The Early Cheshire Birchalls

wantingcaution !! this is an initial draft ... these notes are on my server for safe keeping !!

 

 

 

 

 

Robert 1747We struggled and made some progress with the lineage of The Birchall Brothers with a modicum of confidence back to our g-g-g-g-grandfather John Birchall (1780-1857) but what of earlier times?? The only clue we had of previous escapades from our 2017 research was that John was the Son of Robert, baptised in Wybunbury on 13 Feb 1780.

Robert of Wybunbury??

So who was this guy Robert Birchall the father of our John Birchall (1780-1857) probably born around 1750? Where was he from? Who did he marry? When did he die? Was he a farmer? What brought him to Wybunbury? Was he in silk?

Robert Birchall (1747-1807) was baptised on 17 March 1747, Son of Robert, at Wybunbury ... making him 33 when our John (1780-1857) was born ... was this our man ... ?

We now guess, perhaps, for starters, suggest, that maybe the father of 'our' John Birchall (1780-1857) was Robert Birchall (1747-) and John's grandfather was Robert Birchall (1709-), both of Wybunbury.

Robert 1709It seems the four sons of Robert Birchall (1709-), Son of William, of Wybunbury linked four of the Cheshire Birchall clans -

Thomas (1735-) and the Nantwich Birchalls - maybe the Nantwich Clockmaker?

James (1741-) and the Sandbach Birchalls - John & Hannah Steele's lot Yeomen of Sandbach

Samuel (1743-) and the Wybunbury Birchalls - Lynda Burke's farmers of Brassy Hall & Crab Mill

Robert (1747-) and the Astbury Birchalls - John & Hannah Martin's lot Silk Men of the Mills   

all four brothers share the same digital references in the Family Search Index.

... and great grandfather William Birchall (1669-1746) proved to be very interesting because of our Ancestry.com DNA match with Joyce Cross! Our Common Ancestor = William Birchall (1669-1746) !


Early Cheshire Birchalls - here we go ...

Brilliant suggestions detailing the early Birchall ancestors in Cheshire came from Joe Pattinson and they sparked an interesting sequence of possibilities - 

Thomas Birchall b 1641 Wybunbury = Mary Hewitt b 1645 Audley

William Birchall b 15 Mar 1670 Wybunbury = Ellinor Madew

- 1 William b 22 Nov 1694 - 2 Thomas b 5 Jun 1698 - 3 Francis b 26 April 1702 - 4 Randle b 8 July 1705 - 5 Robert Birchall b 15 Feb 1709 - 6 Thomas b 13 Aug 1712    (all born in Bridgemere)

Robert Birchall’s children (wife unknown?)

- 5.1 Thomas b 1735 - 5.2 Hannah b 1737 - 5.3 Sarah b 1739 - 5.4 James b 1741 - 5.5 Samuel b 1743 - 5.6 Robert b 1747      (all born Wybunbury)


Before 1641 Birchalls were stirring in Wybunbury -

Thomas Birchall (1591-1657) died 16 July 1657 in Wybunbury ... aged 66 so he was born around 1591?

Thomas Birchall (-1624) Son of James died 39 Oct 1624

Thomas Birchall (-1627) died 23 July 1627

Thomas Birchall (-1632) died 8 Aug 1632

William Birchall (1607-) Son of Robert baptised 2 Feb 1607 Cheshire

William Birchall (1614-) Son of Thomas baptised 15 Jan 1614 Winwick !!

William Birchall (1614-) Son of Thomas baptised 15 Jan 1614 Cheshire !! wot??

William Birchall (1615-) Son of Humphrie baptised 19 Nov 1615 Cheshire ... Humphrie ?

William Birchall (1634-) Son of William baptised 13 Nov 1634 Cheshire ...

William Birchall (1635-) Son of William baptised 26 Aug 1635 Cheshire ...

William Birchall (1635-) Son of Henry baptised Aug 1635 Cheshire ... Henry ?

William Birchall (1639-) Son of John baptised 7 April 1639 Cheshire ...

William Birchall (1659-) Son of John baptised 16 May 1659 Cheshire ...

Thomas of Bridgemere left a will in 1650.

Thomas Birchall (1641-) baptised 1641 Wybunbury? Thomas Birchall was not found in 1641 in Wybunbury, Cheshire?

married Mary Hewett (1645-) on 29 September 1666 in Wybunbury.
Mary Hewitt b 1645 Audley ... but was this dusty relic our Thomas?  

Was our Thomas baptised 13 Jan 1642 in Upholland, Lancashire? Or Thomas baptised 6 Feb 1642 in Winwick, Lancashire?

Thomas Birchall (1641-) baptised 1641 Wybunbury?

married to Winifride Mooreton/Moorelowe (-) 14 Oct 1662 in Wybunbury. Winifred Moreton (1639-) baptised 25 March 1639, Daughter of Randal, in Wybunbury. Winifred Birchall (1665-) Daughter of Thomas, baptised 7 May 1665 in Wybunbury. Named Winifred after her mother?

Children of Thomas (Hewett and Mooreton) in Wybunbury -

Thomas Birchall (1667-) Son of Thomas, baptised 24 Oct 1667 in Wybunbury?

Mary Birchall (1667-) Daughter of Thomas, baptised 28 July 1667 in Wybunbury?

?? Birchall (1673-) Son of Thomas baptised Sept 1673 in Wybunbury?

Ann Birchall (1676-) Daughter of Thomas, baptised 25 July 1676 in Wybunbury?

Thomas Birchall (1676-) Son of Thomas, baptised 21 May 1676 Wybunbury?

John Birchall (1679-) Son of Thomas, baptised 5 Feb 1679 Wybunbury?

Francis Birchall (1679-) Son of Thomas, baptised 30 Oct 1679 in Wybunbury?

Thomas Birchall (1704-) Son of Thomas, baptised 28 Sept 1704 in Wybunbury?

Robert Birchall (1705-) Son of Thomas, baptised 25 May 1705 in Cheshire?

John Birchall (1709-) Son of Thomas, baptised 27 May 1709 in Cheshire?

Ellen Birchall (-1679) Daughter of Thomas, died 19 June 1679 in Wybunbury?

John Birchall (-1679) Son of Thomas, died 15 Feb 1679 in Wybunbury?

Thomas Birchall (-1692) died 23 May 1692 in Wybunbury?

Sarah Birchall (-1693) Daughter of Thomas, died 30 March 1693 or 30 March 1692 in Wybunbury?

Mary Birchall (-1693) Daughter of Thomas, died 17 Aug 1693 in Wybunbury?

Margaret Birchall (-1698) Wife of Thomas, died 19 Feb 1698 OR 19 Feb 1697 in Wybunbury?

Thomas Birchall deaths - 21 Aug 1663 - 23 Nov 1673 - 16 Dec 1675, Son of Robert, Audlem - 18 March 1681 - 4 Sept 1684 - 17 Aug 1693?

William Birchall (1669-1728), Son of Thomas, baptised on 15 March 1669 in Wybunbury married Ellinor Madew (1674-1736) 18 April 1693 in Wybunbury.

William Birchall (1669-1728) died still in Wybunbury on 31 Dec 1728, aged 59 ...  

Ellinor Madew (1674-1760) Daughter of Raph, baptised  16 Feb 1674 Barthomley.

Eleanor Birchall (1674-1760) died in Wybunbury 30 Oct 1760 widow ... aged 86 years?

(NB John Barker has this Wybunbury lady as Margery Maden (1672-1736))

Or William Birchall (-1729) died 7 June 1729 Wybunbury ??

Or William Birchall (-1758) died 29 Jan 1759 Wybunbury ??

OR William Birchall (1670-) baptised 15 Mar 1670 Wybunbury ... transcription error?  

OR Will Birchall (1679-) Son of William baptised 26 June 1679 Wybunbury ... did Thomas (1641-) have a brother ... who is this guy?

Six children were all born in Bridgemere -

Ellinor (1693-93) Son of William baptised 23 Jan 1693 Wybunbury ... and buried 27th day named after mum ... out of wedlock?

1 William (1694-) Son of William baptised 22 Nov 1694 married Sarah Sproson (1695-) 15 April 1718 Wybunbury? 
Sarah (1695-) Daughter of Thomas Sproson (-) baptised 1 March 1695 Wybunbury
Or - married Elizabeth Runkarn 20 Dec 1723 - Rachel Tunstall 20 Jan 1724 - Margaret Taylor 8 Oct 1733 -

1.1 William (1724-) Son of William baptised 12 July 1724 in Wybunbury married Mary Bramall (-) 25 June 1760 Ashton Winwick ... William was 36 years old?

1.2 Eleanor (1727-) Daughter of William baptised 15 Jan 1727 Wybunbury married Isaac Dixon 20 Oct 1747
Eleanor Birchall (-1727) Daughter of William died 30 June 1727

1.3 Thomas Birchall (1728-) Son of William baptised 22 Sept 1728 in Wybunbury married Elizabeth Adams (-) 30 March 1752 Wybunbury ... Thomas aged 24 ... better bet than Thomas (1735-) Son of Robert aged 17 ... see below.
or Thomas Birchall (1728-) Son of William baptised 27 Sept 1728 in Wybunbury

Thomas and Elizabeth 4 children -

1 Anne Birchall (1753-) Son of Thomas baptised 6 May 1753 Wybunbury ... birth date is good.

2 Thomas Birchall (1756-) Son of Thomas baptised 11 May 1756 Wybunbury ... 

3 Mary Birchall (1756-) Son of Thomas baptised 11 May 1756 Wybunbury ... twins 11 May 1756 !! 

4 Hannah Birchall (1759-) Son of Thomas baptised 3 Jan 1759 Wybunbury ...

Thomas Birchall died 15 June 1802 Hatherton, Wybunbury. Elizabeth Daughter of Thomas of Hatherton died 3 Jan 1802 Wybunbury

Thomas Birchall died 10 April 1805 Wybunbury.

Elizabeth Birchall (1782-) Daughter of Thomas baptised 4 Aug 1782 Wybunbury ... not here ?

2 Thomas (1698-1711) baptised 5 Jun 1698 Wybunbury married ??

Thomas died in 1711.      

3 Francis (1702-) Son of William baptised 26 April 1702 in Wybunbury married Mary Taylor (-) 1 Jan 1729 Barthomley

3.1 Isaiah (1730-) Son of Francis baptised 5 July 1730 Barthomley

3.2 Sarah (1732-) Son of Francis baptised 3 Sept 1732 Barthomley  

4 Randle (1705-59) Son of William baptised 8 July 1705 in Wybunbury married Elizabeth Bolton?  Randle died in 1759.

4.1 Randle (1741-92) Son of Randle, baptised 5 March 1741 in Wybunbury, died 18 March 1792, a pauper? (Another Randle (1739-) baptised 23 Dec 1739, Son of Randle ... didn't survive?) 

Children - Anne (1770-), John (1772-75), William (1775-), Samuel (1777-), James (1780-), Thomas (1783-), Robert (1787-)

William (1742-) Son of Randle baptised 5 March 1742 ... William Son of Randle (-1746) died 30 June 1746

William (1747-) Son of Randle baptised 28 Dec 1747 ?

 

4.2 Thomas (1783-1855) Son of Randle, baptised 23 March 1783 in Wybunbury married Hannah Shufflebottom (1776-1863) baptised 11 Feb 1776 in Nantwich. Thomas died in 1855 at 72.

Children Sarah (1803-), Ann (1805-), Elizabeth (180  8-). Sarah married Samuel Sylvester (-). Ann married John Hollins (-) 25 Nov 1838, Elizabeth did not marry.

In 1841 Thomas, coal carrier, and Hannah were in Hough with grandson Samuel, aged 5. And in 1851

{{{{  Samuel Birchall (1835-1914) baptised 13 Aug 1837 in Wybunbury, Son of Ann, married Emily Austin (1834-98) in 1857 died in 1914. Samuel census records - 1851, 1861, 1871, 1881, 1891, 1901, 1911  ... Samuel was born before his mum married John Hollins (-) and was a 'Birchall' ... in 1841 Samuel was living with grandparents Thomas & Hannah. Samuel & Emily had 4 children - Hannah (1862-1948), John Thomas (1866-), Martha Jane (1868-95) and Arthur (1869-).  }}}}

-- Hannah Birchall (1862-1948), daughter of Samuel & Emily, married John Hulse (1861-1932), son of Charles, 18 May 1883 in Wybunbry - children 8 girls Harriet (1884-1952), Ethel (1886-1953), Alice (1888-1960), Mary (1890-1965), Elizabeth (1893-1953), Emily (1897-1945), Edith(1899-1984), Sarah (1902-67).

In 1901 census Hannah & John, Railway Inspector, were in Bangor with Harriet, Dressmaker and Alice, Mary, Lizzie and Emily ...

---- Harriet Hulse (1884-1952) married David Jones (1881-1949), Railway Stoker, in Caernarvonshire in 1904. Children included Albert E Jones (1916-98) who married Mary (Mair) Williams (1924-85)

The parents of Joyce Cross neé Jones! Our DNA match! Our Common Ancestor = William Birchall (1669-1746) !

5 Robert Birchall (1709-) Son of William, baptised 15 Feb 1709, Bridgemere, Wybunbury. The splendid record from St Chad's Wybunbury survived! Robert, Son of William, baptised 15 Feb 1708 looks like a transcription error ... and yet another Robert Son of William baptised 15 March 1708 ... wot was going on??

NB There was a second Robert Birchall in Wybunbury around this time -

Robert Birchall (1708-) Son of Francis of Hatherton, baptised May 9th 1708 Wybunbury ...  

This dilemma was compounded as both Robert Birchalls appeared on the same manuscript page from St Chad's Wybunbury married in 1734!

Candidate 1 - Robert Birchall married Mary Wormhall (-) of Audley on 19 Oct 1734 in Wybunbury?

Charles Wormhall (1715-) Son of Thomas was baptised 1 May 1715 in Barthomley?

Francis Birchall (-) of Hatherton married Mary Henbury (-) 21 Sept 1703 Wybunbury

Thomas Birchall (1704-) Son of Francis baptised 28 Sept 1704 Wybunbury

Robert Birchall (1708-) Son of Francis baptised 9 May 1708 Wybunbury

Francis Birchall (1711-) Son of Francis baptised 11 Sept 1711 Wybunbury

Francis Birchall (-1712) died 10 May 1712 Wybunbury

Candidate 2 - Robert Birchall married Jane Higginson (1718-) 26 Dec 1734 in Wybunbury.

Jane Higginson (1718-), Daughter of William, was baptised on 31 May 1718 in Wybunbury. Only 16 when she was married?

 

One of the Robert Birchalls had six children baptised in Wybunbury -
Thomas 2 December 1735 - Hannah 14 December 1737 - Sarah 29 July 1739 - James 13 March 1741 - Samuel 1743 - Robert 17 March 1747 - the dates fit ... but no daughter 'Jane' and no daughter 'Mary' ... but granddaughter Mary (1756-) Son of Thomas may be suggests Mary Wormhall (-) ??

Robert Birchall's six children were all born in Wybunbury and their four sons were significant players in our story -  

Thomas Birchall5.1 Thomas (1735-) Son of Robert, baptised in Wybunbury was not Thomas the renowned clock-maker? ... the birth date seems wrong? Thomas the clock was born 10 years earlier in 1725. See Nantwich Birchalls ...

Thomas Birchall (1735-) Son of Robert, baptised 2 Dec 1735 in Wybunbury ... baptised ... probably did not married Elizabeth Adams (-) 30 March 1752 Wybunbury ... Thomas aged 17 was a bit young?? But Thomas (-) Son of William was a better bet ... see above.

5.2 Hannah (1737-) b 1737

5.3 Sarah (1739-) b 1739

5.4 James (1741-1825) was baptised 13 March 1741 in Wybunbury married Margaret Shaw (1742-182). This James was the father of John Birchall (1779-1850), Son of James, who married Hannah Steele (1780-1832)? ref GS 0924618IT.
See Sandbach Birchalls ...

Samuel Birchall5.5 Samuel (1743-1831) and his family were extensively researched by Lynda Burke - 'The Birchalls of Willaston'. ref GS 1850125 & GS 0924618IT. ref DFN 004011928.

The baptismal register of St Chad's Wybunbury gives his father's name as Robert, whose father was William.

Samuel Birchall (1743-1831) was baptised in Wybunbury, farmed at Brassey Hall, followed by his elder son Charles (1784-1839), then Charles' second son, Edward (1828-1899).

Samuel was baptised 27 May 1743 = married Mary Perrin who died Jan 8th 1812. In the same year Samuel married Jane Holding of Nantwich. Farmed at Brassey Hall. Samuel & Mary had 7 children - 

-- Hannah (1778-1833) baptised 18 Oct 1778 and married Joseph Wood

-- Alice (1780-1861) 13bAugust 1780 and married James Barratt

-- Mary (1782-) 7 July 1782

-- Charles (1784-1839) followed his dad at Brassey Hall.

19 September 1784 married Sarah Massey. Jane, Charles' fifth daughter, married Thomas Thornhill, a farmer of Crewe Green on 29 December 1835

---   --- Edward (1828-1899) Charles' 2nd son followed him at Brassey Hall. In 1860 Edward purchased Dairy House Farm part of the Willaston Hall Estate. Edward's descendants continued to farm at Dairy House.

Edward married Ann Pedley (-).
-- Mary (1787-) 25 February 1787 married John Williams on 3 September 1800 in Nantwich

-- George (1789-1831) 23 August 1789 married Mary Austin (-). His son Samuel (1817-1892) took over from him at Crab Mill.

---   --- Samuel Birchall (1817-1892) was of the Crab Mill farm in Baddiley. Samuel married Mary Ravenscroft (-) in 1853.

George set up farming at the Crab Mill and his descendants continued to farm in several local farms. 
-- Elizabeth (1792-1868) 9 Feb 1787 married Joseph Moss (-)
Samuel and his two sons, Charles and George, with other family members, were buried in the same grave behind St Mary’s Church, Wistaston, near Nantwich.

Mary Birchall (1771-) Daughter of John baptised 14 April 1771 Wybunbury??

See Wybunbury Birchalls ...

5.6  Robert (1747-1807) baptised 17 March 1747 in Wybunbury. ref GS 092468IT. married Margery Knowles (-) on 1 Dec 1765 in Winwick? died @61 24 June 1807

Robert married Margery Knowles (1750-) in 1765?
(Or Ann Wakefield (1755-) Daughter of James, on 25 Dec 1788 at Astbury ... making her 25 when John was born. )
(another Robert Burchall m Sarah Pierpoint (1735-) daughter of Thomas & Martha, 27 Dec 1770 at Astbury both otp)
(another Robert Birchall m Mary Bather (Balker) on 17 Sep 1758 at Wybunbury ... )
(another Robert Birchall m Frances Clark on 6 Dec 1808 at Sandbach ... )??

Robert Birchall (1747-) was the father of -

--  Thomas Birchall (1769-), Son of Robert (1747-) baptised 12 Nov 1769 married Jane Taylor (-) 26 Sept 1791 in Barthomley,

They had a son John Birchall (1793-), Son of Thomas, who married Hannah Lawson (-) in 1817.
John & Jane Broad were witnesses. One local John Broad, Son of Charles, was baptised in Wybunbury 1786?

-- John Birchall  (1780-1857) Son of Robert, baptised 13 Feb 1780 married Hannah Martin (1780-1844) 25 April 1802 ... linked to William Birchall (1669-1728) above ... QED and confirmed with our DNA match with Joyce Cross!

Our Common Ancestor = William Birchall (1669-1746) !

6 Thomas (1712-) Son of William baptised 13 Aug 1712 in Wybunbury married? Anne Locker (-) 20 Aug 1736 Cheshire

William Birchall (1714-) Son of Joseph baptised 4 Nov 1714 Great Budworth !!??

William Birchall (1716-) Son of John baptised 30 March 1716 Great Budworth !!??


Johannis Berchall was he the start of our traceable lineage?

Robert (1747-1807), Son of 38 year old Robert (1709-), Son of 40 year old William (1669-) Son of 28 year old Thomas (1641-), Son of 27 year old William (1614-), Son of 23 year old Thomas (1591-) ... son of a mysterious ... Johannis Berchall ??

Thomas Berchall 1591Johannis certainly produced a son Thomas in 1591.  

Thomas Birchall (1591-) was baptised on 22 August 1591 in Winwick.

Thomas married Ann Milner (1587-) on 20 Feb 1608 in Winwick, Lancashire ... the  transcription was clear ... Thomas was only 19 years old?

  The children -

John Birchall (1612-) baptised 16 August 1612, Son of Thomas, in Winwick ?

William Birchall (1614-) baptised 15 Jan 1614, Son of Thomas, in Winwick ?

Anne Birchall (1617-) baptised 14 April 1617, Son of Thomas, in Winwick ?

Thomas Birchall (1624-) baptised 24 October 1624, Son of Thomas, in Cheshire ??? Was Winwick in Cheshire in 17th century?

Father Thomas was 33 when young Thomas was born. One Thomas married Jane Lowe in Winwick in 1642 when he was 18 years old???

Other Thomas Burials - Oct 39th 1624, Son of James - July 23rd 1627 - Aug 8th 1632 - August 21st 1663 - November 23rd 1673 - Dec 16th 1675, Son of Robert, Audlem - March 18th 1681 - Sept 4th 1684 - May 23rd 1692, Wybunbury - Aug 17th 1693?

William Birchall 1614William Birchall (1614-) was baptised on 15 Jan 1614, Son of Thomas, in Winwick.

William married Marie Davenport (1613-) on 2 June 1638 in Stockport.

Marie Davenport (1613-) was born in ????.

Did William and Marie move to Wybunbury??

 

 

 



Perhaps the Birchalls came down to Cheshire from Lancashire. In 1891 69% of all Birchalls in the census were living in Lancashire. The earliest Birchall wills at Chester were from Richard Birchall, of Parr, 1581. James Birchall, of Winwick, 1591. Geoffrey Birchall, of Croft, Winwick, 1614. 

Winwick, just north of Warrington across the River Mersey. The Mersey identified the Lancashire/Cheshire border ... and separated ancient Anglo Saxon Mercia from Danelaw. Both Lancashire and Cheshire were over run with Birchalls!

As good a place as any for our search into possibilities was the mysterious Johannis Berchall (-) of Winnick?

Robert (1747-1807), Son of 38 year old Robert (1709-), Son of 40 year old William (1669-) Son of 28 year old Thomas (1641-), Son of 27 year old William (1614-), Son of 23 year old Thomas (1591-) ... son of ... Johannis Berchall ??

Was Johannis Berchall the start of our traceable lineage? He certainly produced a son Thomas in 1591 ... 

Thomas Berchall 1591Thomas Birchall (1591-) was baptised on 22 August 1591 in Winwick.

Thomas married Ann Milner (1587-) on 20 Feb 1608 in Winwick, Lancashire ... the transcription was clear ... Thomas was only 19 years old?

The children -

John Birchall (1612-) baptised 16 August 1612, Son of Thomas, in Winwick ?

William Birchall (1614-) baptised 15 Jan 1614, Son of Thomas, in Winwick ?

Anne Birchall (1617-) baptised 14 April 1617, Son of Thomas, in Winwick ?

Thomas Birchall (1624-) baptised 24 October 1624, Son of Thomas, in Cheshire ??? Was Winwick in Cheshire in 17th century?

Father Thomas was 33 when young Thomas was born. One Thomas married Jane Lowe in Winwick i in 1642 when he was 18 years old???

William Birchall 1614William Birchall (1614-) was baptised on 15 Jan 1614, Son of Thomas, in Winwick.

William married Marie Davenport (1613-) on 2 June 1638 in Stockport.

Marie Davenport (1613-) was born in ????.

Did William and Marie move to Wybunbury??

Thomas Birchall (1641-) was Thomas baptised in Upholland, Lancashire? Not found in Wybunbury, Cheshire? 

Thomas married to Mary Hewett (1645-) on 29 September 1666 in Wybunbury.

Mary Hewett (1645-) was born in Audley

Thomas Birchall 1642Or Researcher Rod Birchall has Thomas (1641-) married to Winifride Mooreton (or Moorelowe?) on 14 Oct 1662 in Wybunbury.

Winifred Moreton (1639-) was baptised on 25 March 1639, Daughter of Randall, in Wybunbury. 

Winifred Birchall (1665-) Daughter of Thomas, was baptised 7 7 May 1665 in Wybunbury. Named Winifred after her mother?

 

 


The Wybunbury Birchalls

Samuel Birchall (1743-1881)

Wonderfully researched by Lynda Burke in The Birchall Family of Cheshire - Lynda Burke's 2002 research has been extensive and identified - Samuel Birchall (1743-1881) of Wybunbury as Lynda's (and Jean Davenport's) 5 x great-grandfather and their earliest currently known ancestor. The baptismal register of St Chad's Wybunbury gives his father's name as Robert, whose father was William, but nothing more was known.

The 1723 record of local Oaths of Allegiance to the Protestant Succession lists Birchalls in Newhall, Over Whitley, Halton, Lymm, Audlem, Appleton, High Legh, Tattenhall, Hutton and Barthomley. This suggests that we should look in one of these places for 'pre-Samuel (1743-1831)' Birchalls

The Audlem Birchall was William, a yeoman. Could he be our man? Could he be Samuel's grandfather? Possibly, as we know that a William Birchall did have a son called Robert. Again, this could be checked in Audlem (or Wybunbury) Parish Registers?

William (1670-) & Robert (1709-) both had six known children, Samuel (1743-1831) had 7 children. There are still relatives in the Nantwich area, but as near as Hatherton, Stepeley, Sandbach and Middlewich, hundreds of other Birchalls that we think must be connected but no one has the time, energy, persistence or money to do it? Lynda's cousin John Birchall (1946-) came across a book 'The Diary of a Victorian Squire' by David Verey. The book was a narrative with extracts from the diaries and letters of Dearman and Emily Birchall. They had a Caleb (of Leeds) in their tree ... one of Lynda's grandfather's brothers was a Caleb ... he lived to be 100 - 75 years a churchwarden. Lynda vowed to research the Caleb Birchalls!

Mary Birchall (1771-) Daughter of John baptised 14 April 1771 Wybunbury??

The Birchall Wills, a valuable resource?

Lawrence of Northwich left a will in 1672.


The Sandbach Birchalls

John Birchall (1779-1850)

So who was James Birchall the father of red herring John Birchall (1779-1850)? Where was he from? Who did he marry? When did he die? What brought him to Congleton? Was he a yeoman farmer?

James Birchall James Birchall (1741-1825) Son of Robert of Bridgemere baptised 13 March 1741 at Wybunbury. James Burchall of Sandbach married Margaret Shaw (1742-1826) 23 June 1765 Brereton-cum-Smethwick, Cheshire, England,
Margaret, Daughter of John & Ann Shaw was baptised in Sandbach in 1742.  Margaret died just a year after James in 1826, aged 87?

Yeoman of Sandbach James Birchall (1740-1825) wrote his will, originally in 1819, he died in Sandbach on January 13th 1825, aged 85 years. James was born in 1740.

The 1825 Will identifies -

Margaret, his wife, was still alive.

John Dickinson (1769-1829), Cordwainer of Sandbach, executor & son in law. William Peover (-), Butcher of Sandbach, executor. Both John & William were found in Pigot's directory of Cheshire 1822/23 still practising their trades.

Sons John & Samuel. Granddaughter Mary, now the wife of William Lees.

Sons in Law, John Dickinson & John Hyde.

Witnesses Jas Colclough, Vernon Bloore & Samuel Cook.

James Colclough (-) married Ann Lindop (1776-) in Sandbach in 1797. Anne Lindop was baptised in Sandbach in 1776. James Coleclough (1791-) was born in Alsager, son of James Coleclough (-), labourer, of Betchton, son of James Coleclough of Lawton & Elizabeth Scragg, daughter of Joseph Scragg, Blacksmith. James Colclough, aged 23, first married Sarah Hardern (1790-), aged 24 in Sandbach in 1814. James Colclough, a widower aged 26, a joiner, married Nancy Birchall (1789-) aged 30, at Sandbach in 1819. Witnesses were Thomas Colclough and Sarah Dickinson. ((James Colclough married Sarah Plant in 1764?))

John had an interest in land at Sandbach Heath.

The seven children of James & Margaret were -

1 Jane (1765-1847) baptised at Sandbach ... married John Dickinson (1769-1829), Cordwainer, in 1796. Sister Ann was a witness. John Dickinson died in Sandbach in 1829, aged 60 years. Charles Dickinson (1798-) of Sandbach, shoe manufacturer, was the nephew & executor of John Birchall (1779-1850). Jane died in Sandbach in 1847, aged 83 years.

2 Mary (1768-) baptised at Sandbach ... married John Hyde, a Cotton Spinner, in 1792 in Stockport.

3 Hannah (1772-) baptised at Sandbach ... married Richard Wainwright (-) in Sandbach in 1790. John Hilditch & elder sister Jane Birchall were witnesses. Daughter Mary Wainwright was born on November 7th 1790.  This was granddaughter Mary Wainwright mentioned in James' Will who married William Lees in 1816. Was Mary the first granddaughter?

4 Anne (1776-) baptised at Sandbach ... married John Lowe (1774-) in 1804. Witness George Latham? John was baptised in Sandbach in 1774.

5 John (1779-1850) baptised at Sandbach, eldest son and heir ... married Hannah Steele in 1804, Sandbach. Brother Samuel was a witness, with Thomas Dean? In 1841 60 year old Thomas Dean (1780-) was living at Malkin's Bank, Sandbach, Betchton? married Elizabeth Jones in 1808?

Chelsea Pensioners6 Samuel (1782-1863) baptised at Sandbach ... the 1851 census identifies Samuel as a Chelsea Pensioner married to Isabella (1783-1864) from Newcastle upon Tyne, Scotland (?), they were living at Wheelock Road, Sandbach. In 1861 Samuel & Isabella were living in the High Street, Sandbach. Samuel - 'Retiree (Army) and Keeper of Savings Bank'.

Samuel trained as a tailor and at 21 joined the Dragoon Guards in Manchester in 1804.

The Chelsea Pensioner records confirm Samuel's illustrious career serving His Majesty in the 85th Light Infantry rising to Sergeant before discharge at his own request in 1832 after 27 years service which included a stint in the Mediterranean !

Samuel died in Sandbach in 1863, aged 82. Isabella died in a year later in 1864.

 

7 James (1786-1842) baptised 12 March 1786 Sandbach ... married Ann Williams (1788-1848) in 1814 in Nantwich. Ann was born in Wrenbury the daughter of Hugh & Mary. Witnesses were John Williams and Mary Wainwright. Mary was James' niece, daughter of his sister Hannah.

In 1841 census James 60 & Ann 50 were at Union Street, Sandbach with Maria (1821-) 15, Ann (1824-) 15, Emma (1827-) 14, Harriet (1831-) 10, & Louisa (1834-) 7. The eldest three girls were all working in silk throwing.

James died in Sandbach in 1842, aged 61? Ann died in 1848, aged 57?

Emma married William Loundes in Sandbach in 1849. Father James was described as a Wheelwright.

In 1851 Harriet was lodging in Arbourhay Street, Hurdsfield, Macclesfield, with Charles & Hannah Ridgway and daughter Prudence. Charles was a Silk Dyer and Harriet a Silk Winder.

In 1851 Louisa was lodging in Union Street, Sandbach, with William & Betsey Bingess and family. William was a master Cordwainer and Louisa had followed her sisters into silk.

Sam (1787-) Son of John & Hannah baptised 17 Jan 1787 Nantwich ...  Christened in Nantwich???????


The Nantwich Birchalls  ?

The suggestions from Joe Pattinson detailing the early Birchall ancestors in Cheshire sparked some interesting research possibilities ...

Thomas Birchall (1641-) born in 1641 Wybunbury ... no record??

But his grandson son Robert Birchall (1709-), Son of William, of Wybunbury seemed to link four Cheshire Birchall clans -

Thomas (1735-) and the Nantwich Birchalls - maybe the Nantwich Clockmaker?

James (1741-) and the Sandbach Birchalls - John & Hannah Steele's lot Yeomen of Sandbach

Samuel (1743-) and the Wybunbury Birchalls - Lynda Burke's farmers of Brassy Hall & Crab Mill

Robert (1747-) and the Astbury Birchalls - John & Hannah Martin's lot Silk Men of the Mills   

Thomas Birchall

The clockmaker Thomas of Nantwich was was born about 1725? married in 1755. Died in 1822. He worked in Hospital Street 1782-84 and repaired Wrenbury Church clock in 1774-75?

Thomas the clock married Margaret Minshall (1720-) 3 Feb 1755 in Nantwich. One of Mum's Higginson family was a witness ... this connects the Clock Maker to Robert Birchall (1709-) and Jane Higginson (1718-)? Margaret Minshall Daughter of Alexander, baptised 10 April 1720 in Nantwich.

In 1797 Thomas the Clock, upwards of 70 years old, a widower, married Mary Latham (1757-) upwards of 40 year old, a spinster, in Nantwich. Mary was baptised 27 March 1757 in Nantwich Daughter of  

 

The clockmaker Thomas of Nantwich was was born about 1725? married in 1755. Died in 1822? (no it was 1812) He worked in Hospital Street 1782-84 and repaired Wrenbury Church clock in 1774-75?  

Thomas the clock married  Margaret Minshall (1720-) 3 Feb 1755 in Nantwich. One of Mum's Higginson family was a witness ... this connects the Clock Maker to Robert Birchall (1709-) and Jane Higginson (1718-)? Margaret Minshall was baptised 10 April 1720 in Nantwich, Daughter of Alexander. Thomas's baptism date of 1735 looks wrong? Margaret was 35 years old?

In 1797 Thomas the Clock, upwards of 70 years old, a widower, married Mary Latham (1757-) upwards of 40 year old, a spinster, in Nantwich. Mary was baptised 27 March 1757 in Nantwich Daughter of ?

Thomas Birchall (1725-1812) the clock died in 1812 in Nantwich 87 years old making his birth date 1725. See 'Register of Nantwich Burials November 1812' -

Thomas Birchall clockmaker aged 87 30 Nov 1812

The only 1725 birth dates in Cheshire -

Thomas Birchall (1725-) Son of John baptised 15 Sept 1725 Ashton Winwick Cheshire born 30 Aug 1725? Ashton?

Thomas Birchall (1725-) Son of Joseph baptised 25 Feb 1725 Ashton Winwick Cheshire born 27 Feb 1725!? Ashton?

Was one of these guys our clockmaker?

or

Thomas Birchall (1733-) Son of John baptised 22 April 1733 Wybunbury?

Thomas Birchall (1729-) Son of John baptised 13 Jan 1729 Cheshire?

Thomas Birchall (1729-) Son of Nathan baptised 21 Dec 1729 Cheshire? 

Thomas Birchall (1733-) Son of John baptised 30 Sept 1733 Cheshire? 

Thomas Birchall (1725-) Son of Joseph baptised 25 Feb 1725 Cheshire? 

 

Mary Birchall (1771-) Daughter of John baptised 14 April 1771 Wybunbury??

 

Connections to Warrington?Marriage to Richard Carter

Mary Birchall (1746-1803) Daughter of Thomas, born in Whiston, Prescot around 1746 married James Carter (1780-1848) 29 June 1779 in Prescot. The licence ..

Warrington produced reputable clock makers !  Kit Heald & James Carter's 3 x great grandson has uncovered possible links to Warrington -

James Carter (1780-1848) Warrington watchmaker, son of Richard (-1803) a Liverpool boat builder and Mary Birchall (1746-1803), Daughter of Thomas Birchall (-) of Whiston, then Warrington in 1792. Born 25 July 1780 in Liverpool. Baptised 20 August 1780. Moved to Whiston.

Both Mum and Dad died in 1803.
Thomas Birchall (-) sons -
- John Birchall (-) of Cronton
- George Birchall (1745-1828) died 28 March 1828 in Winwick. Married Margaret Houghton in 1813 in Winwick. Set up a watchmaking business in Bridge Street, Warrington in 1793. James Carter was apprenticed to Uncle George and eventually took over the business in Bridge Street, Warrington.
'Uncles' -
Thomas Birchall (-) Warrington watch maker
William Birchall (-) London watch maker. James worked with William for 10 years.
In 1805 George & Thomas listed as Warrington watch makers and William moved up from London and James goes down to London.

In 1806 James Carter married Margaret Simcock (1785-1868) of Prescot and returned to London for the birth of - James (1807-), John (1810-), Mary (1812-) & Joseph (1814-). Margaret Simcock's mother was Margaret Birchall (1758-96) of Whiston who married William Simcock (1760-1829) in Prescot on 24 December 1780.

In 1815 James returned to Warrington to take over the business of Uncle George Birchall (1745-1828).

Children on return to Warrington - Richard Carter (1816-), William Carter (1819-), George Birchall Carter (1822-29), Jemima Carter (1824-), Josiah Carter (1828-). 
Birchall

 


Early Birchalls in Cheshire in the 17th century -

Our Cheshire Birchalls probably moved with their genes from the parishes of Lancashire ... migrations which seemed to have left a record in surnames. We can trace possible routes through the Parishes which our Birchalls may have followed ... but we can't be sure of the pathway, the written evidence very soon gets very blurry ... all we know for sure is that our very own Birchalls ended up in Cheshire!

Winwick St Oswald - West Derby Hundred, Warrington Union & Registration - towns Ashton-in-Makerfield, Croft with Southworth, Lowton, Newchurch, Newton-in-Makerfield later separate parishes and Arbury, Haydock, Houghton, Houghton, Middleton and Arbury, Winwick with Hulme, Kenyon, Middleton, Myddleton, Risley, Hulme.

Wybunbury St Chad - Nantwich Hundred, Union & Registration - towns Basford, Batherton, Blakenhall, Bridgemere, Checkley with Wrinehill, Chorlton, Doddington, Hatherton, Hough, Hunsterson, Lea, Rope, Shavington with Gresty, Stapeley, Walgherton, Weston, Wybunbury, Willaston.

Astbury St Mary - Northwich & Macclesfield Hundreds, Congleton Union & Registration - chapelry Congleton St Peter - towns Congleton, Astbury-Newbold, Buglawton, Davenport, Hulme-Walfield, Moreton with Alcumlow, Odd Rode, Radnor, Smallwood, Somerford (Northwich) and Eaton, Somerford-Booths (Macclesfield).

Sandbach St Mary - Nantwich & Northwich Hundred, Congleton Union & Registration - chapelries Church-Hulme, Goostrey with Barnshaw - towns Arclid, Betchton, Blackden, Bradwall, Cotton, Cranage, Hassall, Sandbach, Twemlow, Wheelock, Leese.

Middlewich St Michael - Northwich & Eddisbury Hundreds, Northwich Union & Registration - towns Byley with Yatehouse, Clive, Croxton, Kinderton with Hulme, Middlewich, Minshull-Vernon, Mooresbarrow with Parme, Newton, Occlestone, Ravenscroft, Sproston, Stublach, Sutton, Wimboldsley, Leese, Weever.

Great Budworth St Mary - Bucklow, Eddisbury, Northwich Hundred, Runcorn Union & Runcorn, Northwich, Altringham Registration - chapelries Witton-cum-Twambrooks St Helen, Little Leigh, Lower Whitley, Lower Peover - towns Allostock, Anderton, Antrobus, Appleton, Aston-by-Budworth, Bartington, Barnton, Birches, Comberbach, Castle-Northwich, Crowley, Dutton, Hartford, Hulse, Lach-Dennis, Little-Leigh, Lostock-Gralam, Marbury, Marston, Nether-Peover, Northwich, Peover-Inferior, Plumbley, Pickmere, Seven Oaks, Stretton, Tabley-Inferior, Whitley-Inferior, Whitley-Superior, Wincham, Winnington.

and those who came from the South ....

Wolstanton St Margaret - Pirehill Hundred, Wolstanton & Burslem Union - chapelry Newchapel - towns - Branscliff,  Brieryhurst, Chatterley, Chesterton, Dales Green, Golden Hill, Great Chell, Greenfield, Harrisea Head, Kidsgrove, Knutton, Little Chell, Oldcott, Ranscliff, Red Street, Sandyford, Stadmoreslow, Thursfield, Tunstall, Wainlee and Wedgwood.

Audley St James - Pirehill Hundred, Newcastle-under-Lyme Union. Another church Talk-o'-th'-Hill - towns - Audley, Bignall End, Halmer End, Knowle End, Park End, Eardley End and Talke.
Adjoining the ancient parishes - Barthomley and Church Lawton in Cheshire, and Wolstanton, Keele, Madeley and Betley in Staffordshire. 


George BirchallThe Birchall Name

The Birchall ancestral lineage was almost meaningless and certainly not meaningful ... sure, the more similar the DNA the more closely were the owners related ... but the muddle made fathoming lineage well nigh impossible -

every generation the name risked change as spellings & sounds were unstable

none Birchall mates always supplied 50% of the DNA of the next generation

very very soon we were all marrying not so distant cousins 

... all was a bugger's muddle ...

The names were rampant - Birchall, Birtles, Birtle, Burcham, Bircher, Birdsall, Barnhill, Birch, Birdwell, Birchard ... Birchwall, Birchal, Burchall, Birchell, Birchill, Berchall, Barchall, Brichall, Byrchall, Birchale, Bruchall, Bircholl, Borchall, Birchwell, Birchwale, Birchhill, Buirchell, Brichalli, Berchalli, Borchalli, Buirchill, Birchly, Burchal, Birchel, Bruchal, Borchal, Berchal, Birchol, Barchal, Brichal ... and called names didn't help, everyone was a Tom, Dick or Harry ... and worse still Toms, Dicks & Harrys ran in families.

Birchall was a locational or habitational English surname, from Biekel, the original spelling of the Lancashire village of Birtle, first recorded in the Pipe Rolls of the county in 1246.

Or from Birchill in Derbyshire or Birchills in Staffordshire?

The meaning of the Birchall place name and is Birch Hill from the pre 7th century Olde English birc - hyl.

These surnames were given for identification of somebody who had left his original village and moved elsewhere. Inevitably surnames became requirements when governments introduced personal taxation and infamous Poll Taxes ... so surnames unsurprisingly changed!

The first record of the family name is John de Birchall de Birtles. This was dated 1401, in the rolls of Gawsworth District of East Cheshire, during the reign of King Henry IVth of England, 1399 - 1413.

The earliest wills at Chester were from Richard Birchall, of Parr, 1581. James Birchall, of Winwick; 1591. Geoffrey Birchall, of Croft, in Winwick, 1614.

Perhaps the Birchalls came down to Cheshire from Lancashire. In 1891 69% of all Birchalls in the census were living in Lancashire.

Perhaps East Cheshire Birchalls originally trekked in from Staffordshire ... there was Birchall Meadows near Leek, and a Grange at Birchall in 1246, and Big Birchall at Chedderton, and a Great Birchall farm of Dieulacres Abbey, and a Birchall Horse Mill, and by 1833 there was horse racing at Birchall Dale ... 

The Birchalls also traveled afar ... but not many to France!


Sandbach CrossesFrom Land to Mill

Sandbach, around this time, was a developing hive of activity and the names on the High Street in the 1841 census, were mirrored in the Trade Directories, Pigot's of 1822 listed Robert Birchall, the Blacksmith, John Dickinson, the Shoe Manufacturer, George Furnival, the Plumber & Glazier, John Steele, the Grocer, John Stringer, the Builder ... and John Bull & Co, Silk Manufacturers ... was that where they all worked?

For sure, way way, back ancient Birchall ancestors worked on the land, because everybody worked on the land and, for certain, some bright Birchall sparks left the land and picked up skills, and we know some of the Birchall lineage were bright because they had surviving descendants. We also know for certain some of the lineage acquired woodworking skills, which always seemed to be in demand ... the younger gang of our Birchalls, George William, Edward & William were all joiners ... the older gang of our Birchalls, James, John & Robert/James were silk throwsters ...

We know that after John Clayton started throwing silk in 1752 many folk gravitated to the silk mills in Congleton ... there were good jobs to be had ... perhaps like so many others before & since, Robert/James was looking for lucrative work to support a wife & family ... and perhaps he found it at the Brook Mill just off High Street where the Arclid Brook flows down to join the Wheelock?

John Barker has produced a wonderful website about the Birchall/Birchenoughs but so far the link from his lot to our lot has been elusive ... but we can imagine the trek from the fields to the mills so interestingly described by John ... perhaps from the rich agricultural crescent of the North Shropshire moraines;  Wrenbury, Audlem, Madeley up to the Congleton mills & Buglawton via Barthomley, the Talke Pits and ancient Astbury; and then indirectly down the Dane to Middlewich via the Arclid Brook, the Wheelock and Sandbach, with some stopovers on the railways in Crewe ... a fascinating genetic migration of hard working folk looking for jobs ... perhaps if we fail to follow the route via the rotting records of baptisms, marriages & burials in the parish churches, we can, for sure, follow the indelible marks of the DNA unwittingly left behind by the Birchalls ... because that DNA is alive and kicking today ...

A good story came from John Barker ...

When we have the time we will understand the Birchall DNA trace from the land to the mill ... because a sample of the DNA of everyone made this trip ... QED?

Sooo the best story came from George Birchall (1907-1985) we had a sample of his Birchall DNA!

 


'The 50th Anniversary: The First Fifty Years of Brunner Mond & Co, 1873-1923', 1923.

'A Hundred Years of Alkali in Cheshire' by W F L Dick, 1973.

'100 Years of Recreation with Brunner Mond, ICI & Soda Ash Products: Winnington Park Recreation Club centenary, 1890-1990' by Paul Lavell.

'50 Years of Octel: 1938-1988'.

'The Octagon - Making the Magic Bullet: A History of Northwich Works 1939-1986' by Geoff H Buchan, 1986.

Any corrections and additional information gratefully received contact john p birchall

back to Birchall DNA


((((****** ... where do the following lot fit in? ...

William Birchall (1688-), Son of Robert, baptised March 7th 1688 in Cheshire? Confusion, another William?

John Birchall (1794-), labourer, married Sarah Saint (1791-) in 1814 in Sandbach? Witnesses Alice Saint and G Bate?

John Birchall (1797-), Silk Throwster, married Margaret Lowe (1797-) in 1820 in Sandbach? Witnesses Mary Birchall and Thomas Lowe.

Anne Birchall (1776-) baptised at Sandbach ... married John Lowe (1774-) in 1804. Witness George Latham? John was baptised in Sandbach in 1774.

William Birchall (1817-1897) born Cork, Ireland and died in Mudgee NSW. Was this William a possible relative????))))