The Early Cheshire Birchalls

 

wanting

caution !! this is an initial draft ... these notes are on my server for safe keeping !!

 

 

 

 

 

John Birchall 1780We struggled and made some progress with the lineage of The Birchall Brothers, it was all very confusing as it appeared John, William & Thomas were all over the place and very common names in every Birchall generation from way back ... and generations were short and overlapped ... and the families were enormous ... and infant mortailty high ... and Birchall was easily heard & written as Burchell ... and countless other variants. We longed for an 'Olysious' to clear the fog. Then infuriatingly the records if writ were often lost or decayed and to top the lot some records were just plain wrong. Family Search records despite the dilligence of the Later Day Saints were sometimes flawed ... as if deliberately misleading ... as if the ancient Birchalls were desperately covering their tracks.

But we had Google search and Ancestry DNA analysis to deploy ... and eventually with a modicum of confidence we identified our g-g-g-g-grandfather John Birchall ... a fine specimen who emerged into rural Wybunbury in 1780 -

John Birchall (1780-1857) Son of Robert baptised 13 Feb 1780 Wybunbury (FHL film no. 1850127 may identify his family?)
married Hannah Martin and was in silk and not to be confused with -

John Birchall (1779-) Son of James baptised 24 Sep 1779 Sandbach (FHL film no. 1751911 may identify his family?) 
married Hannah Steele and was a yeoman. 

But what of earlier times? Even though we knew the science of DNA would prove we were all cousins, we yearned for more detail?

After our 2017 research the only clue we had of the older escapades was that our John was a Wybunbury lad ... 'Son of Robert'. 

Robert of Wybunbury?

So who was this guy Robert Birchall the father of our John Birchall (1780-1857) probably born around 1750? Where was he from? Who did he marry? When did he die? Was he a farmer? What brought him to Wybunbury?

WybunburyWybunbury, recorded as one of the earliest settlements in Cheshire, was worth a good look. See Domesday 1086, Tithe Maps 1836, Land Utilisation 1939. Settlements.

South East corner of the Cheshire plain, where Birchall Brook meets the River Weaver. Damp dense forests and the Witchurch morains, a natural demarcation as the rivers start to flow north to the Mersey & Dee. Bronze & Iron age settlements tended to hill camps, like Eddisbury, on the central sandstones. Clearing of woodland began by the early Celts, advanced by Anglo-Saxons & Normans and has continued with little break until today. The Celtic settlements on the Welsh massive tended to spread Eastwards to the fertile lowlands. The Romans saw the stategic relevance of Deva and the ancient Saltways. The Anglo Saxons came from the south and 'overspill' into Cheshire was sparodic, often hybridising earlier Celtic settlements. The Danes came from the Wirral and the Eastern foothills. The Normans grew the 'route way' to North Wales and the North West as the Monastries and the Manors developed the land around the extensive Delamere and Macclesfield Forests. Eventually belatedly, 1700-1800, the enclosure movement reached Cheshire, 

Our Neck of the WoodsWybunbury St Chad, Ancient Parish after Wyburn the 2nd King of Mercia in 615. Bounded by Staffs, Madeley & Betley in the East, the morains in the South, the Weaver and Birchall Brook in the Northwest - Nantwich Hundred, Union & Registration - towns Basford, Batherton, Blakenhall, Bridgemere, Checkley with Wrinehill, Chorlton, Doddington, Hatherton, Hough, Hunsterson, Lea, Rope, Shavington with Gresty, Stapeley, Walgherton, Weston, Wybunbury, Willaston.

Settlement Classification = Nucleated village with parish church and communally organized agriculture, including a Town Field (Wybunbury and Weston) - Nucleated hamlet with Town Field (Blakenhall) - Semi-dispersed or dispersed settlement with Town Field (Stapeley, Hough, Hunsterson, Checkley, Hatherton, Walgherton, Rope and Basford, the last two verging on the Farm type) - Dispersed settlement with no Town Field, but with former open common pasture (Shavington and Willaston) - Farm Townships (Batherton and Lea) - Estate Township (Doddington). Weaverham (rich valley lands of the lower Weaver, on the borders of the Forest of Delamere, a royal manor, bestowed on Vale Royal Abbey in 1297) and Astbury display a similar pattern.

Wybunbury LifeDid the Birchalls arrive in Wybunbury down the Saltways from Lancashire? Or did the Whitmore Madeley valley open up a route into Cheshire from the south ... later taken by the Stafford to Crewe railways ... and the Trent & Mersey Canal ... and John de Delves arrived from Uttoxeter through the 'gap' in 1353 and secured The Doddington Manor?  

Brilliant suggestions detailing some of the early Birchall ancestors in Cheshire came from Joe Pattinson who also identified a William and his dad Thomas ... and they sparked a sequence of possibilities - 

Early Cheshire Birchalls from Wybunbury ...

Thomas Birchall b 1641 Wybunbury = Mary Hewitt b 1645 Audley

William Birchall b 15 Mar 1670 Wybunbury = Ellinor Madew

- 1 William b 22 Nov 1694 - 2 Thomas b 5 Jun 1698 - 3 Francis b 26 April 1702 - 4 Randle b 8 July 1705 - 5 Robert Birchall b 15 Feb 1709 - 6 Thomas b 13 Aug 1712    (all born in Bridgemere)

Robert Birchall’s children (wife unknown?)

- 5.1 Thomas b 1735 - 5.2 Hannah b 1737 - 5.3 Sarah b 1739 - 5.4 James b 1741 - 5.5 Samuel b 1743 - 5.6 Robert b 1747      (all born Wybunbury)

Wybunbury BoysPerhaps, for starters, we can guess, that maybe the father of 'our' John Birchall (1780-1857) was Robert Birchall (1747-) Son of Robert and John's grandfather was Robert Birchall (1709-) Son of William and John's great grandfather was William (1669-) ... all of Wybunbury?

Robert Birchall (1747-) Son of Robert baptised on 17 March 1747 Wybunbury (1850126) confirmed but 17 March 1746? ... transcription error? ... making him 33 when our John (1780-1857) was born ... was this our John's dad? ...

Robert Birchall (1709-) Son of William baptised on 15 Feb 1709 Wybunbury ... making him 73 when our John (1780-1857) was born ... was this our John's granddad? ...

It seemed there may have been four august sons sired by Robert Birchall (1709-), Son of William, four sons who linked four of the Cheshire Birchall clans -

** Thomas Birchall (1735-) & the Nantwich Birchalls - we hoped the famous Nantwich Clockmaker was one of the four brothers ... but Thomas the Clock was older, born in 1725. We didn't know much about this Nantwich lot ... yet ...  

** James Birchall (1741-) & the Sandbach Birchalls - John & Hannah Steele's lot Yeomen of Sandbach - (1751911) St Mary Sandbach

** Samuel Birchall (1743-) & the Wybunbury Birchalls - Lynda Burke's family
Farmers of Brassy Hall & Crab Mill (1850126) St Chads Wybunbury

** Robert Birchall (1747-) & the Astbury Birchalls - John & Hannah Martin's lot Silk Men of the East Cheshire Mills - (1647852) St Mary Astbury including Chapelry of Congleton 

baptisms of all four brothers share the same digital reference., FHL film no (1850126)    

We reckoned that our John's great grandfather was a William ... perhaps William Birchall (1669-1728) Son of Thomas ... a guy who proved to be very interesting because of our Ancestry.com DNA match with Joyce Cross!

Our Common Ancestor = William Birchall (1669-1728) !

This was going to be fun ... we have a William and his dad Thomas  ... Wybunbury men ... here we go ...

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 

Birchall DNABest to start slowly with our DNA match ... and remember that the only thing we knew for certain was our DNA match with Joyce Cross ... but which route?

William Birchall (1669-1728) Son of Thomas of Wybunbury ... was this guy our DNA match?

William 1669William Birchall (1669-1728) Son of Thomas, baptised on 15 March 1669 Wybunbury (1850126)
married
Ellinor Madew (1674-1760) 18 April 1693 Wybunbury (1850126 Madgere) when he was 24 and Ellinor 19 yeas old.
died
31 Dec 1728, aged 59 still in Wybunbury (1850126)

Wife Ellinor Madew (1674-1760) Daughter of Raph, baptised 16 Feb 1674 Barthomley (1655367) (NB John Barker has this Wybunbury lady as Margery Maden (1672-1736)?)
Eleanor Birchall (1674-1760) died 30 Oct 1760 Wybunbury (1850127) ... widow aged 86 years?

Father-in-Law Raph Madew (1656-1729) Son of Thomas, baptised 30 March 1656 Nantwich
married Katherine Wheelack (-) 14 Dec 1672 Barthomley (1655364) ... and ...
married Sarah Whillocke (-) 1 March 1673 Audlem (1655364)
died 21 April 1729 Barthomley (1655367) - wot was going on in this local ball park ... Wybunbury ... to Barthomley 6 miles, to Audlem 5 miles, to Bridgemere 3 miles ... and 12 miles Audlem to Barthomley via Bridgemere?
Probably Raph's dad was Raph Madew (-1673) died 24 Oct 1673 Barthomley (1655367)

Early Birchall ancestors in Cheshire from Joe Pattison has William Birchall (1670-) baptised 15 Mar 1670 Wybunbury ... a transcription error this should be 15 March 1669? 

Looks like the FHL film no 1850126 may track our Wybunbury Birchalls!? = Bishop's transcripts Wybunbury, 1600-1886
Author: Church of England. Parish Church of Wybunbury (Cheshire); Cheshire Record Office.

William Birchall (1669-1728) & Ellinor married in 1693 had 5 or 6 surviving children were all born in Wybunbury -

Ellinor (1693-93) Son of William baptised 23 Jan 1693 Wybunbury (1850126) ... named after mum ... born out of wedlock? ... died 27 Jan 1693 (1850126) ... after only 4 days? 

1 William Birchall (1694-) Son of William baptised 22 Nov 1694 (1850126)
married Sarah Sproson (1695-) 15 April 1718 Wybunbury (1850126). Sarah (1695-) Daughter of Thomas Sproson (-) baptised 31 March 1695 Wybunbury (1850126) ... William was the elder brother of our Robert Birchall (1709-) (1850126) ... 15 years older? See below.   
William & Sarah's children -

1.1 William Birchall (1724-) Son of William baptised 12 July 1724 in Wybunbury (0924618) Wybunbury! good ... original ... Son of William Day Labourer (living in Winbury township) and his wife Sarah 12 July 1724.    
married Mary Bramall (-) 25 June 1760 Ashton, Winwick, Lancaster? ... William was 36 years old?

1.2 Eleanor Birchall (1727-) baptised 15 Jan 1727 Wybunbury (1924618) the original confirmed 1727
(Elenor (1726-) Daughter of William baptised 15 Jan 1726 (1850126) was an error from the confusing original)
Eleanor Birchall (1727-1727) Daughter of William died 30 June 1727 (1850126) ... was this Eleanor? ... survived only 6 months? or was this Ellinor Birchall née Madew? ... did Eleanor survive and married Isaac Dixon 20 Oct 1747 from Liverpool?)

1.3 Thomas Birchall (1728-) Son of William baptised 27 Sept 1728 Wybunbury (1850126)
married Elizabeth Adams (-) 30 March 1752 Wybunbury with an impressive licence ... Thomas aged 24 ...
(Thomas Birchall (1728-) Son of William baptised 22 Sept 1728 Wybunbury looks like a rogue?)
Elizabthe Adams (-) Daughter of ?? baptised ??

Elizabeth Birchall (-1767) Spouse of Thomas of Checkley died 27 Dec 1767 Wybunbury?

Thomas and Elizabeth 4 children -

1 Anne Birchall (1753-) Son of Thomas baptised 6 May 1753 Wybunbury ... birth date is good.

2 Thomas Birchall (1756-) Son of Thomas baptised 11 May 1756 Wybunbury ... 

3 Mary Birchall (1756-) Son of Thomas baptised 11 May 1756 Wybunbury ... twins 11 May 1756 !! 

4 Hannah Birchall (1759-) Son of Thomas baptised 3 Jan 1759 Wybunbury ...

Thomas Birchall died 15 June 1802 Hatherton, Wybunbury. Elizabeth Daughter of Thomas of Hatherton died 3 Jan 1802 Wybunbury

Thomas Birchall died 10 April 1805 Wybunbury.

Elizabeth Birchall (1782-) Daughter of Thomas baptised 4 Aug 1782 Wybunbury ... not here ?)

2 Thomas Birchall (1698-1711) Son of William baptised 5 Jun 1698 Wybunbury (1850126)  
Thomas died in 1711 (1850126) ... only 13 years old? ... or was this ganddad Thomas Birchall (1641-1711) died 70 years old?     

3 Francis Birchall (1702-) Son of William baptised 26 April 1702 in Wybunbury (1850126)
married Mary Taylor (-) 1 Jan 1729 Barthomley                    

3.1 Isaiah (1730-) Son of Francis baptised 5 July 1730 Barthomley

3.2 Sarah (1732-) Son of Francis baptised 3 Sept 1732 Barthomley  

4 Randle Birchall (1705-59) Son of William baptised 8 July 1705 Wybunbury (1850126)
married Elizabeth Bolton (-) 26 Dec 1733?  Named after his uncle Randle (1673-) 1673. Randle died in 1759.
Randle and Elizabeth children - Rachel, Joseph, Hannah, John, Anne, James, William, Randle 1741, John 1743, Olive, Eleanor, William 1747, Anne, Samuel, Elizabeth

Randle (1739-) Son of Randle, baptised 23 Dec 1739 ... didn't survive? 

4.1 Randle Birchall (1741-92) Son of Randle, baptised 5 March 1741 in Wybunbury (1850126) we're on the right track.
married Mary Higgins (-) ??        died 18 March 1792, a pauper?

Children -

Anne (1770-), 

4.1.1 John (1772-75) Son of Randle, baptised26 July 1772 Wybunbury... married Mary Blackband (1776-) 14 May 1804

4.1.2 William (1775-) Son of Randle, baptised 28 Jan 1775 Wybunbury... married ??

4.1.3 Samuel (1777-) Son of Randle, baptised 23 May 1777 Wybunbury ... married ??

4.1.4 James (1780-) Son of Randle, baptised 23 July 1780 Wybunbury ... married ??

4.1.5 Thomas Birchall (1783-1855) Son of Randle, baptised 23 March 1783 Wybunbury (1850127)
married Hannah Shufflebottom (1776-1863) baptised 11 Feb 1776 in Nantwich. Thomas died in 1855 at 72.

Thomas and Hannah's children -
-- Sarah (1803-), Sarah married Samuel Sylvester (-) 

-- Ann (1805-), Ann married John Hollins (-) 25 Nov 1838 

-- Elizabeth (1808-), Elizabeth did not marry.

In 1841 Thomas Birchall (1783-1855), coal carrier, and Hannah were in Hough with grandson Samuel Birchall (1835-), aged 5.

Samuel & EmilySamuel Birchall (1835-1914) Son of Ann, baptised 13 Aug 1837 Wybunbury
married Emily Austin (1834-98) in 1857 and died in 1914. 

Samuel census records - 1841, 1851, 1861, 1871, 1881, 1891, 1901, 1911 ... in 1841 Samuel was living with grandparents Thomas & Hannah.

Samuel was born before his mum married John Hollins (-) and was a 'Birchall' ...

Samuel Birchall (1835-1914) & Emily had 4 children - Hannah (1862-1948), John Thomas (1866-), Martha Jane (1868-95) and Arthur (1869-). 

--  -- Hannah Birchall (1862-1948), Daughter of Samuel & Emily, 
married
John Hulse (1861-1932), Son of Charles, 18 May 1883 Wybunbry
Hannah and John Hulse had 8 children all girls - Harriet (1884-1952), Ethel (1886-1953), Alice (1888-1960), Mary (1890-1965), Elizabeth (1893-1953), Emily (1897-1945), Edith (1899-1984), Sarah (1902-67).

In 1901 census Hannah & John, Railway Inspector, were in Bangor with Harriet, Dressmaker and Alice, Mary, Lizzie and Emily ...

-- -- -- -- Harriet Hulse (1884-1952) married David Jones (1881-1949), Railway Stoker, in Caernarvonshire in 1904. Their children included Albert E Jones (1916-98) who married Mary (Mair) Williams (1924-85).

Albert Jones and Mary Williams were the parents of Joyce Cross (neé Jones) our DNA match!

Our Common Ancestor = William Birchall (1669-1746) !!!!!!!

4.1.8 Robert Birchall (1787-) Son of Randle, baptised 4 Nov 1787 Wybunbury (1850127) ...
married Frances Clark (-) 16 Dec 1808 Sandbach (1751911) ...
 

Robert & Frances' Children -

-- Mary Birchall (1809-) Daughter of Robert & Francis baptised 24 Sept 1809 Sandbach (17511911)

-- Ann Birchall (1811-) Daughter of Robert & Francis baptised 27 Jan 1811 Sandbach (1751911)
married George Brocklehurst (1809-) 22 July 1832 Sandbach ... Ann was 21. Witnesses were sister Hannah and Peter Leigh?  
In 1841 census at Forge Field Sandbach - George Brocklehurst (1809-) Moulder at Iron Works, 32 years old - Anne Brocklehurst (1809-) 32 years old - John (1833-) 8 years - Hannah (1835-) 6 years - George (1837-) 4 years - Thomas (1838-) 3 years - Richard (1840-) 1 year - John Brocklehurst (1774-) 67 years. 
In 1851 census at 54 Forge Field Sandbach - George Brocklehurst (1811-) Moulder at Iron Works, 40 years old, born Acton Bridge - Anne Brocklehurst (1811-) 40 years old, born Bradwell - John Brocklehurst (1833-) 18 years - Hannah Brocklehurst (1835-) 16 years - George Brocklehurst (1837-) 14 years - Thomas Brocklehurst (1838-) 13 years - Richard Brocklehurst (1840-) 11 year - James Brocklehurst (1842-) 9 years - William Brocklehurst (1843-) 8 years - Sarah Brocklehurst (1845-) 6 years - Samuel Brocklehurst (1847-) 4 years - Benjamin Brocklehurst (1848-) 3 years - Joseph Brocklehurst (1851-) 2 months - Frances Birchall née Clark (1783-) Wife's mother, Widow, Pauper 68 years - Thomas Birchall (1840-) Nephew 11 years -  Mary Ann Birchall (1841-) Niece, 10 years ... who? who?                           
John Brocklehurst (1774-) died?    

-- Hannah Birchall (1813-) Daughter of Robert & Francis baptised 24 Nov 1813 Sandbach (1751911)
married
( who was this Hannah Birchall (1808-) Daughter of John & Hannah baptised baptised 1808 (175191) !!!!!???????)

-- Elizabeth Birchall (1822-) Daughter of Robert & Francis baptised 15 Sept 1822 Sandbach (1751911)

4.2 John Birchall (1743-) Son of Randle baptised 13 Jan 1743 (1850126)
married Sarah Morrey (-) 19 Sept 1762 Wybunbury they had son William (1763-) Son of John, baptised 20 May 1763 Wybunbury (1850127) daughter Hannah (1765-) in 1765 and daughter Sarah (1766-) in 1766.
John Birchall died 6 Feb 1816 age 80 Wybunbury

4.3 William Birchall (1747-) Second Son William of Randle, baptised 28 Dec 1747 Wybunbury
married ????

First William Birchall (1742-47) Son of Randle baptised 5 March 1742 ... William Son of Randle (-1746) died 30 June 1746

5  Robert Birchall (1709-) Son of William, baptised 15 Feb 1709 Wybunbury (1850126) we're on the right track.
The splendid record from St Chad's Wybunbury survived from 1709 'Robert Son of William Birchall of Bridgemere'!

Happenings had gotten interesting ... remember we were searching for 'Robert of Wybunbury' the dad of our John (1780-1857)? Robert (1709-) Son of William baptised on 15 Feb 1709 Wybunbury ... making him 73 when our John was born ... promising ... was this our John's granddad?

Before we take a look we should note that William & Ellinor may have had a 6th child -

6 Thomas Birchall (1712-) Son of William baptised 13 Aug 1712 Wybunbury (1850126) confirmed as part of the Wybunbury family! A 2nd Thomas for William & Ellinor after the 1st Thomas (1698-11) sadly died at only 13 in 1711?     
married Jane Aldersey (-) 16 April 1733 'Marriage licence was granted to Thomas Birchall of 'Namptwich' to Jane Aldersey of Barthomley' ... was this Thomas (1712-) he would have been 21 years old?
Did Thomas Birchall (1712-) move to Nantwich?

See the unresolved Nantwich Birchalls ?

Back to our interesting potential granddad of John Birchall (1780-1857) - Robert Birchall (1709-) Son of William.

Wybunbury BrothersEnter the Wormhalls and the Higginsons?  

Just to make things difficult there was a second Robert Birchall (1708-) Son of Francis of Hatherton baptised 9 May 1708 Wybunbury (1850126) who was also one of Wybunbury lot and a year older than our Robert.  

The confusion was compounded as both these Robert Birchalls appeared on the same manuscript page from St Chad's Wybunbury married in 1734 -

1 - '13/19 October 1734 Robert Birchall of this Parish & Mary Wormhill of the Parish of Audley by Publication & Certificate'

2 - '26 December 1734 Robert Birchall & Jane Higginson both of this Parish'

One Robert baptised 1708 or 1709 married a Wormhall & the other a Higgingson but which who was which what?
We guessed -

1 - Robert Birchall (1709-) Son of William baptised 15 Feb 1709 Wybunbury (1850126)
married
Mary Wormhall (-) of Audley on 13/19 Oct 1734 in Wybunbury (1850126).

Mary Wormhall (-) Daughter of ?? baptised ?? ... this lady can't be found?

 Thomas Wormall (1710-), Son of Thomas baptised 17 March 1710 Audley (D3483;1;1). Was this Mary's brother? And there were lots of Wormhalls in Woverhampton. Audley to Wolverhampton 40 miles?

Mary Wormhall (1711-) Daughter of Joshua, baptised 27 Dec 1711 but miles away in Wakefield, Yorkshire?

 Robert Birchall (1709-) Son of William & Mary Wormhall (-) had six children baptised Wybunbury - Thomas 2 December 1735 - Hannah 14 December 1737 - Sarah 29 July 1739 - James 13 March 1741 - Samuel 1743 - Robert 17 March 1747 - the dates fit ... but no daughter 'Mary' ... however granddaughter Mary (1756-) Son of Thomas suggests maybe our Robert married Mary Wormhall (-) ?

Robert Birchall (1709-) fathered six children all born in Wybunbury and the four sons were significant players in our story -  

5.1** Thomas Birchall (1735-) Son of Robert, baptised 2 December 1735 Wybunbury (1850126) ... original entry confirmed.   Did his uncle Thomas Birchall (1712-) move to Nantwich? See above.

See Nantwich Birchalls !!

5.2 Hannah Birchall (1737-) Daughter of Robert baptised 14 August 1737 Wybunbury (1850126) (0924618)
married ????       (William Eaton (-) 4 March 1754 Ashton? James Harrison (-) 12 March 1753 Liverpool?)

5.3 Sarah Birchall (1739-) Daughter of Robert baptised 29 July 1739 Wybunbury (1850126) (0924618)
married James Timmis (-) 28 Oct 1757 Wybunbury (1850127). James Timmis (1737-) Son of John baptised 1737 Wybunbury (1850126).   

5.4** James Birchall (1741-1825) Son of Robert baptised 13 March 1741 in Wybunbury (1850126 missing?) but FHL film no (0924618) Wybunbury! and confirmed from the original, James, Son of Robert of Bridgemere.

See Sandbach Birchalls !!

5.5** Samuel Birchall (1743-1831) Son of Robert baptised 27 May 1743 Wynbunbury (1850126) The baptismal register of St Chad's Wybunbury confirmed his father's name as Robert, whose father was William.

See Wybunbury Birchalls !!

John Birchall 17805.6**  Robert Birchall (1747-1807) Son of Robert, baptised 17 March 1747 Wybunbury (1850126) error 17 March 1746 (0924618) correct 1747 ... exactly a year different, transcription error? 

Robert died 24 June 1807 Wybunbury aged 61? 

Was this 'Robert of Wybunbury' our John's dad?

Robert married ~ 1769 when he was 23 and 1st son Thomas was born and 33 when 2nd son John was born?

(married Margery Knowles (17??-) 1 Dec 1765 Winwick (1469062)
But Robert was only aged 18 and what was he doing in Winwick? No Margery family names?
Witnesses at the marriage were Page Godfrey and William Darbiesard?
Margery Daughter of ?? baptised ?? not found in Winwick?)
Although this linkage was popular it was not liked?

(married Mary Balker 17 Sep 1758 Wybunbury (1850127) ... one of out lot but in 1758 this not this Robert who was only 11 years old at these nuptials!)

married Sarah Spairpoint (1745-1833) 27 Dec 1770 Astbury (1655359) and (1647852) ... a much better bet ... Robert aged 23 but both otp ... but was Thomas born out of wedlock in 1769?

Sarah Pierpoint (1745-1833) Daughter of John & Sarah baptised 15 June 1745 Audley (417168) ...
Audley to Wybunbury was 8 miles and Audley (10 miles) & Wybunbury (15 miles) to Astbury for nuptials and back to Wybunbury for the new family wasn't daft and provided  a nice link to Astbury and our suggestion that Robert Birchall (1747-) sired the Astbury Birchalls?
John Spearpoint (-) married Sarah Beech (-) from Laister, Chester ... Banns 3 Feb 1741 Audley to be married in Barthomley ... 28 July 1742 Barthomley (1655367) ... so interesting and confirmed with the 'S' in Spearpoint. John & Sarah's children were -  

John Spiarpoint (1743-) Son of John & Sara baptised 21 May 1743 Audley (417168)  

William Pierpoint (1744-) Son of John & Sarah baptised 28 April 1744 Audley (D3483)
but also ... William Sparepoint (-) baptised 9 Dec 1743 Wybunbury (094618)

Sarah Pierpoint (1745-1833) Daughter of John & Sarah baptised 15 June 1745 Audley (417168) ...

Perhaps Sara died 20 March 1833 Wybunbury at the grand old age of 92?

(There was another family - Thomas & Mary Spiarpoint of Davenport, Congleton, Astbury parents of Thomas (1756-) baptised 11 Aug 1756?
... Ann Perpoint Daughter of James was around Goostry as early as 1732 baptised 1732?
... Thomas Pierpoint and Ann Langley were married in 1787?
... Thomas Pierpoint and Ann Condliffe were married in Bereton in 1814 children - William 1815 - John 1816 - Thomas 1818 - Joseph 1820 - Abram 1824 - Henry 1825 ... no Sarah ?   )

See Astbury Birchalls !!

Robert Birchall (1747-) & Sarah? had 3 children Thomas (1769-), Sarah (1773-) and 'our' John (1780-1857) -

Thomas Birchall (1769-), Son of Robert baptised 12 Nov 1769 Wybunbury (1850127) 8 Nov 1769?
married Jane Taylor (1764-) 26 Sept 1791 Barthomley (1655367). Thomas labourer ager 30, born 1760 not 1769? Jane spinster aged 27, (Or Thomas Birchall (1759-1834), Son of John & Mary baptised 30 Sept 1759 Coppenhall married Jane Bryant (1764-1837) ?? in ??)

They had a son John Birchall (1793-1863), Son of Thomas, baptised 17 March 1793 Wybunbury
married Hannah Lawson (1792-1863) 7 Nov 1817 Barthomley.
John & Jane Broad were witnesses. One local John Broad, Son of Charles, was baptised in Wybunbury 1786?
Hannah, Daughter of Robert Lawson (1758-1843) and Jane Wardell (1763-1888)

 Sarah Birchall (1773-) Daughter of Robert of Blackenhall baptised 3 March 1773 Wybunbury (1850127) (named after Mum or Auntie Sarah (1739-98) ?) married Robert Smith (-) or Noah Stubbs (-) ?

John Birchall  (1780-1857) Son of Robert of Willaston, baptised 13 Feb 1780 Wybunbury (1850127)
married Hannah Martin (1780-1844) 25 April 1802 Astbury (1647852) ... 
NB film no 1647582 recorded the marriage of mum & dad, Robert Birchall (1747-1807) married Sarah Spairpoint (1745-) 27 Dec 1770 Astbury (1647852)
Looks like Hannah Martin (and her sister-in-law's Wybunbury Cloughs) linked Wybunbury to Astbury.
Thus our John Birchall (1780-1857) Son of Robert linked back to William Birchall (1669-1728) (1850126) above ...
QED and confirmed with our DNA match with Joyce Cross !

Our Common Ancestor = William Birchall (1669-1718) !

 

2 - Robert Birchall (1708-) Son of Francis of Hatherton baptised 9 May 1708 Wybunbury (1850126) also one of our Wybunbury lot  
married Jane Higginson (1718-) 26 Dec 1734 Wybunbury (1850126)    

 Jane Higginson (1718-) Daughter of William baptised 31 May 1718 Wybunbury (1850126) 21 May 1718 not 31 May 1718, name 'Higgins' not Higginson, father William Sr Higgins (-)? Only 16 when she was married? Robert was 26 and Jane 10 years younger? Not happy.

Robert Birchall (1708-) Son of Francis of Hatherton & Jane Higginson (-) had six children baptised at Wybunbury - Thomas 1735 - Hannah 1737 - Sarah 1739 - James 1740 - Samuel 1743 - Robert 1748 - the dates fit ... but no daughter 'Jane' and no 'Francis' ...
... looks like the Robert families are mixed up big time !

 

(NB Robert, Son of William, baptised 15 Feb 1708 looks like a transcription error ... same date 15 Feb but a year earlier? ... and Robert Birchall (1708-) Son of William baptised 15 March 1708 Wybunbury ... was a month later March not Feb ... both Sons of William ... neither Feb/March 1708 were confirmed in the Wybunbuy FHL film no. (1850126) ... a messy goings on?) 

!     

 

Father Francis of Hatherton

Francis Birchall (1679-) Son of Thomas baptised 30 Oct 1679 (1850126)

Grandfather Thomas Birchall (1642-) from the Mary Hewett clan   

Father Francis of Hatherton (~ 1669-) baptised ???? William (1669-) had a brother?
Father Francis (1679-) Son of Thomas, baptised 30 Oct 1679 Wybunbury (1850126)
Thomas (1704-) Son of Francis baptised 28 Sept 1704 (1850126)
Robert (1708-) Son of Francis baptised 9 May 1708 Wybunbury (1850126)
Francis (1711-) Son of Francis baptised 11 Sept 1711 (1850126)

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 

 

William & coThe Birchall tribe we need to investigate?

Our DNA match was William Birchall (1669-1728) Son of Thomas, baptised on 15 March 1669 Wybunbury (1850126)
married
Ellinor Madew (1674-1760) 18 April 1693 Wybunbury (1850126 Madgere) when he was 24 and Ellinor 19 yeas old.
died
31 Dec 1728, aged 59 still in Wybunbury (1850126)

So who was William's dad Thomas Birchall (1641-)?

Thomas Birchall (1641-)

Father Thomas Birchall (1641-) was AWOL in Wybunbury in 1641 ... but TWO Thomas Birchalls appeared in Wybunbury in the 1660s with the interesting FHL film no (1850126) -
1. Thomas Birchall (-) married Winifride Mooreton (-) 14 Oct 1662 Wybunbury (1850126)
2. Thomas Birchall (-) married Mary Hewett (1638-1710) 29 Sept 1666 Wybunbury (1850126

Thomas Birchall (1676-) Son of Thomas baptised 21 May 1676 Wybunbury (1850126) ... 7 years younger than our William ... his brother? 

 William Birchall (1679-) Son of William baptised 26 June 1679 Wybunbury (1850126) ... 10 years younger than our William ... his cousin? ... did Thomas (1641-) have a brother born in Wybunbury? ... who were these guys?

BUT two Thomas Birchall hailed from just north of the river in Lancashire? Were they cousins? Did one of them have a son 'our' William Birchall (1669-1728)?

1st Dad Thomas was Thomas Son of William ... baptised 1642 Upholland married 1662 or 1666 in Wybunbury ...
... the dates & locations fit with 'our' young William named after his Granddad?   

Grandfather William was also Son of Thomas - baptised 1591 Winwick married Anne Milner Blackbourne 1608 in Winwick   

2nd Dad Thomas was Thomas Son of Thomas ... baptised 1642 Winwick married 1662 or 1666 in Wybunbury ...
... the dates & locations fit with 'our' young William named after his Dad?

Grandfather Thomas was also Son of Thomas - baptised 1591 Winwick married Anne Milner Blackbourne 1608 in Winwick 

Soooo ...  two possible candidates for Thomas Birchall (1641-) the father of our DNA match William Birchall (1869-1728) were baptised in 1642, not in Wybunbury but in Winwick (and Upholland just north through Ashton) both married in 1634 in Winwick and both were cousins having the same grand father Thomas Birchall (1591-).

Two Thomas cousins were born in Lancashire married and had families in Wybunbury ... two fathers the brothers William & Thomas married in Winwick ... but one Grandfather of both Thomas Son of William & Thomas Son of Thomas? Sounds interesting and plausible but we haven't a clue whether it is biologically correct ... but for sure some Birchalls with a sample from the Birchall gene pool did move through this lineage ... so the story was worth telling. 

 


Enter Winifred Moreton & Mary Hewett?        

Thomas Birchalls in Wybunbury don't look like one family ... there were two Wybunbury Thomases?

 The 1st Thomas (1642-?) married Winfred Moreton in 1662 and the 2nd Thomas (1642-?) married Mary Hewett in 1666. 

Thomas UphollandCandidate 1 Thomas Birchall (1642-1711) Son of William baptised 13 Jan 1642 in Upholland, Lancashire. 
Father William Birchall (1614-) Son of Thomas baptised 15 Jan 1614 Winwick (& baptised 15 Jan 1614 Cheshire?) married Mother Elizabeth Ashton (1614-) 27 April 1634 Cheshire. William & Elizabeth were both 20 years old.
Elizabeth Ashton Daughter of John baptised 4 July 1614 Winwick (& baptised 4 July 1614 Cheshire)

NB William baptised 15 Jan 1614 Winwick AND 15 Jan 1614 Cheshire - Elizabeth baptised 4 July 1614 Winwick AND 4 July 1614 Cheshire. Was Winwick in Lancashire County but in the Chester Diocese for the Bishops Transcripts? The Winwick Wybunbury Birchalls were well mixed up? 

Elizabeth's Dad was John Ashton (-)   
(William Birchall (1614-) was unlikely to have married married Marie Davenport (1622-) 2 June 1638 Stockport ... part of the Stockport gang not ours?)

Thomas Birchall Son of William died 13 July 1711 Wybunbury ... our 'young' William was 42 when this Thomas died?

Thomas Birchall Son of ? died 15 Feb 1711 Cheshire ... who was this?

Thomas Birchall (-1692) died 23 May 1692 Wybunbury? ... and with quaint spellings died 23 May 1692 Wibunbury?

Thomas Birchall deaths - 21 Aug 1663 - 23 Nov 1673 - 16 Dec 1675, Son of Robert, Audlem - 18 March 1681 - 4 Sept 1684 - 17 Aug 1693?

Winifred MoretonCandidate 1 Thomas Birchall (1642-)
married
Winifred Moreton (1639-) 14 Oct 1662 Wybunbury (1850126
Winifred Moreton (1639-) Daughter of Randle, baptised 25 March 1639 Wybunbury 
Randle Moreton (1610-84) Son of Richard baptised 16 May 1610 Wybunbury married Ellen Greene (-) 2 May 1635 Wybunbury died 22 Sept 1684 Wybunbury ... Yeoman of Hatherton left a will inventory in 1684
... looks like this family may have introduced the 'Randle' & 'Francis' names into the Birchall tribe? ... can confirming DNA be found in the Moreton family?
Francis Moreton (1635-) Son of Randle baptised 31 Jan 1635 Wybunbury ... Winifred's older brother?
Randle Moreton (1640-) Son of Randle baptised 1 Jan 1640 Wybunbury ... Winifred's younger brother? ... married Ellen Bromall (-) 7 May 1672 Wybunbury

Children of Thomas Birchall and Winifred Moreton in Wybunbury -

Winifred Birchall (1665-) Daughter of Thomas, baptised 7 May 1665 in Wybunbury ... named Winifred after her mother?

Thomas Birchall (1667-) Son of Thomas, baptised 24 Oct 1667 in Wybunbury (1850126) ... named after his father?
Thomas married Sarah Steedman (-) 24 August 1691 Acton, Nantwich ?
Thomas married Elizabeth Hind (-) 11 Feb 1692 Cheshire ?
Thomas married Ann Gerard (-) 17 Feb 1693 or 94 Winwick Cheshire ?
Thomas married Jane Pearcey (-) 2 Aug 1703 Winwick ?
Thomas Birchall (-1692) died 23 May 1692 in Wybunbury?

William Birchall (1669-) Son of Thomas baptised on 15 March 1669 in Wybunbury ... looks like a family?  
married Ellinor Madew (1674-1736) 18 April 1693 Wybunbury ... this looks like our DNA match?

Randle Birchall (1673-) Son of Thomas baptised Sept 1673 Wybunbury ... named after Randle Moreton (1610-84) Winifred's dad?
Randle Birchall (1673-) married Ellen Clay (-) 21 Dec 1697 Wybunbury

Thomas (1673-) Son of Thomas ??

Thomas (1676-) Son of Thomas, married Margaret in 1698 ??

Ann Birchall (1676-) Daughter of Thomas, baptised 25 July 1676 in Wybunbury?

John Birchall (1679-) Son of Thomas, baptised 5 Feb 1679 Wybunbury
married Ann Darbank (-) in 1705

Francis (1679-) Son of Thomas,
married Mary Henbury (-) in 1703 ... son Francis (1708-)

Remember -

Quagmire - Johns & Son of Johns -
Mary Birchall (abt 1710-) of Wybunbury married Thomas Cope (-) of Lea 25 Feb 1733?
Mary Birchall (1709-) Daughter of John baptised 18 Nov 1709 Wybunbury?
John Birchall (abt1685-) Wybunbury?
maybe John Birchall (1679-) Son of Thomas, baptised 5 Feb 1679 Wybunbury?
or John Birchall junior (1675-) Son of John baptised 23 August 1675 Wybunbury
married Ann Darbank (-) from Leek 27 Dec 1705 Wybunbury (1850126) one of our lot!? ... the old relic ... married John Birchall Junior of Blakenhall ...
(Ann Debancke (1694-) Daughter of William & Mary bapisted 9 March 1694 Barton-under-Needwood, Staffs ... too young?
OR Hanna Debanke (1678-1777))?
John Birchall (-1679) Son of Thomas, died 15 Feb 1679 in Wybunbury? ... so who was this? ...  
Ann Birchall (-1725) Wife of John died 11 May 1725 Wybunbury ? 
John Birchall jnr (1679-) Son of John baptised 25 May 1679 Cheshire
or John Birchall jnr (1675-) Son of John baptised 23 August 1675 Wybunbury
or John Birchall (1679-) Son of Thomas, baptised 5 Feb 1679 Wybunbury ... his granddad?
John Birchall jnr (-) married Ann Dabank (-) 27 Dec 1705 Wybunbury ...
'John Birchall jnr of Blakenhall married Ann Dabank of this parish of ... and on the same page
Mary Birchall (-) married 31 Dec 1705 Hugh Breeze (-) of Bridgemere (1850126) Mary was on of our Wybunbury lot!
and  ... Mary Birchall (1667-) Daughter of Thomas, baptised 28 July 1667 in Wybunbury? ...
John Birchall (-) snr Son of ?? baptised ?around1640/50? married ?1670/80? died 24 June 1707 in Blakenhall Wybunbury?
John Birchall (-) married Ann Thurland (-) from Audlem 22 Sept 1732 in Blakenhall Wybunbury?
John Birchall junior (1675-) Son of John baptised 23 August 1675 Wybunbury
married Ann Darbank (-) from Leek 27 Dec 1705 Wybunbury ... the old relic ... married John Birchall Junior of Blakenhall ... ?
(Ann Debancke (1694-) Daughter of William & Mary bapisted 9 March 1694 Barton-under-Needwood, Staffs ... too young?
OR Hanna Debanke (1678-1777))?
John Birchall (-1679) Son of Thomas, died 15 Feb 1679 in Wybunbury? ... so who was this? ...  
Ann Birchall (-1725) Wife of John died 11 May 1725 Wybunbury ?

Hannah Birchall (-) Daughter of John, married William Lightfoot (-) 11 Feb 1834 Nantwich ... a Tailor?

 

Thomas WinwickCandidate 2 Thomas Birchall (1642-?) Son of Thomas baptised 6 Feb 1642 in Winwick, Lancashire 
Father Thomas Birchall (1619-) Son of Thomas baptised 14 Nov 1619 Winwick married Mother Jane Lowe (1622-) 15 Feb 1642 Winwick, Tom was aged 23, Jane 20.  
Jane Lowe Daughter of James baptised 27 Oct 1622 Winwick ... good age when married? This Jane Lowe had the same film number for her baptism and marriage 1469061 

 But Jane Birchall (-1672) Wife of Thomas died 27 Oct 1672 Cheshire ... did she move to Cheshire?

Candidate 2 Thomas Birchall (1642-) married Mary Hewett (1638-1710) on 29 September 1666 Wybunbury (1850126).
Mary Hewett (1638-1710) Daughter of ?? baptised 13 Oct 1638 Audlem, south of Nantwich, Cheshire ... but was this dusty relic our Thomas?  
John Huet (-) married Ersula Rutter (-) 1 July 1628 Audlem ?

Mary HewettCandidate 2 Children of Thomas Birchall and Mary Hewett in Wybunbury -

Mary Birchall (1667-) Daughter of Thomas, baptised 28 July 1667 in Wybunbury ... named Mary after her mother?
Mary Birchall (-1693) Daughter of Thomas, died 17 Aug 1693 in Wybunbury?

Elizabeth Birchall (1669-) Daughter of Thomas baptised 30 January 1669 Wybunbury   

Thomas Birchall (1676-) Son of Thomas, baptised 21 May 1676 Wybunbury? married around 1690-1700?
Margaret Birchall (-1698) Wife of Thomas, died 19 Feb 1698 OR 19 Feb 1697 in Wybunbury??
Thomas Birchall (1704-) Son of Thomas, baptised 28 Sept 1704 in Wybunbury?

Francis Birchall (1679-) Son of Thomas baptised 30 Oct 1679 Wybunbury married Mary Henbury (-) 21 Sept 1703 Wybunbury
Mary Daughter of Robert baptised 3 May 1699? wrong!

Children of Francis & Mary -

1 Thomas Birchall (1704-) Son of Francis baptised 28 Sept 1704 Wybunbury married

(Thomas Birchall (1704-) Son of Thomas baptised 28 Sept 1704 Wybunbury ... two for the price of one??)

2 Robert Birchall (1708-) Son of Francis of Hatherton baptised 9 May 1708 Wybunbury married Jane Higginson (1718-) 26 Dec 1734 in Wybunbury (1850126).
Jane Higginson (1718-), Daughter of William, baptised on 31 May 1718 Wybunbury. Only 16 when she was married? Robert was 26 Jane 10 years younger?

Thomas Birchall (1725-1812) the clock died 30 Nov 1812 Nantwich 87 years old making his birth date 1725. See 'Register of Nantwich Burials November 1812' ... was related to the Higginsons a witness at Thomas's marriage 3 Feb 1755 to Margaret Minshall ...??
Jane Higginson (-) married William Eccleston 2 Jan 1743 ... in Walton? our Jane was 25?

3 Francis Birchall (1711-) Son of Francis baptised 11 Sept 1711 Hunsterson, Wybunbury

Francis Birchall (-1712) died 10 May 1712 Wybunbury

 

NB Thomas Birchall (-1776) of Checkley Brook, Bridgemere died 8 Feb 1776 and BROTHER Robert died 25 Feb 1776 Bridgemere ... two Birchall brothers of Bridgemere died in the same month ... that should make things easy??

 


 



Winwick Conudrums    

Robert (1747-1807), Son of 38 year old Robert (1709-), Son of 40 year old William (1669-) Son of 28 year old Thomas (1641-), Son of 27 year old William (1614-), Son of 23 year old Thomas (1591-) ... Son of Johannis Berchall ?

The mysterious Johannis was as good a place as any to start our search into the possibilities ... we liked his name and John certainly produced a son Thomas in 1591.  

Thomas Berchall 1591Johannis Berchall was he the start of our traceable lineage?

Thomas Birchall (1591-) Son of Johannis baptised 22 August 1591 Winwick married Anne Milner or Blackbourne (1587-) 20 Feb 1608 in Winwick, Lancashire ... Thomas was only 17 years old?
Anne Blackburn (1586-) Daughter of James baptised 20 Nov 1586 Lymm married Thomas Birchall 4 Nov 1608 Cheshire ... 22 when married.
Anne Milner (1587-) baptised 11 Jan 1587 Winwick ... 23 when married.
Anne Milner (1584-) baptised 4 April 1584 Winwick ... 26 when married?

Thomas and Anne had tree sons -

John Birchall (1612-) Son of Thomas baptised 16 Aug 1612 Winwick married Alice Wren (-) 16 Oct 1635 Wigan
Alice Wren Daughter of ?? baptised ??
Or married Mar Neylar (-) 16 Feb 1634 Cheshire
Mary Naillier Daughter of Edward baptised 18 Sept 1614 Winwick?
Eldest son John merits some investigation ...

Possible children -

William (1635-) Son of John baptised 18 Feb 1635 Cheshire  

Thomas? Birchall (1636-) Son of John baptised ? Feb 1636 Cheshire  

William (1639-) Son of John baptised 7 April 1639 Cheshire ...

other children of John - Alice 1668, Alice 1669, Sarah 1679, Peter 1667, Mary 1665, John 1679, George 1667, Anne 1667, Mary 1670, Ellen 1667, Ester 1678, William 1659, Henry 1676, Jane 1676 ... no Thomas ???,   

William Birchall (1614-) Son of Thomas baptised 15 Jan 1614 Winwick married Elizabeth Ashton (1614-) 27 April 1634 Cheshire   

eldest child? -

John Birchall (1637-) Son of William baptised 21 Jan 1637 married Margaret Watt (-) 15 April 1666 Winwick   

Thomas (1642-)



 

Thomas Birchall (1619-) Son of Thomas baptised 14 Nov 1619 Winwick married Jane Lowe (1625-) 15 Feb 1642 Winwick

The children -

John Birchall (1612-) baptised 16 August 1612, Son of Thomas, in Winwick ?

William Birchall (1614-) baptised 15 Jan 1614, Son of Thomas, in Winwick ?

Anne Birchall (1617-) baptised 14 April 1617, Son of Thomas, in Winwick ?

Thomas Birchall (1624-) baptised 24 October 1624, Son of Thomas, in Cheshire ??? Was Winwick in Cheshire in 17th century?

Father Thomas was 33 when young Thomas was born. One Thomas married Jane Lowe in Winwick i in 1642 when he was 18 years old???

Thomas & Anne's children were -  

John Birchall (1612-) Son of Thomas baptised 16 August 1612 Winwick

William Birchall (1614-) Son of Thomas baptised 15 Jan 1614 Winwick

Anne Birchall (1617-) Son of Thomas baptised 14 April 1617 Winwick

Thomas Birchall (1619-) Son of Thomas baptised 14 Nov 1619 Winwick

Thomas Birchall (1624-) Son of Thomas baptised 24 October 1624 Cheshire ?

Father Thomas (1591-) from Winwick was 33 when young Thomas (1624-) was born in Cheshire ...  ?

Sons of Thomas in Cheshire John 1663 & 1665, Elizabeth 1663, Katherine 1666, Samuel 1673?

One Thomas married Jane Lowe in Winwick in 1642 when he was 18 years old???



William Birchall 1614William Birchall (1614-) was baptised on 15 Jan 1614, Son of Thomas, in Winwick.

William married Marie Davenport (1613-) on 2 June 1638 in Stockport.

Marie Davenport (1613-) was born in ????.

Did William and Marie move to Wybunbury??

Thomas Birchall (1641-) was Thomas baptised in Upholland, Lancashire? Not found in Wybunbury, Cheshire? 

Thomas married Mary Hewett (1645-) on 29 September 1666 in Wybunbury.

Mary Hewett (1645-) was born in Audley

Thomas Birchall 1642Or Researcher Rod Birchall has Thomas (1641-) married to Winifride Mooreton (or Moorelowe?) on 14 Oct 1662 in Wybunbury (1850126).

Winifred Moreton (1639-) was baptised on 25 March 1639, Daughter of Randall, in Wybunbury. 

Winifred Birchall (1665-) Daughter of Thomas, was baptised 7 May 1665 in Wybunbury. Named Winifred after her mother?

 

 

 

Other Thomas Burials - Oct 39th 1624, Son of James - July 23rd 1627 - Aug 8th 1632 - August 21st 1663 - November 23rd 1673 - Dec 16th 1675, Son of Robert, Audlem - March 18th 1681 - Sept 4th 1684 - May 23rd 1692, Wybunbury - Aug 17th 1693?

Thomas Birchall (1612-) Son of JAMES baptised 15 Feb 1612 Winwick ??

William Birchall 1614William Birchall (1614-) baptised on 15 Jan 1614, Son of Thomas, in Winwick.

William married Marie Davenport (1613-) on 2 June 1638 in Stockport.

Marie Davenport (1613-) was born in ????.

Did William and Marie move to Wybunbury??

 

 

 



Wybinbury St ChadsBefore Thomas Birchall (1641-) the farming Birchalls were stirring in Wybunbury Parish and surrounds -

Wybunbury St Chads - Nantwich Hundred, Union & Registration - towns Basford, Batherton, Blakenhall, Bridgemere, Checkley with Wrinehill, Chorlton, Doddington, Hatherton, Hough, Hunsterson, Lea, Rope, Shavington with Gresty, Stapeley, Walgherton, Weston, Wybunbury, Willaston.

Birchalls were there to be found in the Wybunbury records before 1641 but there were lots of them, including -

Father Thomas with children - John (1612-) - William (1614-) - Anne (1617-) - Thomas (1624-) - Alice (1625-) - Mary (1625-) - Thomas (1626-) - Elizabeth (1630-) - Ellen (1630-) ... he could be interesting?

Thomas Birchall (-) of Bridgemere left a will and a intriguing inventory in 1650? Was this our man?   

Thomas Birchall (?-1657) died 16 July 1657 Wybunbury of Blakenhall ... was this Thomas Birchall (1591-) Son of Johannis Berchall baptised 22 Aug 1591 Winwick ... if this was 'our' Thomas he was aged 66 when he died? ... but ... WINNICK ... ?

Was there a Winwick to Wybunbury connection?

Prior to 1858 Winwick was in the Archdeaconry of Chester, in the Diocese of Chester for Bishops Transcripts and probate purposes. 

The modern Birchall surname density maps confirmed our origins. Lots of Birchalls moved down the ancient saltway since forever and some lingered in Winwick before crossing the river at Latchford into idylic Cheshire full of salt and rich pasture. The maps indicate a clear diaspora from Birtle, Bury, Wigan south east to Prescot and south west to Leigh and south south through Ashton and Winwick then over the river into Cheshire ... and on to Staffordshire. It was a slamdunk the Birchalls were in Winwick long before they settled in Wybunbury. Like many the Birchalls came down to Cheshire from Lancashire via Winwick as they converged on the Mersey crossing at Latchford, Warrington. Good broad roads run into Warrington from all directions as the ancient saltways converged on the river crossing. The road from Prescot, Whiston and the west passed the Sankey Brook by a bridge, to Sankey Street, Buttermarket Street, Irlam Street and Church Street. After passing St Elphins church and the road divides; the main road goes East to Manchester, and a northerly branch to Bolton. The Mersey identified the Lancashire/Cheshire border ... and separated ancient Anglo Saxon Mercia from Danelaw. Both Lancashire and Cheshire were over run with Birchalls.   
From the bridge over the Mersey a cross-road leads north, to Bridge Street, Horsemarket Street and Winwick Street, on to St Oswald's Winwick (Burtonwood & Croft) and on to Ashton & Wigan (Upholland, Hindley & Farnworth).
Mersey Street leads from the bridge north-east to Irlam Street. From this point Fennel Street and Battersby Lane lead north to Orford Hall. From Buttermarket Street, Bank Street and Academy Street lead down to Mersey Street, on this route stood the famous Warrington Academy.
Connections from Lancashire to the south and Cheshire were as old as salt. Thomas Blackburne (-1724) was a wealthy Cheshire salt merchant who purchased Orford Hall, Warrington, Lancashire (now Cheshire) in 1638.
It was also in Winwick where on the 19 Aug 1648 Oliver Cromwell defeated the Scottish Royalists at the Battle of Red Bank ... this raised the intriguing possibility that some Birchalls fled from the turmoil and joined family and friends in Wybunbury in rural Cheshire?
St Oswald's Church, Winwick, recorded in the National Heritage List as a designated Grade 1 listed building; an active Anglican parish church in the diocese of Liverpool, the archdeaconry of Warrington and the deanery of Winwick.
The church was heavily damaged in 1648 when Oliver Cromwell stationed his troops in the church.

Winwick St OswaldsSoooo ... long before 1641 Birchalls were thriving in Lancashire ... there was a lot more Bichall activity recorded in Winwick than in Wybunbury -

Winwick St Oswalds - West Derby Hundred, Warrington Union & Registration - towns Ashton-in-Makerfield, Croft with Southworth, Lowton, Newchurch, Newton-in-Makerfield later separate parishes and Arbury, Haydock, Houghton, Middleton and Arbury, Winwick with Hulme, Kenyon, Middleton, Myddleton, Risley, Hulme.

 

The possibilities were almost depressingly endless, there were many other Birchalls around Wybunbury & Winwick ... where did they all fit into our story?

 

Father Robert = ?? Birchall (1565-) Edmund (1595-) William (1607-)

Father John = ?? Birchall (1574-) Henry (1607-) Ellen (1607-) Alice (1607-) Jane (1624-) ? Birchall (1628-)

Father George = Ranulphus (1592-) Ann (1628-) Anne (1629-) 

Father Hugh = William Birchall (1603-) baptised Nov 1603 Wybunbury (1850126)

Father Henry = ?? Birchall (1604-) Ellen (1607-) Thomas (1612-)

Father Humphrey = Thomas (1604-) William (1615-) Alice (1624-) 

Father James = Richard (1610-) Jeffrey (1612-) Katherine (1617-) Ellen (1630-)

Father Oliver = Robert (1612-)

Father Thomas = John (1612-) - William (1614-) - Anne (1617-) - Thomas (1624-) - Alice (1625-) - Mary (1625-) - Thomas (1626-) - Elizabeth (1630-) - Ellen (1630-) ... he could be interesting?

Father William = Roger (1617-) Ann (1624-) Richard (1625-) John (1629-) Margaret (1614-) 

Father Davie = Robert (1624-) Ann (1625-) Thomas (1627-)

Father Roger = Thomas (1625-) James (1625-)  

Father Richard = ? (1595-) Mary (1628-)

Father Edmond = Ellen (1630-)  

Thomas Birchall was a popular name in Winwick ... before 1641 there were Fathers Johannis, George, Geffrey, Humphrey & Henry ... at least ...

Thomas Birchall (1595-) Son of Geffrey baptised 20 Oct 1595 Winwick ... 

Thomas Birchall (1604-) Son of Humfferye baptised 22 August 1604 Winwick ... 

Thomas Birchall (1612-) Son of Henry baptised 7 Feb 1612 Winwick ... 

Thomas Birchall (-) married Anne Hazledine 24 April 1628 Winwick ...  

George Birchall was a popular name around Cheshire in the 17thcentury ... and intriguingly on the same burial page as Thomas Birchall (?-1657) above was George Birchall (?-1657) of Bridgemere was buried 13 July 1657 Wybunbury? ... and many others ...

George Birchall (-) married Alice Booth (-1649) 27 Feb 1608 Winwick. Alice Wife of George died 6 April 1649 Cheshire.

George Birchall (-) married Mary Peake (-) 11 June 1663 Cheshire.

James Birchall (-1736) Son of George died 17 Aug 1736 Winwick

George Birchall died 24 May 1626 Cheshire ... and died 8 May 1695 Cheshire ... and died 24 Sept 1656 Cheshire ... and died 19 Oct 1677 Cheshire ... and died 14 Jan 1707 Cheshire.

Ranuphus Birchall (1592-) Son of George baptised 29 March 1592 Sandbach

John (1621-) Son of George & Elizabeth Dodd baptised 17 Sept 1621 Malpas ... John Son of George died 25 Feb 1706 Cheshire
Ann (1629-) Daughter of George baptised 21 Sept 1629 Cheshire 

George (1635-) Son of William baptised 31 May 1635 Cheshire

William Birchall (1664-) Son of George baptised 29 April 1664 Lymm

Alice (-1717) Daughter of George died 1 April 1717 Woodchurch, Cheshire

Looks like a quagmire ...? ... Birchalls and their records in Winwick and Wybunbury were well mixed up ... a buggers muddle ...

 



but where do this lot fit in?

Thomas Birchall (1595-) Son of John baptised 6 Jan 1595 Prescott 

William Birchall (1607-) Son of Robert baptised 2 Feb 1607 Cheshire

William Birchall (1615-) Son of Humphrie baptised 19 Nov 1615 Cheshire ... Humphrie ?

Thomas Birchall (1625-) Son of Roger baptised 7 May 1625 Cheshire ...

Thomas Birchall (1632-) Son of Robert baptised 27 July 1632 Winwick?

Thomas Birchall (1639-) Son of Robert baptised 29 Sept 1639 Winwick?

William Birchall (1634-) Son of William baptised 13 Nov 1634 Cheshire ...

William Birchall (1635-) Son of William baptised 26 Aug 1635 Cheshire ...

William Birchall (1635-) Son of Henry baptised Aug 1635 Cheshire ... Henry ?

William Birchall (1659-) Son of John baptised 16 May 1659 Cheshire ... 

William Birchall (-) married Elizabeth Runkarn 20 Dec 1723 - Rachel Tunstall 20 Jan 1724 - Margaret Taylor 8 Oct 1733 -

John Birchall (1665-) Son of Thomas baptised 28 May 1665 Cheshire

John Birchall (1704-) Son of Thomas baptised 14 April 1704 Cheshire Ashton

(Thomas Birchall (1704-) Son of Francis baptised 28 Sept 1704 Wybunbury married)

Robert Birchall (1698-) Son of Robert baptised 9 May 1698 Cheshire?

Robert Birchall (1705-) Son of Thomas, baptised 25 May 1705 in Cheshire?

John Birchall (1709-) Son of Thomas, baptised 27 May 1709 in Cheshire?

There were also loose ends from the 1780s and our search for g-g-g-g-ganddad John Birchall (1780-1857) -

John Birchall (1783-) Son of John, baptised 7 Sept 1783 Wybunbury 

John Birchall (1784-) Son of Samuel, baptised 29 Feb 1784 Acton by Nantwich

John Birchall (1793-) Son of Thomas, baptised  17 March 1793 of Wybunbury ?

John Birchall (-) married Joane Thomason Aug 1621 Cheshire

Thomas Birchall (-) married Katherine Crimes (-) 20 Sept 1640 Frodsham

Thomas Birchall (-) married Mary Balker 1758 Wybunbury

Thomas Birchall (-) married Margaret Becketi 1840 Liverpool ... father a Book keeper

John Birchall (-) married Ann Clarke (-) 10 Jan 1664 Cheshire 

John Birchall (1794-), labourer, married Sarah Saint (1791-) in 1814 in Sandbach? Witnesses Alice Saint and G Bate?

John Birchall (1797-), Silk Throwster, married Margaret Lowe (1797-) in 1820 in Sandbach? Witnesses Mary Birchall and Thomas Lowe.

 

Mary Birchall 14th Apr1771 Wybunbury Father John Birchall Hunsterston
Elizabeth Birchall 19th June 1774 Wybunbury Father John Birchall
Anne Birchall 12th Dec 1777 Wybunbury Father John Birchall Hunsterston
Martha Birchall 21st Dec 1779 Hunsterston Father John Birchall Hunsterston
John Birchall 7th Sep 1783 Hunsterston Father John Birchall Hunsterston

Thomas Birchall (-1624) Son of James died 39 Oct 1624

Thomas Birchall (-1627) died 23 July 1627

Thomas Birchall (-1632) died 8 Aug 1632

Robert Birchall (1719-) Son of Thomas, died 19 Oct 1719 Cheshire?

William Birchall (-1729) died 7 June 1729 Wybunbury ??

William Birchall (-1758) died 29 Jan 1759 Wybunbury ??

Ellen Birchall (-1679) Daughter of Thomas, died 19 June 1679 in Wybunbury?

Sarah Birchall (-1693) Daughter of Thomas, died 30 March 1693 or 30 March 1692 in Wybunbury?

Margaret Birchall (-1698) Wife of Thomas died 19 Feb 1698 Wybunbury? with quaint spelling Wibunbury?


The suggestions from Joe Pattinson detailing the early Birchall ancestors in Cheshire sparked some interesting research possibilities ...

Thomas Birchall (1641-) born in 1641 Wybunbury ... but there was no record in Wybunbury??

But his grandson son Robert Birchall (1709-), Son of William, of Wybunbury seemed to link four Cheshire Birchall clans -

Thomas (1735-) and the Nantwich Birchalls - but this guy turned out NOT to be the Nantwich Clockmaker who was born 10 years earlier in 1725?

James (1741-) and the Sandbach Birchalls - John & Hannah Steele's lot Yeomen of Sandbach

Samuel (1743-) and the Wybunbury Birchalls - Lynda Burke's farmers of Brassy Hall & Crab Mill

Robert (1747-) and the Astbury Birchalls - John & Hannah Martin's lot Silk Men of the Mills   


Samuel BirchallThe Wybunbury Birchalls

Samuel Birchall (1743-1881)

This family was extensively researched by Lynda Burke - 'The Birchalls of Willaston'. ref GS 1850125 & GS 0924618IT. ref DFN 004011928.

Samuel Birchall (1743-1831) was baptised in Wybunbury, farmed at Brassey Hall, followed by his elder son Charles (1784-1839), then Charles' second son, Edward (1828-1899).

Samuel was baptised 27 May 1743 = married Mary Perrin who died Jan 8th 1812. In the same year Samuel married Jane Holding of Nantwich. Farmed at Brassey Hall. Samuel & Mary had 7 children - 

-- 1 Hannah (1778-1833) baptised 18 Oct 1778 and married Joseph Wood

-- 2 Alice (1780-1861) 13bAugust 1780 and married James Barratt

-- 3 Mary (1782-) 7 July 1782

-- 4 Charles (1784-1839) followed his dad at Brassey Hall.

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 

Charles Birchall (1784-1839) Son of Samuel, baptised 19 September 1784 Wybunbury ... (0845115)
married Sarah Massey (-) 9 Oct 1805 Much Wenlock ... (918867). 

The SueW tree showed descendants not only of time and evolutionary Darwinism but also of the Wybunbury Birchells in Samuel (b1743) through to son Charles and his 4th daughter Alice of whom even Lynda Burke lost trace as they moved through Crewe to Walsall and eventually to the Wells family, farmers of Kingstanding.
 Harold Oliver Wells had a son John Harold Wells (b1932 in Ancestry DNA as John Wells) and Ian West married his firstborn Sue (b.1953) in 1981. We have two children Andrew and Jane, Jane has provided two grandchildren, Aimee and Ben.
Although daughter Jane has an Ancestry DNA record (Jane West) I managed to persuade John to do so as well if only to jump the tracing up two generations.
Thru-Lines has given me 4 lines coming down from the children of Samuel Birchall (b.1731) with Stephen Hale, Francis Beckett and SB (S Bibby?) coming down through Hannah (b.1878) and Joanie Rice through Alice (b.1780). All as 5th cousins to John Wells. Do you recognise any of these? There are then a further 6 who come down through children of Charles (b.1784) who show as 4th cousins.
We are late joiners to your jazz and beer party it seems looking at the amount of work that has preceded us but Ancestry suggests at least 9 DNA Thru-Lines and a further 10 researchers who have traced their trees back to Samuel.
Just wanted to introduce ourselves really, and to thank you for the work that you have published.
In addition to this are a further dozen or so who (i) trace their lines back to Samuel (b1731) (ii) do not show in Thru-Lines possibly because they have not taken DNA tests. I cannot at present Identify you in any of these, but that does not stop us trying. Could we just be a generation too far away? We should be able to get to 8th cousins if we are lucky shouldn't we although Thru-Lines only goes back to 5th Great Grandparents which would be 6th cousins?

Charles and Sarah's 9 children -

1 Mary Ann (1806-86) - 2 Sarah (1809-96) - 3 Sussana (110-96) - 4 Alice (1812-54) - 5 Jane (1813-40) married Thomas Thornhill, a farmer of Crewe Green on 29 December 1835 - 6 Martha (1819-) - 7 Ester (1821-1902)

4 Alice (1812-54) 1st married William Wood (-) 8 Dec 1830 Whitegate ... (1894541) ... aged 20 ...
2nd married Edwin Smith senior (1818-88) ... their son
Edwin Smith junior (1852-94) ... had a daughter
Alice Maud Smith (1876-1936) who married Oliver Wells (1881-1951) ... thier son
Harold Oliver Wells (1906-67) Son of Oliver & Alice Maud Smith (1876-1936), baptised 21 July 1906 Boldmere, Warwickshire, married Dorothy E Hays (1906-99) 1929 ...

8 Charles Birchall (1825-1903) Charles' 1st son, Farmer of Willaston, Wybunbury married Jane Morrey (-) Spinster of Burland, Acton 26 Feb 1846 Acton ... original ...

9 Edward Birchall (1828-1899) Charles' 2nd son followed him at Brassey Hall. In 1860 Edward purchased Dairy House Farm part of the Willaston Hall Estate. Edward's descendants continued to farm at Dairy House. Edward married Ann Pedley (-) 

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 

-- 5 Mary (1787-) 25 February 1787 married John Williams on 3 September 1800 in Nantwich

-- 6 George (1789-1831) 23 August 1789 married Mary Austin (-). His son Samuel (1817-1892) took over from him at Crab Mill.

---   --- Samuel Birchall (1817-1892) was of the Crab Mill farm in Baddiley. Samuel married Mary Ravenscroft (-) in 1853.

George set up farming at the Crab Mill and his descendants continued to farm in several local farms. 
-- Elizabeth (1792-1868) 9 Feb 1787 married Joseph Moss (-)
Samuel and his two sons, Charles and George, with other family members, were buried in the same grave behind St Mary’s Church, Wistaston, near Nantwich.

Mary Birchall (1771-) Daughter of John baptised 14 April 1771 Wybunbury??

Wonderfully researched by Lynda Burke in The Birchall Family of Cheshire - Lynda Burke's 2002 research has been extensive and identified - Samuel Birchall (1743-1881) of Wybunbury as Lynda's (and Jean Davenport's) 5 x great-grandfather and their earliest known ancestor. The baptismal register of St Chad's Wybunbury gives his father's name as Robert, whose father was William, but nothing more was known.

The 1723 record of local Oaths of Allegiance to the Protestant Succession lists Birchalls in Newhall, Over Whitley, Halton, Lymm, Audlem, Appleton, High Legh, Tattenhall, Hutton and Barthomley. This suggests that we should look in one of these places for 'pre-Samuel (1743-1831)' Birchalls

The Audlem Birchall was William, a yeoman. Could he be our man? Could he be Samuel's grandfather? Possibly, as we know that a William Birchall did have a son called Robert. Again, this could be checked in Audlem (or Wybunbury) Parish Registers?

William (1670-) & Robert (1709-) both had six known children, Samuel (1743-1831) had 7 children. There are still relatives in the Nantwich area, but as near as Hatherton, Stapeley, Sandbach and Middlewich, hundreds of other Birchalls that we think must be connected but no one has the time, energy, persistence or money to do it? Lynda's cousin John Birchall (1946-) came across a book 'The Diary of a Victorian Squire' by David Verey. The book was a narrative with extracts from the diaries and letters of Dearman and Emily Birchall. They had a Caleb (of Leeds) in their tree ... one of Lynda's grandfather's brothers was a Caleb ... he lived to be 100 - 75 years a churchwarden. Lynda vowed to research the Caleb Birchalls!

Mary Birchall (1771-) Daughter of John baptised 14 April 1771 Wybunbury??

The Birchall Wills, a valuable resource?

Lawrence of Northwich left a will in 1672.


James Birchall The Sandbach Birchalls   

John Birchall (1779-1850) was a red herring during the search for our John Birchall (1780-1857).

Our John was drawn to the exciting risks of the Silk Mills as cousin John became a respectable yeoman farmer.

But who was James Birchall the father of John Birchall (1779-1850) who married Hannah Steel? Where was he from? Who did he marry? When did he die? What brought him to Congleton? Was he a respectable yeoman farmer?

James Birchall (1741-1825) Son of Robert of Bridgemere baptised 13 March 1741 Wybunbury (0924618) (see also James, Son of Robert baptised 13 March 1740 ... a transcription error?)
married Margaret Shaw (1742-1826) 23 June 1765 Brereton-cum-Smethwick, Sandbach, Cheshire, England ... original ... transcription - 'Brereton Register for the year 1765. James Burchall Sanbach Parish Margt Shaw of this Parish June 23rd 1765'. 
Wife Margaret, Daughter of John & Ann Shaw was baptised in Sandbach in 1742   
died 1825 Sandbach (1751912) aged 85. Margaret died just a year after James in 1826, aged 87?

This James was the father of John Birchall (1779-1850), Son of James, who married Hannah Steele (1780-1832) and one of the earlier Sandbach Birchalls ... 

Yeoman of Sandbach James Birchall (1741-1825) wrote his will, originally in 1819, but he died in Sandbach on January 13th 1825, aged 85 years. The 1825 Will identified son John and recorded -
- Yeoman
- land at Sandbach Heath left to son John
- wife Margaret still alive.
- sons John and Samuel 
- John Dickinson, Cordwainer, William Peover, Butcher executors ... John Dickinson (1769-1829), Cordwainer of Sandbach, & son in law. William Peover (-), Butcher of Sandbach. Both John & William were found in Pigot's directory of Cheshire 1822/23 still practising their trades.
- granddaughter Mary wife of William Lees 
- sons-in-law John Dickinson and John Hyde 
- Jas Colclough, Vernon Bloore, Samuel Cook witnesses 

The names Dickinson Lunt Colclough Hardern crop up regularly in the story of the Snadbach Birchalls ...

The seven children of James & Margaret the Sandbach Birchalls were -

1 Jane Birchall (1765-1847) baptised at Sandbach ...
married John Dickinson (1769-1829), Cordwainer, in 1796. Sister Ann was a witness. John Dickinson died in Sandbach in 1829, aged 60 years. Charles Dickinson (1798-) of Sandbach, shoe manufacturer, was the nephew & executor of John Birchall (1779-1850). Jane died in Sandbach in 1847, aged 83 years.

2 Mary Birchall (1768-) baptised at Sandbach ...
married John Hyde, a Cotton Spinner, in 1792 in Stockport.

3 Hannah Birchall (1772-) baptised at Sandbach ...
married Richard Wainwright (-) in Sandbach in 1790. John Hilditch & elder sister Jane Birchall were witnesses. Daughter Mary Wainwright was born on November 7th 1790.  This was granddaughter Mary Wainwright mentioned in James' Will who married William Lees in 1816. Was Mary the first granddaughter?
1841 census identified Hannah Wainright (1772-) née Birchall living with younger brother Samuel (1782-) taylor & wife Isabell in Manchester Hulme. Hannah died 3 May 1857 in Hulme.

4 Anne Birchall (1776-) baptised at Sandbach ... Ann 'Nancy' Birchall (1776-) aged 43, Spinster of Sandbach, 
married James Colclough (1791-1828) aged 26, Widower, Joiner,  14 Feb 1819 Sandbach (1751911) ... original ... licence ... and Joseph Fox licence (30 and upwards). Witnesses Thomas Colclough (1796-1863) brother ... and Sarah Dickinson (1796-1863) ... and looks like a 3rd witness Chas Dickinson (1798-1860) !
Sara & Charles were the children of John Dickinson (1769-1829) & Jane Birchall (1765-1847) ! 

(not married John Lowe (1774-) in 1804. Witness George Latham? John was baptised in Sandbach in 1774)

5 John Birchall (1779-1850) baptised at Sandbach, eldest son and heir ...
married Hannah Steele in 1804, Sandbach. Brother Samuel was a witness, with Thomas Dean? In 1841 60 year old Thomas Dean (1780-) was living at Malkin's Bank, Sandbach, Betchton? married Elizabeth Jones in 1808?

6 Samuel Birchall (1782-1863) baptised at Sandbach ...
married Isabella Turner (-) 1812 Market Drayton
The 1841 census identifies Samuel (1782-) a taylor & living with wife Isabell in Manchester Hulme. Hannah Wainright (1772-) née Birchall was living with her younger brother,
The 1851 census identifies Samuel as a Chelsea Pensioner married to Isabella (1783-1864) from Newcastle upon Tyne, Scotland (?), they were living at Wheelock Road, Sandbach. In 1861 Samuel & Isabella were living in the High Street, Sandbach. Samuel - 'Retiree (Army) and Keeper of Savings Bank'.
Samuel trained as a tailor and at 21 joined the Dragoon Guards in Manchester in 1804.
The Chelsea Pensioner records confirm Samuel's illustrious career serving His Majesty in the 85th Light Infantry rising to Sergeant before discharge at his own request in 1832 after 27 years service which included a stint in the Mediterranean !
Samuel died in Sandbach in 1863, aged 82. Isabella died in a year later in 1864.

7 James Birchall (1786-1842) baptised 12 March 1786 Sandbach ...
married Ann Williams (1788-1848) in 1814 in Nantwich. Ann was born in Wrenbury the daughter of Hugh & Mary. Witnesses were John Williams and Mary Wainwright. Mary was James' niece, daughter of his sister Hannah (1772-).

In 1841 census James 60 & Ann 50 were at Union Street, Sandbach with Maria (1821-) 15, Ann (1824-) 15, Emma (1827-) 14, Harriet (1831-) 10, & Louisa (1834-) 7. The eldest three girls were all working in silk throwing.

James died in Sandbach in 1842, aged 61? Ann died in 1848, aged 57?

Emma married William Loundes in Sandbach in 1849. Father James was described as a Wheelwright.

In 1851 Harriet was lodging in Arbourhay Street, Hurdsfield, Macclesfield, with Charles & Hannah Ridgway and daughter Prudence. Charles was a Silk Dyer and Harriet a Silk Winder.

In 1851 Louisa was lodging in Union Street, Sandbach, with William & Betsey Bingess and family. William was a master Cordwainer and Louisa had followed her sisters into silk.

Sam (1787-) Son of John & Hannah baptised 17 Jan 1787 Nantwich ...  Christened in Nantwich???????


Thomas BirchallThe Nantwich Birchalls   

Thomas Birchall (1712-) Son of William baptised 13 Aug 1712 Wybunbury (1850126) confirmed as part of the Wybunbury family! A 2nd Thomas for William & Ellinor after the 1st Thomas (1698-11) sadly died at only 13 in 1711? See above ...      
married Jane Aldersey (-) 16 April 1733 'Marriage licence was granted to Thomas Birchall of 'Namptwich' to Jane Aldersey of Barthomley' ... was this Thomas (1712-) he would have been 21 years old?
Did Thomas Birchall (1712-) move to Nantwich?

Of interest on the same page as Thomas Birchall (1712-) married Jane Aldersey (-) a Mary Birchall (abt 1710-) of Wybunbury married Thomas Cope (-) of Lea 25 Feb 1733?
Mary Birchall (1709-) Daughter of John baptised 18 Nov 1709 Wybunbury? See Quagmire)

And where do this lot fit in?

 Thomas Birchall (-) married Jane Alderley (-) 14 April 1734 Warmingham, Sandbach (1551110) ... Warmingham near Sandbach. Hannah Steele's neck of the woods (1751911)

Jane Aldersey (1709-) Daughter of Caldecott, baptised 26 June 1709 Coddington?

Confusingly Mrs Jane Aldersey, widow, married Griffith Jones (-) Gent of Little Budworth 6 Jan 1736 in Coddington, Malpas?   

Thomas Birchall (-) died 15 June 1802 Wybunbury (1850127) ... aged 90? ... or died 10 April 1805 (1850127) ... which Thomases were these?  

Did his uncle Thomas Birchall (1712-) move to Nantwich?

(probably did not married Elizabeth Adams (-) 30 March 1752 Wybunbury ... Thomas aged 17 was a bit young?
But Thomas (-) Son of William was a better bet ... see above)

This guy was NOT Thomas the renowned clock-maker? ... the birth date were wrong? Thomas the clock was born 10 years earlier in 1725.

 

Thomas Birchall (1735-) Son of Robert (1709-) was not 'Thomas the Clock' of Nantwich ...   

However there were other Nantwich Birchalls ... the most famous was Thomas (1725-1812) who exercised his clock skills in Hospital Street, Nantwich around 1782-84 and repaired Wrenbury Church clock in 1774-75.

'Thomas the Clock' died in 1812 in Nantwich 87 years old making his birth date 1725. See 'Register of Nantwich Burials November 1812' -

Thomas Birchall clockmaker aged 87 30 Nov 1812

Thomas Birchall (1725-1812) Son of ??? baptised ??? We can't find him in Wybunbury but h
died 30 Nov 1812 (1786141)
married 3 Feb 1755 Margaret Minshall (1786141) this confirmed St Marys Nantwich. And confirmed a HIGGINSON was a witness.

One of Mum's Higginson family was a witness ... this connects the Clock Maker to Robert Birchall (1708-) and Jane Higginson (1718-)? But not their son born in 1725 ... Robert & Jane were not married until 1734! Maybe their newphew, Son of John ??!!
Margaret Minshall was baptised 10 April 1720 in Nantwich, Daughter of Alexander.

 Jane Higginson (-) married William Eccleston 2 Jan 1743 ... in Walton? our Jane was 25?

a Higginson was a witness at Thomas's

(3 Francis Birchall (1711-) Son of Francis baptised 11 Sept 1711 Wybunbury

Francis Birchall (-1712) died 10 May 1712 Wybunbury)

 

In 1797 Thomas the Clock, upwards of 70 years old, a widower, married Mary Latham (1757-) upwards of 40 year old, a spinster, in Nantwich. Mary was baptised 27 March 1757 in Nantwich Daughter of ?

There were three possible Thomas the clock candidates in Cheshire in 1725 -   

 Candidate 1 = Thomas Birchall (1725-) Son of Robert (1708-) baptised ?? married Elizabeth Adams (-) 30 March 1752 Wybunbury? Elizabeth Birchall (-1767) Spouse of Thomas of Checkley died 27 Dec 1767 Wybunbury?

Mary (1782-) Daughter of Thomas (labourer of Leighton?) & Elizabeth baptised 28 April 1782 Nantwich.
Sarah (1786-) Daughter of Thomas & Elizabeth baptised 19 Feb 1786 Nantwich.
Joseph (1789-) Son of Thomas & Elizabeth baptised 8 March 1789 Nantwich, named after granddad? This family was from Leighton.
Ann (1791-) Daughter of Thomas & Elizabeth baptised 25 Sept 1791 Nantwich.

Candidate 2 = Thomas Birchall (1725-) Son of John baptised 15 Sept 1725 Winwick, Ashton, Cheshire, born 30 Aug 1725.
Father John Birchall (1702-) Son of John, baptised 5 Nov 1702 Cheshire married Mother Mary Eaton (-) 18 May 1725 Winwick, Cheshire. Son of John quagmire!

Candidate 3 = Thomas Birchall (1725-) Son of Joseph baptised 25 Feb 1725 Winwick, Ashton, Cheshire, born 27 Feb 1725? 
Father Joseph Birchall (-) Son of ? baptised ? married ? died
Joseph Birchall (1782-) Son of Thomas of Ashton & Elizabeth baptised 2 Dec 1782 Wigan?

Was one of these guys our clockmaker?

Thomas Birchall (-) Clockmaker married Margaret Beckett (-) 10 Feb !840 St Philips Liverpool. Witnesses Ann Birchall & Henry Aston? 

or

Thomas Birchall (1728-) Son of William baptised 22 Sept 1728 in Wybunbury see above

Thomas Birchall (1729-) Son of John baptised 13 Jan 1729 Cheshire?

Thomas Birchall (1729-) Son of Nathan baptised 21 Dec 1729 Cheshire? 

Thomas Birchall (1733-) Son of John baptised 22 April 1733 Wybunbury?

Thomas Birchall (1733-) Son of John baptised 30 Sept 1733 Cheshire? 

Mary Birchall (1771-) Daughter of John baptised 14 April 1771 Wybunbury??

Samuel (1738-) Son of Thomas & Elizabeth baptised 26 March 1738 Acton Nantwich ??

Elizabath (1740-) Daughter of Thomas & Elizabeth baptised 9 March 1740 Acton Nantwich ??

 

 

Connections to Warrington?

Marriage Licence Mary Birchall (1746-1803) Daughter of Thomas, born in Whiston, Prescot around 1746 married James Carter (1780-1848) 29 June 1779 in Prescot. The licence ...

Another Mary Birchall (1746-1811) Daughter of Sarah (1719-) born and died in Wybunbury married John Dobson (1743-) 12 Sept 1769 born in Audlem. Son James Dobson (1781-1859) born and died Wybunbury?

Warrington produced reputable clock makers !  Kit Heald & James Carter's 3 x great grandson has uncovered possible links to Warrington -

James Carter (1780-1848) Warrington watchmaker, son of Richard (-1803) a Liverpool boat builder and Mary Birchall (1746-1803), Daughter of Thomas Birchall (-) of Whiston, then Warrington in 1792. Born 25 July 1780 in Liverpool. Baptised 20 August 1780. Moved to Whiston.

Both Mum and Dad died in 1803.
Thomas Birchall (-) sons -
- John Birchall (-) of Cronton
- George Birchall (1745-1828) died 28 March 1828 in Winwick. Married Margaret Houghton in 1813 in Winwick. Set up a watchmaking business in Bridge Street, Warrington in 1793. James Carter was apprenticed to Uncle George and eventually took over the business in Bridge Street, Warrington.
'Uncles' -
Thomas Birchall (-) Warrington watch maker
William Birchall (-) London watch maker. James worked with William for 10 years.
In 1805 George & Thomas listed as Warrington watch makers and William moved up from London and James goes down to London.

In 1806 James Carter married Margaret Simcock (1785-1868) of Prescot and returned to London for the birth of - James (1807-), John (1810-), Mary (1812-) & Joseph (1814-). Margaret Simcock's mother was Margaret Birchall (1758-96) of Whiston who married William Simcock (1760-1829) in Prescot on 24 December 1780.

In 1815 James returned to Warrington to take over the business of Uncle George Birchall (1745-1828).

Children on return to Warrington - Richard Carter (1816-), William Carter (1819-), George Birchall Carter (1822-29), Jemima Carter (1824-), Josiah Carter (1828-). 
Birchall

John Birchenhough (1796-) Cheshire clockmaker -
1841 Census at Chapel Street, Sandbach, Cheshire
Cyrus Birchenhough 70 1771 Cheshire agricultural labourer
John Birchenhough 45 1796 Cheshire clockmaker
Martha Birchenhough 35 1806 Cheshire dress maker
Ann Birchenhough 15 1826 Cheshire dress maker
1851 Census at Chapel Street, Sandbach
Cyrus Birchenough 85 1766 Sandbach, Cheshire, head widower, labourer
John Birchenough 59 1792 Elton, Cheshire, son, unmarried, clockmaker
Martha Birchenough 47 1804 Sandbach, Cheshire, daughter, unmarried, dressmaker
Samuel Heathcote 28 1823 Odd Rode, Cheshire, grandson in law, tailor
Ann Heathcote abt 1824 Sandbach, Cheshire, granddaughter, dressmaker
Emily Gee 16 1835 Congleton, Cheshire, granddaughter, dressmaker
Clement Heathcote 1 1850 Sandbach, Cheshire, gt grandson


Rod Birchall's line seems to go - William (1614-) - Thomas (1641) - William (1669-) - Robert (1708-) - Robert (1747-) - Thomas (1769-) - John (1793-)  - Thomas (1818-) - Thomas (1845-) - Harry (1877-) - Arthur (1901-) - Rod Birchall   

***** ... where do the following lot fit in? ...

Robert Birchall was early say 1535?
Father Robert = ?? Birchall (1565-) Edmund (1595-) William (1607-)
Father Oliver = Robert (1612-)
Father Davie = Robert (1624-)
William Birchall (1607-) Son of Robert baptised 2 Feb 1607 Cheshire
Thomas Birchall (1632-) Son of Robert baptised 27 July 1632 Winwick?
Thomas Birchall (1639-) Son of Robert baptised 29 Sept 1639 Winwick?
Robert Birchall (1705-) Son of Thomas, baptised 25 May 1705 in Cheshire?
Robert Birchall (1719-) Son of Thomas, died 19 Oct 1719 Cheshire?
yet another Robert Son of William baptised 15 March 1708 ... wot was going on??
NB There was a second Robert Birchall in Wybunbury around this time. The dilemma was compounded as both Robert Birchalls appeared on the same manuscript page from St Chad's Wybunbury married in 1734!
AND a third Robert Birchall (1698-) Son of Robert baptised 9 May 1698? Who was this father Robert (around 1668?)
William Birchall (1688-) Son of Robert, baptised March 7th 1688 in Cheshire? Confusion, another William?

(Robert Birchall married Ann Wakefield (1755-) Daughter of James, 25 Dec 1788 at Astbury ... )

Thomas Birchall 16 Dec 1675, Son of Robert, Audlem

Thomas Birchall (-) Yeoman of Audlem, Wood Orchard left a will in 1717 which mentioned John Bridges, Son in Law Tom Shillingos and wife Rachol Jane Tom Shillingos, Robiah Burchall, Jane Birchall Daughter, James Burchall Son, Joseph Hudson, Ann Hawking ...

Thomas Birchall (-) Yeoman of High Legh left a will in 1730 High Legh south of Lymm, south of Warringtom ...   

William Birchall (1688-) Son of Robert, baptised March 7th 1688 in Cheshire? Confusion, another William?

John Birchall (-1754) Son of ?? baptised married died 20 May 1754 Wybunbury

John Birchall (-1775) Son of Randle infant died 28 March 1775 Wybunbury

Anne Birchall (1776-) baptised at Sandbach ...
married John Lowe (1774-) in 1804. Witness George Latham? John was baptised in Sandbach in 1774. not our lot

John Birchall (-1803) Son of John & Ellen died 20 Jan 1803 Wybunbury

William Birchall (1714-) Son of Joseph baptised 4 Nov 1714 Great Budworth !!??

William Birchall (1716-) Son of John baptised 30 March 1716 Great Budworth !!??

William Birchall (1817-1897) born Cork, Ireland and died in Mudgee NSW. Was this William a possible relative????

*****

Stapeley GraveIn 1886 farmer John Birchall Oak Farm, Artle Brook, Stapeley went bankrupt ... who was he? ... he married a Hannah and had a son Thomas ... grave ... ??

Baptisms
Ann Birchall 1676 1676 — Thomas Wybunbury
Ann Birchall 1707 1707 — John Wybunbury
Anne Birchall 1673 1673 — John Wybunbury
Anne Birchall 1675 1675 — William Wybunbury
Elizabeth Birchall 1669 1669 — Thomas Wybunbury
Elizabeth Birchall 1678 1678 — John Wybunbury
Elizabeth Birchall 1700 1700 — Randle Wybunbury
Elizabeth Birchall 1712 1712 — John Wybunbury
Elizabeth Birchall 1712 1712 — John Wybunbury
Elizabeth Birchall 1713 1713 — Robert Wybunbury
Ellinor Birchall 1693 1693 — William Wybunbury
Francis Birchall 1679 1679 — Thomas Wybunbury
Francis Birchall 1702 1702 — William Wybunbury
Francis Birchall 1711 1711 — Francis Wybunbury
Francis Birchall 1711 1711 — Francis Wybunbury
Hannah Birchall 1683 1683 — John Wybunbury
John Birchall 1711 1711 — Randle Wybunbury
John Birchall 1711 1711 — Randle Wybunbury
Mary Birchall 1667 1667 — Thomas Wybunbury
Mary Birchall 1680 1680 — John Wybunbury
Mary Birchall 1698 1698 — Randle Wybunbury
Mary Birchall 1709 1709 — John Wybunbury
Mary Birchall 1709 1709 — John Wybunbury
Randle Birchall 1705 1705 — William Wybunbury
Robert Birchall 1708 1708 — Francis Wybunbury
Robert Birchall 1708 1708 — William Wybunbury
Sarah Birchall 1704 1704 — Randle Wybunbury
Thomas Birchall 1667 1667 — Thomas Wybunbury
Thomas Birchall 1676 1676 — Thomas Wybunbury
Thomas Birchall 1698 1698 — William Wybunbury
Thomas Birchall 1712 1712 — William Wybunbury
Will Birchall 1679 1679 — William Wybunbury
William Birchall 1669 1669 — Thomas Wybunbury
William Birchall 1694 1694 — William Wybunbury
Winifride Birchall 1665 1665 — Thomas Wybunbury
Sarah Birchal 1718 1718 — William Wybunbury
Sarah Birchal 1718 1718 — William Wybunbury
Sarah Birchal 1719 1719 — John Wybunbury
Sarah Birchal 1719 1719 — John Wybunbury
Robt Burchall 1674 1674 — William Wybunbury
Thomas Burchall 1704 1704 — Thomas Wybunbury

 

Marriages
Ann Birchall 1703 George Wybunbury
Eliz Birchall 1702 William Wybunbury
Hannah Birchall 1714 John Wybunbury
Hannah Birchall 1714 John Wybunbury
Jane Birchall 1666 William Wybunbury
Mary Birchall 1705 Hugh Wybunbury
Randle Birchall 1697 Ellen Wybunbury
Thomas Birchall 1662 Winifrid Wybunbury
Thomas Birchall 1666 Mary Wybunbury
William Birchall 1693 Ellinor Wybunbury
Anne Berchall 1675 Ralph Wybunbury 
Anne Birchal 1717 Robert Wybunbury
Anne Birchal 1717 Robert Wybunbury
William Birchal 1718 Sarah Wybunbury
Francis Burchall 1703 Mary Wybunbury
Mary B*W 1714 John Wybunbury
Anne Birchall 1732 Enoch Wybunbury
Elizabeth Birchall 1755 Charles Wybunbury .
Elizabeth Birchall 1796 John Wybunbury
James Birchall 1784 Ann Wybunbury
Jane Birchall 1724 John Wybunbury
John Birchall 1762 Sarah Wybunbury
Joseph Birchall 1781 Elizabeth Wybunbury
Margaret Birchall 1770 Saml Wybunbury
Mary Birchall 1733 John Wybunbury
Mary Birchall 1733 Thomas Wybunbury
Mary Birchall 1733 John Wybunbury
Mary Birchall 1733 Thomas Wybunbury
Olive Birchall 1777 James Wybunbury
Paddy Birchall 1800 Job Wybunbury
Robert Birchall 1734 Mary Wybunbury
Robert Birchall 1734 Jane Wybunbury
Robert Birchall 1734 Mary Wybunbury
Robert Birchall 1734 Jane Wybunbury
Robert Birchall 1758 Mary Wybunbury
Sam Birchall 1785 Elizabeth Wybunbury
Sarah Birchall 1731 John Wybunbury
Sarah Birchall 1731 William Wybunbury
Sarah Birchall 1757 James Wybunbury
Sarah Birchall 1768 William Wybunbury
Sarah Birchall 1788 Robert Wybunbury
Thomas Birchall 1752 Eliz Wybunbury
Jane Birchal 1724 John Wybunbury
Mary Birchal 1725 Thomas Wybunbury
Mary Birchal 1725 Thomas Wybunbury
Frances Brichall 1758 John Wybunbury
Margaret Birscall 1789 Thos Wybunbury

Incorrect Jane Lowes!
Jane Low Daughter of Ralph baptised  26 May 1622 Wigan ... good age when married? But 'Low' spelt without an 'e'? 
Jane Lowe Daughter of Thomas  baptised  8 Sept 1625 Wigan ... only 17 when married?  
Jane Lowe Daughter of Edward baptised  16 March 1627 Winwick ... just 15 when married?
Jane Lowe Daughter of William baptised  25 March 1629 Wigan ... just 13 when married?
Jane Birchall Wife of Thomas died 27 Oct 1672 Cheshire
Jane Lowe Daughter of John baptised 6 June 1611 Baddiley ... Baddiley to Winwick? ... 31 when married?
Jane Lowe Daughter of Francis baptised 26 Dec 1615 Macclesfield ... Macclesfield to Winwick? ... 27 when married?