thomas Martin (1774-1846) see above ... Hannah's eldest brother
2 James Martin (1777-<1850) son of Thomas & Mary
baptised 30 Jan 1777 Congleton (1655596)
Hannah's 2nd brother
married Martha Bullen (-) 12 May 1802 Astbury ... (1647852) ... same year same place as Hannah & John. James aged 25.
Hannah Martin (1803-) daughter of James & Martha,
baptised 30 Jan 1803 St Peter's, Swetenham, Congleton ...
married William Ashton (-) 19 Nov 1820 Eccles ... witnesses Thomas Turner and Hugh Williams ... see the will of sister Charlotte ...
3 Hannah Martin (1780-1844) daughter of Thomas & Mary
baptised 8 Oct 1780
married John Birchall (1780-1857) 25 April 1802 Astbury (1647852) ... our Hannah, named after great grandma?
4 Mary Martin (1783-98) daughter of Thomas & Mary baptised 21 Aug 1783 Congleton (1655596) ... Hannah's younger sister named after Mum ... Mary died 9 June 1798 Astbury (1647852) ... a mere 15 years old?
5 John Martin (1786-1859) son of Thomas & Mary
baptised 30 Jan 1786 Congleton (1655596) ... Hannah's younger brother, named after
first married Mariah Richards (1786-) 2 March 1807 Astbury aged 21 ... (1655359) (1647807) ... original ...
second married Martha Shaw (1792-) 30 March 1818 Astbury (1647808) ... the details of John, a Taylor and widowed aged 32? ... witnesses John Stubbs and John Turner. Martha Shaw (1792-) daughter of Joseph & Margaret baptised 29 May 1792 Congleton (1655596) ...
John Stubbs was the son of Joshua & Mary Stubbs Silk Throwsters of Sandbach the brother of Noah Stubbs who married Sarah Birchall (1773-) in 1796 and was Hannah' sister-in-law ...
1841 census John (1791-) 50, Martha (1791-) 50, Thomas (1821-) 20, Joseph (1826-) 15 ... John was a Tailor in Macclesfield, young Thomas was in silk.
1851 census John (1785-) 66, Martha (1789-) 62, Henry (1820-) 31 ... in Park Lane, Macclesfield. John born in Congleton, a Tailor - Martha born in Brereton (Grayton?), Cheshire. Henry born in Congleton in Silk
1861 census Martha (1785-) 76 on 'Parish Relief' was living with son Henry (1818-) 43 Silk Weaver and wife Jane (1834-) 27 Silk Winder' in Macclesfield
By 1788 when Charlotte Martin was born Thomas Martin (1743-1827) was aged 45 and Mary Clowes (1751-) aged 37 ... OK? ... and the baptisms moved to Astbury and FHF 1647852 ...
6 Charlotte Martin (1788-1851)
daughter of Thomas & Mary
baptised 7 March
1788 Astbury ... (1647852)
Charlotte Martin died on 19 Feb 1851 Astbury ... (1647850) aged 63, unmarried ... original ...
Charlotte left a will packed with family information which tied up loose ends from 1850 and confirmed the Birchall connection ... will 1850 page 1 ... will 1850 page 2 ... will 1850 page 3 ... ... Charlotte's will was a breakthrough in tracing the Martin Family!
... here we go ...
is the last will and testament of me CHARLOTTE MARTIN of Congleton in the
county of Chester spinster. In the first place I will & direct that all my
debts & funeral & testamentary expenses be paid and after payment hereby I
give devise & bequeath all my messuages, lands & real estate and all my
leasehold houses & households goods & furniture monies & securities for
money and all and singular other the estate & effects whatsoever real &
personal to me belonging or of which I shall have any power to dispose of
unto PAUL JOHNson of Congleton 'Silk Mill Man' his heirs executors
administrators & assigns upon trust nevertheless for and to permit my
brother CHARLES MARTIN to have hold & enjoy the same and to receive the
rents interests dividends & other yearly produce of all & singular my said
real & personal estate for his own use during his life on condition that he
keep all the houses & buildings in good tenantable repair and do not sell
mortgage or alien his life interest in the said real or personal property
except as to my household furniture shop fixtures goods & plate which I give
to him absolutely to sell & dispose of as he may think fit and as to my
money in the Congleton Building Society which I direct the said Paul Johnson
to draw out & invest in good real personal or government securities as soon
as conveniently may be after my decease and I declare that in case he shall
sell mortgage alien or otherwise dispose of his life interest in my said
real or personal estate except as aforesaid, his life interest therein shall
thereupon cease & determine as if he were dead and my trustee shall proceed
to dispose of my estate & effects as the same are hereinafter directed to be
disposed of and after the death of my brother Charles Martin or the sale
or disposition by him of his life interest in my said estate I direct the
the said Paul Johnson or the survivor of him his heir a executors
administrators or others the trustee or trustees for the time being of this
my will shall sell & dispose of all my said real estate by public auction or
private contract as he or they shall think fit and shall call in my money
out at interest and sell & dispose of my leasehold houses & all other my
personal estate by public auction or private contract as he or they shall
think proper and convert the same in money as specifically as may be and out
of the monies to be raised by such conversions do or shall pay unto said
Paul Johnson or permit him to action the sum of five pounds as an
acknowledgement for his care and trouble in acting as my trustee and in the
next place to pay the sum of fifty pounds to THOMAS BROADHURST the relicted
son of my brother Charles Martin by GRACE BROADHURST if he shall be living
at the death of my brother Charles but not otherwise and the sum of fifty
pounds to GEORGE KINSEY the relicted son of my brother Charles Martin by
LYDIA KINSEY if he shall be living at the death of my brother Charles but
not otherwise and the sum of twenty pounds to THOMAS COOKE the relicted son of my late brother THOMAS MARTIN by JANE COOKE if he shall then be living
but not otherwise and to HANNAH ASHTON daughter of my late brother JAMES
MARTIN the sum of fifty pounds if she shall be then living but not otherwise
and do and shall pay and divide all the residue and remainder of such monies
and of all other my estate & effects unto & amongst all my nephew & nieces
the sons & daughters of my brother Thomas Martin who is dead James Martin
who is dead
MARTIN Charles Martin or that may hereafter be born unto Charles Martin and
of my late sister HANNAH BIRCHALL who shall be living at the time of the
deceased of my said brother or his forfeiture of his life interest the said
estate as aforesaid equally share & share alike except HANNAH ASHTON the
daughter of my brother James Martin to whom as aforesaid I leave the sum of
fifty pounds and I do hereby declare that the receipt or receipts of the
trustee or trustees for the time being acting in the trust of this my said
will shall be a sufficient discharge & discharges to any purchase or
purchases of my said real & personal estate or any part thereof or to any
other person or persons paying money to them in or under the trusts
aforesaid and that such purchaser or purchasers or other person or persons
shall not afordsaid be answerable only for such monies as he shall receive
notwithstanding his giving of signing any receipt or receipts for the sake
of conformity and that he shall not be answerable for involuntary costs and
that he may retain & reimburse himself for all costs damages & expenses
incurred in & about the execution of this my will or in relation thereto and
I do hereby appoint my said brother Charles Martin and the said Paul Johnson
to be executors of this will and hereby revoking all former and other wills
I do declare this to be my last will & testament in witness whereof I have
hereunto set my hand the twenty seventh day of May in the year of our Lord
one thousand eight hundred and fifty.
Signed and published by the said Charlotte Martin as and for her last will and testament in the prescence of us who at her request in her presence and in the prescience of each other have subscribed our names as witnesses hereto - Charlotte Martin
1841 census -
@ Lawton Street, Congleton Charlotte Martin (1788-1850) , Shopkeeper, aged 50, with brother Charles
Martin (1794-1850) Shoemaker, aged 45. Looked like brother and
sister were unmarried?
... and on the next census page were the Johnson's ... Paul Johnson (-), Sarah Johnson (-) and old man James Johnson (-) ... !
Lawton Street was bang in the middle of the action in the mills. South of Town Bridge over the Dane, High Street led to Lawton Street and Howty Brook from the south drained Congleton Moss and powered the mills before joining the Dane. The Howty flowed from the south following the line of Mill Street as it powered a string of mills ... from Moody Hall to Vale Mill, Bridge Street Mill, Victoria Street Mill, then Stonehouse Green & Brook Mills.
There were also mills on Dane-in-Shaw Brook which joined the Dane on the Congleton to Buxton road, north of town. This was Buglawton ... and more silk families and more intermingling of business ventures and genes.
Thanks to Charlotte's will the Johnsons, Broadhursts, Kinseys, Cookes, Ashtons ... and Birchalls were now in play ...
Enter the Johnsons - were they related to our Hannah?
The story of Henry Hogg (1787-1864), compiled by an enterprising Percy Fitzgerald Hogg in 1947, paints a fascinating picture of London wealth which poured into the East Cheshire mills at this time to sustain a struggle with the new technology, patents, floods, mob wakes and market foibles ... and inevitably, bankruptcies ... it was not only the Hoggs who were in this wrestle but also the Johnson family ... and the Johnsons were into silk with alacrity.
The Johnson mills were out of town in Buglawton where the Daneinshaw Brook drained the Bosley Cloud and provided a strong flow for a plethora of mills as it joined the Dane at Havannah ... as we move down the stream from Bath Mill, Primrose Vale to Bank Mill (Thomas Johnson) and along Tommy's Lane touching Davenshaw Mill (Henry Hogg) and then the Washford Mill (or Dane Mill) complex where Mill Street joined Hannah Street and the Dane (from Corn to Flint to Silk originally owned by Philip Antrobus in 1751 then via John Booth and Wedgewood in1829 to Jonathan & James Broadhurst, bankruptcy 1844 sale to John Johnson) ... upstream Dane flowing south from Eaton Bank, then Higher Washford (also worked by the Johnson Brothers in 1872), then Throstle Nest (the Flour, Flint Mill, Silk sequence) to Lower Washford ... what an epic scenario ...
Samuel Johnson (-) married Charlotte Hughes (-)
Charlotte's dad Samuel Hughes (1702-75) son of William & Mary,
baptised 13 Sept
married Martha ?? (-) and left a will in 1775 ... summary of the people and places mentioned -
1) I Samuel Hughes the Elder of Congleton in the County of Chester Yeoman
2) Also I give and bequeath unto my beloved Wife Martha ...
3)... wherein I now dwell situate standing and being on the South side of a certain High Way in Congleton aforesaid called West Lane ...
4)... my son John Hughes ...
5)... All those my three several Messuages Burgages Tenements of Dwelling houses situate standing and being in a certain Street in Congleton aforesaid called the Wagg Street ...
6)... to my son Samuel Hughes ...
7) Also I give and bequeath unto six Children of my late daughter Martha Wilkinson deceased (namely) John, Martha, Thomas, Samuel, George and Ellen ...
8) Also I give and bequeath unto the other five Children of my late daughter Martha Wilkinson deceased (namely) Randle, Mary, Charlotte, William and Charles ...
9) Also I give and bequeath unto the four Children of my late daughter Charlotte Johnson deceased (namely) William, James Matthew and Mary ...
10) Also I give and bequeath unto my son in Law Randle Wilkinson ...
11) Also I give and bequeath unto my son in Law Samuel Johnson ...
Samuel & Martha Hughes children - John (-), Martha (-), Samuel (-), Charlotte (-)
Samuel & Charlotte's children -
Mathew Johnson (-) son of Samuel & Charlott
Mary Johnson (-) daughter of Samuel & Charlott
William & Jane's children -
John Johnson (1784-1869)
son of William & Jane
baptised 16 May 1784 Congleton ...
original ... a
clean up record revealed 'John son of Wm. and Jane Johnson was publicly baptised
May 16th 1784' ...
first married Elizabeth Read (1789-1845) 19 Feb 1809 Astbury ... licence ... John aged 23 Elizabeth aged 20 ... Elizabeth died 5 March 1845 Astbury aged 56
married Sarah Keegan (1828-) 22 Oct 1845 Manchester ... John a Silk Manufacturer of Buglawton, Widower and son of William a Draper ... Sarah was a minor, just 17, daughter of Denis Keegan a labourer from 19 Granby Row ... witnesses were Ellen Thornton and Joseph Reddish
Elizabeth died 26 Feb 1845 ... John died 9 April 1869 both remembered on the memorial in St John the Evangelist, Buglawton
died in 25 May 1869 Buglawton. Sarah became quite a wealthy woman ... probate £14,000 ... George Kent Silk Throwster Executor.
- Charles Johnson (-) baptised 12 July 1812 Congleton
- Henry Johnson (-) baptised ????
1841 census - at Throstle Nest House, Buglawton John aged 56 Elizabeth aged 52
1851 census - at Throstle Nest House, Buglawton Retired Silk Manufacturer aged 65 Sarah (1828-) aged 23 born in Ireland and Mum Kathrine Keegan (1801-) aged 50 and young sister Katherine (1838-) aged 13 employed as servants ... close by at 134 Havanah Street were father Denis (1781-) aged 70 Labourer & brothers John (1818-) 33 Tea Dealer, Denis (1831-) 20 Labourer and George (1844-) 7 still at school ... looks like all was explained, the big boss and a 17 year old ... ?
1861 census - still at Throstle Nest House, Buglawton now 'Esq' and Landed Proprietor.
'Johnson Brothers' at Throstle Nest Mill, Havannah Street, Buglawton went bankrupt in 1879. Charles living at Dane House, Havannah Street, Buglawton ... Henry living at Lower Heath, Congleton.
2 William Johnson (1789-) baptised Congleton
married Zipporah Forster (1792-) 21 July 1822 Astbury
died 17 Feb 1830 Astbury aged 49 born 1781?
(died 3 May 1824 Congleton aged 35 born 1789? ... died 15 April 1825 Astbury aged 40 born 1785? ...
- Hannah Johnson (1823-) baptised 10 August 1823 Astbury
- William Johnson (1828-)
baptised 1 June
married Mary ?? (-) ... from Audley
1841 census - at Manley Lane, Astbury William Johnson (-) 40 Silk Man, wife Zipporah (-) 40, Hannah (1825-) 15 Silk Winder, William (1830-) 10, Benjamin (-) 5 ... mum in law Elizabeth Forster (-) 80
1851 census - at Bromley Street, St Stephens, North Ward, Congleton William Johnson (1795-) 56 born Congleton Cotton Spinner, Zipporah (1792-) 59 born Buglawton, Hannah Johnson (1825-) 26 Silk Piecer, Benjamin Johnson (1830-) 21 Silk Carder, Margerin Parker (1848-) aged 3 visitor (grand daughter)
1861 census - Zipporah (-) widow aged 70 with son William (1830-) aged 32 Chair Maker born Congleton and his wife Mary (-) aged 30 born Audley, Staffs
1861 census - at
166 Moss Street, St Stephens, North Ward, Congleton Benjamin Johnson (1830-)
31 Congleton Chair Maker wife Susannah (1827-) 34 Samuel Baxter (1851-) 10 Congleton
... Susannah's son?
Susannah & Samuel 1851 census - Susannah age 25 Samuel 8 months Samuel baptised 28 Jan 1850.
Thomas Johnson (1789-1866)
married Mary Moyne Baker (1785-1869) 4 June 1818 Camberwell, Surrey
Thomas died 6 Jan 1866 aged 77 ... Mary Moyne died 15 June 1869 aged 84 ... memorial in St Johns Buglawton
The memorial also recorded the herculean efforts of Thomas together with his mate Richard Cobden from Stockport to repeal the iniquitous Corn Laws and promote international trade. The law was eventually repealed in 1836 ... thanks Thomas! Thomas probably didn't argue much about David Ricardo and Comparative Advantage, it was difficult to understand ... but he did know about the business of business.
There was a Thomas Johnson (1791-) son of William & Hannah baptised 11 May 1791 Congleton ... original ... 1851 census - at Royal Street, Congleton, Lawyer aged 61 with wife Frances (-) aged 59 and daughter Hannah (1841-) aged 30 Silk Piecer, Charles (-) 26 Lawyer, Peter (-) 24 Silk Weaver, Sarah 22 Dress Maker, James (-) 18 Carpenter, Catherine (-) 16 Silk Piecer ... all born in Congleton.
Thomas in 1810 (aged 19?) built Bank Mill at
Daneinshaw Brook (just before the brook joined the Dane and just before the
Dane turned to flow west into Congleton) ... mills everywhere!
This was a big time mill and Johnson's Bank housed a flourishing 'silk' community.
Johnson lived in Bank House overlooking the mill down by the brook from 1820 ...
1832/7 the mill was up for sale ... but by 1840 Thomas was still employing
180 hands ... he tried to sell again in 1847 ... but still had the mill when
he died in 1867 ... but no direct heir forced the
Washford Mill aka Dane Mill, was associated with everyone who was anybody in Congleton ... perhaps originally a corn mill but in 1751-75 Phillip Antrobus ground flint there for the Potteries, John Booth 1786 tried Cotton, Jonathan Broadhurst 1802 went for Corn, Flour & Silk 1818 and built an empire (Jonathan & James Broadhust were originally Bakers, but who was Charles Martin's partner or wife, Grace Broadhurst?) ... but 1829 bankruptcy loomed and their considerable estate was sold off ... but the Johnsons were also involved as owners & occupiers, Thomas from 1782? William from 1831? ... in 1844 John Johnson of nearby Throstle's Nest Mill invested in the complex. 'History of Washford Mill' Tony Bonson 1996.
Listed building - dressed coursed pink sandstone and English garden wall bond brick with Welsh slate roof. Square in plan. 3-storey and attic, 2-bay north river front. Stone ground storey stands on a base of large blocks and carries a breast shot cast-iron bucket waterwheel 18 ft diameter. To the left and on either side, segmentally arched openings to the original wheelpit now containing cast-iron gearing, controls and a 10 hp Gilkes water turbine of 1935. An informal wooden stair leads to a door in the ground storey and a large small pane window with wedged lintel. 2 similar windows in first floor of brick with stone quoins. Top storey all in brick has a line of 16-pane sashes with wedged stone lintels. South entrance front is similar with wooden stair to raised original doorway and an inserted loading bay. There are long wings to either side of former textile mills of no special interest. Interior: Floors of heavy wooden cross beams. Ground storey contains a complete set of flint grinding machinery, working commercially until 1958 and last operated in 1975. Principal items are a circular grinding pan of riveted iron sheets and with wooden paddles, driven by the wheel, wash tub of similar construction, and ball clay mill driven by the turbine. Small hoists and
tubs on rails also survive. The drive was formerly carried to the upper storeys and into the adjacent mills for working textile machinery.
At Buglawton 48 cottages were owned in 1840 by John Johnson, the proprietor of the Throstles Nest silk mill.
Hall & Johnson @ Dane-in-Shaw
William & Thomas @ Throstles Nest
James Johnson @ Bridge Street
1841 census - at Bank House Bugalawton Thomas Johnson (1791-) aged 50 Silk Throwster, with Mary (-) aged 51, Emiler Moon aged 10 and 2 servants.
census - at Bank House Bugalawton Thomas Johnson (1791-) aged 59 from
Congleton, Silk Manufacturer & Throwster employing 38 male & 72 females,
Mary Moyne Johnson (-) aged 60 from Rotherhithe, Surrey plus 2 servants.
1861 census - still at Bank House with 2 servants Silk Trowster employing 6 men and 56 young men & women,
Benjamin Johnson (1756-1826) was a prosperous Joiner?
John Johnson (1772-1847) Lower Daneinshaw Mill?
Did Butler Johnson (-) occupy the mill in 1813?
But who was Charlotte Martin's man, Paul Johnson (1796-) the Overlooker?
James Johnson (1765-) son of James & Ann
baptised 5 April
married Ann ??
Paul Johnson left a will - Yeoman of Lawton Street Congleton - appoint
Charles Joseph Bullock of Congleton MD and Thomas Markery of Leek
Confectioner to be trustees & executors - after payment of all debts and
expenses I bequeath all household furniture, monies, securities,
personal estate & effects to Charles Joseph Bullock & Thomas Markery to be
divided between them in equal shares for their own use - I devise four
messuages or dwelling houses with appurtenances now in occupation of Edward
Hodgkinson, David Buckley, Landford Hughes and William Challinor, being the
four top houses of seven situate in New Sreet, Congleton to my brother
Daniel Johnson for his lifetime use - after the death of said brother the
four dwelling houses I devise to Charles Joseph Bullock - I devise the
remaining three of the seven dwelling houses in New Street now occupied by
Charles Hadgkinson, Thomas Barber & Charles Hopkin to Charles Joseph Bullock
and Thomas Markery to maintain and pay rents & profits to my housekeeper
Nancy Malbon for her natural life - then sell up and proceeds to the
children of the brothers and sisters of my late wife - Paul Johnson 1 July
1861. Witnesses clerks to John Latham Solicitor Congleton.
14 April 1862 will proved by Charles Joseph Bullock and Thomas Markery. Testator died 26 March 1862.
Daniel Johnson (-)
1841 census - @ Lawton Street Paul Johnson (1796-) 46, Overlooker, Sarah Johnson (1792-) 50 and old man James Johnson (1763-) 77 Wheelright ...
1851 census - still @ Lawton Street was Paul Johnson (1796-) Overlooker at Silk Mill aged 54, wife Sarah (1788-) from Horton, Leek, Staffs aged 63, father James Johnson (1765-) 86 year old retired Millwright
1861 census - @ 100 Lawton Street Paul Johnson (1796-) 65 Widower & retired Silk Steward, with Nancy Malbon (-) 76 Widow housekeeper ... and Sarah Crompton (-) 61 Butchers wife ... all born in Congleton ...
1871 census -
Alas no linkage, were they related to our Hannah?
Continuing with the children of
Thomas Martin (1743-1827) & Mum Mary Clowes (1751-) who may have had 10 children ... good effort?
8 Ann Martin (1791-1803) daughter of Thomas &
Mary baptised 5 Jan
1791 Astbury and
baptised 5 Jan 1791 Congleton (1647852)
twins for Thomas &
Mary ... Ann named after paternal gandma ... nice!
Ann died 12 Aug 1803 Congleton (1655359) aged 12 ... survived just 9 years longer than her fragile twin ...
Charles Martin never married Grace Broadhurst
(1796-1838) daughter of William & Fanny
baptised 10 Jan
1796 Astbury ... (1647852)
... but the genes were passed on !
William Broadhurst (1769-1831) son of William & Elizabeth baptised 5 March 1769 Astbury ... (1647852) ... married Frances 'Fanny' Slator (-) 7 April 1790 Astbury ... (1647852) ... died 10 Oct 1831 Astbury aged 62 ... (1647809) ...
Grace Broadhurst (1796-1838) died 21 Jan 1838 Astbury aged 42 unmarried ... (1647849) ...
Grace & Charles had a son -
Thomas Broadhurst (1824-) son of Grace baptised 15 Feb 1824 Astbury (father no name)
Thomas Broadhurst carried some of our genes via Charles Martin (1794-1850) / Thomas Martin (1743-1827) / Hannah Martin (1780-1844) / James Birchall (1802-1863) / William Birchall (1831-1860) / Edward Birchall (1854-1903) / George Birchall (1875-1960) / George Birchall (1907-85)
1841 census -
Apprentice Turner aged 15 living in Astbury Village with Ann Shufflebottom
aged 60 & Elizabeth Shufflebottom aged 55 (Grace died in 1838).
1851 census - at 71 Spring Street, Congleton Thomas Broadhurst (1824-) 27 Wood Turner born Congleton wife Betsy ?? (1827-) 24 .
1861 census - at 15 West End Cottages Thomas (1824-) 37 Wood Turner Betsy (1827-) 34 and now a family 3 daughters and a 1 year old son Thomas Broadhurst (1860-)
Thomas Broadhurst Cooke (-1853) died 1853 Congleton???? ...
Charles Martin never married
Lydia Kinsey (1792-) daughter of Thomas & Ellen
baptised 8 June 1800
Astbury ... (1647852)
... but the genes were passed on !
Lydia & Charles had a son -
George Kinsey (1824-86) son of Lydia baptised 26 Dec 1824 Astbury (father no name).
George Kinsey carried some of our genes via Charles Martin (1794-1850) / Thomas Martin (1743-1827) / Hannah Martin (1780-1844) / James Birchall (1802-1863) / William Birchall (1831-1860) / Edward Birchall (1854-1903) / George Birchall (1875-1960) / George Birchall (1907-85)
married Anne Thornley (1833-) of
died 2 March 1886 probate to sons Albert Thornley Kinsey & Walter Warren Kinsey Post Office Clerks of Blakeley ...
1841 census - at Moor Lane, Congleton, Astbury Thomas Kinsey (1770-) 70 Cotton Winder wife Ellen (1770-) 70, Lydia (1805-) 35, Elizabeth (1810-) 30, Ellen (1814-) 25, George (1824-) 15, Fanny (1838-) 2 ... all born in Cheshire
1851 census - at Williow Cresent, North Ward, Congleton Lydia Kinsey (1792-) 59 Silk Worker, sister Kinsey (1805-) 46 Silk Worker, Ellen Kinsey (-) 36 Silk Worker, son George Kinsey (1824-) 25 Ribbon Weaver, niece F Kinsey (-) 12 Silk Worker, niece H Kinsey (-) 7 school ... all unmarried, all born in Congleton
1851 census - Anne Thornley (1833-) 17 from Macclesfield grand daughter of Elizabeth Warren (-) 72 Annuitant from Sutton Cheshire
1861 census - at Brook Street, North Ward, Congleton, George Kinsey (1824-) 36 successful Ribbon Manufactuer employing 9 + 1 people with wife Anne ?? (1833-) 27 of Macclesfield and young son George (1860-) just 3 months old ...
In 1860 George Kinsey Ribbon Manufacturer was the occupant of Lower Park Street Mill with James Wood ... close by Kinsey Street and Eaton Bank (what became in 1894 the centre of George Sheppard's fustian cutting enterprise) ... just off Moor Street, Willow Street, Brook Street what became the A54 out of town to Buglawton, Bosley and Buxton. The young lad done good Kinsey Ribbons were tops !
1871 census - at 17 Moor Street George 46 Ribbon Weaver sick Anne 37 with mum Lydia now age 70 and young George Kinsey (1860-) 10, Albert Thornley Kinsey (1862-) 8, Walter Warren Kinsey (1865-) 5
1881 census - at 48 Boundary Lane, George Kinsey (-) 56 Farmer with wife Ann Kinsey neé Thornley (-) 47 Macclesfield with George (-) 20 Ribbon Weaver, Albert (-) 18 Post Office Clerk, Walter W (-) 15 Railway Clerk ...
married ?? Adams?? (-) 1720?
Charles was buried on 15 Sept 1850 Congleton, he was 55 years old.
1841 census - at Lawton Street, Congleton, Charles Martin, Shoemaker, aged 45 with sister Charlotte, Shopkeeper, aged 50 ...
NB The Broadhurst Family were big around the town, John Broadharst was a
bread maker in 1789 before they bought the flint mill in 1802. Tony Bonson
suggests they probably converted the mill to corn grinding for flour for
their bread. By 1813 Jonathan Broadhurst claimed to own a corn mill in
Buglawton and in the 1828 trade directory he was listed as a miller. After
acquiring the whole of the Washford complex they also started Silk Throwing.
In 1828 they were listed as Jonathan & James Broadhurst. Interestingly
William Shufflebottom was listed as involver in Washford 1790-93 (it was Ann
& Elizabeth Shufflebottom who took young Thomas Broadhurst under their wing
when his mum died in 1838?) For sure during the first half of the 19th
century the Broadhursts profited greatly from Washford and invested other
local mills and also The Kings Head on Lawton Street! (In 1826 directory
Roger Broadhurst was also mein host at The Lion & Tun, High Street,
Congleton) But perhaps over exposure to the vagaries of the silk trade led
to bankrupcy in 1829. Most of the Broadhurst Estate was purchased by sitting
tenants and Washford Mill was picked up by Randle & Mathew Wallworth in
1830. 1834 Thomas Wallworth was listed and the Tithe Maps detail Charles &
William Wallworth, owners and Thomas Wallworth occupier. By 1844 John
Johnson had bought the Washford Mill.
Jonathan Broadhurst (1804-84) son of John & Margaret baptised 1 April 1804 Astbury ... original ...
married Mary Wallworth (-) 25 Feb 1834 Astbury
The intermingling of mill owning families and their genes was quite remarkable ...
NB The Kinsey Family
Hannah Kinsey (-) aged 19 Daaughter of Thomas Dealer in ?? married John Pemberton (-) aged 23 son of George Silk Throwster Ribbon Weaver 14 Oct 1850 St James, Congleton witnesses Hannah Staton & Thomas Sproson ...
Maybe the last of the children of Father Thomas Martin (1743-1827) & Mum Mary Clowes (1751-) who may have had 10 children ... was -
10 George Martin (1798-1801) son of Thomas & Mary
baptised 11 March 1798 Congleton (1647852)
... Mary Clowes (1751-) was 47 ... stretching things bit ... ouch?
George Martin (1798-1801) son of Thomas died 19 July 1801 Congleton ... died an infant aged 3.
... lots of potential aunts & uncles for the Birchall kids ... but these Martins were vulnerable ... only 6 out of 10 survived only 4 married ...
Enter the Barthomley Martins ... farmers ... but where was the connection to our Hannah?
Thomas Martin (1715-) son of John baptised 10 Sept 1715 Barthomley
Thomas Martin (1741-) son of John baptised 11 June 1741 Barthomley
Thomas Martin (1774-) son of Thomas
1 July 1774 Barthomley ...
Farmer ... Barthomley to Church Lawton 4 miles ... Barthomley to Wybunbury 6
married Mary Rosson (1780-) 11 April 1797 Barthomley ... licence ... Mary aged 17 ... daughter of consenting William Rosson, Miller of Barthomley ... original ... Thomas, Miller of this parish ... witnesses Abigail Rosson, Joseph Martin and James Fox of this parish Glazier ...
Roson Martin (1801-) son of Thomas baptised 1 Feb 1801 Wybunbury ...
James Martin (1802-) son of Thomas
Thomas Martin (1773-1848) died 4 May 1848 Church Lawton aged 75 ...
Thomas and his Martin gang were Farming at Grindstone,
Thomas Martin (1774-) aged 70 son James Martin (1802-) aged 38 Farmer and head of the household, wife Elizabeth (1810-) aged 30, not born in Cheshire, with 5 children - John (1831-) aged 9, Frederick (1833-) aged 7, James (1835-) aged 5, Harry (1838-) aged 3 and Felicia (1840-) aged 1
In 1789 Thomas Martin (-) was paying Land Tax in Barthomley as Proprietor
In 1789Thomas Martin (-) was paying Land Tax in Hough as Occupier
Was there a likely trek route for Martin genes ... from Standon to Madeley 7.3 miles ... Standon to Barthomley via Madeley 13.3 miles ... and Madeley to Nantwich via Wybunbury 10 miles ... Madeley to Barthomley 6 miles ... on to Wheelock 6 miles ?
The same railway and the M6 route into Cheshire from the south?
MI Standon - Thomas son of Andrew & Mary Martin 7 August 1794 aged 4 years
MI Standon - Margaret Martin 16 March 1861 aged 66 Peter Martin brothe 4 Feb 1869 aged 58
MI Standon - Andrew Martin of Bowers 27 Nov 1843 aged 75 Mary wife 2 June 1842 aged 82
MI Barthomley - James son of James & Mary Martin of Bank Farm, Crewe, 2 March 1848 aged 37, Sarah Martin widow of James 7 April 1894 age 78
MI Barthomley - Joseph Martin of Barthomley 12 May 1867 aged 39, brother Robert 10 Jan 1898 aged 72
MI Barthomley - Eliza wife of John Timms of Barthomley 10 Jan 1837 aged 30
MI Barthomley - Sarah Martin of Barthomley wife of William Birchall 30 April
1891 aged 58
William, above, 3/8 June 1901 aged 70
John Martin (1540-87) married Anne Egerton (1546-) they had a so Andrew (1577-) who married Mary (1580-1646) they had a son John (1605-88)
History of Standon by Edward Salt 1888 - Early mentions of lands in Bowers, in the holding now of Frances Heymys and William Martin - Franciscus Martin for lands in Bowers - Fee Farmers, namely; Willm. Martin - 1620 Court; William Martin, in the place of Thos. Martin, his father - John Martin (Waggoner) - J Martin, constable - John Martin of ye Banke - Ann Widdow Martin, Edward Martin - John Martin sen. for the like, 6d John Martin jun - John Martin for encroaching on ye lord’ waste. And if he doe not settye ditch at ye head of New Leasow, Bowers) as of antient mesre betwixt and Christmas next five shillings to ye lord of ye mannor - James Martin (exit) , John Martin jun, Wm. Martin (exit), John Martin sen - Walter Martin - Andrew Martin, miller - 1559 Margery Martin daughter of William Martin, was baptised 3rd of December - 1563 Christenings ... Isabel Martin , daughter of Edmund Martin, bapt ye 20th December - 1564 Isabel Martin , baptised ye 1st day of February - 1564 Margaret Martin daughter of Edmund bapt ye 14th October - 1565 Alis Martin bapt ye 30th of November - 1566 Katherine Martin baptised ye 30th of April - 1567 Katherine Martin daughter of Edmund Martin bapt ye 8th of January - 1567 Katherine Martin daughter of Edmund Martin bapt ye 8th of January - 1568 Francis Martin, daughter of John Martin bapt ye 5th of November - 1568 Timothy Martin buried ye 21 st of June - 1571 William Martin, buried ye 14th of May. Thomas Martin buried ye 14th of June - 1572 Elizabeth Martin daughter of Edmund and Katharine his wife baptised ye 7th of February ... Rob Martin son of John and Anne his Wife bapt ye 28th of February - 1575 Anne Martin daughter of John and Anne his wife baptised ye 18th of October - 1576 William Martin and Elizabeth Cooper married ye 30th of April ... Ellen Martin daughter of Richard and Anne ye 8th Of June ... Mary Martin daughter of Edmund and Katharine ye 3rd of July - 1578 John Martin , daughter of Robert an d Mary, ye 14th o f June ... servant to Edmund Martin buried ye 24th of May - 1579 Elizabeth Martin , daughter of John Martin an d his wife bapt ye 17th February, and buried ye 10th of March next following - 1580 Francis Martin son of John and Ann e ye 9th Feb and buried ye 10th Feb ... Lettice Martin daughter of Edmund and Katharine ye 6th of May - 1582 Tho Martin and William, sons of Edmund and Katharine ye 1st of Nov ... Katharine Martin wife of Edmund ye 3rd of Nov - 1585 Robt Martin son of John and Anne ye 22nd of July - 1587 John Martin ye 23rd of October - 1589 Jeffrey Lightwood and Anne Martin widow ye 8th of February - 1592 John Blundell and Amy Martin ye 29th of July - 1593 John Unton and Margaret Martin daughter of Edmund ye 12th November ... Randulph Martin ye 12th of June - 1600 Edward Martin son of Thomas and Elizabeth ... Anne Page servant to William Martin - 1602 Edmund Martin son of Andrew and Mary ... burial Lettice Martin - 1604 burial John Martin - 1608 Francis Martin son of William and Jane ... burial Edmund Martin - 1611 burial William Martin - 1613 burials Elizabeth Martin and Emma Martin - 1614 Christenings Elizabeth Martin - 1614 William Martin and Frances Adams - 1620 William Martin, son of William and Frances - 1622 Thomas Martin son of William and Katharine and buried same year - 1623 John Martin son of William and Frances - 1623 William Martin son of William and Frances ... christening John Martin son of William and Katharine - 1625 William Martin son of William and Frances - 1629 Elizabeth Martin - 1631 John Martin and Katharine Bagnall - 1632 Mary Martin daughter of William and Frances Joan Martin daughter o f John and Katharine - 1634 Anne Martin daughter of John and Katharine - 1637 John and Martin sons of John and Katharine - 1638 burial Katharine Martin - 1639 John Martin and Anne Smith - 1640 burial Jane Martin - 1641 Edward Martin , son o f John an d Ann e - 1645 John Barton and Elizabeth Martin - 1646 Elizabeth Martin , daughter O f Jo hn and Elizabeth ... burial Mary Martin - 1649 Thomas Martin son of John and Elizabeth ... Thomas Martin son of John and Elizabeth - 1650 Andrew Martin son of John and Anne ... Anne Martin daughter of John and Elizabeth - 1653 burials Katharine Martin wife of William ... Anne Martin daughter of William and Frances - 1654 burial William Martin - 1656 Katharine Martin daughter of John ... burial John Martin - 1658 Anne Martin daughter of William and Anne - 1660 Jane Martin daughter of John and Elizabeth . John Martin son of William and Anne - 1662 Frances Martin daughter of John and Katharine - 1664 burials Elizabeth Martin wife of John - 1665 Mary Martin daughter of William and Anne ... John Martin son of Edward and Sarah ... William Martin son of John and Elizabeth - 1666 burial William Martin - 1667 Elizabeth Martin daughter of John and Katharine - 1667 Anne Martin daughter of John and Elizabeth ... wedding Jane and Rebecca Martin, daughter of John ... burial Frances Martin (widow) - 1668 John Martin son of Edward and Sarah - 1669 Jane Martin daughter of John ... wedding John Martin and Thomazin Bowly - 1670 William Martin son of John and Thomazin - 1674 Mary Martin daughter of John and Elizabeth ... burials Mary Martin daughter of John and Anne - 1676 Andrew Martin son of John and Elizabeth - 1679 Edward son of John and Elizabeth Martin - 1684 Jane daughter of John and Mary Martin ... burial Elizabeth wife of John Martin - 1686 William son of John Martin de Bank ... John Martin widower and Sarah Linne - 1687 John son of John and Mary Martin - 1688 burials Old John Martin - 1697 (b) Jane Martin - 1705 (w) Walter Martin and Sarah Martin - 1706 ( c) William son of Walter and Sarah Martin - 1712 (c) Jane daughter of Walter Martin - 1713 (w) Edward Guilford and Jane Martin - 1718 (b) Mary Martin ... (b) Sarah Martin - 1719 (c) Mary Martin , daughter of James and Mary - 1721 (c) John son of Walter Martin and Sarah - 1727 (b) John son of James and Mary Martin - 1729 (b) Andrew Martin - 1739 (b) Walter Martin - 1749 (c) Alice daughter of William and Alice Martin (c) Mary daughter of Abraham and Mary Martin - 1751 (c) James son of William and Alice Martin ... (c) Abraham son of Abraham and Mary Martin ... (b) Thomas Martin of Bowers - 1752 (b) Sarah Martin - 1753 (c) James son of William and Alice Martin (b) James son of William and Alice Martin - 1756 (c) John son of Abraham and Mary Martin - 1758 (c) William son of Abraham and Mary Martin (c) Sarah daughter of Thomas and Martha Martin
Thomas Martin (-1743) of Bowers, Staffs left a will identifying rent from land at Bowers and Chapel Chorlton to be paid to wife and son John Martin (-) on his 21st birthday, if predeceased paid in equal shares to surviving daughters. £20 to daughter Sarah (-) on her 21st birthday or marriage. Sons Thomas (-) and Andrew (-). dated 6 Feb 1743.
Thomas Martin (1709-) son of Edward & Katherine
19 Feb 1709 St Lawrence, Darlaston, Staffs
married Hannah Foster (-) 19 April 1731 St Lawrence, Darlaston, Wednesbury, Wolverhampton, Staffs ... Darlaston to Standon 30 miles ?
Thomas Martin (-1737) of St Peter's Caverswell, Staffs son of John &
Hannah baptised ??
died 29 Aug 1737 Caverswell ... Caverswell to Standon 12 miles ... Bowers to Standon 1 mile
William Martin (1582-1654) son of Edmund & Katherine baptised 10 Nov 1582 Standon
Frances Adams (-) 2 May 1614 Standon ... William son of Edmund aged 32? ...
William son of Randulph aged 23?
William Martin (1625-66) son of William & Frances baptised 31 Aug 1625 Standon
William Smith Reade (1764-1836) youngest son of George & Sarah Reade
married Sarah Martin (1763-1820) 5 April 1796 Astbury ... (1655359) ... 1796 Derby Mercury reported at Astbury George Reade (-) Cotton Merchant of Congleton married Sara Martin (-) of same place ...
Sarah Martin (1763-1820) daughter of James & Mary,
July 1763 Barthomley ... (1655367)
married William Smith Reade (1764-1836) youngest son of George & Sarah Reade baptised, April 1796 Astbury ... (1655359) ...
1796 Derby Mercury reported at Astbury William Reade (1764-1836) Cotton Merchant of Congleton married Sara Martin (-) of same place ...
Sarah died 1 Dec 1820 Congleton, Cheshire, England.
Martin (1735-1806) son of John Martin jrn,
baptised 4 May 1735
married Mary Somerfield (1734-1777) 22 July 1762 Barthomley ... licence ...
... Mary Somerfield, wife of James died 3 July 1777 Barthomley ... (1655367) ...
James Martin (1735-1806) son of John Martin jrn,
baptised 4 may 1735
married Mary Somerfield (1734-77) 22 July 1762 Barthomley ... licence ...
... Mary Somerfield, wife of James died 3 July 1777 Barthomley ... (1655367) ...
John Martin jnr (1704-97) son of John Martin (1682-1743) Barthomley Farmers
married Sarah Bostock (1704-81)
Joseph Martin (1709-76) son of John
March 1709 Barthomley ... (1655367)
died 21 April 1775 Barthomley ... (1655367) ...
married Mary Singleton (-1769) 29 June 1738 Barthomley ... (1655367) ... Mary died 5 Nov 1769 ... (1655367) ...
Joseph & Mary had a son Joseph Martin (1739-) baptised 5 Nov 1739 Barthomley ... (1655367) ...
Innkeeper! left a will in 1776 ... was this great Uncle Joseph ??
MI - St Bertoline's Barthomley -
William Birchall (1735-1775) died 31 March 1775/6 aged 40
Stone was erected by John Crewe Esq of Bolesworth Castle who he faithfully served for 15 years
Sarah Martin née ?? (1787-)
1861 census - @ Penkhull aged 73 Edward Martin (1832-) son of ?? Martin & Sarah born Barthomley aged 28 Post Office Clerk
Andrew Martin (-)
married Lydia Whittackers (-) 24 Aug 1719 Madeley
Sarah (1833-91) wife of William Birchall of Barthomley
April 1891 aged 58 William (1831-1901) above died 3/8 June 1901 aged 70
Joseph Martin (1828-67) died 12 May 1867 aged 39
Robert Martin (1826-98) brother died 10 Jan 1898 aged 72
James Martin (1811-48) son of James & Mary of Bank Farm, Crewe died 2 March 1848 aged 37
Sarah Martin (1816-94) widow of above died 7 April 1894 aged 78
Enter the Myatts ... but where was the connection to our Hannah?
The following was among the Cheshire marriages in the Monthly Magazine for Oct 1796 — 'At Bath, Mr Read, to Mrs Martin, both of Congleton'. The marriage was not at the Abbey Church of Bath.
John Fielder had a son Charles, a man of good fortune and position at Bath, who died unmarried 1835-40, of whom Mrs Arthur Solly possessed a miniature. Miss Myatt had a box in the lid of which was written, 'James Fielder, a gift from Aunt Rodbum, 1778'. James Fielder was no doubt another of Johns sons, but must have died young.
Miss Myatt also had an engraving of Tetbury Church, Gloucester, showing a large house whith a note on the back 'Where Mr Fielder lived'. Miss Myatt failed to trace any accurate particulars of John Fielder. However from a pedigree of the Shaw family of Lawton, Cheshire, in Miscellanea Genealogica, it was found that Anne (baptised 15 April 1739 Astbury), daughter of the Rev Charles Shaw, BA Rector of Lawton, was 'married to John Fielding alias Fielder'.
This clue was interesting, especially as Anne Shaw had a sister Frances. If it is more than a mere coincidence, it would explain why Richard Martin, junior went to Bath for a wife?
Hannah Martin's younger brother John Martin (1786-1859) son of Thomas & Mary
baptised 30 Jan 1786 Congleton (1655596) ...
first married Mariah Richards (1786-) 2 March 1807 Astbury aged 21 ... (1655359) (1647807) ... original ...
second married Martha Shaw (1792-) 30 March 1818 Astbury (1647808) ... the details of John, a Taylor and widowed aged 32? ... witnesses John Stubbs and John Turner.
Lurking in the depths of Google was a strange & mysterious coachman from Manchester, James Adams, who ended his days in one of the graves at St Peter's Congleton. Nowt particularly unusual perhaps, but why in the very same resting place as some Martins?
Some 'difficult' Martins at that ... on burial adjacent plots - Martha & Thomas Martin ... an ancient Sarah Martin who left us in 1710 ... and two Martins without spouses & without any known kids named Martin.
We knew well ... the siblings of our Hannah Martin (1780-1844) ... elder brother Thomas Martin (1774-) ... younger unmarried sister Charlotte Martin (1788-1851) ... and unmarried younger brother Charles Martin (1795-1850) !
... but who was
MI - Sarah (-1710) daughter of Thomas & Hannah Martin buried 5 July 1710
Sarah Martin (-1710) daughter of Thomas & Hannah ... Sarah was AWOL ...
... but the bigger mystery was, who was James Adams?
MI - James
Adams (1787-1824) late of Manchester died 22 October 1824 aged 37
Charles Martin (1795-1850) brother-in-law died 12 September 1850 aged 55
Charlotte Martin (1788-1851) sister of above Charles Martin died 16 February 1851 aged 63
James Adams (1787-1824) married one of Charles Martin's sisters? - only Charlotte 'fits', the other sisters died young and Hannah had her hands full with John Birchall? Did Charlotte have a fling with a coachman? ... they were the same age ... ?
Or did Charles marry one of James Adam's sisters? NB Charlotte's will told of a rampage ... Broadhursts and Kinseys so why not Adams?
Charles Adams (-) married Margaret (-) ??
2 James Adams (1786-) son of Hugh & Mary, baptised 4 March 1786 Presbyterian High Street Chapel Stockport (Twister country?)
Twister of Macclesfield
Swindles (née Mary ??) in 1803 Prestbury ... witnesses John Slack
& Joseph Reddish. ... only 17 when he married a widow ... no?
or Twister of Macclesfield Forest married widow Hannah Warren (-) 1798 Prestbury ... only 12 when he married a widow ... no?
James Adams (1787-1824) son of Thomas & Fanny,
Sept 1787 Audlem, Cheshire ... (1655365)
first married Emma ???? (-) ... double tragedy in Stapeley, Wybunbury in 1812, wife Emma and daughter Mary ... (and for John & Martha Lindop who lost son Richard?)
second married Elizabeth Rogers (-) 26 Dec 1816 Audlem as a widower
4 James Adams (1787-) son of Samuel & Mary, baptised 28 May 1787 Halghton, Whitchurch ... but buried the same year.
What to make of James Adams (1823-80) buried 7 Nov 1880 Congleton aged 57 'Certified according to Burial Laws Amendment Act 1880' ... ?
or James Adams Shoemaker of Chester married Mary Webster in 1820 or James Adams cordwainer of Chester married widowed Mary Buckley in 1803 ...
Wot a mess!
Nantwich Martins - were they related to our Hannah?
Acton 1 mile to Nantwich to Sandbach via Wistaston, Coppenhall, Haslington, Wheelock ... easy ...
John Martin married Mary
Memorial ID 185668528 - died 26 Jan 1804 aged 32 Wistaston, Cheshire, England buried St
Mary's Churchyard, Wistaston, Cheshire, England ...
Gravesite Details - gravestone laid flat on the footway beside the archway between the front and rear of the church
married Jane Hall
(1767–1839) 22 Jan 1796 Nantwich ... (1786141) ...
Dec 1795 ... Edward Middlewich Farmer, Jane Nantwich spinster ...
witnesses Thomas Hall, Sarah Billington, Thomas Cartwright, Thomas
Billington. Samuel Edwards?
... Jane died 20 June 1839 aged 72 ... grave ...
Edward Harrison Martin (1829-89) ... also a Land Agent
like his father ... married Susan Sparrow Wilkinson (1846-1925)
Marian G Martin (1879-1944) born in Madeley died in Hampshire married Percy Howard Henshaw (1874-1949)
Harriet (1834-) married Samuel Beckett (1840-1917)
John Henry (1839-)
Robert (1843-1900) married Eliza Anne Smith (1841-1905)
1841 census - @ Henhull, Acton Edward Martin (1801-) 40 - Jane Martin (1806-) 35 - Edward Martin (1830-) 11 - Hugh Martin Male (1833-) 8 - Jane Martin (1835-) 6 - Alfred Martin (1838-) 3 - John Martin (1840-) 1
1851 census - @ Henhull, Nantwich, Edward Land Agent aged 49 & Jane aged 45 with Edward 21, Hugh 18, Robert 6 and Henry 3
Memorial ID 181994323 born 20 Oct 1799 Minshull Vernon, Cheshire, England buried St Mary Churchyard, Acton, Cheshire
2 Richard Martin (1801-)
son of Edward & Jane
baptised 19 Oct 1801 Minshull Vernon, Middlewich ...
married Mary Cartwright (1809-) 28 Nov 1832 Nantwich ... (1836189) ... licence ... Chester Chronicle 1832 announced the marriage ...
John Martin (1836-)
Richard Henry Martin (1842-)
Edward Martin (1843-)
married Charlotte Ridout (1810-80) 21 July 1858 Sandbach ... Richard Widower, Tea Dealer ... father Edward Martin Farmer, James Ridout Gentleman ... witnesses James Ridout Gentleman & Mary Ridout
In 1841 Richard was a
Church Warden ...
In 1857 Richard was an Insurance Agent ...
1851 census - Richard (1803-) aged 48 born Middlewich and Mary Cartwright (1809-) aged 42 born Nantwich - Druggist & Grocer 15 High Street, Nantwich - sons Richard Henry (1843-) aged 8, Edward (1844-) aged 7 both born in Nantwich ... plus Journeyman & Apprentice Druggists and Servant ... and Sarah Bloore aged 33 a Dressmaker visitor from Barthomley? ...
1861 census - now married to Charlotte Ridout (1810-80) aged 50 from Leek with son John (1836-) aged 25
3 John Martin (1804-82) son of Edward & Jane
baptised 10 June 1804
Church Minshull ... (1655595)
died march 1882 Stockport aged 78
married Mary Manley (-) 2 June 1830 Wybunbury ... (1849541) ... original ... witnesses Hugh & Maria Manley ... John from Madeley ... oh dear !?
Was this the family?
1851 census - @ 5 Green Bank, Wheelock! John Martin (1803-) aged 47 Ale & Porter Merchant from Wybunbury, with wife Mary (1803-) aged 47 from Runcorn and children Jane (1832-) aged 18 and Thomas (1834-) aged 16, both born in Newcastle, Staffs
And on the same Wheelock census page another Martin family? The Wheelock Martins?
1851 census - @ 1 Green Bank, Wheelock! James Martin (1817-) Provisions Dealer aged 33 from Madeley ... mother Anne (1782-) Widow aged 69 from Chorlton with Elizabeth (1811-) aged 40 and brother Edward (1827-) Joiner Journeyman aged 24 ... both children unmarried and born in Madeley?
BUT who were - ?????????????
Hannah Martin (-1765) died Spinster Congleton !?
Richard Martin married Sarah Davies (-) 31 March 1719 Aldford, Cheshire
Sarah Martin (1697-1710) daughter of Thomas & Bridget, baptised 26 Feb 1697 Wells, Somerset ... Bridget only 3! not our lot?
Sarah Martin (1764-) daughter of Richard & Sarah, baptised 2 Oct 1764 Congleton
Sarah Martin (1787-) daughter of William & Sarah, baptised 15 Aug 1787 Congleton
Sarah Martin (1791-) daughter of John & Mary, baptised 8 May 1791 Congleton
Sarah Martin (1801-) daughter of Thomas, baptised 4 Oct 1801 Congleton
Sarah Martin (-) married Joshua Frost (-) 2 April 1733 Astbury
Sarah Martin (-) married Oliver Buckley (-) 3 May 1772 Astbury ... both widowed
Sarah Martin (-) married George Beech (-) 12 Oct 1784 Astbury ...
Sarah Martin (-) married William Smith Reade of Congleton
Maria Martin (-) married Richard Holden of Yorkshire.
Memorial Inscriptions, from St Peter's Congleton -
Richard Martin (-1729) son of Richard Martin died 6 April 1729
Bridget (1694-1743) his wife died 25 November 1743 aged 49
Isabel (1757-1823) daughter of Richard Martin son of above died 28 June 1823 aged 66
Jane (1762-1844) [looks like WALLER] died 3 January 1844 aged 82
Mary (1711-55) wife of Richard Martin died 5 Jan 1755
Richard Martin (1697-1769) her husband died 25 March 1769 aged 72
Also Richard Martin (1760-1795) his son died 23 Oct 1795 aged 35
And Richard Martin Hall (1823-42) twin son of John Hall & Annie his wife and Grandson of the above Richard Martin died 9 March 1842 aged 19 years
John Hall (1785-1861) died 27 Nov 1861 aged 76
Anne Hall (1793-1861) relict of the above John Hall youngest daughter of Richard Martin died 8 December 1861 aged 68
Congleton Mayors -
1736-37 Richard Martin
1742-43 Richard Martin
1750-51 Richard Martin
1758-59 Richard Martin
1788-90 Richard Martin
Richard Martin (1760-95) married Frances Fielder (-) of Bath
Ellen Chorley Reade and her husband John Fielder Hall shared a common
grandmother: Frances Fielder. Frances, a wealthy heiress from Bath, married
Richard Martin, son and heir of the Richard Martin, mill owner, mayor and
rebuilder of the chapel in 1740. After Richard's death Frances remarried.
Her second husband was George Reade, father of Charles William and Ellen`s
grandfather. Frances and Richard had a daughter, Ann, who married a local
surgeon, John Hall. His memorial is on the south side of the east wall of
the church. Ann inherited Homefield from her father and there John Fielder
Hall and his twin brother Richard Martin Hall were born in 1823.
Richard Martin Hall was John Fielder Hall's twin brother
In remembrance of Eleanor Margaret (1867-68) daughter of John Fielder & Ellen Chorley Hall who was born on the 11 Feb 1867 and fell asleep 29 July 1868.
More Martins ??
Andrew Martin (-)
married Sarah Gregory (-) 9 June 1698 both of Stanthorne Town & Davenham Parish by publication
Andrew Martin (-)
married Sarah Lowe (-) 29 Dec 1719 Nantwich
Mary Martin (1751-1827) Widow died 17 Oct 1827 Astbury aged 78
Mary Martin (1751-1835) died 18 Oct 1835 Astbury aged 84
Richard Martin (-) military India 1854-95??
Deep mystery of John Martin (-) and infant death at birth at Astbury in 1672 ... who?
Hannah Martin (1790-) daughter of Thomas & Ann baptised 28 March 1790 Astbury ?
Lucy Martin (1800-) daughter of Thomas & Jane
baptised 16 Feb
Lucy Martin (1800-) daughter of Jane baptised 16 Feb 1800 Astbury
(or married Ellen ??? (-) 2 July 1809, who was this 9 years later????)
Sarah Martin (1801-) daughter of Jane baptised 4 Oct 1801 Congleton
George Martin (1805-) son of Jane baptised 18 Aug 1805 Congleton ... died 29 Sept 1805 Congleton
Catherine Martin (-) Wife of Thomas died 3 March 1774 Congleton .... ?
Monument inscriptions in the graveyards might help to confirm and sort much out?
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