The Early Cheshire Birchalls

 

wanting

caution !! this is an initial draft ... these notes are on my server for safe keeping !!

 

 

 

 

WybunburyWe struggled and made some progress with the lineage of The Birchall Brothers in Cheshire, it was all very confusing as it appeared John, William & Thomas were all over the place and very common names in every Birchall generation from way back. The generations were short & overlapped and the families were enormous and infant mortality high. To make matters worse the Birchall name was easily heard & written as Burchell, Burcham, Birdsall & even Birtes & Birchenoughs ... and countless other variants. We longed for an 'Olysious' to clear the fog. Then infuriatingly the records if writ were often lost or decayed and to top the lot some records were just plain wrong. Anything before the 1841 census became a real problem. Family Search records despite the diligence of the Later Day Saints were sometimes flawed ... as if deliberately designed to mislead ... as if the ancient Birchalls were desperately trying to cover their tracks. But we did have the parish records of St Chads, Wybunbury ... and we had Google search and Ancestry DNA analysis to deploy ... and eventually with a modicum of confidence we identified our g-g-g-g-grandfather John Birchall ... a fine specimen who emerged into rural Wybunbury in 1780 -

John Birchall 1780John Birchall (1780-1857) son of Robert baptised 13 Feb 1780 Wybunbury (FHL film no. 1850127 may identify his family?)
married Hannah Martin and he was in silk and not to be confused with -

John Birchall (1779-) son of James baptised 24 Sep 1779 Sandbach (FHL film no. 1751911 may identify his family?) 
married Hannah Steele and was a yeoman. 

But what of earlier times? Even though we knew the science of DNA would prove we were all cousins, we yearned for more detail?

After our 2017 research the only clue we had of the older escapades was that our John was a Wybunbury lad ... 'son of Robert'. 

... so where was Wybunbury ... ?

Wybunbury was recorded as one of the earliest settlements in Cheshire and worth a good look. See Domesday 1086, Tithe Maps 1836, Land Utilisation 1939.

Rural Settlement in Cheshire described the lie of the land.

WybunburyDamp dense forests were the norm in early times and the Whitchurch moraines formed a natural demarcation as the rivers started to flow north to the Mersey & Dee. The South East corner of the Cheshire plain was where Birchall Brook met the main Cheshire waterway; the River Weaver.

Bronze & Iron age settlements, like Eddisbury, were hill camps on the central sandstones. Clearing of woodland began by the early Celts, advanced by Anglo-Saxons & Normans and has continued with little break until today. The Celtic settlements on the Welsh massive tended to spread Eastwards to the fertile lowlands. The Romans saw the strategic relevance of Deva and the ancient saltways. The Anglo Saxons came from the south and 'overspill' into Cheshire was sporadic, often hybridising earlier Celtic settlements. The Danes came from the Wirral and the Eastern foothills. The Normans grew the 'route way' to North Wales and the North West as the Monasteries, like Vale Royal Abbey, and the Manors, like Crewood Hall, developed the land around the extensive Delamere and Macclesfield Forests, and Cheshire Cheese became the staple. Eventually belatedly, 1700-1800, the enclosure movement reached Cheshire and boosted production. Wybunbury had its own cheese making story to tell.  

Our Neck of the WoodsWybunbury St Chad, Ancient Parish after Wyburn the 2nd King of Mercia in 615. Bounded by Staffs, Madeley & Betley in the East, the morains in the South, the Weaver and Birchall Brook in the Northwest - Nantwich Hundred, Union & Registration - towns Basford, Batherton, Blakenhall, Bridgemere, Checkley with Wrinehill, Chorlton, Doddington, Hatherton, Hough, Hunsterson, Lea, Rope, Shavington with Gresty, Stapeley, Walgherton, Weston, Wybunbury, Willaston.

Settlement Classifications - Nucleated village with parish church and communally organized agriculture, including a Town Field (Wybunbury and Weston) - Nucleated hamlet with Town Field (Blakenhall) - Semi-dispersed or dispersed settlement with Town Field (Stapeley, Hough, Hunsterson, Checkley, Hatherton, Walgherton, Rope and Basford, the last two verging on the Farm type) - Dispersed settlement with no Town Field, but with former open common pasture (Shavington and Willaston) - Farm Townships (Batherton and Lea) - Estate Township (Doddington).
Weaverham (rich valley lands of the lower Weaver, on the borders of the Forest of Delamere, a royal manor, bestowed on Vale Royal Abbey in 1297) and Astbury displayed a similar pattern.

Wybunbury LifeDid the Birchalls arrive in Wybunbury down the Saltways from Lancashire? Or did the Whitmore Madeley valley open up a route into Cheshire from the south ... later taken by the Stafford to Crewe railways ... and the Trent & Mersey Canal ... and John de Delves who arrived from Uttoxeter through the 'gap' in 1353 and secured The Doddington Manor?  

Brilliant suggestions detailing some of the early Birchall ancestors in Cheshire came from Joe Pattinson who unsurprisingly identified a 'William' and his dad a 'Thomas' ... and these suggestions sparked a sequence of possibilities -     

Early Cheshire Birchalls from Wybunbury ...

Thomas Birchall b 1641 Wybunbury = Mary Hewitt b 1645 Audley     (Wybunbury to Audley 7 miles)

William Birchall b 15 Mar 1670 Wybunbury = Ellinor Madew

- 1 William b 22 Nov 1694 - 2 Thomas b 5 Jun 1698 - 3 Francis b 26 April 1702 - 4 Randle b 8 July 1705 - 5 Robert Birchall b 15 Feb 1709 - 6 Thomas b 13 Aug 1712    (all born in Bridgemere)

Robert Birchall’s children (wife unknown?)

- 5.1 Thomas b 1735 - 5.2 Hannah b 1737 - 5.3 Sarah b 1739 - 5.4 James b 1741 - 5.5 Samuel b 1743 - 5.6 Robert b 1747      (all born Wybunbury)

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Robert 1747Robert of Wybunbury ... ?

So who was this guy Robert Birchall the father of our John Birchall (1780-1857) probably born around 1750? Where was he from? Who did he marry? When did he die? What brought him to Wybunbury? Probably farming rather than silk! Was this our man ... ? Robert Birchall b 1747 son of Robert b 1709, baptised 17 March 1747 Wybunbury ... making him 33 when our John (1780-1857) was born ... looks promising ...

Robert Birchall (1747-1807) son of Robert, baptised 17 March 1747 Wybunbury ... (0924618) IT 2-5 Wybunbury Parish ... son of Robert, 17 March 1746 (1850126) ... son of Robert, 17 March 1748 Wybunbury  (with no FHL film no.) ... all 17 March, each exactly a year adrift? but was it 1746, 7 or 8? ... looks like transcription errors somewhere?

The original sorts out the confusion ... 17 March 1747 was the year ... and Parrah Green was the place on the 1875 OS map. (not 'Parrow Green' ... always be careful with transcriptions and original spellings!)

Parrah Green close to Bridgemere Hall and this was Birchall country where Birchall Brook ran close to Hunterston and Birchall Moss. Bridgemere was a small hamlet which included the ancient settlements of Admirals Gorse, Parrah Green, Prince Hill, Severn Stars and Wheel Green. Originally in the ancient parish of Wybunbury and during the medieval period had an iron foundry. One of the two major coaching roads in Cheshire ran from London via Bridgemere to Nantwich, then Chester and into Wales. It became one of the first turnpike roads in the country in 1743. Bridgemere parish had three inns in 1765 one of which was named The Holly Bush. Was this 'Robert of Wybunbury' our John's dad? Did he sup his pint at The Holly Bush?

The FHL Film no. (1850126) identified the baptism of Robert Birchall (1747-) and 3 children Thomas (1769-), Sarah (1773-) and 'our' John (1780-1857) were on (1850127) ... 

Thomas Birchall (1769-) son of Robert baptised 12 Nov 1769 Blakelow, Wybunbury ... (1850127) 8 Nov 1769? ... dad Robert was aged 22 ... 

Sarah Birchall (1773-) daughter of Robert baptised 3 March 1773 Blakelow, Wybunbury ... (1850127) ... dad Robert was aged 26 ... 

John Birchall (1780-1857) son of Robert baptised 13 Feb 1780 Willaston, Wybunbury  ... (1850127) ... dad Robert was aged 33 ...  (Willaston to Wybunbury via Blakelow 4 miles)

Robert died 24 June 1807 Staffs aged 61 ... ?

This looks like 'our John' and family ... but who was mum?

Robert Birchall (1747-1807) married Sarah Spearpoint (1745-1833) 27 Dec 1770 Astbury (1655359) and (1647852) Robert was aged 23, Sarah aged 21 ... original ... both of this parish ... this looked like a good bet ... ?

Robert Birchall (1747-1807) married Margery Knowles (1745-1833) 1 Dec 1765 Winwick (1885710). Robert was aged 20, Margery aged 22 ... original ... both of this parish ... this looked like a good bet if any kids were born between 1765 & 1770 ... ?

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Wybunbury BoysPerhaps, for starters in tracing the early Birchalls we can guess, that maybe the father of 'our' John Birchall (1780-1857) was Robert Birchall (1747-) son of Robert, and John's grandfather was Robert Birchall (1709-) son of William and John's great grandfather was William Birchall (1669-) ... all of Wybunbury ... to be found on ?

Robert Birchall (1747-1807) son of Robert, baptised 17 March 1747 Wybunbury ... (0924618) IT 2-5 Wybunbury Parish

Looks like dad Robert (1747-) was 33 when our John (1780-1857) was born ... and granddad Robert (1709-) was 38 when dad Robert (1747-) was born ... and g-granddad William (1669-) was 40 when granddad Robert (1709-) was born ... a plausible fit for the three generations?

Robert Birchall (1709-), son of William, baptised on 15 Feb 1709 Wybunbury may have been the interesting sire of four august sons who linked four of the Cheshire Birchall clans -

Thomas Birchall (1735-) & the Nantwich Birchalls - we hoped the famous Nantwich Clockmaker was one of the four brothers ... but Thomas the Clock was older, born in 1725. We didn't know much about this Nantwich lot ... yet ...  

James Birchall (1741-) & the Sandbach Birchalls - John & Hannah Steele's lot Yeomen of Sandbach   
... (1751911) St Marys Sandbach

Samuel Birchall (1743-) & the Wybunbury Birchalls - Lynda Burke's Farmers of Wybunbury, Brassy Hall & Crab Mill ...
... (1850126) St Chads Wybunbury

Robert Birchall (1747-) & the Astbury Birchalls - John & Hannah Martin's lot Silk Men of the East Cheshire Mills -
... (1647852) St Marys Astbury including Chapelry of Congleton 

Baptisms of father Robert and his sons, the brothers ... Thomas ... James ... Samuel ... Robert ... all share the same FHL film no (1850126) ... although James was AWOL on (1850126) but appeared on FHL film no (0924618 IT2-5) Items 2-5: Parish register transcripts, Wybunbury, Cheshire, England. Author: Church of England. Parish Church of Wybunbury (Cheshire); Norman, Bertram William Tuff, 1880-1959 ... and confirmed from the original ... March 13th 1741 James, son of Robert of Bridgemere.  

And more ... we reckoned that our John's great grandfather was perhaps William Birchall (1669-) son of Thomas, baptised 15 Mar 1669 was also on FHL film no (1850126)

William was a guy who proved to be very interesting because of our Ancestry.com DNA match with Joyce Cross!  

Our Common Ancestor = William Birchall (1669-1728)  

This was going to be fun ... we have a William and his dad Thomas  ... and Robert (1709-) and Robert (1747-) and John (1780-) ... all Wybunbury men ...  here we go ...

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Birchall DNABest to start slowly with our DNA match ... and remember that the only thing we knew for certain was our DNA match with Joyce Cross and perhaps Elaine Cooke ... but which route did the DNA take?

William Birchall (1669-1728) son of Thomas of Wybunbury ... was this guy our DNA common ancestor match?

William 1669William Birchall (1669-1728) son of Thomas, baptised on 15 March 1669 Wybunbury ... (1850126) ...
married
Ellinor Madew (1674-1760) 18 April 1693 Wybunbury ... (1850126) Madgere? ...
William 24 and Ellinor 19 yeas old 
died
31 Dec 1728, aged 59 still in Wybunbury ... (1850126) ...

Wife Ellinor Madew (1674-1760) Daughter of Raph, baptised 16 Feb 1674 Barthomley (1655367) ...
Eleanor Birchall (1674-1760) died 30 Oct 1760 Wybunbury ... (1850127) ... widow aged 86 years?
--- NB John Barker has this Wybunbury lady as Margery Maden (1672-1736)? or Madgere?
--- NB William Birchall (1795-) son of William & Martha baptised 22 March 1795 Wybunbury (1850127) ... ?

Father-in-Law Raph Madew (1656-1729) son of Thomas, baptised 30 March 1656 Nantwich
married Katherine Wheelack (-) 14 Dec 1672 Barthomley (1655364) ... and ...
married Sarah Whillocke (-) 1 March 1673 Audlem (1655364)
died 21 April 1729 Barthomley (1655367) - wot was going on in this local ball park? ... Wybunbury ... to Barthomley 6 miles, to Audlem 5 miles, to Bridgemere 3 miles ... and 12 miles Audlem to Barthomley via Bridgemere?
Probably Raph's dad was Raph Madew (-1673) died 24 Oct 1673 Barthomley (1655367)

Early Birchall ancestors in Cheshire from Joe Pattison has William Birchall (1670-) baptised 15 Mar 1670 Wybunbury ... a transcription error this should be 15 March 1669? 

Looks like the FHL film no 1850126 may track our Wybunbury Birchalls!? The Bishop's transcripts Wybunbury, 1600-1886
Author: Church of England. Parish Church of Wybunbury (Cheshire); Cheshire Record Office.

William Birchall (1669-1728) & Ellinor married in 1693 had 5 or 6 surviving children were all born in Wybunbury -

Ellinor  (1693-93) daughter of William baptised 23 Jan 1693 Wybunbury (1850126) ... named after mum ... born out of wedlock? ... died 27 Jan 1693 (1850126) ... after only 4 days? 

1 William Birchall (1694-) son of William baptised 22 Nov 1694 ... (1850126) ...
married Sarah Sproson (1695-) 15 April 1718 Wybunbury ... (1850126) ... Sarah (1695-) Daughter of Thomas Sproson (-) baptised 31 March 1695 Wybunbury (1850126) ... William was the elder brother of our Robert Birchall (1709-) (1850126) ... 15 years older? All fits well ... see below.   

Wybunbury William Birchall deaths - 31 Dec 1728 - son of William died 7 June 1729 - son of Randle died 30 July 1746 - 29 Jan 1758 - son of John & Mary 27 April 1810

William & Sarah's children -

1.1 William Birchall (1724-) son of William baptised 12 July 1724 in Wybunbury (0924618) Wybunbury! good ... original ... son of William Day Labourer (living in Wybunbury township) and his wife Sarah 12 July 1724, Wybunbury.  

Mary Birchall (1746-1811) daughter of William & Sarah baptised 7 Sept 1746 Wybunbury ... (0924618) ...
married John Dobson (-) 12 Sept 1769 Audlem ... (1655365) ...
son James Dobson (-)

--- (not the one --- married Mary Bramall (-) 25 June 1760 Ashton, Winwick, Lancaster? ... William was 36 years old?}

1.2 Eleanor Birchall (1727-27) baptised 15 Jan 1727 Wybunbury (1924618) ... original confirmed 1727
(Elenor (1726-) daughter of William baptised 15 Jan 1726 (1850126) was an error from the confusing original)
Eleanor Birchall (1727-27) daughter of William died 30 June 1727 Wybunbury (1850126) ... Eleanor survived only 6 months?

1.3 Thomas Birchall (1728-) son of William baptised 27 Sept 1728 Wybunbury (1850126)
married Elizabeth Adams (-) 30 March 1752 Wybunbury with an impressive licence ... original ... Thomas a 'Webster' aged 24 ...
--- (Thomas Birchall (1728-) son of William baptised 22 Sept 1728 Wybunbury looks like a problem rogue?)
Elizabeth Adams (-) Daughter of Ralph baptised 17??

Elizabeth Birchall (-1767) Spouse of Thomas of Checkley died 27 Dec 1767 Wybunbury?

Thomas & Elizabeth had 4 children -

1 Anne Birchall (1753-) son of Thomas baptised 6 May 1753 Wybunbury ... birth date is good.

2 Thomas Birchall (1756-) son of Thomas baptised 11 May 1756 Wybunbury ... (1850127) ... Wistaston?

3 Mary Birchall (1756-) daughter of Thomas baptised 11 May 1756 Wybunbury ... twins 11 May 1756 !! 

4 Hannah Birchall (1759-) son of Thomas baptised 3 Jan 1759 Wybunbury ...

Thomas Birchall died 15 June 1802 Hatherton, Wybunbury.
Elizabeth daughter of Thomas of Hatherton died 3 Jan 1802 Wybunbury 

Thomas Birchall died 10 April 1805 Wybunbury.

Elizabeth Birchall (1782-) daughter of Thomas baptised 4 Aug 1782 Wybunbury ... not here ?

2 Thomas Birchall (1698-1711) son of William baptised 5 Jun 1698 Wybunbury (1850126)  
Thomas died in 1711 (1850126) ... only 13 years old? ... or was this granddad Thomas Birchall (1641-1711) died 70 years old?     

3 Francis Birchall (1702-) son of William baptised 26 April 1702 in Wybunbury ... (1850126) ...

(Wybunbury to Barthomley 8 miles ... but there was another William Burchall (-) son of Thomas, baptised 13 Oct 1696 Barthomley ... (1655367) ... father Thomas Burchall (-)    ????
and another Francis Birchall (1711-) son of Francis baptised 11 Sept 1711 Wybunbury
Francis Birchall (-1712) died 10 May 1712 Wybunbury ... )

married Mary Taylor (-) 1 Jan 1729 Barthomley ... (1655367) ...                    

3.1 Isaiah (1730-) son of Francis baptised 5 July 1730 Barthomley ... (1655367) ...

3.2 Sarah (1732-) son of Francis baptised 3 Sept 1732 Barthomley ... (1655367) ...  

4 Randle Birchall (1705-59) son of William baptised 8 July 1705 Wybunbury ... (1850126) ... original (son of William Birchall of Bridgemere) ...
married Elizabeth Bolton (-) 26 Dec 1733?  Named after his uncle Randle (1673-) 1673. Randle died in 1759.
Randle and Elizabeth children - Rachel, Joseph, Hannah, John, Anne, James, William, Randle 1741, John 1743, Olive, Eleanor, William 1747, Anne, Samuel, Elizabeth

Randle (1739-) son of Randle, baptised 23 Dec 1739 ... didn't survive? 

4.1 Randle Birchall (1741-92) son of Randle, baptised 5 March 1741 in Wybunbury (1850126) we're on the right track.
married Mary Higgins (-1786) ??        died 18 March 1792, a pauper?

Children -

Anne (1770-), 

4.1.1 John (1772-75) son of Randle, baptised26 July 1772 Wybunbury... married Mary Blackband (1776-) 14 May 1804

4.1.2 William (1775-) son of Randle, baptised 28 Jan 1775 Wybunbury... married ?? ... son of Randle died 30 July 1746 Wybunbury   

4.1.3 Samuel (1777-) son of Randle, baptised 23 May 1777 Wybunbury ... married ??

4.1.4 James (1780-) son of Randle, baptised 23 July 1780 Wybunbury ... married ??

4.1.5 Thomas Birchall (1783-1855) son of Randle, baptised 23 March 1783 Wybunbury ... (1850127) ... Hough?
married Hannah Shufflebottom (1776-1863) baptised 11 Feb 1776 Acton, Nantwich. Thomas died in 1855 at 72.

Thomas and Hannah's children -
-- Sarah Birchall (1802-), Sarah married Samuel Sylvester (-) 

-- Ann Birchall (1805-), Ann married John Hollins (-) 25 Nov 1838 

-- Elizabeth Birchall (1808-), Elizabeth did not marry.

1841 census - Thomas Birchall (1783-1855), coal carrier, and Hannah were in Hough with grandson Samuel Birchall (1835-), aged 5.

Samuel & EmilySamuel Birchall (1835-1914) son of Ann, baptised 13 Aug 1837 Wybunbury
married Emily Austin (1834-98) in 1857 and died in 1914. 

Samuel census records - 1841, 1851, 1861, 1871, 1881, 1891, 1901, 1911 ... in 1841 Samuel was living with grandparents Thomas & Hannah.

Samuel was born before his mum married John Hollins (-) and was a 'Birchall' ...

Samuel Birchall (1835-1914) & Emily had 4 children - Hannah (1862-1948), John Thomas (1866-), Martha Jane (1868-95) and Arthur (1869-). 

--  -- Hannah Birchall (1862-1948), daughter of Samuel & Emily, 
married
John Hulse (1861-1932), son of Charles, 18 May 1883 Wybunbry
Hannah and John Hulse had 8 children all girls - Harriet (1884-1952), Ethel (1886-1953), Alice (1888-1960), Mary (1890-1965), Elizabeth (1893-1953), Emily (1897-1945), Edith (1899-1984), Sarah (1902-67).

In 1901 census Hannah & John, Railway Inspector, were in Bangor with Harriet, Dressmaker and Alice, Mary, Lizzie and Emily ...

-- -- -- -- Harriet Hulse (1884-1952) married David Jones (1881-1949), Railway Stoker, in Caernarvonshire in 1904. Their children included Albert E Jones (1916-98) who married Mary (Mair) Williams (1924-85).

Albert Jones and Mary Williams were the parents of Joyce Cross (neé Jones) our DNA match!

Our Common Ancestor = William Birchall (1669-1746)

4.1.8 Robert Birchall (1787-) son of Randle, baptised 4 Nov 1787 Wybunbury (1850127) ...
married Frances Clark (-) 16 Dec 1808 Sandbach (1751911) ... original ... witnesses George Shan & James Birchall  
 

Robert & Frances' Children -

-- Mary Birchall (1809-) daughter of Robert & Frances baptised 24 Sept 1809 Sandbach (17511911)

-- Ann Birchall (1811-) daughter of Robert & Frances baptised 27 Jan 1811 Sandbach (1751911)
married George Brocklehurst (1809-) 22 July 1832 Sandbach ... Ann was 21. Witnesses were sister Hannah and Peter Leigh?  
In 1841 census at Forge Field Sandbach - George Brocklehurst (1809-) Moulder at Iron Works, 32 years old - Anne Brocklehurst (1809-) 32 years old - John (1833-) 8 years - Hannah (1835-) 6 years - George (1837-) 4 years - Thomas (1838-) 3 years - Richard (1840-) 1 year - John Brocklehurst (1774-) 67 years. 
In 1851 census at 54 Forge Field Sandbach - George Brocklehurst (1811-) Moulder at Iron Works, 40 years old, born Acton Bridge - Anne Brocklehurst (1811-) 40 years old, born Bradwell - John Brocklehurst (1833-) 18 years - Hannah Brocklehurst (1835-) 16 years - George Brocklehurst (1837-) 14 years - Thomas Brocklehurst (1838-) 13 years - Richard Brocklehurst (1840-) 11 year - James Brocklehurst (1842-) 9 years - William Brocklehurst (1843-) 8 years - Sarah Brocklehurst (1845-) 6 years - Samuel Brocklehurst (1847-) 4 years - Benjamin Brocklehurst (1848-) 3 years - Joseph Brocklehurst (1851-) 2 months - Frances Birchall née Clark (1783-) Wife's mother, Widow, Pauper 68 years - Thomas Birchall (1840-) Nephew 11 years -  Mary Ann Birchall (1841-) Niece, 10 years ... who? who?                           
John Brocklehurst (1774-) died?    

-- Hannah Birchall (1813-) Daughter of Robert & Frances baptised 24 Nov 1813 Sandbach (1751911)
married
( who was this Hannah Birchall (1808-) Daughter of John & Hannah baptised baptised 1808 (175191) !!!!!???????)

-- Elizabeth Birchall (1822-) Daughter of Robert & Frances baptised 15 Sept 1822 Sandbach (1751911)

4.2 John Birchall (1743-) son of Randle baptised 13 Jan 1743 (1850126)
married Sarah Morrey (-) 19 Sept 1762 Wybunbury they had son William (1763-) son of John, baptised 20 May 1763 Wybunbury (1850127) daughter Hannah (1765-) in 1765 and daughter Sarah (1766-) in 1766.
John Birchall died 6 Feb 1816 age 80 Wybunbury

4.3 William Birchall (1747-) Second Son William of Randle, baptised 28 Dec 1747 Wybunbury
married ????

First William Birchall (1742-47) son of Randle baptised 5 March 1742 ... William son of Randle (-1746) died 30 June 1746

5  Robert Birchall (1709-) son of William of Bridgemere baptised 15 Feb 1709 Wybunbury (1850126) we're on the right track.
The splendid record from St Chad's Wybunbury survived from 1709 'Robert son of William Birchall of Bridgemere'!

Happenings had gotten interesting ... remember we were searching for 'Robert of Wybunbury' the dad of our John (1780-1857)? Robert (1709-) son of William baptised on 15 Feb 1709 Wybunbury ... making him 73 when our John was born ... promising ... was this our John's granddad?

Before we take a look we should note that William & Ellinor may have had a 6th child -

6 Thomas Birchall (1712-76) son of William baptised 13 Aug 1712 Wybunbury (1850126) confirmed as part of the Wybunbury family! A 2nd Thomas for William & Ellinor after the 1st Thomas (1698-11) sadly died at only 13 in 1711?     
married Elizabeth Pemberton (1712-67) 17 July 1732 Sandbach ... Thomas aged 20 ... original ... possibly Baddington in the ancient parish of Acton in the Nantwich Hundred ... Wybunbury to Acton 4.8 miles ... ????

daughter Catherine Birchall (1743-) married Samuel Pott (1740-1817) in 1773, daughter Catherine Pott (1786-1844) married Thomas Davies (1791-1859) in 1815, daughter Elizabeth Davies (1817-71) married William Beech (1812-81) in 1840, son George Henry Beech snr (1851-1911) married Mary Sherratt (1850-1906) in 1870 Leek, son George Henry Beech jnr (1881-1958) married Martha Hylton (1880-1931) in 1909 USA, son Ernest Beech (1871-1956) married Annie Aldred (-) in 1896 Leigh + Annie Hoggan (1879-1946) in + Edith Frances Preston (1897-1969) in USA ... son Ernest Henry Beech (1919-2005) married ... ... Ernest Beech (1871-1956) had a story to tell!
We need DNA tests to check back to William Birchall (1669-1728)

OR married Jane Aldersey (-) 16 April 1733 'Marriage licence was granted to Thomas Birchall of 'Namptwich' to Jane Aldersey of Barthomley' ... was this Thomas (1712-) he would have been 21 years old?

See the unresolved Nantwich Birchalls ?

Sooo ... a promising DNA link goes back from John Birchall (1780-1857) to dad Robert (1747-) to granddad Robert (1709-) to g-granddad William (1669-) ... a plausible fit for the three generations?

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NB but just to make things difficult there were 2 Roberts around for Wybunbury masquerading as granddad Robert -

Robert (1709-) son of William of Bridgemere baptised 15 Feb 1709 Wybunbury.

Robert Birchall (1708-) son of Francis of Hatherton baptised 9 May 1708 Wybunbury (1850126) who was also one of Wybunbury lot and a year older than our Robert ... original confirmed ... his dad was Francis Birchall (1679-) son of Thomas baptised 30 Oct 1679 ... (1850126)  ... William Birchall (1669-1728) had a young cousin ... see below?

NB yet another Robert Birchall (1708-) son of William baptised 15 March 1708 Wybunbury ...  looks like a transcription error ... same day 15th but a month later March not Feb and a year earlier 1708 not 1709? ... both sons of William ... neither Feb/March 1708 were confirmed in the Wybunbuy FHL film no (1850126) ... messy goings on? ... wot was going on? ... find the original? 

The dilemma was compounded as both Robert Birchalls were married in 1734 and appeared on the same manuscript page from St Chad's Wybunbury!

AND a third Robert Birchall (1698-) son of Robert baptised 9 May 1698? Who was this father Robert (around 1668?)
William Birchall (1688-) son of Robert, baptised March 7th 1688 in Cheshire? Confusion, another William?

Enter the Higginsons and the Wormhalls?  

The confusion was compounded as both these Robert Birchalls appeared on the same manuscript page from St Chad's Wybunbury married in 1734 -

Candidate 1 - married Jane Higginson (1718-1811) 26 Dec 1734 Wybunbury ... (1850126) ...   
'26 December 1734 Robert Birchall & Jane Higginson both of this Parish by Pub'  

Candidate 2 - married Mary Wormhall (-) 13 Oct 1734 Wybunbury ... (1850126) ...
'13 October 1734 Robert Birchall of this Parish & Mary Wormhill of the Parish of Audley by Publication & Certificate' ... Wybunbury to Audley 7 miles

One Robert son of William of Bridgemere baptised 15 Feb 1709 Wybunbury

or another Robert son of Francis of Hatherton baptised 9 May 1708 Wybunbury

one married a Higgingson & the other a Wormhall but which who was which what? ... heigh ho ...   

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Wybunbury BrothersCandidate 1 - best bet!

1 - Robert Birchall (1709-) son of William of Bridgemere baptised 15 Feb 1709 Wybunbury ... (1850126) ... original confirmed  
FHL film no 1850126 ties together this family which included Robert Birchall (1747-) 'our' John's dad !

married Jane Higginson (1718-1811) 26 Dec 1734 Wybunbury ... (1850126) ... original confirmation ...  

 Jane Higginson (1718-1811) daughter of William of Shavington baptised 31 May 1718 Wybunbury ... (1850126) ... original transcribed as William Higginson of Shavington ... only 16 when she was married? Robert was 26 and Jane 10 years younger? Not happy.
William Higginson (1692-) baptised 22 August 1692 Audlem ... Audlem to Shavington 7 miles ... Audlem to Wybunbury 7 miles ... promising but the original mentions John Cooper of Long Hill ... Long Hill to Audlem 2 miles ... wot?
married Elizabeth Taylor (-) widow, 1 Dec 1716 of Wrenbury ... license William an Ironmonger of Whitchurch ... Wrenbury to Audem or Whitchurch 6 miles ... interesting possibility but wot a mess ...    

NB ... (1850126) 21 May 1718 not 31 May 1718, name 'Higgins' not Higginson, father William Sr Higgins (-) ... transcription error?
Who were these 3 -
Jane Higginson (-) daughter of Thomas baptised 20 Sept 1720 Davenham ...
Jane Higginson (-) married William Dale (-) 16 Sept 1750 Wybunbury ... (1850126) ...
Mary Higginson (1725-47) daughter of John baptised 11 May 1725 Wybunbury ... died 13 May 1747 Parrah Green, Bridgemere spinster

Robert Birchall (1709-) son of William of Bridgemere & Jane Higginson (-) had six children baptised at Wybunbury - Thomas 2 December 1735 - Hannah 14 December 1737 - Sarah 29 July 1739 - James 13 March 1741 - Samuel 1743 - Robert 17 March 1747 - the dates fit ... but no daughter 'Jane' and no daughter 'Mary' to help

Robert Birchall (1709-) fathered six children all born in Wybunbury and the four sons ALL sons of Robert of Bridgemere were significant players in our story -  

5.1 Thomas Birchall (1735-) son of Robert of Bridgemere baptised 2 December 1735 Wybunbury ... (1850126) ... original entry confirmed.  
Did his uncle Thomas Birchall (1712-) move to Nantwich? And sire Thomas the Clock?  

See Nantwich Birchalls ?
this was not Thomas the Clock?

5.2 Hannah Birchall (1737-) daughter of Robert of Bridgemere baptised 14 August 1737 Wybunbury ... (1850126) ... (0924618) ... original confirmed ...
married ????       (William Eaton (-) 4 March 1754 Ashton? James Harrison (-) 12 March 1753 Liverpool?)

5.3 Sarah Birchall (1739-) daughter of Robert of Parrah Green baptised 29 July 1739 Wybunbury ... (1850126) ... (0924618) ... original confirmed ...
married James Timmis (-) 28 Oct 1757 Wybunbury ... (1850127) ... James Timmis (1737-) son of John baptised 1737 Wybunbury (1850126)      

James 1825 will5.4 James Birchall (1741-1825) son of Robert of Bridgemere baptised 13 March 1741 in Wybunbury (1850126 missing?) BUT FHL film no (0924618) was Wybunbury! and from the original, James, son of Robert of Bridgemere.

See Sandbach Birchalls ?
was this Hannah Steele's lot?

NB James, son of Robert baptised 13 March 1740 Wybunbury ... both 13 March ... a transcription error ... or 2 of them? 

married Margaret Shaw (1742-1826) 23 June 1765 Brereton-cum-Smethwick, Sandbach, Cheshire, England ... original ...
Brereton Register for the year 1765 by Banns. James Burchall Sandbach Parish labourer and Margaret Shaw of this Parish June 23rd 1765 - witnesses Thomas Lindop and Peter Lingham'.    
Wife Margaret, Daughter of John & Ann Shaw was baptised in Sandbach in 1742   
died 17 Jan 1825 Sandbach (1751912) aged 85. Margaret died just a year after James in 1826, aged 87?

Children -

John Birchall (-)

Jane Birchall (1765-1825) married John Dickinson (1769-1829)
-- James Dickinson (1802-63) married Elizabeth Shelmardine (1793-1834)

Mary Birchall (1770-1859) married John Hyde (1768-1829)

Hannah Birchall (1772-1857) married Richard Wainwright (1770-1840)

Samuel Birchall (1781-1863) married Isabella Turner (1784-1864) 

James left a will in 1825 identifying James Birchall yeoman of Sandbach, John Dickinson of Sandbach, William Peover Butcher, wife Margaret, son John, Granddaughter Mary, Wife of William Seese (or Leese?), son Samuel, sons in law John Dickinson and John Hyde. 

5.5 Samuel Birchall (1743-1831) son of Robert of Parrah Green baptised 27 May 1743 Wynbunbury (1850126) The baptismal register of St Chad's Wybunbury confirmed his father's name as Robert ... original ...

See Wybunbury Birchalls ?
 was this Lynda Burke's lot?

John Birchall 17805.6  Robert Birchall (1747-1807) son of Robert of Parrah Green baptised 17 March 1747 Wybunbury (0924618) ... son of Robert, 17 March 1746 (1850126) looks like a transcription error? ... and son of Robert, 17 March 1748 ...  exactly a year different? ... the original sorts out the confusion ... 17 March 1747 was the year ... and Parrah Green the place on the 1875 OS map ... not Parrow Green ... always be careful with transcriptions and original spellings!
Parrah Green close to Bridgemere Hall ... and this was Birchall country where Birchall Brook ran close to Hunterston to Birchall Moss.
Bridgemere, a small hamlet which included the ancient settlements of Admirals Gorse, Parrah Green, Prince Hill, Severn Stars and Wheel Green. Originally in the ancient parish of Wybunbury and during the medieval period had an iron foundry. One of the two major coaching roads in Cheshire ran from London via Bridgemere to Nantwich, Chester and onto Wales. It became one of the first turnpike roads in the country in 1743. Bridgemere parish had three inns in 1765 one of which was named The Holly Bush.

Was this 'Robert of Wybunbury' our John's dad? Did he sup his pint at The Holly Bush? Was this 'our' Robert, son of Robert?

Robert Birchall (1747-1807) married Sarah Spairpoint (1745-1833) 27 Dec 1770 Astbury (1655359) and (1647852) ... was a good bet ... ? Robert aged 23, Sarah aged 21 ... original ...
Robert died 24 June 1807 Wybunbury aged 61 ... ?

See Astbury Birchalls
was this Hannah Martin's lot?

(two alternative marriages for Robert Birchall (1747-1807) don't feel right - married Margery Knowles (17??-) 1 Dec 1765 Winwick (1469062) ... witnesses at the marriage were Page Godfrey and William Darbiesard?
But Robert was only aged 18 and what was he doing in Winwick? And there were no Margery family names?
Margery Daughter of ?? baptised ?? was not found in Winwick? Although this linkage was popular it was not liked?

married Mary Balker (-) 17 Sep 1758 Wybunbury (1850127) ... one of out a lot but in 1758 this was not this Robert who was only 11 years old at these nuptials!)

... looks like the Robert families were mixed up big time!  but we're bettingon candidate 1 and Jane Higginson ... no 'Francis' anywhere ... but of course there was a Jane Birchall (1765-1847) who married John Dickinson (1769-1829) ...

 

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Enter the Spairpoints or Pierpoints?       

Robert Birchall (1747-1807)married ~ 1769 when he was 23 and 1st son Thomas was born in 1769 and 33 when 2nd son John was born in 1780 ?

Robert aged 23 but both otp ... but was son Thomas born out of wedlock in 1769 but daughter Sarah (1773-) was a family name?

... and who was Thomas Spairpoint (-) son of Thomas & Mary baptised 11 Aug 1756 Astbury ... (1655359) ...

Sarah Pierpoint (1745-1833) daughter of John & Sarah baptised 15 June 1745 Audley (417168) ...
Audley to Wybunbury was 8 miles and Audley (10 miles) & Wybunbury (15 miles) to Astbury for nuptials and back to Wybunbury for the new family wasn't daft and provided a nice link to Astbury and our suggestion that Robert Birchall (1747-) sired the Astbury Birchalls?
John Spearpoint (-) married Sarah Beech (-) from Laister, Chester ... Banns 3 Feb 1741 Audley to be married in Barthomley ... 28 July 1742 Barthomley (1655367) ... so interesting and confirmed with the 'S' in Spearpoint. John & Sarah's children were -  

John Spiarpoint (1743-) son of John & Sara baptised 21 May 1743 Audley (417168)  

William Pierpoint (1744-) son of John & Sarah baptised 28 April 1744 Audley (D3483)
but also ... William Sparepoint (-) baptised 9 Dec 1743 Wybunbury (094618)

Sarah Pierpoint (1745-1833) daughter of John & Sarah baptised 15 June 1745 Audley (417168) ...

Perhaps Sara died 20 March 1833 Wybunbury at the grand old age of 92 ... (1850128) ... ?

Sarah Pierpoint (1735-) Daughter of Thomas & Martha baptised 4 June 1735 Belchton ??

(There was another family - Thomas & Mary Spiarpoint of Davenport, Congleton, Astbury parents of Thomas (1756-) baptised 11 Aug 1756?
... Ann Perpoint Daughter of James was around Goostry as early as 1732 baptised 1732?
... Thomas Pierpoint and Ann Langley were married in 1787?
... Thomas Pierpoint and Ann Condliffe were married in Bereton in 1814 children - William 1815 - John 1816 - Thomas 1818 - Joseph 1820 - Abram 1824 - Henry 1825 ... no Sarah ?   )

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Robert Birchall (1747-) & Sarah Spairpoint had 3 children Thomas (1769-), Sarah (1773-) and 'our' John (1780-1857) ... a brother & a sister for our John - Thomas, Sarah & John all Sons of Robert born in Wybunbury (1850127)

Thomas Birchall (1769-), son of Robert baptised 12 Nov 1769 Blakelow Wybunbury ... (1850127) 8 Nov 1769? ...
(this Thomas did NOT married Mary Latham (-) 31 Aug 1797 Nantwich ... Clockmaker ! ... that was Thomas the Clock from Nantwich ... )  
may have married Jane Taylor (1764-) 26 Sept 1791 Barthomley ... (1655367) ... Thomas a labourer aged 30, born 1760 not 1769? Jane a spinster aged 27? Wybunbury to Barthomley 6 miles.  

Thomas & Jane had a son -

John Birchall (1793-1863), son of Thomas, baptised 17 March 1793 Wybunbury
married Hannah Lawson (1792-1863) 7 Nov 1817 Barthomley ... (1655396) ... Wybunbury to Barthomley 6 miles. Thus another John & Hannah which confused our story ... but he was of a younger generation ... our John's nephew perhaps? The marriage licence 6 Nov 1817 recorded John Birchall of Balterley, County Staffs and Parish Barthomley ... interestingly bonded with George Steele Farmer of Barthomley ... connecting this John Birchall with the Steeles of Barthomley. Balterly 2 miles south of Barthomley towards Wynbunbury.
John & Jane Broad were witnesses. One local John Broad, son of Charles, was baptised in Wybunbury 1786?

John & Hannah Lawson children -

Thomas Birchall (1820-80)
married Emma Walker (1820-44) 1839 children Hannah (1841-), John (1842-), Margaret (1843-), Emma (1844-44) died in child birth?
married Sarah Hinckley (1824-84) 1845 a year later?
children - Thomas (1845-), James (1847-), Sarah (1849-)
1851 census - Thomas (1820-) Iron Furnace Keeper 33 from Bartley, Sarah (1822-) 31 from Crewe, John (1842-) 9 Potter born Audley, Hannah (1841-) 10 b Bartley, Margaret (-) 8  b Audley, Thomas (-) 6 b Audley, James 4 b Audley, Sarah (-) 2 b Woolstanton,  Thomas Hinckley (1795-) 56 b Betley ...

(( who were this lot? ... Hannah, Daughter of Robert Lawson (1758-1843) and Jane Wardell (1763-1888) ???? baptised 1792 ???? Wybunbury ????1841 census - at Rood Lane Astbury, Jane Birchall (1772-) Independent aged 68 with Elizabeth Birchall (1810-) Dress Maker aged 30, Rachel Birchall (1815-) Silk Throwster Operative 25, James Birchall (1837-) 3, Harriet Birchall (1838-) & Jane Birchall (1838-) 2 and little Mary Birchall (1841-) just 1 month? Was this was Jane Birchall née Cheetham?
James Birchall (-) son of Noah & Rachel baptised 7 July 1837 Astbury (1655361

1851 census - at Rood Hill, Noah (corrected from John?) Birchall (-) 37 Joiner & Victualler with wife Rachel Birchall née Cheetham (-) 35 from Bosley, James (-) 13, Harriet (-) 12, Mary (-) 9, Sarah (-) 7 ...

(There was another Thomas Birchall (1759-1834), son of John & Mary baptised 30 Sept 1759 Coppenhall married Jane Bryant (1764-1837) ?? )  ))

Sarah Birchall (1773-) Daughter of Robert of Blakelow (Willaston) Wybunbury baptised 3 March 1773 Wybunbury ... (1850127) ... named after Mum Sarah Spairpoint (1745-1833) or Auntie Sarah (1739-98) ? 
married Noah Stubbs (1776-1836) 17 April 1796 Astbury ... (1647852) ... (1655359) ...

Noah Stubbs (1776-1836) son of Joshua & Mary of Congleton baptised 10 March 1776 Astbury ... (1647852) ... (1655359) ...
married Sarah Birchall (1773-) 17 April 1796 Astbury ... (1647852) ... (1655359) ...
died 1 July 1836 Astbury aged 59 ... (1655361) ... original ... Silk Throwster of Sandbach buried at Astbury 

 

Noah's Father Joshua Stubbs (1757-) son of Joshua & Mary baptised 21 July 1757 Congleton ... (1655596) ...
married Elizabeth Leah (1760-1842) 7 Nov 1779 Astbury ... (1647852) ... died 22 Jan 1842 Astbury aged 82 ... (1655362) ...

Joshua Stubbs (-) baptised ??
married Mary Yearl (-) 20 June 1790 Astbury ... (1655359) ... no not this Mary Noah was born in 1776

Joshua Stubbs (1793-) son of Joshua & Mary baptised 13 Jan 1793 Congleton ... (1655596) ...
married Sarah Morris (-) 30 Sept 1814 Astbury

Stubbs names & dates are in a mess??
Noah's Brother John Stubbs (1773-) son of Joshua & Mary of Congleton baptised 28 Nov 1773 Astbury ... (1647852) ... or baptised 5 April 1779 Congleton?   
John Stubbs (1715-) son of Daniel & Sarah baptised 4 March 1715 Astbury ... (1647851) ...
married Mary Brereton (-) 4 Sept 1737 Astbury ... (1647851) ...
Solomon Stubbs (1740-) son of John & Mary baptised 1 Feb 1740 Astbury ... (1647851) ...
Joshua Stubbs (-1775) son of Soloman & Alice died 15 Feb 1775 Congleton ... (1655596) ...
Noah Stubbs (-1797) son of Charles & Hannah, died 30 April 1797 St Peter's Congleton?
John Stubbs (-) married Mary Steel (-) 3 Nov 1807 Astbury (1647807)   
John Stubbs (-) married Elizabeth 1844 Market Drayton? son of Joshua (1526925)
Who was Hannah Stubbs (1826-) baptised 24 Jan 1826 Barrow upon Soar?

Noah Stubbs, silk throwster had a rough time, on 29th April 1822, with Thomas Bostock, the Birmingham Gazette reported theire2" partnership dissolved

Pigots Directory of Sandbach 1828 recorded familiar names - Silk Throwsters Noah Stubbs @ Chapel Street and John Birchall @ Old Mill!
Noah and John were up against it in 1826 as silk throwing needed help behind a tariff wall?

London Gazette 28 April 1829.
House of Commons - SILK LAWS.
Mr DAVENPORT presented a Petition from the silk-manufacturers and silk-throwsters of the borough of Macclesfield, against any reduction of the duty on foreign thrown Silk. The Hon Member presented Petitions to the same effect, from two individuals of Chester.
Mr EGERTON presented Petitions to the same effect, from Samuel Lendhenter, silk throwster of Chester, and William Barrrington of Sandbach. Laid on the table.
Mr HUME moved for return of the quantities of raw, thrown, and manufactured silk goods imported and exported to and from the United Kingdom within the last thirty years (we understood) with a view to show the operations of the present silk laws. Ordered.
Mr SPENCE presented a Petition from the widow of a Macclesfield silk throwster, praying for compensation from loss arising from the reduction of the duty on foreign throw silk. The Hon Member presented a similar Petition from James Smedley, silk throwster of Holywell, in Flintshire. The Petitions were ordered to be printed.
Mr ROBERTS present a Petition from a silk throwster in Prenton, praying for compensation in consequence of the loss he would sustain from the reduction of the duties on foreign thrown silk. The Hon Member presented a similar Petition from Noah Stubbs, silk throwster, in Sandbach, Cheshire.
Mr Alderman WAITHMAN, in presenting a similar Petition from a silk throwster in Newbury, requested that the discussion on the Bill introduced by Ministers might be postponed for a few days. He did not make that request on his own account, though in asking for delay he was not entirely without personal motives, for he wished to express his opinions on the subjects far as his judgment enabled him to do, which he had not yet satisfactorily done, owing to India-position. Postponement would, therefore, be a matter of convenience to himself, but in requesting it, he was chiefly actuated from a conviction of the propriety of the measure being generally known, that all parties might have an opportunity of making their representations to the House.
Mr FYLER concurred in the Hon Member's wish for postponement.
Mr Secretary PEEL was unwilling, in the absence of his Right Hon Friend, who had the charge of the measure, to postpone its consideration. He thought that ample opportunity had been given to examine the merits of the Bill. If alterations were to be proposed, the proper time to bring them forward would be when in Committee. If it were intended to discuss the principle of the Bill, there would be an opportunity of doing so on the motion that the Speaker leave the Chairs but he was of opinion that discussion would most probably arise upon the details, and not the principle, of the Bill.
The Petition was ordered to be printed.
Mr HOBHOUSE presented a Petition from the inhabitants of the parish of St Pancras, in the county of Middlesex, against the Select Vestry Act. The Hon Member presented a similar Petition from the parishes of St Bartholomew's the Great and St Giles's Cripplegate, city of London. Laid upon the table.
Mr HUSKISON presented a Petition from the householders and inhabitants of Liverpool, against certain clues in the Bill relative to the employment of able-bodied labourers.
Mr FYLER presented a Petition from the Ribbon-weavers of Coventry, expressing their alarming apprehension of the measures now in contemplation. Ordered to be printed.
Mr R COLBORNE, in the absence of an Hon Friend (Sir James Mackintosh) begged to postpone the motion respecting Mr O'Reilly's claim on the East India Company, for losses by the insolvency of the Registrar of the Court at Madras and another relative to the affairs of Portugal, to the 21st of May.

On 21 Oct 1834 Noah Stubbs was on a Grand Jury at Knutsford Quarter Sessions, the Judge addressed the jury presenting a fascinating insight into crime in Cheshire in the 1830s ... well worth reading the report in the Chester Courant to get a flavour of the times ...

Noah Stubbs died 1st July 1836 as reported by The Manchester Times   

 

John Birchall (1780-1857) son of Robert of Willaston (Blakelow) Wybunbury baptised 13 Feb 1780 Wybunbury ... (1850127) ...
married Hannah Martin (1780-1844) 25 April 1802 Astbury ... (1647852) ... (1647852) ...  
NB film no 1647582 recorded the marriage of mum & dad, Robert Birchall (1747-1807) married Sarah Spairpoint (1745-) 27 Dec 1770 Astbury ... (1647852) ...
Looks like Hannah Martin (and her sister-in-law's the Wybunbury Cloughs) linked Wybunbury to Astbury.
Thus our John Birchall (1780-1857) son of Robert linked back to William Birchall (1669-1728) ... (1850126) above ...

QED and confirmed by our DNA match with Joyce Cross !

Our Common Ancestor = William Birchall (1669-1718) !

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Candidate 2 - guess!

NB but just to make things difficult there was a second alternative around for granddad Robert (1709-) there was a Robert Birchall (1708-) son of Francis of Hatherton baptised 9 May 1708 Wybunbury (1850126) who was also one of Wybunbury lot and a year older than our Robert ... original confirmed ... His dad was Francis Birchall (1679-) son of Thomas baptised 30 Oct 1679 ... (1850126)  ... William Birchall (1669-1728) had a young cousin ... see below?

(NB Robert, son of William, baptised 15 Feb 1708 looks like a transcription error ... same date 15 Feb but a year earlier? ... and Robert Birchall (1708-) son of William baptised 15 March 1708 Wybunbury ... was a month later March not Feb ... both Sons of William ... neither Feb/March 1708 were confirmed in the Wybunbuy FHL film no (1850126) ... a messy goings on?
find the original?) 

2 - Robert Birchall (1708-) son of Francis of Hatherton baptised 9 May 1708 Wybunbury ... (1850126) ... also one of our Wybunbury lot ... original confirmed ... 

married Mary Wormhall (-) on 19 Oct 1734 Wybunbury ... (1850126) ... original (by certificate) ... ?

Mary Wormhall (-1743) daughter of ?? baptised ?? ... this lady can't be found?
died 5 May 1743 Audley ... BUT NOT THE MOTHER of Samuel (1743-1831) Robert (1747-1807)

 Thomas Wormall (1710-), son of Thomas baptised 17 March 1710 Audley (D3483;1;1). Was this Mary's brother? And there were lots of Wormhalls in Wolverhampton. Audley to Wolverhampton 40 miles?

Mary Wormhall (1711-) daughter of Joshua, baptised 27 Dec 1711 but miles away in Wakefield, Yorkshire?

 

Father Francis Birchall of Hatherton

Francis Birchall (1679-) son of Thomas baptised 30 Oct 1679 (1850126)

Grandfather Thomas Birchall (1642-) from the Mary Hewett clan   

Father Francis of Hatherton (1679-) baptised ???? William (1669-) had a cousin?
Father Francis (1679-) son of Thomas, baptised 30 Oct 1679 Wybunbury (1850126)
Thomas (1704-) son of Francis baptised 28 Sept 1704 (1850126)
Robert (1708-) son of Francis baptised 9 May 1708 Wybunbury (1850126)
Francis (1711-) son of Francis baptised 11 Sept 1711 (1850126)

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William & coThe Birchall tribe we need to investigate?

Our DNA match was William Birchall (1669-1728) son of Thomas, baptised on 15 March 1669 Wybunbury (1850126)
married
Ellinor Madew (1674-1760) 18 April 1693 Wybunbury (1850126 Madgere) when he was 24 and Ellinor 19 yeas old.
died
31 Dec 1728, aged 59 still in Wybunbury (1850126)

So who was William's dad Thomas Birchall (1641-)?

Thomas Birchall (1641-)

Father Thomas Birchall (1641-) was AWOL in Wybunbury in 1641 ... but TWO Thomas Birchalls appeared in Wybunbury in the 1660s with the interesting FHL film no (1850126) -
1. Thomas Birchall (-) married Winifride Mooreton (-) 14 Oct 1662 Wybunbury (1850126)
2. Thomas Birchall (-) married Mary Hewett (1638-1710) 29 Sept 1666 Wybunbury (1850126

Thomas Birchall (1676-) son of Thomas baptised 21 May 1676 Wybunbury (1850126) ... 7 years younger than our William ... his brother? 

 William Birchall (1679-) son of William baptised 26 June 1679 Wybunbury (1850126) ... 10 years younger than our William ... his cousin? ... did Thomas (1641-) have a brother born in Wybunbury? ... who were these guys?

BUT two Thomas Birchall hailed from just north of the river in Lancashire? Were they cousins? Did one of them have a son 'our' William Birchall (1669-1728)?

1st Dad Thomas was Thomas son of William ... baptised 1642 Upholland married 1662 or 1666 in Wybunbury ... Upholland via Ashton-in-Makerfield to Winwick 12 miles
... the dates & locations fit with 'our' young William named after his Granddad?   

2nd Dad Thomas was Thomas son of Thomas ...

 baptised 1642 Winwick married 1662 or 1666 in Wybunbury ...
... the dates & locations fit with 'our' young William named after his Dad?

Grandfather Thomas was also son of Thomas - baptised 1591 Winwick married Anne Milner Blackbourne 1608 in Winwick 

Thomas Birchall (1591-1657) baptised
married Anne Milner (1587-1677)  ...
children -

Elizabeth Birchall (1609-)

Jeffrey Birchall (1610-)  

John Birchall (1613-) married Alice Wren (-) 

William Birchall (1614-) married Elizabeth Ashton OR Marie Davenport

Anne Birchall (1617-) married William Greenhalgh

Ellene Birchall (1618-)  

Thomas Birchall (1619-) married Jane Lowe

Soooo ...  two possible candidates for Thomas Birchall (1641-) the father of our DNA match William Birchall (1869-1728) were baptised in 1642, not in Wybunbury but in Winwick (and Upholland just north through Ashton) both married in 1634 in Winwick and both were cousins having the same grand father Thomas Birchall (1591-).

Two Thomas cousins were born in Lancashire married and had families in Wybunbury ... two fathers the brothers William & Thomas married in Winwick ... but one Grandfather of both Thomas son of William & Thomas son of Thomas? Sounds interesting and plausible but we haven't a clue whether it is biologically correct ... but for sure some Birchalls with a sample from the Birchall gene pool did move through this lineage ... so the story was worth telling. 

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Enter Winifred Moreton & Mary Hewett?        

Thomas Birchalls in Wybunbury don't look like one family ... there were two Thomas Birchalls around Wybunbury around 1650?

 The 1st Thomas (1642-?) married Winfred Moreton in 1662 and the 2nd Thomas (1642-?) married Mary Hewett in 1666. 

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Thomas UphollandCandidate 1 Thomas Birchall (1642-1711) son of William baptised 13 Jan 1642 in Upholland, Lancashire. 
Father William Birchall (1614-) son of Thomas baptised 15 Jan 1614 Winwick (& baptised 15 Jan 1614 Cheshire) married Mother Elizabeth Ashton (1614-) 27 April 1634 Cheshire. William & Elizabeth were both 20 years old.
Elizabeth Ashton Daughter of John baptised 4 July 1614 Winwick (& baptised 4 July 1614 Cheshire)

NB William baptised 15 Jan 1614 Winwick AND 15 Jan 1614 Cheshire - Elizabeth baptised 4 July 1614 Winwick AND 4 July 1614 Cheshire. Winwick in Lancashire County but in the Chester Diocese for the Bishops Transcripts? The Winwick Wybunbury Birchalls were well mixed up? 

Elizabeth's Dad was John Ashton (-)   
(William Birchall (1614-) was unlikely to have married married Marie Davenport (1622-) 2 June 1638 Stockport ... part of the Stockport gang not ours?)

Thomas Birchall son of William died 13 July 1711 Wybunbury ... our 'young' William was 42 when this Thomas died?

Thomas Birchall son of ? died 15 Feb 1711 Cheshire ... who was this?

Thomas Birchall (-1692) died 23 May 1692 Wybunbury? ... and with quaint spellings died 23 May 1692 Wibunbury?

Thomas Birchall deaths - 21 Aug 1663 - 23 Nov 1673 - 16 Dec 1675, son of Robert, Audlem - 18 March 1681 - 4 Sept 1684 - 17 Aug 1693?

Winifred MoretonThomas Birchall (1642-) son of William
married Winifred Moreton (1639-) 14 Oct 1662 Wybunbury (1850126
Winifred Moreton (1639-) daughter of Randle, baptised 25 March 1639 Wybunbury 
Randle Moreton (1610-84) son of Richard baptised 16 May 1610 Wybunbury married Ellen Greene (-) 2 May 1635 Wybunbury died 22 Sept 1684 Wybunbury ... Yeoman of Hatherton left a will inventory in 1684
... looks like this family may have introduced the 'Randle' & 'Francis' names into the Birchall tribe? ... can confirming DNA be found in the Moreton family?
Francis Moreton (1635-) son of Randle baptised 31 Jan 1635 Wybunbury ... Winifred's older brother?
Randle Moreton (1640-) son of Randle baptised 1 Jan 1640 Wybunbury ... Winifred's younger brother? ... married Ellen Bromall (-) 7 May 1672 Wybunbury

Children of Thomas Birchall and Winifred Moreton in Wybunbury -

1 Winifred Birchall (1665-) daughter of Thomas, baptised 7 May 1665 in Wybunbury ... named Winifred after her mother?

2 Thomas Birchall (1667-) son of Thomas, baptised 24 Oct 1667 in Wybunbury (1850126) ... named after his father?
Thomas married Sarah Steedman (-) 24 August 1691 Acton, Nantwich ?
Thomas married Elizabeth Hind (-) 11 Feb 1692 Cheshire ?
Thomas married Ann Gerard (-) 17 Feb 1693 or 94 Winwick Cheshire ?
Thomas married Jane Pearcey (-) 2 Aug 1703 Winwick ?
Thomas Birchall (-1692) died 23 May 1692 in Wybunbury?

3 William Birchall (1669-) son of Thomas baptised on 15 March 1669 in Wybunbury ... looks like a family?  
married Ellinor Madew (1674-1736) 18 April 1693 Wybunbury ... this looks like our DNA match?

4 Randle Birchall (1673-) son of Thomas baptised Sept 1673 Wybunbury ... named after Randle Moreton (1610-84) Winifred's dad?
Randle Birchall (1673-) married Ellen Clay (-) 21 Dec 1697 Wybunbury
Sarah Birchall (1704-) daughter of Randle baptised 20 March 1704 Wybunbury married William Sutton 2 Feb 1732 Wybunbury

4 Thomas (1673-) son of Thomas

5 Thomas (1676-) son of Thomas, married Margaret in 1698 ??

6 Ann Birchall (1676-) daughter of Thomas, baptised 25 July 1676 in Wybunbury?

7 Francis (1679-) son of Thomas,
married Mary Henbury (-) in 1703 ... son Francis (1708-)

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Thomas WinwickCandidate 2 - Thomas Birchall (1642-?) son of Thomas baptised 6 Feb 1642 in Winwick, Lancashire 
Father Thomas Birchall (1619-) son of Thomas baptised 14 Nov 1619 Winwick married Mother Jane Lowe (1622-) 15 Feb 1642 Winwick, Tom was aged 23, Jane 20.  
Jane Lowe Daughter of James baptised 27 Oct 1622 Winwick ... good age when married? This Jane Lowe had the same film number for her baptism and marriage 1469061 

 But Jane Birchall (-1672) Wife of Thomas died 27 Oct 1672 Cheshire ... did she move to Cheshire?

Thomas Birchall (1642-) son of Thomas
married Mary Hewett (1638-1710) on 29 September 1666 Wybunbury (1850126).
Mary Hewett (1638-1710) daughter of ?? baptised 13 Oct 1638 Audlem, south of Nantwich, Cheshire ... but was this dusty relic our Thomas?  

John Huet (-) married Ersula Rutter (-) 1 July 1628 Audlem ?

Mary Hewitt (-) daughter of John Hewett & Ellen died 22nd April 1723 Barthomley ... who was this?

Mary HewettChildren of Thomas Birchall and Mary Hewett in Wybunbury -

1 Mary Birchall (1667-) daughter of Thomas, baptised 28 July 1667 in Wybunbury ... named Mary after her mother?
Mary Birchall (-1693) daughter of Thomas, died 17 Aug 1693 in Wybunbury?

2 Elizabeth Birchall (1669-) daughter of Thomas baptised 30 January 1669 Wybunbury   

3 Thomas Birchall (1676-) son of Thomas, baptised 21 May 1676 Wybunbury? married around 1690-1700?
Margaret Birchall (-1698) wife of Thomas, died 19 Feb 1698 OR 19 Feb 1697 in Wybunbury??
Thomas Birchall (1704-) son of Thomas, baptised 28 Sept 1704 in Wybunbury?

4 Francis Birchall (1679-) son of Thomas baptised 30 Oct 1679 Wybunbury married Mary Henbury (-) 21 Sept 1703 Wybunbury
Mary Daughter of Robert baptised 3 May 1699? wrong!

Children of Francis & Mary -

1 Thomas Birchall (1704-) son of Francis baptised 28 Sept 1704 Wybunbury married

(Thomas Birchall (1704-) son of Thomas baptised 28 Sept 1704 Wybunbury ... two for the price of one??)

2 Robert Birchall (1708-) son of Francis of Hatherton baptised 9 May 1708 Wybunbury married Jane Higginson (1718-) 26 Dec 1734 in Wybunbury (1850126).
Jane Higginson (1718-), Daughter of William, baptised on 31 May 1718 Wybunbury. Only 16 when she was married? Robert was 26 Jane 10 years younger?

3 Francis Birchall (1711-) son of Francis baptised 11 Sept 1711 Hunsterson, Wybunbury

Francis Birchall (-1712) died 10 May 1712 Wybunbury  

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Randle Birchall (1723-65) son of Thomas & Mary Hewett mob OR son of Thomas & the Winifred Moreton mob ?????????????

Randle Birchall was the son of Thomas Birchall.
Born 11 Apr 1723 in Ashton in Makerfield, Lancashire, Englandmap
son of Thomas Birchall and [mother unknown]
Baptism 21 Apr 1723 St Thomas, Ashton in Makerfield, Lancashire, England [sibling(s) unknown]
Husband of Sarah Hill — married 24 Jun 1743 in St. Oswald, Winwick, Lancashire, Englandmap
Father of Isabella (Birchall) Littler, Thomas Birchall, Sarah Birchall, Mary Birchall and James Birchall
Died about 1765 in Sutton, Lancashire, England map
Marriage - Randle Birchall - of Ashton married Sarah Hill - of Ashton - Married by Banns
24 Jun 1743 St Oswald, Winwick, Lancashire, England

Descendants
Isabella (Birchall) Littler ancestors descendants (22 May 1744 - 26 Mar 1818) m. John Littler (abt 1740 - Jan 1807) on 29 Jan 1765.
Margaret Littler ancestors (22 Mar 1765)
Thomas Littler ancestors descendants (15 Jun 1771 - Jul 1832) m. Martha Haselden (30 Nov 1777 - 31 Mar 1838) on 17 Jul 1796.
James Littler ancestors (06 Mar 1797 - 1798)
Margaret Littler ancestors (13 Apr 1799)
Thomas Littler ancestors (05 Dec 1801)
Martha Littler ancestors descendants (15 Feb 1803) m. Richard Blinstone (09 Jun 1799 - 08 Jun 1880).
Thomas Blinstone ancestors (19 Oct 1822 - Nov 1822)
Susanna Blinstone ancestors (14 Jan 1824) m. William Greenall (1822) on 20 Jul 1846.
Jane Blinstone ancestors (25 Jul 1826 - 03 May 1844)
Samuel Blinstone ancestors descendants (06 Mar 1829 - Jan 1879) m. Jane Heyes (1831 - Mar 1882) on 11 Sep 1848.
Martha Blinstone ancestors (26 Sep 1850 - Sep 1873)
Richard Blinstone ancestors descendants more descendants (05 Jul 1859)
Elizabeth Blinstone ancestors (09 Dec 1863)
Jane Blinstone ancestors (25 Jul 1866 - Mar 1872)
Margaret Blinstone ancestors (06 Mar 1831 - Jul 1832)
Margaret Blinstone ancestors descendants (29 Jun 1833) m. Robert Shackell (1838) on 9 Nov 1873.
Richard Blinstone ancestors (01 Oct 1854 - 22 Dec 1855)
Elizabeth Blinstone ancestors (20 Jan 1836)
Catherine Littler ancestors (21 Jan 1805)
Mary Littler ancestors (08 Apr 1807)
Robert Littler ancestors (01 Feb 1810)
Matthew Littler ancestors (12 May 1812) m. Mary Jane Strong (27 Aug 1813 - 01 Dec 1860) on 3 Aug 1834.
Ruth Littler ancestors (18 Sep 1814)
John Littler ancestors (22 Aug 1816)
Ellen Littler ancestors (25 Mar 1820)
Grace Littler ancestors (01 Jul 1822)
Sally Littler ancestors (29 Oct 1773) m. Thomas Partington (1771) on 24 Dec 1793.
Betty Littler ancestors (16 Mar 1776 - 01 Sep 1849)
Richard Littler ancestors (11 Aug 1778 - 03 Dec 1853)
Molly Littler ancestors (09 Feb 1783 - 1831)
William Littler ancestors (08 May 1785 - 1811)
Thomas Birchall ancestors (18 Sep 1746)
Sarah Birchall ancestors (27 Jun 1753)
Mary Birchall ancestors descendants (14 Sep 1755 - 03 Sep 1822)
Joseph Littler ancestors descendants (10 Aug 1783 - 28 Jun 1842)
Anne (Littler) Cunliffe ancestors descendants (02 Jun 1812 - 23 May 1869) m. Thomas Cunliffe (abt 1811 - 29 Nov 1866) on 13 Oct 1833.
Charles Cunliffe ancestors descendants (04 Aug 1850 - 17 Dec 1919) m. Catherine Davies (18 Feb 1855 - Sep 1933).
John Cunliffe ancestors descendants more descendants (22 Jan 1882 - 24 Oct 1957)
James Birchall ancestors (1758)

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Enter the Debanks of Leek       

1. Thomas Birchall (1641/2-) married Winifride Mooreton (-) of Wybunbury 14 Oct 1662 Wybunbury (1850126)

2. Thomas Birchall (1641/2-) son of Thomas married Mary Hewett (1638-1710) of Audlem 29 Sept 1666 Wybunbury (1850126)  Audlem to Wybunbury 5.5 miles
Mary Hewett (1638-1710) daughter of ?? baptised 13 Oct 1638 Audlem, south of Nantwich, Cheshire ... confirmed Audlem ... but which Thomas Birchall was this dusty relic?  

 

John Birchall (-1707) snr son of ?? baptised ? around 1640/50? married ?1670/80?
died 24 June 1707 in Blakenhall Wybunbury? ... original confirmed John snr of Blakenhall Wybunbury

Was this John son of Hewett or son of Moreton?

 John Birchall (1687-) son of Hewitt Wybunbury - son of Thomas Birchall (1641-) married Mary Hewitt of Audlem? Or John Birchall (-) son of Moreton Wybunbury - son of Thomas Birchall (1641-) married Winifred Moreton of Wybunbury?

John Birchall jnr (1675-1754) son of John of Blakenhall baptised 23 August 1675 Wybunbury ... original confirmed John son of John ... 
married Ann Darbank (-) from Leek 27 Dec 1705 Wybunbury (1850126) one of our lot ... or the Mary Hewitt gang see below?  ...
... the old original from St Chads Wybunbury revealed ... John Birchall Junior of Blakenhall and Ann Dabank of the Parish of Leek  ... and the remnants of the license ...

John Birchall jnr (1675-1754) died 20 May 1754 Wybunbury ... confirmed will/probate list, 'Birchall, John of Blakenhall, gentleman 1754 ... will transcribed ... original will pg1 and will pg2 ... confirming wife Susanna, daughters Ann Tomkinson, Elizabeth Corn, grand daughter Elizabeth Cope     

(NOT John Birchall (1679-) son of Thomas, baptised 5 Feb 1679 Wybunbury ... ??
and NOT maybe John Birchall (1679-) son of John baptised 25 May 1679 Winwick, Cheshire ... confusion this John son of John was born in Winwick Cheshire??)

Ann Debank (-) daughter of Symon & Mary baptised ??               OR Hanna Debanke (1678-1777))?

(NOT Ann Debank (1694-) daughter of William & Mary bapisted 9 March 1694 Barton-under-Needwood, Staffs ... was too young married at only 11 years old?)

 

Symon Debank snr (-) ?

Symon Debanke Will

Symon Debank (<1660-1701) son of Simon baptised ?
married Mary Ousnam (-) 4 June 1678 Leek ... Mary daughter of John baptised 4 Dec 1660 Eccleshall, Staffs ... again ... 
children -

Symon Debank (1686-) son of Simon baptised 22 Feb 1686 Leek ... (0872641) ... (1040765) ... Symon Debank (-) son of Symon & Maria baptised 22 Feb 1685 Leek St Edwards?

John Debank (~1670-) son of Simon baptised ?
married Jane Ward (-) 25 Feb 1689 Leek
children -

Richard Debank (1722-) son of John & Jane baptised  9 Jan 1722 Leek St Edwards ... original suggests 'Jana' was Jane! ...

Jane Debank (1726-) daughter of John & Jane baptised 9 June 1726 Leek St Edwards

Richard Debank (1727-) baptised Jan 1727 Leek

Simon Debank (1730-) son of John & Jane baptised  10 March 1730 Leek St Edwards ... or baptised 10 April 1730 Leek?
married Elizabeth Birtles (-)

Did this Debanke family branch lead to Jane Debank (1772-1840) who married William Sneyd (-)? This family moved in interesting circles and knew Joseph Banks, Erasmus Darwin and other famous people?

John Sneyd 1833-61-- Jane Debank (1772-) daughter of Symon & Elizabeth baptised  14 Feb 1772 Leek St Edwards ... or baptised 11 Feb 1772?
married William Sneyd (-) 30 April 1796 Leek St Edwards ...

-- -- William Debank Sneyd (1797-1825) son of William & Jane baptised 27 Nov 1797 
Matriculated at Brazenose College, Oxford 6 June 1816 aged 17 son of William of Barrow Hill, Stafford.
died 1825 intestate, a batchelor, and his father William Sneyd (-) left an affidavit which confirmed the death of his son 30 May 1825 Cheddleton ... just 27 years old.

(???????children John Carew Sneyd (-) - Ralf Sneyd (-) - Thomas Sneyd (-) - Clement Sneyd (-) - Henry Sneyd (-) - Mary Sneyd (-) ??????)

John Sneyd (1833-61) son of ? baptised 1833 ?
died 1861 was Vicar of Ipstones

Anne Debank (-)
married John Birchall (1675-1754) Wybunbury 27 Dec 1705 Wybunbury (1850126) one of our lot ... or the Mary Hewitt gang see below?

Martha Debank (-)

Roberta Debank (-)

Sarah Debank (-)

Symon died in 1701 and left a will transcribed identifying - Wall Grange, Leek, wife Mary, son Symon, daughters Martha, Anne, Roberta & Sarah and son John and brother in law Thomas Olsnam?

Mary died in 1723 and left a will transcribed identifying - ?

John Debank (-1748) of Walgrange, Leek left will in 1748 ... original 1 ... original 2&3 ...

Where do these fit in -

Maria Debank (-) daughter of Symon & Maria baptised 12 July 1680 Leek St Edwards

Reberta Debank (-) daughter of Symon & Maria baptised 22 Feb 1685 Leek St Edwards

John Debank (-) son of Symon & Maria baptised 25 Feb 1688 Leek St Edwards 

Sara Debank (-) daughter of Symon & Maria baptised 25 Feb 1688 Leek St Edwards

John Debank (1728-) baptised May 1728 Leek

 

Jane DebankWho were the Debanks?
The Ashes, Endon, Staffs - Grade II listed on the English Heritage Register of historical significance. Built in the 17th century by the Bellot family.
Sir Thomas Bellot (1651-1699), MP representative for Newcastle-under-Lyme. Educated at University of Oxford, became a barrister. In 1675 married Susanna Packe. They had two sons and three daughters. Eldest son Sir John Bellot (1676-1714) inherited. In 1710 the property was sold to John Debank of Wall Grange.
In 1721 John Debank (-) married Jane Wade (-). Their eldest son Simon Debank (1730-1801) became the owner when John died. In 1771 he married Elizabeth Birtles (1750-1814). The notice of marriage read: 'On Monday last at Leek, Symon Debank Esq was married to Miss Birtles, an accomplished young lady with a fortune of £50,000'. The couple lived at 'The Ashes' and had one child Jane.
Jane Debank (1773-1840) married William Sneyd (1767-1851) in 1796 and 'The Ashes, Endon' was passed to the Sneyd family with her large inheritance which built Ashcombe Park? 
An article about her life and marriage was in the book called 'Staffordshire Women'.

From Leek by Faith Cleverdon indicated Simon Debank was farming Wall Grange in 1702, he had 'Twenty Eight hundred of Cheese' in his cheese chamber valued at £22 8s. Endon manor house appears to have been the moated site on low ground. To the south of the hamlet, reached by a causeway of Park Lane running between a lane known as Hallwater in 1495. Manor Farm was almost certainly the farm tenanted by John Tomkinson known as Hall Banks in 1607.

Dieulacres AbbeyWhere do the Birchall lot fit in?

Dieulacres Abbey moved from Poulton, Chester to the rich Churnet Valley near Leek. It was here that the first granges were built at Westwood, Foker, Birchall and Meerbrook. Birchall Grange produced foodstuffs for the community right up to the Dissolution. Little Birchall and Big Birchall were clear on modern maps where they now play golf, close to Wall Grange?  

British History on Line - Leek & Lowe offer 36 mentions of 'Birchall'

The monks of Dieulacres Abbey  had several granges in the landscape around Leek including at Birchall which stood approximately 2km to the south of the town. Documentary sources record that the grange at Birchall was still involved in both arable and animal husbandry by at least circa 1500. This mixed approach to agriculture would not have been unusual at such grange sites although documentary evidence does suggest that in general sheep and cattle farming was the principle activity undertaken
by the Abbey. The wealth of the abbey, however, was principally built upon wool until circa 1350.
The extent of the abbey's agricultural activities in the area around Leek undoubtedly had a huge impact upon the landscape. However, the Abbey's foundation charter (1214) did not include the open fields belonging to the town; although they acquired the entire manor upon the death of the earl of Chester in 1232. Maps show the known extent of the open fields associated with Leek as identified from the 19th century mapping.
The only field currently known is Leek Town Field which was mentioned in a late 16th century document. The town charter allowed each of the burgesses of the town 1 acre within the open fields; this is likely to have been spread across several open fields.
A watermill existed by the mid 12th century and is likely to have been located on the site of the extant Brindley's Mill. The watermill was granted to Dieulacres Abbey in the 1220s. The abbey had a further mill at Birchall to the south of Leek by the 13th century, although the precise location of this mill is currently unknown.
Farmhouses survive, although the earliest known are the two Grade II listed 17th century buildings of Fowlchurch Farm and Haregate Hall. Fowlchurch Farm may represent the site of one of Dieulacres Abbey's medieval granges as may the site of Big Birchall Farm. All of later development was constructed on a field system, whose origins are unclear, but which may be associated with the site of Birchalls Farm.
Documentary records suggest that the farmstead was originally established as a grange belonging to Dieulacres Abbey. An extant hollow way running between Birchall and Lowe (to the north east beyond the EUS area) may also be medieval in origin and associated with the grange. Birchall Farm was demolished in the 1920s.
There is the potential for below ground archaeological deposits to survive associated with the site of Birchall farmstead. Where development may result in the loss of these heritage assets (whether wholly or in part) archaeological evaluation and/or litigation may be required to record and advance the understanding of their significance.

A tree drawn in 1873 from Anastasia Saward showed a John Birchall had four daughters -
Ann Birchall 1707 daughter of John, Wybunbury *
Mary Birchall 1709 daughter of John, Wybunbury *
Elizabeth Birchall 1712 daughter of John, Wybunbury *
Sarah Birchall 1719 daughter of John, Wybunbury *

Ann Birchall (1707-76) daughter of John of Blakenhall baptised 14 Oct 1707 Wybunbury ... original ... married Rev Enoch Tomkinson (1704-) Curate of Middlewich 1 Nov 1832 Wybunbury ... original ...   
The Tomkinsons were big in Leek. Manor Farm, Endon was the farm tenanted by John Tomkinson known as Hall Banks in 1607. Ann's grandson Enoch Tomkinson (1777-1810) son of Thomas was an Attorney in Leek

Mary Birchall (1709-) daughter of John of Blakenhall baptised 8 Nov 1709 Wybunbury ... original ... married Thomas Cope (-) of Lea 26 Feb 1733 Wybunbury ... original ... 
daughter Elizabeth Cope (1791-) daughter of Mary & Thomas baptised 3 April 1791 Middlewich

Elizabeth Birchall (1712-) daughter of John of Blakenhall baptised 14 May 1712 Wybunbury ... original ...
married James Corn (-) 28 June 1744 Chester ... original identified James as a Mercer ...
James Corn (1710-) son of James baptised 11 Feb 1710 Wybunbury

Sarah Birchall (1719-) daughter of John of Doddington baptised 17 April 1719 Wybunbury ... original ... Blakenhall to Doddington 1 mile
married  ... original ...

Quagmire - Johns & son of Johns -   

John Birchall (-1679) son of Thomas, died 15 Feb 1679 in Wybunbury? ... so who was this? ...  

Ann Birchall (-1725) wife of John died 11 May 1725 Wybunbury ? 

... and on the same page as the marriage of John and Ann Dabank ... Mary Birchall (-)
married 31 Dec 1705 Hugh Breeze (-) of Bridgemere (1850126) Mary was one of our Wybunbury lot!
and  ... Mary Birchall (1667-) daughter of Thomas, baptised 28 July 1667 in Wybunbury? ...

John Birchall (-) married Ann Thurland (-) from Audlem 22 Sept 1732 in Blakenhall Wybunbury?

Hannah Birchall (-) daughter of John, married William Lightfoot (-) 11 Feb 1834 Nantwich ... a Tailor?  

Elizabeth Birchall (-) married Charles Twiss 12 Oct 1755 ... original ... witnesses Isaac Wolfe, Thomas Davies, James Sutton ... 

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Randle Birchall (1723-65) son of Thomas & Mary Hewett mob OR son of Thomas & Winifred Moreton mob ??????????????
Descendants
Isabella (Birchall) Littler ancestors descendants (22 May 1744 - 26 Mar 1818)
married John Littler (1740-1807) on 29 Jan 1765.
Margaret Littler ancestors (22 Mar 1765)
Thomas Littler ancestors descendants (15 Jun 1771 - Jul 1832) m. Martha Haselden (30 Nov 1777 - 31 Mar 1838) on 17 Jul 1796.
James Littler ancestors (06 Mar 1797 - 1798)
Margaret Littler ancestors (13 Apr 1799)
Thomas Littler ancestors (05 Dec 1801)
Martha Littler ancestors descendants (15 Feb 1803) m. Richard Blinstone (09 Jun 1799 - 08 Jun 1880).
Thomas Blinstone ancestors (19 Oct 1822 - Nov 1822)
Susanna Blinstone ancestors (14 Jan 1824) m. William Greenall (1822) on 20 Jul 1846.
Jane Blinstone ancestors (25 Jul 1826 - 03 May 1844)
Samuel Blinstone ancestors descendants (06 Mar 1829 - Jan 1879) m. Jane Heyes (1831 - Mar 1882) on 11 Sep 1848.
Martha Blinstone ancestors (26 Sep 1850 - Sep 1873)
Richard Blinstone ancestors descendants more descendants (05 Jul 1859)
Elizabeth Blinstone ancestors (09 Dec 1863)
Jane Blinstone ancestors (25 Jul 1866 - Mar 1872)
Margaret Blinstone ancestors (06 Mar 1831 - Jul 1832)
Margaret Blinstone ancestors descendants (29 Jun 1833) m. Robert Shackell (1838) on 9 Nov 1873.
Richard Blinstone ancestors (01 Oct 1854 - 22 Dec 1855)
Elizabeth Blinstone ancestors (20 Jan 1836)
Catherine Littler ancestors (21 Jan 1805)
Mary Littler ancestors (08 Apr 1807)
Robert Littler ancestors (01 Feb 1810)
Matthew Littler ancestors (12 May 1812) m. Mary Jane Strong (27 Aug 1813 - 01 Dec 1860) on 3 Aug 1834.
Ruth Littler ancestors (18 Sep 1814)
John Littler ancestors (22 Aug 1816)
Ellen Littler ancestors (25 Mar 1820)
Grace Littler ancestors (01 Jul 1822)
Sally Littler ancestors (29 Oct 1773) m. Thomas Partington (1771) on 24 Dec 1793.
Betty Littler ancestors (16 Mar 1776 - 01 Sep 1849)
Richard Littler ancestors (11 Aug 1778 - 03 Dec 1853)
Molly Littler ancestors (09 Feb 1783 - 1831)
William Littler ancestors (08 May 1785 - 1811)
Thomas Birchall ancestors (18 Sep 1746)
Sarah Birchall ancestors (27 Jun 1753)
Mary Birchall ancestors descendants (14 Sep 1755 - 03 Sep 1822)
Joseph Littler ancestors descendants (10 Aug 1783 - 28 Jun 1842)
Anne (Littler) Cunliffe ancestors descendants (02 Jun 1812 - 23 May 1869) m. Thomas Cunliffe (abt 1811 - 29 Nov 1866) on 13 Oct 1833.
Charles Cunliffe ancestors descendants (04 Aug 1850 - 17 Dec 1919) m. Catherine Davies (18 Feb 1855 - Sep 1933).
John Cunliffe ancestors descendants more descendants (22 Jan 1882 - 24 Oct 1957)
James Birchall ancestors (1758)

Randle Birchall
Born 11 Apr 1723 in Ashton in Makerfield, Lancashire, Englandmap
son of Thomas Birchall and [mother unknown]
[sibling(s) unknown]
Husband of Sarah Hill — married 24 Jun 1743 in St. Oswald, Winwick, Lancashire, Englandmap
Father of Isabella (Birchall) Littler, Thomas Birchall, Sarah Birchall, Mary Birchall and James Birchall
Died about 1765 in Sutton, Lancashire, Englandmap

Randle was the son of Thomas Birchall.
Baptism
21 Apr 1723 St Thomas, Ashton in Makerfield, Lancashire, England
Randle Birchal - son of Thomas Birchall
Born: 11 Apr 1723
Register: Baptisms 1698 - 1764, Page 48, Entry 18
Source: LDS Film 1885657
Marriage
24 Jun 1743 St Oswald, Winwick, Lancashire, England
Randle Birchal - of Ashton
Sarah Hill - of Ashton
Married by Banns
Register: Marriages 1733 - 1754, Page 23, Entry 15
Source: LDS Film 1655876


NB Thomas Birchall (-1776) of Checkley Brook, Bridgemere died 8 Feb 1776 and BROTHER Robert died 25 Feb 1776 Bridgemere ... two Birchall brothers of Bridgemere died in the same month ... that should make things easy??

Robert Birchall son of Robert died 19 October 1721 Audlem

Elizabeth Birchall (-) daughter of Thomas, labourer married Thomas Sandwith (-) 11 April 1883 Irlam Lancs   

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Winwick to Wybunbury Conundrums & Johannis Berchall of Winwick    

Remember TWO Thomas Birchalls appeared in Wybunbury in the 1660s with the interesting FHL film no (1850126) -
1. Thomas Birchall (-) married Winifride Mooreton (-) 14 Oct 1662 Wybunbury (1850126)
2. Thomas Birchall (-) married Mary Hewett (1638-1710) 29 Sept 1666 Wybunbury (1850126

Two Thomas cousins were born in Lancashire married and had families in Wybunbury ... two fathers, the brothers William & Thomas, married in Winwick ... but one Grandfather of both Thomas son of William & Thomas son of Thomas? Sounds interesting and plausible but we haven't a clue whether it is biologically correct ... but for sure some Birchalls with a sample from the Birchall gene pool did move through this lineage ... so the story was worth telling. 

Perhaps - Robert Birchall (1747-1807), son of 38 year old Robert (1709-), son of 40 year old William (1669-) son of 28 year old Thomas (1641-), son of 27 year old William (1614-), son of 23 year old Thomas (1591-) ... son of Johannis Berchall ?

The mysterious Johannis was as good a place as any to start our search into these ancient possibilities ... we liked his name and John certainly produced a son Thomas in 1591.  

Thomas Berchall 1591Johannis Berchall ... was he the start of our traceable lineage? It didn't really matter 'cos we know that at some time, some Birchalls came down the salt road through Winwick and into Cheshire and we know that at some time, some Birchalls settled in Wybunbury ... at some stage the detailed sweep of history became irrelevant ... we were all cousins in any case.

Thomas Birchall (1591-1657) son of Johannis baptised 22 August 1591 Winwick ... (0844821) ...
married Anne Milner (or Blackborn) (1887-) 20 Feb 1608 Winwick, Lancashire ... Thomas was only 17 years old ... (0844821) ...
Anne Milner (1584-) baptised 4 April 1584 Winwick ... 26 when married?
Anne Milner (1587-1677) baptised 11 Jan 1587 Winwick ... 23 when married?
or
married Anne Blackborn (1586-) 4 Nov 1608  Lymm, Cheshire ... 22 when married
Anne Blackburn (1586-) daughter of James baptised 20 Nov 1586 Lymm

Let's start with 3 brothers, sons of Thomas -

Thomas and Anne had three sons, all born in Winwick on FHl ... (0844821) ... -

Elizabeth (1609-)
married James Walmisley

1 John Birchall (1612-) son of Thomas baptised 16 Aug 1612 Winwick ... (0844821) ...
married Alice Wren (1620-) 16 Oct 1635 Wigan
Alice Wren Daughter of ?? baptised ??

or
married Mar Neylar (-) 16 Feb 1634 Cheshire
Mary Naillier daughter of Edward baptised 18 Sept 1614 Winwick?

possible children -

William (1635-) son of John baptised 18 Feb 1635 Cheshire  

James (1639-1735)

Thomas? Birchall (1636-) son of John baptised ? Feb 1636 Cheshire  

William (1639-) son of John baptised 7 April 1639 Cheshire ...

other children of John - Alice 1668, Alice 1669, Sarah 1679, Peter 1667, Mary 1665, John 1679, George 1667, Anne 1667, Mary 1670, Ellen 1667, Ester 1678, William 1659, Henry 1676, Jane 1676 ... no Thomas ???,   

William Birchall 16142 William Birchall (1614-1657) son of Thomas baptised 15 Jan 1614 Winwick ... (0844821) ... 
married Elizabeth Ashton (1614-) 27 April 1634 Cheshire    Did William and Elizabeth move to Wybunbury?

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William BIRCHALL. He married Elizabeth Ashton on 27 Apr 1634 in Winwick, Lancashire. (ex Eleanor Chapman Ancestors)
Elizabeth and William had the following child:
---- John BIRCHALL was born on 21 Jan 1637 in Winwick, Lancashire (bapt). He died.
He married Margret Watt on 15 Apr 1666 in Winwick, Lancashire (bapt).

((or married Marie Davenport (1613-1658) 2 June 1638 Stockport 
Marie Davenport (1613-) was born in ?

William & Elizabeth had the following eldest child -

John Birchall (1637-) son of William baptised 21 Jan 1637 Cheshire
married Margaret Watt (-) 15 April 1666 Winwick?   

John BIRCHALL, son of William BIRCHALL and Elizabeth Ashton, was born on 21 Jan 1637 in
Winwick, Lancashire. He married Margret Watt 15 Apr 1666 Winwick, Lancashire.
Margret Watt and John BIRCHALL had the following children:
---- Jane BIRCHALL was born on 28 Jan 1676 in Winwick, Lancashire (bapt.). She died
in Jul 1747 in of Lathom, Lancashire. She married George HESKETH on 05 Dec
1700 in Ormskirk, Lancashire. He was born on 04 Apr 1675 in Ormskirk, Lancashire
(bapt.). He died. Ellen Hesketh, daughter of George HESKETH and Jane BIRCHALL, was born on 28 Sep 1712 in Burscough, Lancashire, England (bapt.) (of Scarisbrick). She died in Aug 1788 in Ormskirk, Lancashire, England
George HESKETH, son of Edward HESKETH, was born on 04 Apr 1675 in Ormskirk, Lancashire
(bapt.). He died. He married Jane BIRCHALL on 05 Dec 1700 in Ormskirk, Lancashire.
Jane BIRCHALL, daughter of John BIRCHALL and Margret Watt, was born on 28 Jan 1676 in
Winwick, Lancashire (bapt.). She died in Jul 1747 in of Lathom, Lancashire.
Jane BIRCHALL and George HESKETH had five children
---- Ester BIRCHALL was born on 16 Mar 1678 in Winwick, Lancashire (bapt.). She
died.
---- Sarah BIRCHALL was born on 25 May 1679 in Winwick, Lancashire (bapt.). She
died.
---- Rachel BIRCHALL was born on 27 Mar 1681 in Winwick, Lancashire (bapt.). She
died.

Thomas (1637-1711)
married Jane (1614-71)   
daughter Elizabeth (1663-1730) married John Simkin (1668-)

Thomas (1642-)


Anne Birchall (1617-) son of Thomas baptised 14 April 1617 Winwick 
married William Greenalgh (1607-) 13 Feb 1632 Winwick ... (1469061) ... Upholland? to Ashton-in-Makerfield 7 miles, to Winwick 12 miles ... Anne only 15  years old?

Ellene (1618-85)
married James Sumner (-)

3 Thomas Birchall (1619-78) son of Thomas baptised 14 Nov 1619 Winwick ... (0844821) ...
married Jane Lowe (1622/5-) 15 Feb 1642 Winwick ... (1469061) ...
son Thomas (1642-1712)

 

Thomas Birchall (1624-) baptised 24 October 1624, son of Thomas, in Cheshire ??? Was Winwick in Cheshire in 17th century?

Father Thomas (1591-) from Winwick was 33 when this young Thomas was born. One Thomas married Jane Lowe in Winwick in 1642 when he was 18 years old??? Sons of Thomas in Cheshire John 1663 & 1665, Elizabeth 1663, Katherine 1666, Samuel 1673?

Thomas Birchall 1642Thomas Birchall (1641-) was Thomas baptised in Upholland, Lancashire? Not found in Wybunbury, Cheshire? 

Thomas married Mary Hewett (1645-) on 29 September 1666 in Wybunbury.

Mary Hewett (1645-) was born in Audlem

Or Researcher Rod Birchall has Thomas (1641-) married to Winifride Mooreton (or Moorelowe?) on 14 Oct 1662 in Wybunbury (1850126).

Winifred Moreton (1639-) was baptised on 25 March 1639, Daughter of Randall, in Wybunbury. 

Winifred Birchall (1665-) Daughter of Thomas, was baptised 7 May 1665 in Wybunbury. Named Winifred after her mother?

 

 

Other Thomas Burials - Oct 39th 1624, son of James - July 23rd 1627 - Aug 8th 1632 - August 21st 1663 - November 23rd 1673 - Dec 16th 1675, son of Robert, Audlem - March 18th 1681 - Sept 4th 1684 - May 23rd 1692, Wybunbury - Aug 17th 1693?

Thomas Birchall (1612-) son of JAMES baptised 15 Feb 1612 Winwick ??

The chapel at Ashton was rebuilt in 1714 following a 1698 petition when prominent inhabitants petitioned the Rector of Winwick for a font to be placed in the chapel for the public baptism of infants. The signatories to this petition were -
Aurther Launder, Roger Rosbotham, Peter Cook, John Hey, John Birchall, Neamiah Joanes, William Newton, John Wallis, Ralph Johnson, Peter Lowe, William Sixsmith, James Winstanley Edward Marsh, John Knowles, James Johnson, Thomas Potter, John Lowe, Edmond Winstanley, Joseph Birchall, Thomas Lowe, Thomas Lowe, Thomas Johnson, John Darbishaire, William Marsh, Edward Houghton, Mathew Lowe, Edward Callon, James Chaddock, James Darbishaire, John Pendlebery, Thomas Gerard, John Birchall, John Lowe, William Hasleden, Bryon Lowe, Thomas Marsh, Raph Lowe, James Orrell, John Ashton, John Callon, James Naylor, William Johnson, James Lowe, John Layland, John Clark, Robert Naylor, Richard Hatton, William Arrowsmith, Nicholas Leech, William Whittel, Jeffrey Birchall, John Naylor, Thomas Richardson, Thomas Hasleden, James Cash. (no shortages of Lowes for Birchalls to marry)

 



Wybinbury St ChadsBefore Thomas Birchall (1641-) the farming Birchalls were stirring in Wybunbury Parish and surrounds -

Wybunbury St Chads - Nantwich Hundred, Union & Registration - towns Basford, Batherton, Blakenhall, Bridgemere, Checkley with Wrinehill, Chorlton, Doddington, Hatherton, Hough, Hunsterson, Lea, Rope, Shavington with Gresty, Stapeley, Walgherton, Weston, Wybunbury, Willaston.

Birchalls were there to be found in the Wybunbury records before 1641 but there were lots of them, including -

Father Thomas with children - John (1612-) - William (1614-) - Anne (1617-) - Thomas (1624-) - Alice (1625-) - Mary (1625-) - Thomas (1626-) - Elizabeth (1630-) - Ellen (1630-) ... he could be interesting?

Thomas Birchall (-) of Bridgemere left a will and a intriguing inventory in 1650? Was this our man?   

Thomas Birchall (?-1657) died 16 July 1657 Wybunbury of Blakenhall ... was this Thomas Birchall (1591-) son of Johannis Berchall baptised 22 Aug 1591 Winwick ... if this was 'our' Thomas he was aged 66 when he died? ... but ... WINWICK ... ?

Was there a Winwick to Wybunbury connection?

Prior to 1858 Winwick was in the Archdeaconry of Chester, in the Diocese of Chester for Bishops Transcripts and probate purposes. 

The modern Birchall surname density maps confirmed our origins. Lots of Birchalls moved down the ancient saltway since forever and some lingered in Winwick before crossing the river at Latchford into idylic Cheshire full of salt and rich pasture. The maps indicate a clear diaspora from Birtle, Bury, Wigan south east to Prescot and south west to Leigh and south south through Ashton and Winwick then over the river into Cheshire ... and on to Staffordshire. It was a slamdunk the Birchalls were in Winwick long before they settled in Wybunbury. Like many the Birchalls came down to Cheshire from Lancashire via Winwick as they converged on the Mersey crossing at Latchford, Warrington. Good broad roads run into Warrington from all directions as the ancient saltways converged on the river crossing. The road from Prescot, Whiston and the west passed the Sankey Brook by a bridge, to Sankey Street, Buttermarket Street, Irlam Street and Church Street. After passing St Elphins church and the road divides; the main road goes East to Manchester, and a northerly branch to Bolton. The Mersey identified the Lancashire/Cheshire border ... and separated ancient Anglo Saxon Mercia from Danelaw. Both Lancashire and Cheshire were over run with Birchalls.   
From the bridge over the Mersey a cross-road leads north, to Bridge Street, Horsemarket Street and Winwick Street, on to St Oswald's Winwick (Burtonwood & Croft) and on to Ashton & Wigan (Upholland, Hindley & Farnworth).
Mersey Street leads from the bridge north-east to Irlam Street. From this point Fennel Street and Battersby Lane lead north to Orford Hall. From Buttermarket Street, Bank Street and Academy Street lead down to Mersey Street, on this route stood the famous Warrington Academy.
Connections from Lancashire to the south and Cheshire were as old as salt. Thomas Blackburne (-1724) was a wealthy Cheshire salt merchant who purchased Orford Hall, Warrington, Lancashire (now Cheshire) in 1638.
It was also in Winwick where on the 19 Aug 1648 Oliver Cromwell defeated the Scottish Royalists at the Battle of Red Bank ... this raised the intriguing possibility that some Birchalls fled from the turmoil and joined family and friends in Wybunbury in rural Cheshire?
St Oswald's Church, Winwick, recorded in the National Heritage List as a designated Grade 1 listed building; an active Anglican parish church in the diocese of Liverpool, the archdeaconry of Warrington and the deanery of Winwick.
The church was heavily damaged in 1648 when Oliver Cromwell stationed his troops in the church.

Winwick St OswaldsSoooo ... long before 1641 Birchalls were thriving in Lancashire ... there was a lot more Birchall activity recorded in Winwick than in Wybunbury -

Winwick St Oswalds - West Derby Hundred, Warrington Union & Registration - towns Ashton-in-Makerfield, Croft with Southworth, Lowton, Newchurch, Newton-in-Makerfield later separate parishes and Arbury, Haydock, Houghton, Middleton and Arbury, Winwick with Hulme, Kenyon, Middleton, Myddleton, Risley, Hulme.

 

The possibilities were almost depressingly endless, there were many other Birchalls around Wybunbury & Winwick ... where did they all fit into our story?

 

Father Robert = ?? Birchall (1565-) Edmund (1595-) William (1607-)

Father John = ?? Birchall (1574-) Henry (1607-) Ellen (1607-) Alice (1607-) Jane (1624-) ? Birchall (1628-)

Father George = Ranulphus (1592-) Ann (1628-) Anne (1629-) 

Father Hugh = William Birchall (1603-) baptised Nov 1603 Wybunbury (1850126)

Father Henry = ?? Birchall (1604-) Ellen (1607-) Thomas (1612-)

Father Humphrey = Thomas (1604-) William (1615-) Alice (1624-) 

Father James = Richard (1610-) Jeffrey (1612-) Katherine (1617-) Ellen (1630-)

Father Oliver = Robert (1612-)

Father Thomas = John (1612-) - William (1614-) - Anne (1617-) - Thomas (1624-) - Alice (1625-) - Mary (1625-) - Thomas (1626-) - Elizabeth (1630-) - Ellen (1630-) ... he could be interesting?

Father William = Roger (1617-) Ann (1624-) Richard (1625-) John (1629-) Margaret (1614-) 

Father Davie = Robert (1624-) Ann (1625-) Thomas (1627-)

Father Roger = Thomas (1625-) James (1625-)  

Father Richard = ? (1595-) Mary (1628-)

Father Edmond = Ellen (1630-)  

Thomas Birchall was a popular name in Winwick ... before 1641 there were Fathers Johannis, George, Geffrey, Humphrey & Henry ... at least ...

Thomas Birchall (1595-) son of Geffrey baptised 20 Oct 1595 Winwick ... 

Thomas Birchall (1604-) son of Humfferye baptised 22 August 1604 Winwick ... 

Thomas Birchall (1612-) son of Henry baptised 7 Feb 1612 Winwick ... 

Thomas Birchall (-) married Anne Hazledine 24 April 1628 Winwick ...  

George Birchall was a popular name around Cheshire in the 17thcentury ... and intriguingly on the same burial page as Thomas Birchall (?-1657) above was George Birchall (?-1657) of Bridgemere was buried 13 July 1657 Wybunbury? ... and many others ...

George Birchall (-) married Alice Booth (-1649) 27 Feb 1608 Winwick. Alice Wife of George died 6 April 1649 Cheshire.

George Birchall (-) married Mary Peake (-) 11 June 1663 Cheshire.

James Birchall (-1736) son of George died 17 Aug 1736 Winwick

George Birchall died 24 May 1626 Cheshire ... and died 8 May 1695 Cheshire ... and died 24 Sept 1656 Cheshire ... and died 19 Oct 1677 Cheshire ... and died 14 Jan 1707 Cheshire.

Ranuphus Birchall (1592-) son of George baptised 29 March 1592 Sandbach

John (1621-) son of George & Elizabeth Dodd baptised 17 Sept 1621 Malpas ... John son of George died 25 Feb 1706 Cheshire
Ann (1629-) Daughter of George baptised 21 Sept 1629 Cheshire 

George (1635-) son of William baptised 31 May 1635 Cheshire

William Birchall (1664-) son of George baptised 29 April 1664 Lymm

Alice (-1717) Daughter of George died 1 April 1717 Woodchurch, Cheshire

Looks like a quagmire ...? ... Birchalls and their records in Winwick and Wybunbury were well mixed up ... a buggers muddle ...

 



but where do this lot fit in?

Thomas Birchall (1595-) son of John baptised 6 Jan 1595 Prescott 

William Birchall (1607-) son of Robert baptised 2 Feb 1607 Cheshire

William Birchall (1615-) son of Humphrie baptised 19 Nov 1615 Cheshire ... Humphrie ?

Thomas Birchall (1625-) son of Roger baptised 7 May 1625 Cheshire ...

Thomas Birchall (1632-) son of Robert baptised 27 July 1632 Winwick?

Thomas Birchall (1639-) son of Robert baptised 29 Sept 1639 Winwick?

William Birchall (1634-) son of William baptised 13 Nov 1634 Cheshire ...

William Birchall (1635-) son of William baptised 26 Aug 1635 Cheshire ...

William Birchall (1635-) son of Henry baptised Aug 1635 Cheshire ... Henry ?

William Birchall (1659-) son of John baptised 16 May 1659 Cheshire ... 

William Birchall (-) married Elizabeth Runkarn 20 Dec 1723 - Rachel Tunstall 20 Jan 1724 - Margaret Taylor 8 Oct 1733 -

John Birchall (1665-) son of Thomas baptised 28 May 1665 Cheshire

John Birchall (1704-) son of Thomas baptised 14 April 1704 Cheshire Ashton

(Thomas Birchall (1704-) son of Francis baptised 28 Sept 1704 Wybunbury married)

Robert Birchall (1698-) son of Robert baptised 9 May 1698 Cheshire?

Robert Birchall (1705-) son of Thomas, baptised 25 May 1705 in Cheshire?

John Birchall (1709-) son of Thomas, baptised 27 May 1709 in Cheshire?

There were also loose ends from the 1780s and our search for g-g-g-g-ganddad John Birchall (1780-1857) -

John Birchall (1783-) son of John, baptised 7 Sept 1783 Wybunbury 

John Birchall (1784-) son of Samuel, baptised 29 Feb 1784 Acton by Nantwich

John Birchall (1793-) son of Thomas, baptised  17 March 1793 of Wybunbury ?

John Birchall (-) married Joane Thomason Aug 1621 Cheshire

Thomas Birchall (-) married Katherine Crimes (-) 20 Sept 1640 Frodsham

Thomas Birchall (-) married Mary Balker 1758 Wybunbury

Thomas Birchall (-) married Margaret Becketi 1840 Liverpool ... father a Book keeper

John Birchall (-) married Ann Clarke (-) 10 Jan 1664 Cheshire 

John Birchall (1794-), labourer, married Sarah Saint (1791-) in 1814 in Sandbach? Witnesses Alice Saint and G Bate?

John Birchall (1797-), Silk Throwster, married Margaret Lowe (1797-) in 1820 in Sandbach? Witnesses Mary Birchall and Thomas Lowe.

 

Mary Birchall 14th Apr1771 Wybunbury Father John Birchall Hunsterston
Elizabeth Birchall 19th June 1774 Wybunbury Father John Birchall
Anne Birchall 12th Dec 1777 Wybunbury Father John Birchall Hunsterston
Martha Birchall 21st Dec 1779 Hunsterston Father John Birchall Hunsterston
John Birchall 7th Sep 1783 Hunsterston Father John Birchall Hunsterston

Thomas Birchall (-1624) son of James died 39 Oct 1624

Thomas Birchall (-1627) died 23 July 1627

Thomas Birchall (-1632) died 8 Aug 1632

Robert Birchall (1719-) son of Thomas, died 19 Oct 1719 Cheshire?

William Birchall (-1729) died 7 June 1729 Wybunbury ??

William Birchall (-1758) died 29 Jan 1759 Wybunbury ??

Ellen Birchall (-1679) Daughter of Thomas, died 19 June 1679 in Wybunbury?

Sarah Birchall (-1693) Daughter of Thomas, died 30 March 1693 or 30 March 1692 in Wybunbury?

Margaret Birchall (-1698) Wife of Thomas died 19 Feb 1698 Wybunbury? with quaint spelling Wibunbury?


The suggestions from Joe Pattinson detailing the early Birchall ancestors in Cheshire sparked some interesting research possibilities ...

Thomas Birchall (1641-) born in 1641 Wybunbury ... but there was no record in Wybunbury??

But his grandson son Robert Birchall (1709-), son of William, of Wybunbury seemed to link four Cheshire Birchall clans -

Thomas (1735-) and the Nantwich Birchalls - but this guy turned out NOT to be the Nantwich Clockmaker who was born 10 years earlier in 1725?

James (1741-) and the Sandbach Birchalls - John & Hannah Steele's lot Yeomen of Sandbach

Samuel (1743-) and the Wybunbury Birchalls - Lynda Burke's farmers of Brassy Hall & Crab Mill

Robert (1747-) and the Astbury Birchalls - John & Hannah Martin's lot Silk Men of the Mills   


Samuel BirchallThe Wybunbury Birchalls

Samuel Birchall (1743-1881)

This family was extensively researched by Lynda Burke - 'The Birchalls of Willaston'. ref GS 1850125 & GS 0924618IT. ref DFN 004011928.

Samuel Birchall (1743-1831) was baptised in Wybunbury, farmed at Brassey Hall, followed by his elder son Charles (1784-1839), then Charles' second son, Edward (1828-1899).

Samuel was baptised 27 May 1743 = married Mary Perrin who died Jan 8th 1812. In the same year Samuel married Jane Holding of Nantwich. Farmed at Brassey Hall. Samuel & Mary had 7 children - 

-- 1 Hannah Birchall (1778-1833) Daughter of Samuel & Mary, baptised 18 Oct 1778 (1786141)
married Joseph Wood (-) 3 Sept 1798 ... (1786141)
died 11 May 1833 Over, Cheshire aged 54 (1751483)
children -
Martha Wood (1803-75) married Thomas Ravenscroft (1792-1870)
son Stephen Ravenscroft (1844-1916) married Mary Jane Okell (1852-1946)
daughter Ada Ravenscroft (1893-1968) married William Kinsey (1879-1961)
kids John R (1918-94), Sybil (1922-2008) & AmyKinsey (1924-91) from the 1920s

-- 2 Alice (1780-1861) 13bAugust 1780 and married James Barratt

-- 3 Mary (1782-) 7 July 1782

-- 4 Charles (1784-1839) followed his dad at Brassey Hall.

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Charles Birchall (1784-1839) son of Samuel, baptised 19 September 1784 Wybunbury ... (0845115)
married Sarah Massey (-) 9 Oct 1805 Much Wenlock ... (918867) ... 

The SueW tree showed descendants not only of time and evolutionary Darwinism but also of the Wybunbury Birchells in Samuel (b1743) through to son Charles and his 4th daughter Alice of whom even Lynda Burke lost trace as they moved through Crewe to Walsall and eventually to the Wells family, farmers of Kingstanding.
 Harold Oliver Wells had a son John Harold Wells (b1932 in Ancestry DNA as John Wells) and Ian West married his firstborn Sue (b.1953) in 1981. We have two children Andrew and Jane, Jane has provided two grandchildren, Aimee and Ben.
Although daughter Jane has an Ancestry DNA record (Jane West) I managed to persuade John Wells to do so as well if only to jump the tracing up two generations.
Thru-Lines has given me 4 lines coming down from the children of Samuel Birchall (b.1731) with Stephen Hale, Francis Beckett and SB (S Bibby?) coming down through Hannah (b.1878) and Joanie Rice through Alice (b.1780). All as 5th cousins to John Wells. Do you recognise any of these? There are then a further 6 who come down through children of Charles (b.1784) who show as 4th cousins.
We are late joiners to your jazz and beer party it seems looking at the amount of work that has preceded us but Ancestry suggests at least 9 DNA Thru-Lines and a further 10 researchers who have traced their trees back to Samuel.
Just wanted to introduce ourselves really, and to thank you for the work that you have published.
In addition to this are a further dozen or so who (i) trace their lines back to Samuel (b1731) (ii) do not show in Thru-Lines possibly because they have not taken DNA tests. I cannot at present Identify you in any of these, but that does not stop us trying. Could we just be a generation too far away? We should be able to get to 8th cousins if we are lucky shouldn't we although Thru-Lines only goes back to 5th Great Grandparents which would be 6th cousins?

Charles and Sarah's 9 children -

1 Mary Ann (1806-86) - 2 Sarah (1809-96) - 3 Susanna (110-96) - 4 Alice (1812-54) - 5 Jane (1813-40) married Thomas Thornhill, a farmer of Crewe Green on 29 December 1835 - 6 Martha (1819-) - 7 Ester (1821-1902)

4 Alice (1812-54) 1st married William Wood (-) 8 Dec 1830 Whitegate ... (1894541) ... aged 20 ...
2nd married Edwin Smith senior (1818-88) ... their son
Edwin Smith junior (1852-94) ... had a daughter
Alice Maud Smith (1876-1936) who married Oliver Wells (1881-1951) ... thier son
Harold Oliver Wells (1906-67) son of Oliver & Alice Maud Smith (1876-1936), baptised 21 July 1906 Boldmere, Warwickshire, married Dorothy E Hays (1906-99) 1929 ... their son
John Harold Wells (1932-) dad a daughter Sue Wells (-) who married Ian West (-)

8 Charles Birchall (1825-1903) Charles' 1st son, Farmer of Willaston, Wybunbury married Jane Morrey (-) Spinster of Burland, Acton 26 Feb 1846 Acton ... original ...

9 Edward Birchall (1828-99) Charles' 2nd son followed him at Brassey Hall. In 1860 Edward purchased Dairy House Farm part of the Willaston Hall Estate. Edward's descendants continued to farm at Dairy House.
baptised 7 Nov 1828 Whitegate ... (1736167) ...
married Anne Pedley (-) 1851   
died  9 Dec 1899 Nantwich ... probate ...
Edward & Anne had a son
William Edward Birchall (1866-) baptised
first married Emma Hollingshead (1865-1902) ... died 8 Dec 1902 Sandbach aged 37  ... grave ...
second married Maria Jane Twigg (-) 1905 - 3 children
1911 census -

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-- 5 Mary (1787-) 25 February 1787 married John Williams on 3 September 1800 in Nantwich

-- 6 George (1789-1831) 23 August 1789 married Mary Austin (-). His son Samuel (1817-1892) took over from him at Crab Mill.

---   --- Samuel Birchall (1817-1892) was of the Crab Mill farm in Baddiley. Samuel married Mary Ravenscroft (-) in 1853.

George set up farming at the Crab Mill and his descendants continued to farm in several local farms. 
-- Elizabeth (1792-1868) 9 Feb 1787 married Joseph Moss (-)
Samuel and his two sons, Charles and George, with other family members, were buried in the same grave behind St Mary’s Church, Wistaston, near Nantwich.

Mary Birchall (1771-) Daughter of John baptised 14 April 1771 Wybunbury??

Wonderfully researched by Lynda Burke in The Birchall Family of Cheshire - Lynda Burke's 2002 research has been extensive and identified - Samuel Birchall (1743-1881) of Wybunbury as Lynda's (and Jean Davenport's) 5 x great-grandfather and their earliest known ancestor. The baptismal register of St Chad's Wybunbury gives his father's name as Robert, whose father was William, but nothing more was known.

The 1723 record of local Oaths of Allegiance to the Protestant Succession lists Birchalls in Newhall, Over Whitley, Halton, Lymm, Audlem, Appleton, High Legh, Tattenhall, Hutton and Barthomley. This suggests that we should look in one of these places for 'pre-Samuel (1743-1831)' Birchalls

The Audlem Birchall was William, a yeoman. Could he be our man? Could he be Samuel's grandfather? Possibly, as we know that a William Birchall did have a son called Robert. Again, this could be checked in Audlem (or Wybunbury) Parish Registers?

William (1670-) & Robert (1709-) both had six known children, Samuel (1743-1831) had 7 children. There are still relatives in the Nantwich area, but as near as Hatherton, Stapeley, Sandbach and Middlewich, hundreds of other Birchalls that we think must be connected but no one has the time, energy, persistence or money to do it? Lynda's cousin John Birchall (1946-) came across a book 'The Diary of a Victorian Squire' by David Verey. The book was a narrative with extracts from the diaries and letters of Dearman and Emily Birchall. They had a Caleb (of Leeds) in their tree ... one of Lynda's grandfather's brothers was a Caleb ... he lived to be 100 - 75 years a churchwarden. Lynda vowed to research the Caleb Birchalls!

Mary Birchall (1771-) Daughter of John baptised 14 April 1771 Wybunbury??

The Birchall Wills, a valuable resource?

Lawrence of Northwich left a will in 1672.


James Birchall The Sandbach Birchalls   

John Birchall (1779-1850) was a red herring during the search for 'our' John Birchall (1780-1857).

Our John was drawn to the exciting risks of the Silk Mills as cousin John became a respectable yeoman farmer.

But who was James Birchall the father of John Birchall (1779-1850) who married Hannah Steel? Where was he from? Who did he marry? When did he die? What brought him to Congleton? Was he a respectable yeoman farmer?

James Birchall (1741-1825) son of Robert of Bridgemere baptised 13 March 1741 Wybunbury (0924618) (see also James, son of Robert baptised 13 March 1740 Wybunbury  ... a transcription error?)
married Margaret Shaw (1742-1826) 23 June 1765 Brereton-cum-Smethwick, Sandbach, Cheshire, England ... original ... transcription - Brereton Register for the year 1765. James Burchall Sandbach Parish Margt Shaw of this Parish June 23rd 1765 - witness Peter Lingham ... again the register ...   
Wife Margaret, Daughter of John & Ann Shaw was baptised in Sandbach in 1742   
died 17 Jan 1825 Sandbach (1751912) aged 85. Margaret died just a year after James in 1826, aged 87?

This James was the father of John Birchall (1779-1850), son of James, who married Hannah Steele (1780-1832) and one of the earlier Sandbach Birchalls ... 

Yeoman of Sandbach James Birchall (1741-1825) wrote his will, originally in 1819, but he died in Sandbach on January 13th 1825, aged 85 years. The 1825 Will identified son John and recorded -
- Yeoman
- land at Sandbach Heath left to son John
- wife Margaret still alive.
- sons John and Samuel 
- John Dickinson, Cordwainer, William Peover, Butcher executors ... John Dickinson (1769-1829), Cordwainer of Sandbach, & son in law. William Peover (-), Butcher of Sandbach. Both John & William were found in Pigot's directory of Cheshire 1822/23 still practicing their trades.
- granddaughter Mary wife of William Lees 
- sons-in-law John Dickinson and John Hyde 
- Jas Colclough, Vernon Bloore, Samuel Cook witnesses 

The names Dickinson Lunt Colclough Hardern crop up regularly in the story of the Sandbach Birchalls ...

The seven children of James & Margaret the Sandbach Birchalls were -

1 Jane Birchall (1765-1847) baptised at Sandbach ...
married John Dickinson (1769-1829), Cordwainer, 17 Jan 1796. Sister Ann was a witness. Here's the Licence ...
John Dickinson died in Sandbach in 1829, aged 60 years. Charles Dickinson (1798-) of Sandbach, shoe manufacturer, was the nephew & executor of John Birchall (1779-1850). Jane died in Sandbach in 1847, aged 83 years.

2 Mary Birchall (1768-) baptised at Sandbach ...
married John Hyde, a Cotton Spinner, in 1792 in Stockport.

3 Hannah Birchall (1772-) baptised at Sandbach ...
married Richard Wainwright (-) in Sandbach in 1790. John Hilditch & elder sister Jane Birchall were witnesses. Daughter Mary Wainwright was born on November 7th 1790.  This was granddaughter Mary Wainwright mentioned in James' Will who married William Lees in 1816. Was Mary the first granddaughter?
1841 census identified Hannah Wainright (1772-) née Birchall living with younger brother Samuel (1782-) Taylor & wife Isabell in Manchester Hulme. Hannah died 3 May 1857 in Hulme.

4 Anne Birchall (1776-) baptised at Sandbach ... Ann 'Nancy' Birchall (1776-) aged 43, Spinster of Sandbach, 
married James Colclough (1791-1828) aged 26, Widower, Joiner,  14 Feb 1819 Sandbach (1751911) ... original ... licence ... and Joseph Fox licence (30 and upwards). Witnesses Thomas Colclough (1796-1863) brother ... and Sarah Dickinson (1796-1863) ... and looks like a 3rd witness Chas Dickinson (1798-1860) !
Sara & Charles were the children of John Dickinson (1769-1829) & Jane Birchall (1765-1847) ! 

(not married John Lowe (1774-) in 1804. Witness George Latham? John was baptised in Sandbach in 1774)

5 John Birchall (1779-1850) baptised at Sandbach, eldest son and heir ...
married Hannah Steele in 1804, Sandbach. Brother Samuel was a witness, with Thomas Dean? In 1841 60 year old Thomas Dean (1780-) was living at Malkin's Bank, Sandbach, Betchton? married Elizabeth Jones in 1808?

6 Samuel Birchall (1782-1863) baptised at Sandbach ...
married Isabella Turner (-) 1812 Market Drayton
The 1841 census identifies Samuel (1782-) a taylor & living with wife Isabell in Manchester Hulme. Hannah Wainright (1772-) née Birchall was living with her younger brother,
The 1851 census identifies Samuel as a Chelsea Pensioner married to Isabella (1783-1864) from Newcastle upon Tyne, Scotland (?), they were living at Wheelock Road, Sandbach. In 1861 Samuel & Isabella were living in the High Street, Sandbach. Samuel - 'Retiree (Army) and Keeper of Savings Bank'.
Samuel trained as a tailor and at 21 joined the Dragoon Guards in Manchester in 1804.
The Chelsea Pensioner records confirm Samuel's illustrious career serving His Majesty in the 85th Light Infantry rising to Sergeant before discharge at his own request in 1832 after 27 years service which included a stint in the Mediterranean !
Samuel died in Sandbach in 1863, aged 82. Isabella died in a year later in 1864.

7 James Birchall (1786-1842) baptised 12 March 1786 Sandbach ...
married Ann Williams (1788-1848) in 1814 in Nantwich. Ann was born in Wrenbury the daughter of Hugh & Mary. Witnesses were John Williams and Mary Wainwright. Mary was James' niece, daughter of his sister Hannah (1772-).

In 1841 census James 60 & Ann 50 were at Union Street, Sandbach with Maria (1821-) 15, Ann (1824-) 15, Emma (1827-) 14, Harriet (1831-) 10, & Louisa (1834-) 7. The eldest three girls were all working in silk throwing.

James died in Sandbach in 1842, aged 61? Ann died in 1848, aged 57?

Emma married William Loundes in Sandbach in 1849. Father James was described as a Wheelwright.

In 1851 Harriet was lodging in Arbourhay Street, Hurdsfield, Macclesfield, with Charles & Hannah Ridgway and daughter Prudence. Charles was a Silk Dyer and Harriet a Silk Winder.

In 1851 Louisa was lodging in Union Street, Sandbach, with William & Betsey Bingess and family. William was a master Cordwainer and Louisa had followed her sisters into silk.

Sam (1787-) son of John & Hannah baptised 17 Jan 1787 Nantwich ...  Christened in Nantwich???????


Thomas BirchallThe Nantwich Birchalls   

Thomas Birchall (1712-) son of William baptised 13 Aug 1712 Wybunbury (1850126) confirmed as part of the Wybunbury family! A 2nd Thomas for William & Ellinor after the 1st Thomas (1698-11) sadly died at only 13 in 1711? See above ...      
married Jane Aldersey (-) 16 April 1733 'Marriage licence was granted to Thomas Birchall of 'Namptwich' to Jane Aldersey of Barthomley' ... was this Thomas (1712-) he would have been 21 years old?
Did Thomas Birchall (1712-) move to Nantwich?

Of interest on the same page as Thomas Birchall (1712-) married Jane Aldersey (-) was a Mary Birchall (abt 1710-) of Wybunbury married Thomas Cope (-) of Lea 25 Feb 1733?
Mary Birchall (1709-) daughter of John baptised 18 Nov 1709 Wybunbury? See Quagmire ...

And where do this lot fit in?

 Thomas Birchall (-) married Jane Alderley (-) 14 April 1734 Warmingham, Sandbach (1551110) ... Warmingham near Sandbach. Hannah Steele's neck of the woods (1751911)

Jane Aldersey (1709-) Daughter of Caldecott, baptised 26 June 1709 Coddington?

Confusingly Mrs Jane Aldersey, widow, married Griffith Jones (-) Gent of Little Budworth 6 Jan 1736 in Coddington, Malpas?   

Thomas Birchall (-) died 15 June 1802 Wybunbury (1850127) ... aged 90? ... or died 10 April 1805 (1850127) ... which Thomases were these?  

Did his uncle Thomas Birchall (1712-) move to Nantwich?

(probably did not married Elizabeth Adams (-) 30 March 1752 Wybunbury ... Thomas aged 17 was a bit young?
But Thomas (-) son of William was a better bet ... see above)

Who? John Birchall (1796-) of Austerton, Nantwich married Ann Whittingham (1799-) daughter of John & Hannah of Acton 

 

 

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Who was Thomas the Clock!

Thomas Birchall (1735-) son of Robert Birchall (1709-) was not 'Thomas the Clock' of Nantwich, the renowned clock-maker? ... the birth date was wrong? Thomas the clock was born 10 years earlier in 1725.

So there were other Nantwich Birchalls ... the most famous was Thomas Birchall (1725-1812) who exercised his clock skills in Hospital Street, Nantwich around 1782-84 and repaired Wrenbury Church clock in 1774-75.

Thomas Birchall (1725-1812) the clock died 30 Nov 1812 Nantwich 87 years old making his birth date 1725. See 'Register of Nantwich Burials November 1812' -

Thomas Birchall clockmaker aged 87 30 Nov 1812

Thomas Birchall (1725-1812) son of ??? baptised ??? We can't find a birth in Wybunbury but he died 30 Nov 1812 Nantwich aged 87 ... (1786141) ... original ... and a newspaper cutting from the Birmingham Gazette 1787 ...
married Margaret Minshull (1720-) 3 Feb 1755 St Marys Nantwich ... (1786141) ... Margaret aged 34 ... witnesses were Samuel? Higginson & Thomas ? ... confirming Thomas the Clock was related to a HIGGINSON ... 
... and we know 'our' Jane Higginson was married to Robert Birchall in 1734 in Wybunbury

Robert Birchall (1708-) son of Francis of Hatherton baptised 9 May 1708 Wybunbury (1850126) also one of our Wybunbury lot ... original confirmed ... 
married Jane Higginson (1718-1811) 26 Dec 1734 Wybunbury ... (1850126) ...    

... this connects the Clock Maker to Robert Birchall (1708-) and Jane Higginson (1718-). 

But Thomas the Clock was not their son born in 1725 ... Robert & Jane were not married until 1734!

Maybe Thomas the Clock was their nephew, son of John?

Another Jane Higginson (-) married William Eccleston 2 Jan 1743 Sefton ...

Margaret Minshull was baptised 10 April 1720 Nantwich, daughter of Alexander.

Thomas & Margaret children -

Judith Birchall (1755-57) daughter of Thomas baptised 25 July 1754 Nantwich ... (1786141) ...

William Birchall (1755-) son of Thomas baptised 8 Dec 1755 Nantwich ... (1786141) ... wonderful original confirmation son of Thomas Clockmaker !! ... and again ...

NB married Ellen Yates (-) 25 Sept 1789 Prescott ... (1657584) ... original ... but husbandman?? not our William ??

Thomas & Mary Birchall (1756-) son of Thomas baptised 11 May 1756 Wybunbury ... (1850127) ... twins ... Nantwich Chester Clockmaker - apprentice to Thomas Halsall 19 Dec 1768? Maybe a nephew from Wybunbury apprenticed to a competitor?

Thomas Birchall (1786-) 1851 census Thomas watchmaker aged 65 with sister Judith aged 64 both unmarried made it to Derby!

Judith Birchall (1757-) daughter of Thomas baptised 31 July 1757 Nantwich ... (0845114/5) ...  

Margaret Birchall (1759-) daughter of Thomas baptised 23 Sept 1759 Nantwich ... (1786141) ... wonderful original confirmation so son of Thomas Clockmaker !!
married Richard Carter ?? ... did she  ??

Minshull Birchall (1760-) son of Thomas baptised 8 April 1760 Nantwich ... wonderful original confirmation so son of Thomas Clockmaker !!
married Elizabeth Yates (-) 31 March 1782 Whitmore, Staffs

Minshull & Elizabeth children -

-- Judith Birchall (1784-1853)

-- Thomas William Birchall (1786-1856) son of Minshull & Elizabeth baptised March 1785 Derby, Thomas Birchall (1785-1856) 6 Dec 1856 (aged 70–71) Nottingham Road Cemetery, Chaddesden, Derby Unitary Authority, Derbyshire. MEMORIAL ID 141139826 Thomas Birchall died of apoplexy on Saturday 6th December 1856 aged 71. William Hallam Birchall, Thomas' nephew and eldest son of Mr Minshull Birchall of St Mary's Wharf, Derby, died on 13th May 1861 aged 30.

-- Minshull Birchall (1792-1868) baptised
married Ann Hallam (1802-80) 24 June 1829 Stapleford, Notts  ... Coal Merchant born in Derby
children -
---- William Hallam Birchall (1830-61)  
---- Minshull Yates Birchall (1834-) ... sons Thomas Yates Birchall (-) & William Henry Birchall (-)
---- Thomas Birchall (1836-) married Elizabeth Hall (-) 22 July 1861 Derby
---- Edward Ward Birchall (1844-70) died 25 Oct 1870 Derby Coal Dealer unmarried age 26

Minshull died 13 Mat 1968 Derby ... probate record tied it up

Ann died 21 April 1880 Derby ... probate records tie it all together ...

NB William Minshall Birchall (1884 - 1941) - Marine-sailing ship artist, American born watercolorist from Cedar Rapids, Iowa who later chose to emigrate to England where he settled permanently in Hastings. From his studio there he painted well into the 20th century earning acclaim for his excellent style reminiscent of traditional 19th century marine painting.

In 1787 Thomas Birchall the Clock was 61 years old    

In 1797 Thomas the Clock, upwards of 70 years old, a widower, married Mary Latham (1757-) upwards of 40 year old, a spinster, in Nantwich. Mary was baptised 27 March 1757 in Nantwich Daughter of ?

There were three possible Thomas the clock candidates around Cheshire in 1725 -   

 Candidate 1 = Thomas Birchall (1725-) son of Robert (1708-) baptised ?? when Robert was only 17 ... not on too young?
married Elizabeth Adams (-) 30 March 1752 Wybunbury? (Elizabeth Birchall (-1767) spouse of Thomas Birchall (of Checkley?) died 27 Dec 1767 Wybunbury?)

NB This family were too young for Thomas & Elizabeth married in 1752 -

Mary (1782-) daughter of Thomas (labourer of Leighton?) & Elizabeth baptised 28 April 1782 Nantwich.

Sarah (1786-) daughter of Thomas & Elizabeth baptised 19 Feb 1786 Nantwich.

Joseph (1789-) son of Thomas & Elizabeth baptised 8 March 1789 Nantwich, named after granddad? This family was from Leighton.

Ann (1791-) daughter of Thomas & Elizabeth baptised 25 Sept 1791 Nantwich.

 

Candidate 2 = Thomas Birchall (1725-) son of John baptised 15 Sept 1725 Winwick, Ashton, Cheshire, born 30 Aug 1725.
Father John Birchall (1702-) son of John, baptised 5 Nov 1702 Cheshire married Mother Mary Eaton (-) 18 May 1725 Winwick, Cheshire ... son of John quagmire!

Candidate 3 = Thomas Birchall (1725-) son of Joseph baptised 25 Feb 1725 Winwick, Ashton, Cheshire, born 27 Feb 1725? 
Father Joseph Birchall (-) son of ? baptised ? married ? died

Joseph Birchall (1782-) son of Thomas of Ashton & Elizabeth baptised 2 Dec 1782 Wigan?

Was one of these guys our clockmaker?

 

Thomas Birchall (-) Clockmaker married Margaret Beckett (-) 10 Feb 1840 St Philips Liverpool. Witnesses Ann Birchall & Henry Aston. Father Thomas Birchall (-) Book Keeper. 

or

Thomas Birchall (1728-) son of William baptised 22 Sept 1728 in Wybunbury see above

Thomas Birchall (1729-) son of John baptised 13 Jan 1729 Cheshire?

Thomas Birchall (1729-) son of Nathan baptised 21 Dec 1729 Cheshire? 

Thomas Birchall (1733-) son of John baptised 22 April 1733 Wybunbury?

Thomas Birchall (1733-) son of John baptised 30 Sept 1733 Cheshire? 

Mary Birchall (1771-) Daughter of John baptised 14 April 1771 Wybunbury??

Samuel (1738-) son of Thomas & Elizabeth baptised 26 March 1738 Acton Nantwich ??

Elizabath (1740-) Daughter of Thomas & Elizabeth baptised 9 March 1740 Acton Nantwich ??

 

Family & BusinessBirchall Connections to Warrington?    

Business & Family during the Industrial Revolution by Hannah Barker described a fascinating trip through the towns of Manchester, Liverpool, Preston, Bolton, Salford, Blackburn, Warrington & Wigan ... all in the north west where industrialisation first took root. This was a cautionary tale of the risks and vagaries of urban commercial life for the family firm, the petit bourgeoisie. Ordinary god fearing folk, particularly Quakers, with investment nous and an understanding of compound interest & exponential growth. Allies since the glorious 1688 the 1780 4th Anglo Dutch war ended the Dutch colonial competition in a zero sum Thucydides Trap, bad debts & bankruptcy. Choose your business partners carefully. High rewards and significant risks, two side of the same coin. Focus, local income streams and family trust, wot better than real estate? The needs of the family were more important than prolonging the life of the firm. Intergenerational succession was a problem. Nevertheless enterprises were often worth most to surviving family members as going concerns providing an income.    

 1 Investment patterns  - risk & reward
A very good understanding of local property conditions, and having their investments on their doorstep meant that they could inspect them regularly to be assured of their upkeep. In addition, collecting rents and organizing repairs themselves would reduce management costs as well as enforcing a sense of security in terms of controlling income. We see this pattern of investment in the notebook of the Warrington watchmaker James Carter, as well as in an examination of wills. In 1815 James Carter succeeded his uncle George Birchall to his shop on Bridge Street. During the course of a decade and a half, he purchased four more houses that he let out to other tradesmen, all within a few feet of each other and his own shop in Warrington.

2 Inheritance patterns - wills
'Control' of emotion, duty & property, providing for the family, a universal urge. Social norms of dispersal after temporary stewardship as custodians, underpinned by moral sentiments. Custom & practice was not easy to contravene in a will. General practice for intestate succession, spouses, sons and daughters, genealogically both narrow & shallow, primogeniture was rare. Share and share alike. Family strife was rife. Spouse lifetime income but not asset control. Separate estates & 'family money' managed by trustees to ensured a better chance of standing between inherited wealth and a new husband keen on asserting his common-law rights.  

3 Business patterns - law courts
Trust that was so vital to the proper functioning of family firms. 'Family strategies' or 'business strategies'. Families acted as units but individuals were different. Competing designs within second generation, gender, interests, abilities, aptitudes in families. Family disputes were rife. Litigation followed.
Court of Exchequer   
Palatine Court of Lancaster   
Diocesan Court   
Chester Consistory Court
... 'equitable treatment' & 'testator's wishes' only the lawyers win.
Common to find partnerships between brothers, safer than partnerships between non-relations, they were clearly not risk free. Frictions in family firms but bonds that existed between family members, which encouraged cooperation rather than tension. 

4 Cooperation patterns - emotional moral sentiments
Memoirs and diaries indicate a more positive pictures of familial & household relations, common cause & cooperative elements of family life. The appeal of the diary to both historians and literary scholars stems from its apparently ‘honest’ portrayal of day-to-day reality of life.
Family links to secure apprenticeships was illustrated in detail in the ‘memorandums’ book left by the Warrington watchmaker James Carter, which describes a variety of relationships between members of an extended and intermarried family. Carter’s notebook reveals a national familial network in the watchmaking trade, and something of a rolling programme of apprenticeship and training for its younger members, including himself. James was born in 1780 to a Liverpool boat builder, Richard Carter, and his wife, Mary.
From a Methodist family, James was sent at around 12 years of age in 1792 to school in Warrington, where he lodged with his mother’s brother, George Birchall, who was a watchmaker. Two years later, at the age of 14, James quit his academic studies
to take up an apprenticeship with his uncle at his shop in Bridge Street. Once his period of apprenticeship was up, he appears to have stayed on as a journeyman, while he began lodging in 1803 with another relation, possibly another uncle, Thomas Birchall, who was another Warrington watchmaker. In 1805, one more member of the Birchall family, and possibly yet another uncle, William Birchall, visited Warrington from London and persuaded James to return with him to the capital, where William ran a watchmaking business in St Luke’s (though James gives little detail as to his motivation for moving, stating simply that ‘Mr Wm Birchall came
down from London and I Promised to go up’). A year later he married Margaret Birchall, who seems likely to have been a cousin, when he was 26 and she was 21.
After a decade in London, James and Margaret returned to Warrington in 1815 to take over his uncle George’s shop, where he had been apprenticed between the ages of 14 and 21, buying the stock for £240.25 He was to remain as head of the family business on this site for at least the next twenty-five years. Figure 4.1 shows Carter’s shop still standing on the same site when this photograph was taken in about 1855. At this point the business was run by James Carter’s youngest son, Josiah, who may be the figure just visible in the doorway between the two curved bay windows. One of James Carter's watches can be found in Warrington Museum
Figure 4.2.
All five of James and Mary Carter’s sons who survived past the age of 14 were apprenticed to watchmakers, though not all stayed in the trade.28 The reasons for their sons leaving watchmaking are unclear, but they may have been the ability of adults to take the sort of independent actions that were not possible for minors.
Tensions over forced career choices were more evident in the memoir of John Coleman, the Liverpool baker, who remarked: ‘My Father’s business being part of a bread and biscuit baker [he] brought me up to his trade (though I now confess always against my own wish and consent)’.
Parental care & love for children, in the intimate & private world of family life were of central importance to trading families, the bond between husband and wife was just as crucial, and, in terms of running a business, arguably more so. Co-dependency. Marriage partners were concerned not just with romance and love, as we might expect, but also with social status, education & family background. The Quakers understood the inner light was emotion. Dairies were innermost thoughts. The extended family and the ever widening circle of empathy, including first familial relations forged by marriage rather than blood.

5 House & Home & Shop - buildings
The use & meaning of private space maybe with screens for sleeping, domestic space, leisure space & work space. Maybe eight folk; Ma, Pa, kids, in-laws, wrinklies, servants, apprentices, journeymen, lodgers ... maybe narrow street facing frontage, ground floor Shop, Parlour, Kitchen, Pantry, Scullery, on the second floor Drawing Room, two Bed Rooms, & Dressing Room, on the third floor three Bed Rooms, & Dressing Room, and two excellent Rooms in the attic, also with good Cellars’. Outside could be a yard and occasionally a warehouse for commerce. Life was above th'shop or above th'workshop. House suitable for business, in size and location. Then came 'polite sociability' and the parlour became dining / sitting rooms. Inventories of room contents was subjective and variable but helped identify usage.   

 5. Family Home - meanings & castles
Titular head of household and access to space and its control of privacy. Meanings from social behaviour 'repair to the back palour' 'arise from my bedchamber' 'servants quarters' 'kitchen range' ... unwritten rules of impropriety ... even infidelity. Relationships rubbing along or a site of tension & struggle. The relationship between gender and space has long been a theme in histories. The relationships between gender and space has long been a theme in histories.    
The lack of attention paid to tradesmen and women in the past can be explained, at least in part, by their tendency not to leave a particularly significant mark on the historical record. This means that fully to understand the period of the English Industrial Revolution, in addition to exploring the lives of the Wedgwoods and the Boultons, we also need to know about the experiences and
the aspirations of individuals who wrote diaries such as George Heywood, Ann Owen, John Coleman and James & Mary Fildes.  

Very extensive bibliography ... for hours of reading ...   

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Warrington ClocksWarrington produced reputable clock makers and Kit Heald, James Carter's 3 x great grandson has uncovered possible Birchall links to Warrington?    

NB Thomas Birchall (1725-1812) the Clock of Nantwich was born in 1725 died in 1812 two generations older than these guys ... a grandfather?

James Carter (1780-1848) son of Richard & Margaret (-1803) a Liverpool boat builder was a famous Warrington watchmaker. 
Dad Richard Carter (-1803) married Mum Margaret Birchall (-) a member of a Warrington and Whiston watchmaking family.

In 1806 James Carter married Margaret Simcock (1785-1868) of Prescott and returned to London for the birth of - James (1807-), John (1810-), Mary (1812-) & Joseph (1814-). Margaret Simcock's mother was Margaret Birchall (1758-96) of Whiston who married William Simcock (1760-1829) in Prescott on 24 December 1780.

Mary Birchall (1746-1803), daughter of Thomas baptised 20 August 1780, born 25 July 1780 Liverpool. Thomas Birchall (-) moved to Whiston, then Warrington in 1792.

NB another Mary Birchall (1746-1811) daughter of William & Sarah baptised 7 Sept 1746 Wybunbury ... (0924618) ... died in Wybunbury 
married John Dobson (1743-) 12 Sept 1769 Audlem ... (1655365) ...
son James Dobson (1781-1859) born and died Wybunbury   

Both Mum and Dad died in 1803.
Thomas Birchall (-) sons -
- John Birchall (-) of Cronton
- George Birchall (1745-1828) died 28 March 1828 in Winwick. Married Margaret Houghton in 1813 in Winwick. Set up a watchmaking business in Bridge Street, Warrington in 1793. James Carter was apprenticed to Uncle George and eventually took over the business in Bridge Street, Warrington.
'Uncles' -
Thomas Birchall (-) Warrington watch maker ... a mate of Thomas Wright (1775-) farmer of Warrington ...
William Birchall (-) London watch maker. James worked with William for 10 years.
In 1805 George & Thomas listed as Warrington watch makers and William moved up from London and James goes down to London.

In 18In 1815 James returned to Warrington to take over the business of Uncle George Birchall (1745-1828).

Children on return to Warrington - Richard Carter (1816-), William Carter (1819-), George Birchall Carter (1822-29), Jemima Carter (1824-), Josiah Carter (1828-). 

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Birchall Father and Son, Chronometer Makers see the excellent David Buckden and TheOldWatchword, 2015-2022.
Peter Birchall was born in 1799. It is thought that his parents were William and Ellen, then living in Widnes. A record exists of the marriage of William Birchall to Ellen Yates at Prescott in September 1789. There were multiple associations of the Birchall name with watch and clock making in North West England in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. According to Britten’s, George Birchall was a Warrington watchmaker, c. 1793-1820, and he may have been the junior partner in a firm, Birchall & Son, 1770. Ed. Baillie, Ilbert and Clutton, Britten’s Old Clocks & Watches and their Makers, (London: Bloomsbury Books) There was a William born in 1749 who died in 1820, but his sons were named William and Steven. Another ‘possible William,’ a watchmaker of Wellington Street, St Lukes, died in 1842, but, again, a son named Peter does not appear in his will. One of the sons, James, also a watchmaker, committed suicide in February 1847 Holden’s Directory for 1802 lists a William Birchall, watchmaker, at 11 Kirby Street, Hatton Garden. The location, Burton Crescent, a little to the east of Clerkenwell, near St Pancras, is also associated with the Birchall name in the 1820s.

There is no record of an apprenticeship having been served by Peter, and it is likely that he was trained by his father. Whatever the facts of that, his horological ability was such that by 1840 he was confident enough to be submitting two of his chronometers to the Greenwich Trials. Furthermore, one of them, #281, was good enough to be placed seventh of twenty-eight, and thus his work was out-performing that of such illustrious names as, Pennington, Parkinson & Frodsham and Santiago French. This chronometer also did better than two made by R & H Molyneaux. The latter business occupied premises at 30 Southampton Row, which, two years later, were taken over by Birchall and his friend/partner, Henry Appleton. The 1841 Census shows Henry, then sixty three years old, living at 50, Myddleton Square with Peter, Peter’s wife, Winnie, and their son John, just one year old. Appleton was renowned for the quality of his work, making him a key employee for several years in the Molyneaux firm. Given this, and his twenty years seniority, he may well have played the role of a mentor and greatly contributed to the success achieved by Peter in the early Greenwich Trials.

Peter had married Winnie Hitch in 1826. Their son, William Peter, was born in 1838, and he too would eventually make chronometers which would be proved excellent at Greenwich. The couple had another son, John, who also worked in the family watchmaking business until his death in 1871. The family’s means enabled the employment of a servant at each of the addresses recorded by successive censuses: 1851 – 6 Middle Brunswick Terrace; 1861 – 2 Amwell Terrace; 1871 and 1881 – 12a Stonefield Street. Amwell Terrace was merged with Great Percy St in the 1860s and the Birchall’s house became number 65.

Age twenty three in 1861, William Peter was described in the Census as a ‘watch maker’s finisher,’ (as was younger brother, John). At this stage he had already begun to make a reputation of his own, having entered a chronometer - #1 – to the 1860 Greenwich Trial, and this was rated second only to the #642 of his father’s manufacture. The following year his #9 was rated 7th. In 1862 he was elected to the Council of the Horological Institute. As a further indication of qualified status, his own listing began to appear in directories in addition to those for his father. William Peter was iDavid Buckden and TheOldWatchword n the Greenwich Trials.

William Peter married Eliza King in April 1864. They lived with Peter and John at Stonefield Street, the 1871 Census recording them there together with their sons, Peter, Alfred and John. (Another son, Herbert, was born in 1873.) William Peter died, age forty, in 1878, from a subdural effusion of the brain, possibly a rare complication of meningitis. His father, Peter, was considerably longer-lived, dying in October 1885.

Considering the success of both Peter’s and William Peter’s chronometers at the Greenwich Trials, it is notable that they figure only marginally in horological literature, and I have been unable to find any images of extant timepieces of their manufacture other than that of Peter’s #880, as seen above. I would be very pleased to receive details of any in readers’ possession and/or photographs of them.

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Birchall Clockmakers !  ?

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Birchall, Charles of Liverpool. This clockmaker or watchmaker has 1 trade directory entry listed on this site.

Birchall, Frederick of Liverpool. This clockmaker or watchmaker has 1 trade directory entry listed on this site.

Birchall, Peter of London. This clockmaker or watchmaker has 2 trade directory entries listed on this site.

Birchall, Robert of Pendleton, Manchester. This clockmaker or watchmaker has 1 trade directory entry listed on this site.

Birchall, Robert of Salford. This clockmaker or watchmaker has 1 trade directory entry listed on this site.

Thomas Birchall (1725-) of Nantwich. This clockmaker or watchmaker has 1 trade directory entry listed on this site.

Birchall, William of London. This clockmaker or watchmaker has 3 trade directory entries listed on this site.

Birchall, William of Manchester. This clockmaker or watchmaker has 1 trade directory entry listed on this site.

 

Birchall, Charles ; (Watchmaker) 1819 Marybone.

Birchall, George ; (Watchmaker) married to Ellen Pendleton 16 Aug 1829 at St Paul.

Birchall, James ; (Watchmaker) married to Sarah Hall 14 Mar 1821 at St Nicholas.

Birchall, Joshua ; (Watchmaker) 1777 Edmund Street, Buried May 6, 1789.

Birchall, Thomas ; (Watchmaker) 1842 Great Richmond Street.

Birchall, William (1) ; (Watchmaker) married to Esther Birchall- ? , 1790 Ray Street, 1793 Leece's Street, 1799 Frederick Street.

Birchall, William (1) ; (Watchmaker) married to Ellen Birchall - ? , 1801 St James's Street.

Birchall, William (2) ; (Watchmaker) married to Dorothy Williams 27 Mar 1840 at St Mary, Edge Hill, 1840 West Derby.

Birchall, William (3) ; (Watchmaker) married to Mary Jane Birchal- ? , 1858 Soho Street.

Birchall & Son, Warrington is listed in ‘Watchmakers and Clockmakers of the World Volume 1 by G.H. Ballie’:
BIRCHALL & Son. Warrington ca 1770-95. Clock and Watchmaker
The admission register of the Manchester School Vol 93 - Joseph, son of John Birchall, watch maker, Prescot (Manchester, Lancashire, United Kingdom - 1866)
ADAMS. Geo Wm. Silversmith. apprentice ... George Birchall 8 Oct 1860 to 12 Oct 1868

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More local Birchalls have been recorded by Adrian Birchall - The Story So Far. am sure that what I am setting out below will need to be added to and amended to in the fullness of time but on the basis of getting the show on the road here goes! I should also say at the outset that I will include all sources and acknowledgements of help received. The improvements I am imagining will involve both people in more modern times and people farther back in time.

On Feb 3 1813 a James Birchall from Ashton married an Anne Copple, also from Ashton, at Winwick. The witnesses were an Elizabeth Copple (Anne’s mother?) and a Thomas Hayworth. This information was taken from the Vital Records Index (Mormons). The VRI also gives the children of James and Anne. These were - 

George Birchall b. Sept 8 1816 ch. Oct 6 1816

Eleanor Birchall b. Dec 14 1818 ch. Jan 24 1819

John Birchall b. Sept 9 1821 ch Oct 21 1821

Betty Birchall b. Jul 15 1824 ch. Aug 15 1824

Anne Birchall b. Mar 13 1827 ch. Apr 15 1827

George Birchall b. Mar 23 1830 ch. Apr 12 1830

Now moving on to the 1851 census we find living in Gorsey Brow, Billinge the following Birchall family - 

James Birchall aged 60 a nailmaker from Ashton

Anne Birchall aged 58 his wife from Ashton

Elizabeth (Betty?) Birchall aged 27, a handloom weaver, born in Wigan

 George Birchall aged 21, a handloom weaver, born in Ashton

 Robert Birchall aged 17, a coalmine labourer, born in Billinge

 Martha Birchall aged 6, a scholar, born in Billinge (Martha would appear to be the daughter of
Elizabeth).

I am working on the basis that this is the James and Anne Birchall who were married in Winwick in 1813. The first George b.1816 had probably died and Eleanor, John and Anne had met the same fate or by 1851 they had left the family home.
On Oct 24 1852 George Birchall, aged 23, described as a collier (had he changed jobs since the 1851 census or was it just an error on the census?) and living in Pemberton, he married Margaret Peet, aged 24, also shown as a resident of Pemberton but with no occupation. I’m pretty sure the marriage took place at Billinge Church, as the vicar presiding was Howard St George who was the vicar of Billinge at this time. George’s father is shown as James Birchall and his occupation is given as nailor (as in the 1851 census) which is the same occupation shown for George Peet, Margaret’s father. It would appear that neither George nor Margaret could write, as they were unable to sign the certificate. The witnesses were a Thomas Berry and a Jane Hurst (I believe that Margaret’s mother, Mary Peet was Mary Hurst before she was married and so is Jane Hurst Margaret’s aunt or grandmother?)
Turning now to the 1881 census, we see that George (now 51) is described as having been born in Ashton and is now blind. He is living at Overton (off Up Holland Road) with his wife Margaret (aged 52) and their daughters Alice (aged11), Sarah (aged 9), Margaret (aged 5) and a granddaughter, Edith (aged 4). All the family, apart from George, is shown as born in Billinge.
We are now faced with some 'interesting' questions. Where was their son James, who was born in 1867 and would therefore have been aged 13/14 in 1881 and who were the parents of the granddaughter Edith? Given that George and Margaret were married in 1852 it is highly likely that they had a number of children before James in 1867. While not all of them may have survived, if some did, including a parent of Edith, where are they in 1881?
In the 1891 census, George (61) is now described as a blind widower (clearly Margaret had died between 1881 and 1891) and is living with his son James (aged23), a coalminer and his daughter Alice (aged 21) in Up Holland Road. So James is back at home. Did he return to help look after his blind father, following his mother’s death, or was he only away temporarily in 1881? What about Sarah, who would have been 19, Margaret, who would have been 15 and the granddaughter Edith, who would have been 14?
The 1881 mystery of the missing James is probably solved by the discovery that the 1881 census does show a James Birchall, aged 13 and born in Billinge, working as a farm boy, living at Lion’s Den Farm, Culcheth with Thomas Gormley.
Now we know that by 1891, James was living with his father George and his sister Alice. Around this time he married Wilhimena Parr who in 1881, aged 6, had been living with her family at Longfold in Billinge. The family included Hugh, aged 8, and the parents James and Susannah. The household was headed by the grandmother, Ellen Parr (aged 64 and born in Parr, St. Helens).
James Birchall and Wilhimena Parr had 2 children, James and Wilhimena (Minnie) who became the mother of Richard (Don) Lewis. James’ wife, Wilhimena, died shortly after giving birth and Minnie was brought up by the Parr family. James, the son, was to own the petrol station near The Stork Inn in Billinge, later in life. Did the Birchalls bring him up?
Following the death of Wilhimena in James Birchall fathered 2 children with Alice Melling before they married. These children were John (born?) and Wilfred (born May 30 1897). James and Alice were married on May 28 1898 at Billinge with James’ father, George, shown as being a collier. Alice Melling was 25. Her mother Mary Melling attended the wedding and was one of the witnesses. The other witness was Amos Marshall. Alice’s father is not shown. James’s address is given as 39 Up Holland Road and Alice’s as 2 Longshaw Common. After the marriage they had a number of further children, Joseph, Albert, George, Nellie, Elizabeth, Mary, Alice and
Edith.
Alice Melling was born on May 29 1873 and the 1881 census shows her, aged 7, living with her mother Mary (aged 34 and a shopkeeper in Longshaw) and sister Mary, aged 2. If Mary was 34 in 1881 then she should have been born in 1846/47.
There is a record of a Mary Anne Melling born March 14 1846, the daughter of a collier, George Melling and his wife, Elizabeth.
Returning to James Birchall living on Gorsey Brow with his family in 1851 - there is an interesting development in the 1871 census. This shows, living on Gorsey Brow, William Fairhurst, a coalminer (aged43), living with his wife Elizabeth (aged 46 and this I believe to be the Elizabeth Birchall in the 1851 census), a daughter, Anne, aged 9, a grandson William Birchall, aged 8 (parents?) and the father-in-law, James Birchall, described as a 82 year old ex-nailmaker, born in Ashton. As there is a record of the Martha Birchall (aged 6 in 1851) being the daughter of Elizabeth, is William Martha’s son? Coincidentally, the 1871 census also shows living on Gorsey Brow
Thomas Fairhurst, a coalminer aged 47, living with his wife, Elizabeth, aged 45, their 2 sons James (aged 17) and Thomas (aged11) and a step-son, Henry Birchall, a coalminer aged 23. What’s the connection I wonder?
At the time of writing this I could find no mention of George and Margaret Birchall and their son James who would have been three or four in the 1871 census for Billinge and Ashton. Where did they live at this time or did I just overlook them?

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A Billinge splice Thomas Birchall (-) son of Thomas married Maria Kerfoot 25 May 1848

Some more Birchalls

John Birchenhough (1796-) Cheshire clockmaker -
1841 Census at Chapel Street, Sandbach, Cheshire
Cyrus Birchenhough 70 1771 Cheshire agricultural labourer
John Birchenhough 45 1796 Cheshire clockmaker
Martha Birchenhough 35 1806 Cheshire dress maker
Ann Birchenhough 15 1826 Cheshire dress maker
1851 Census at Chapel Street, Sandbach
Cyrus Birchenough 85 1766 Sandbach, Cheshire, head widower, labourer
John Birchenough 59 1792 Elton, Cheshire, son, unmarried, clockmaker
Martha Birchenough 47 1804 Sandbach, Cheshire, daughter, unmarried, dressmaker
Samuel Heathcote 28 1823 Odd Rode, Cheshire, grandson in law, tailor
Ann Heathcote abt 1824 Sandbach, Cheshire, granddaughter, dressmaker
Emily Gee 16 1835 Congleton, Cheshire, granddaughter, dressmaker
Clement Heathcote 1 1850 Sandbach, Cheshire, gt grandson  

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Rod Birchall's line seems to go - William (1614-) - Thomas (1641) - William (1669-) - Robert (1708-) - Robert (1747-) - Thomas (1769-) - John (1793-)  - Thomas (1818-) - Thomas (1845-) - Harry (1877-) - Arthur (1901-) - Rod Birchall   

***** ... where do the following lot fit in? ...

Robert Birchall was early say 1535?
Father Robert = ?? Birchall (1565-) Edmund (1595-) William (1607-)
Father Oliver = Robert (1612-)
Father Davie = Robert (1624-)
William Birchall (1607-) son of Robert baptised 2 Feb 1607 Cheshire
Thomas Birchall (1632-) son of Robert baptised 27 July 1632 Winwick?
Thomas Birchall (1639-) son of Robert baptised 29 Sept 1639 Winwick?
Robert Birchall (1705-) son of Thomas baptised 25 May 1705 in Cheshire?
Robert Birchall (1719-) son of Thomas died 19 Oct 1719 Cheshire?

(Robert Birchall married Ann Wakefield (1755-) Daughter of James, 25 Dec 1788 at Astbury ... )

Thomas Birchall 16 Dec 1675, son of Robert, Audlem

Thomas Birchall (-) Yeoman of Audlem, Wood Orchard left a will in 1717 which mentioned John Bridges, Son in Law Tom Shillingos and wife Rachol Jane Tom Shillingos, Robiah Burchall, Jane Birchall Daughter, James Burchall Son, Joseph Hudson, Ann Hawking ...

Thomas Birchall (-) Yeoman of High Legh left a will in 1730 High Legh south of Lymm, south of Warrington ...   

William Birchall (1688-) son of Robert, baptised March 7th 1688 in Cheshire? Confusion, another William?

John Birchall (-1775) son of Randle infant died 28 March 1775 Wybunbury

Anne Birchall (1776-) baptised at Sandbach ...
married John Lowe (1774-) in 1804. Witness George Latham? John was baptised in Sandbach in 1774. not our lot

John Birchall (-1803) son of John & Ellen died 20 Jan 1803 Wybunbury

William Birchall (1714-) son of Joseph baptised 4 Nov 1714 Great Budworth !!??

William Birchall (1716-) son of John baptised 30 March 1716 Great Budworth !!??

William Birchall (1817-1897) born Cork, Ireland and died in Mudgee NSW. Was this William a possible relative????

*****

Stapeley GraveIn 1886 farmer John Birchall Oak Farm, Artle Brook, Stapeley went bankrupt ... who was he? ... he married a Hannah and had a son Thomas ... grave ... ??

More Baptisms @ Wybunbury
Ann Birchall 1676 1676 — Thomas Wybunbury
Anne Birchall 1673 1673 — John Wybunbury
Anne Birchall 1675 1675 — William Wybunbury
Elizabeth Birchall 1669 1669 — Thomas Wybunbury
Elizabeth Birchall 1678 1678 — John Wybunbury
Elizabeth Birchall 1700 1700 — Randle Wybunbury
Elizabeth Birchall 1713 1713 — Robert Wybunbury
Ellinor Birchall 1693 1693 — William Wybunbury
Francis Birchall 1679 1679 — Thomas Wybunbury
Francis Birchall 1702 1702 — William Wybunbury
Francis Birchall 1711 1711 — Francis Wybunbury
Francis Birchall 1711 1711 — Francis Wybunbury
Hannah Birchall 1683 1683 — John Wybunbury
John Birchall 1711 1711 — Randle Wybunbury
John Birchall 1711 1711 — Randle Wybunbury
Mary Birchall 1667 1667 — Thomas Wybunbury
Mary Birchall 1680 1680 — John Wybunbury
Mary Birchall 1698 1698 — Randle Wybunbury
Randle Birchall 1705 1705 — William Wybunbury
Robert Birchall 1708 1708 — Francis Wybunbury
Robert Birchall 1708 1708 — William Wybunbury
Sarah Birchall 1704 1704 — Randle Wybunbury
Thomas Birchall 1667 1667 — Thomas Wybunbury
Thomas Birchall 1676 1676 — Thomas Wybunbury
Thomas Birchall 1698 1698 — William Wybunbury
Thomas Birchall 1712 1712 — William Wybunbury
Will Birchall 1679 1679 — William Wybunbury
William Birchall 1669 1669 — Thomas Wybunbury
William Birchall 1694 1694 — William Wybunbury
Winifride Birchall 1665 1665 — Thomas Wybunbury
Sarah Birchal 1718 1718 — William Wybunbury
Sarah Birchal 1718 1718 — William Wybunbury
Robt Burchall 1674 1674 — William Wybunbury
Thomas Burchall 1704 1704 — Thomas Wybunbury

More Marriages @ Wybunbury
Ann Birchall 1703 George Wybunbury
Eliz Birchall 1702 William Wybunbury
Hannah Birchall 1714 John Wybunbury
Hannah Birchall 1714 John Wybunbury
Jane Birchall 1666 William Wybunbury
Mary Birchall 1705 Hugh Wybunbury
Randle Birchall 1697 Ellen Wybunbury
Thomas Birchall 1662 Winifrid Wybunbury
Thomas Birchall 1666 Mary Wybunbury
William Birchall 1693 Ellinor Wybunbury
Anne Berchall 1675 Ralph Wybunbury 
Anne Birchal 1717 Robert Wybunbury
Anne Birchal 1717 Robert Wybunbury
William Birchal 1718 Sarah Wybunbury
Francis Burchall 1703 Mary Wybunbury
Mary B*W 1714 John Wybunbury
Anne Birchall 1732 Enoch Tomkinson Wybunbury
Elizabeth Birchall 1755 Charles Wybunbury .
Elizabeth Birchall 1796 John Wybunbury
James Birchall 1784 Ann Wybunbury
Jane Birchall 1724 John Wybunbury
John Birchall 1762 Sarah Wybunbury
Joseph Birchall 1781 Elizabeth Wybunbury
Margaret Birchall 1770 Saml Wybunbury
Mary Birchall 1733 John Wybunbury
Mary Birchall 1733 Thomas Wybunbury
Mary Birchall 1733 John Wybunbury
Mary Birchall 1733 Thomas Wybunbury
Olive Birchall 1777 James Wybunbury
Paddy Birchall 1800 Job Wybunbury
Robert Birchall 1734 Mary Wybunbury
Robert Birchall 1734 Jane Wybunbury
Robert Birchall 1734 Mary Wybunbury
Robert Birchall 1734 Jane Wybunbury
Robert Birchall 1758 Mary Wybunbury
Sam Birchall 1785 Elizabeth Wybunbury
Sarah Birchall 1731 John Wybunbury
Sarah Birchall 1731 William Wybunbury
Sarah Birchall 1732 married John Hampton Wybunbury
Sarah Birchall 1757 married James Timmis Wybunbury
Sarah Birchall 1768 married William Thomas Wybunbury
Sarah Birchall 1788 Robert Wybunbury
Thomas Birchall 1752 Eliz Wybunbury
Jane Birchal 1724 John Wybunbury
Mary Birchal 1725 Thomas Wybunbury
Mary Birchal 1725 Thomas Wybunbury
Frances Brichall 1758 John Wybunbury
Margaret Birscall 1789 Thos Wybunbury

Incorrect Jane Lowes!
Jane Low Daughter of Ralph baptised  26 May 1622 Wigan ... good age when married? But 'Low' spelt without an 'e'? 
Jane Lowe Daughter of Thomas  baptised  8 Sept 1625 Wigan ... only 17 when married?  
Jane Lowe Daughter of Edward baptised  16 March 1627 Winwick ... just 15 when married?
Jane Lowe Daughter of William baptised  25 March 1629 Wigan ... just 13 when married?
Jane Birchall Wife of Thomas died 27 Oct 1672 Cheshire
Jane Lowe Daughter of John baptised 6 June 1611 Baddiley ... Baddiley to Winwick? ... 31 when married?
Jane Lowe Daughter of Francis baptised 26 Dec 1615 Macclesfield ... Macclesfield to Winwick? ... 27 when married?