The Failure of Economic Planning

taxesWhy did Eastern European economic planning collapse with the Berlin Wall in 1989 ?

Evolution does not involve planning foresight nor arrogant command & control and will tend to favour alternative organising systems like competitive markets which deliver co-operative survival value more efficiently and equitably than alternatives - customers decide and investors in technology provide. Wealth creation results from positive sum behaviour where co-operative synergies must be discovered, accumulated and defended - a complex difficult process.

specialisation - requiring time consuming acquisition of skills and complex co-operation and exchange between many different people

scale - requiring conflict resolution in ever larger groups of different individuals, trust in strangers

scientific method - requiring high initial fixed costs of education and discipline as observation, mathematical theory, testable hypotheses, experimental validation and peer review add to understanding

imitation - requiring inspired transmission and reliable reception of ideas in the brain

innovation - requiring risky change and creative energy generating hitherto unconnected connections 

investment gearing - requiring scarce delayed individual consumption as the magic of property and compound interest benefit more people in the long terms

Wealth is also constantly destroyed by -

the corrosive effect of the 2nd Law of Thermodynamics and

the inevitable parasites and predators

History reveals an instinctive, and hence popular, tendency to divert energy into the economics of the pecking order. Here the physically powerful impose their solutions on the 'also rans' as bureaucrats impose 'rent seeking' central command activities. These ideas are 'a fatal conceit', a zero sum parasitic game where some folk pay for other folks pleasure, economically inefficient and inequitable.
Centralised economic planning based on tax & spend and red tape suffers from a triple whammy of economic inefficiencies -

scamsSpending ignorance - 

without price and profit signals there is little information for decisions and costly gluts & queues emerge

without the safeguard of competition better alternatives are not discovered

without individual choice the 'common good' is an arrogant imposition benefiting vested interest groups

without the magic of private property the discovery of successful technological and institutional innovation is not rewarded efficiently

Tax distortion - 

average tax is a burden crowding out innovative technological and institutional alternatives as diversity & choice is destroyed and marginal productivity of capital declines. X-inefficiency from spending other people's money on grandiose schemes at the expense of unknowable innovative competitive alternatives. Wealth is also lost through administrative bureaucracy and  compliance costs

marginal tax is an XS burden eroding effort, thrift & honesty 

tax predators and rent seekers bribe and corrupt using other people's wealth to 'log roll' and 'pork barrel', creating dependency and divisive winners & losers resulting in alienation, evasion and avoidance which destroys tax revenues as tax rates are raised

Red tape throttle - 

a bottomless pit of bureaucratic expense rather than an overflowing well of invention

outlawing the overflowing well of technological and institutional innovation

theft & fraud are best exposed by competitive diversity & choice and instinctive principles of moral sentiments and caveat emptor not regulation

NB failed experiments are an inevitable part of the innovation process and are only exposed with hindsight after the horse has bolted ... survival is a random variant ...

Tax policy and foreign policy should be based on helping more and more folk to join the 'gravy train' - 'a leg up not a hand out' it's 'tough love'!

Universal Darwinism is a counter-intuitive concept - 'the penny has to drop' - brilliant intelligence sometimes doesn't get it. Albert Einstein -

'The economic anarchy of capitalist society is the real source of evil, a planned economy adjusts production to the needs of the community, distributes the work to be done among all those able to work and guarantees a livelihood to every man woman and child'.

As Adam the Smith explained capitalist society is not self interested anarchy it is underpinned by moral sentiments.

NB if some folk decide they prefer high tax and central planning, or autocratic hierarchies this is perfectly consistent with free democratic values as long as they don't impose their ideas on others. Charles Tiebout demonstrated that local communities can be set up in this way where people can vote with their feet - undemocratic tyranny & oppression only starts when force is involved - to paraphrase Voltaire -

'I've no problem with folk who disagree with me only those who insist I agree with them by force' ...

In 2005 Michael Goodhart sussed out what was on Thomas Jefferson's mind - 

 'Extending the social guarantees of fundamental human rights beyond the familiar limits of the political as it has traditionally been understood to encompass all those conceptual domains, for instance, family, workplace, civil society and transnational spheres, where governance occurs and where domination & interference are thus likely. ‘Democracy’ does not mean creating majoritarian representative institutions; it means creating secure institutional guarantees for human rights'.


Read my essay notes here

Don't forget to send me your comments, corrections and critique ... here

back to evolutionary economics